Publications - United States

Safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic interactions between single-dose TMC207 and steady-state efavirenz in healthy volunteers: AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG) Study.

Post Date: 
2012-04-15
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Background: Drug-drug interactions complicate management of coinfection with HIV-1 and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Bedaquiline (formerly TMC207), an investigational agent for the treatment of tuberculosis, is metabolized by cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A which may be induced by the antiretroviral drug...

Peer Health Workers and AIDS Care in Rakai, Uganda: A mixed methods operations research evaluation of a cluster-randomized trial

Post Date: 
2011-12-15
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
AIDS Patient Care and STDs
Settings with limited health care workers are challenging environments for delivery of antiretroviral therapy. One strategy to address this human resource crisis is to task shift through training selected patients as peer health workers (PHWs) to provide care to other individuals receiving...

Faculty diversity programs in U.S. medical schools and characteristics associated with higher faculty diversity.

Post Date: 
2011-10-15
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Academic Medicine
Purpose: To describe diversity programs for racial and ethnic minority faculty in U.S. medical schools and identify characteristics associated with higher faculty diversity. Method: The authors conducted a cross-sectional survey study of leaders of diversity programs at 106 U.S. MD-granting medical...

Increased gonorrhea and chlamydia testing did not increase case detection in an HIV clinical cohort 1999 - 2007

Post Date: 
2011-10-15
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Sexually Transmitted Infections
Objectives: Since 2003, U.S. organizations have recommended universal screening, rather than targeted screening, of HIV-infected persons for gonorrhea (NG) and Chlamydia (CT). Our objective was to determine whether wider testing resulting from these guidelines would produce an increase in NG/CT...

Prevention of HIV-1 infection with early antiretroviral therapy

Publication: 
New England Journal of Medicine
Background: Antiretroviral therapy that reduces viral replication could limit the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in serodiscordant couples. Methods: In nine countries, we enrolled 1763 couples in which one partner was HIV-1–positive and the other was HIV-1–negative; 54...

Predictors of HIV testing among Latinos in Baltimore City

Post Date: 
2010-12-15
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
To better understand access to HIV testing and prevention services experienced by Latinos, we evaluated data compiled through Baltimore City Health Department HIV outreach efforts in 2008. Of 6,443 clients served, Latinos were more likely male, young, and less-educated than non-Latinos. A greater...

Gonorrhoea and chlamydia testing rates of HIV-infected men: low despute guidelines

Post Date: 
2010-11-15
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Sexually Transmitted Infections
Objectives: Screening HIV-infected men for gonorrhea (GC) and Chlamydia (CT) may decrease HIV transmission and reduce the incidence of pelvic inflammatory disease in female partners. This study determined GC/CT testing rates in a clinical HIV cohort before and after 2003 when the U.S. Centers for...

Unique aspects of the care of HIV-positive Latino patients living in the United States

Post Date: 
2010-08-15
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Current HIV/AIDS Reports
Latinos are disproportionately affected by HIV, with a higher risk of infection and a delayed presentation to care as compared to non-Hispanic whites. Over the last decade many Latinos, especially foreign-born migrants, have settled in regions of the country with historically low Latino...

Sexually transmitted infection prevalence and behavioral risk factors among Latino and non-Latino patients attending the Baltimore City STD clinics

Post Date: 
2010-03-15
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Background: Many studies have evaluated factors influencing STD/HIV disparities between African-American and white populations, but fewer have explicitly included Latinos for comparison. Methods: We analyzed demographic and behavioral data captured in electronic medical records of patients first...

Neisseria gonorrhea and Chlamydia trachomatis among Human Immunodeficiency Virus-infected women

Post Date: 
2008-10-15
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
In this study, we determine risk factors for CT and GC infection in women receiving HIV continuity care using data from the Johns Hopkins HIV Clinical Cohort. The Johns Hopkins HIV Clinical Cohort is a longitudinal observational study of adult patients (≥18 years old) in HIV care in the Johns...

Timing of therapy for latent tuberculosis infection among immigrants presenting to a U.S. public health clinic: a retrospective study

Post Date: 
2008-05-12
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
BMC Public Health
Background: In the U.S. more than half of incident tuberculosis (TB) cases occur in immigrants. Current guidelines recommend screening and treatment for latent TB infection (LTBI) within 5 years of arrival to the U.S. This study evaluates the timing of LTBI therapy among immigrants presenting for...

U.S. medical resident familiarity with national tuberculosis guidelines

Post Date: 
2007-08-02
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
BMC Infectious Diseases
Background: The ability of medical residents training at U.S. urban medical centers to diagnose and manage tuberculosis cases has important public health implications. We assessed medical resident knowledge about tuberculosis diagnosis and early management based on American Thoracic Society...

Improved adherence and less toxicity with rifampin vs isoniazid for treatment of latent tuberculosis: a retrospective study

Post Date: 
2006-09-25
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Archives of Internal Medicine
Background: Treatment of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is an important aspect of tuberculosis control in the United States, but the effectiveness of this strategy is compromised by poor adherence to the recommended 9-month isoniazid regimen. In this study, we compared treatment completion...

Baseline duty hours recorded with time-cards: a pre-regulation study of internal medicine residents

Post Date: 
2006-07-15
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Medical Education
Objective: The acquisition of data on resident duty hours has been largely dependent on self-report surveys collected in the surgical literature. We sought to implement and describe a simple method for monitoring internal medicine resident duty hours by using time-cards. Design: In 2002, internal...

An international outbreak of salmonellosis associated with raw almonds contaminated with a rare phage type of Salmonella enteriditis

Post Date: 
2005-01-15
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Journal of Food Protection
During the winter of 2000 to 2001, an outbreak due to Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) phage type 30 (PT30), a rare strain, was detected in Canada. The ensuing investigation involved Canadian and American public health and food regulatory agencies and an academic research laboratory. Enhanced laboratory...

Pages