Aarti Avinash Kinikar, MD: Pediatrics

Pune, India
Role: 
Scholar
BJGMC-JHU Fogarty HIV-TB Program Trainee

Education:

MBBS (1984); DCH (1988); MD-Paediatrics (1988), DNB-Paediatrics (2003); MRCP-UK (1995).
Medical  Education- Grant  Medical  College – Mumbai  University, India.

Overview:

As a  medical  teacher  and  a  pediatrician working  in  a  government medical college  and  hospital  I am interested  in generating interest  motivating  medical undergraduate students  to think and participate in  pediatric infectious disease research especially in the field  of  Pediatric HIV and TB epidemiology, as well as clinical profiles and prevention and treatment for children. I am personally interested  in  looking  at  the  implementation and challenges  faced in  caring for children with HIV and TB  under national programmes  and  finding  solutions  that  can help implement  these  programmes  effectively  for the benefit of children  coming to government hospitals . A specific clinical research interest is to investigate chemoprophylaxis  options  for  children  in  contact  with  adults that have sputum-positive MDR TB.    

Honors and Awards:

Awarded  Fogarty  Fellow  Scholarship  at  John  Hopkins  University,  Baltimore  USA;  for  training  in  Paediatric  HIV,  Epidemiology  &  Biostatistics,  (2007)
Awarded  Overseas  Doctor’s  Training  Scheme  fellowship  by  the  Royal  College  Of       Physicians ,  UK  in  1994  for  higher  studies  in  Paediatrics
Awarded  ONE  of  the  20 INNOVATORS  IN INDIA  who are changing lives – For Bubble  CPAP   Invention during Swine Flu Pandemic in India . Awarded by INDIA  TODAY – April 26th 2010 Issue.
AWARDED  PROVISIONAL  PATENT  for   low  cost  indigenous   bubble  CPAP      ventilation  circuit – Mumbai  2011.
AWARDED  THE  DR SHARADINI  DAHANUKAR “BEST MEDICAL TEACHER” 2013 AWARD BY MAHARASHTRA UNIVERSITY OF HEALTH SCIENCES , NASHIK.
TWICE  Won  the  First  Prize in Teachers  Category at  Inter- University Research  Convention –  AVISHKAR  2010  and  AVISHKAR  2011- organized  by  Governor  of  Maharashtra.
Received  “Suchintan Trophy” – Thrice ( 2004;  2005;  2010 ) for Best  Research work presented at Annual  Research Conference at  B.J.  Government  Medical  College,  Pune.
Member and Principal Investigator for Clinical Trial of  IMPAACT  Network    ( HIV/AIDS; TB; Malaria and other Infectious Diseases since 2000. BJGMC-John Hopkins University , USA-Clinical  Trial Unit, Pune, India

TREAT Asia: Assessment of Depression and Anxiety among HIV-infected Adolescents in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-07-22
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PURPOSE The purpose of this study is to estimate the prevalence of depression and anxiety among adolescents living with HIV in India and their determinants. DESIGN Cross-sectional, single time point, conveniently sampled study conducted among adolescents (10-19 years) attending the ART clinic,...

Evaluating the Source of Neonatal Bloodstream Infections due to Classically Hospital Acquired Pathogens in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-07-12
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This study is part of CDC's Safe healthcare, Epidemiology, and Prevention Research Development (SHEPheRD) Domain 7: International HAI and Other Adverse Healthcare Event Prevention. The PIs for this study are Dr. Julia Johnson of Johns Hopkins and Dr. Shilpa Naik of BJGMC. CoPIs are Dr. Aarti...

Optimal Approach for TB Screening among HIV Infected Indian Children

Post Date: 
2018-06-11
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This study was funded by the Fogarty International Center at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. Determining TB status (ie, uninfected, latent, and active TB disease) is more difficult among children, particularly HIV-infected children. Diagnosis of TB disease is more difficult among HIV...

Implementing the Comprehensive Unit-based Safety Program to Reduce Healthcare-Associated Sepsis in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-04-19
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This study is part of CDC's Safe healthcare, Epidemiology, and Prevention Research Development (SHEPheRD) Domain 7: International HAI and Other Adverse Healthcare Event Prevention. Dr. Aaron Milstone is the PI, and Dr. Amita Gupta and Yuka Manabe are Co-PIs. the Study Investigator is Dr. Julia...

Perceptions of HCWs on Barriers and Opportunities to Airborne Infection Control Guideline Implementation

Post Date: 
2017-12-07
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This study was funded by the Fogarty International Center at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. Led by Dr. Nishi Suryavanshi, this qualitative, cross-sectional study is assessing healthcare worker (HCW) perceptions about barriers and facilitators to the uptake of airborne infection control (...

P1070: Dose-Finding and Pharmacogenetic Study of Efavirenz in HIV-Infected and HIV/TB Co-Infected Infants and Children ≥ 3 Months to < 36 Months of Age

Post Date: 
2008-12-05
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This study ended March 10, 2015. This multi-country trial was conducted in India, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Efavirenz (EFV) is an anti-HIV medicine that is commonly used to treat HIV infection in adults and children older than 3 years of age. This study is being...

A5207: Maintaining Options for Mothers Study (MOMS): A Phase II Randomized Comparison of Three Antiretroviral Strategies Administered for 7 or 21 Days to Reduce the Emergence of Nevirapine Resistant HIV-1 Following a Single Intrapartum Dose of Nevirapine

Post Date: 
2004-12-20
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This study was terminated January 16, 2014. A major disadvantage of giving SD NVP is the potential for maternal development of NVP resistance and additional resistance to other nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI) in the mother; as a result, future treatment options may be limited...

Mother-to-Child Transmission (MTCT) of HIV: India SWEN Study

Post Date: 
2002-06-07
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This study was officially terminated August 2018. Primary and secondary analyses of the India SWEN study, an NIH-funded phase III randomized controlled trial of an extended nevirapine prophylaxis regimen among 783 HIV-infected pregnant women and their breastfed infants in Pune, India.

Drug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae colonization is associated with healthcare utilization and antimicrobial use among inpatients in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-10-04
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BMC Infectious Diseases
BACKGROUND: Healthcare exposure may increase drug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae colonization risk. Nascent antimicrobial stewardship efforts in low- and middle-income countries require setting-specific data. We aimed to evaluate risk factors for inpatient drug resistant Enterobacteriaceae...

The association of household fine particulate matter and kerosene with tuberculosis in women and children in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-09-07
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Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Use of kerosene cooking fuel is positively associated with TB in women and children in our analysis using reported sources of exposure.

Loss to follow‐up and mortality among HIV‐infected adolescents receiving antiretroviral therapy in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-06-25
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HIV Medicine
Over 6 years, one-third of HIV+ adolescents in this study discontinued medical treatment, indicating a critical need for retention counselling and closer clinical monitoring.

Sources of household air pollution and their association with fine particulate matter in low-income urban homes in India

Post Date: 
2018-05-23
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Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology
INTRODUCTION: Household air pollution (HAP) is poorly characterized in low-income urban Indian communities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire assessing sources of HAP and 24 h household concentrations of particulate matter less than 2.5 microns in diameter (PM 2.5 ) were collected in a sample...

Intestinal barrier dysfunction and microbial translocation in HIV-infected pregnant women is associated with preterm birth

Post Date: 
2018-03-24
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
Our results show select immune markers can identify women at higher risk for PTB in HIV-1-infected populations and suggest modulating gut barrier integrity and microbial translocation may affect PTB.

Isoniazid concentrations in hair and plasma area-under-the-curve exposure among children with tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-12-07
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PLOS One
PLOS One: Mave and colleagues compared TB drug exposure in plasma and hair samples among a small cohort of children.

Antibiotic utilization and the role of suspected and diagnosed mosquito borne illness among adults and children with acute febrile illness in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2017-12-04
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
Mosquito-borne disease identification is associated with reduced empiric antibiotic use and faster antibiotic discontinuation.

Impact of Fogarty HIV-TB Training Program on ‘Institutional Research Capacity Building’ at the Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College (BJGMC), Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-10-27
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Dhumal G, DeLuca A, Chandanwale A, Kadam D, Joshi S, Kinikar A, Suryavanshi N, Mave V, Gupta A, Bollinger R. Impact of Fogarty HIV-TB Training Program on ‘Institutional Research Capacity Building’ at the Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College (BJGMC), Pune, India. Session: Building...

Utility of QGIT as an Adjunct to TST for Screening of Latent Tuberculosis Infection among Indian Healthcare Workers

Post Date: 
2018-10-26
Girish S, Kinikar A, Pardeshi G, Shelke S, Basavaraj A, Chandanwale A, Gupte N, Bollinger R. Utility of QGIT as an Adjunct to TST for Screening of Latent Tuberculosis Infection among Indian Healthcare Workers. 49th Annual Union World Conference on Lung Health. The Hague, The Netherlands. October 24...

Antibiotic Use and Drug-Resistant Late-Onset Infections Among Neonates Admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Units in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-08-28
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Agarkhedkar S, Armstrong D, Bharadwaj R, Cox SR, Dohe V, Gupta A, Gupte N, Johnson J, Kadam A, Kinikar A, Malwade S, Manabe Y, Mave V, Milstone A, Parikh T, Rajput U, Randive B, Robinson M , Smith R, Suryavanshi N, Vaidya U, Westercamp M. Antibiotic Use and Drug-Resistant Late-Onset Infections...

High Prevalence of Dengue among Pregnant Women in India

Post Date: 
2018-08-27
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Alexander M, Naik S, Robinson M , Sapkal G, Deshpande P, Kulkarni V, Nimkar S, Sambarey P, Kinikar A, Mave V, Suryavanshi N, Gupte N, Bollinger R, Gupta A, Bharadwaj R, Mathad J. High Prevalence of Dengue among Pregnant Women in India. 2018 International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases...

Inflammation in HIV-Infected Pregnant Women is Associated with Pre-term Birth

Post Date: 
2018-03-07
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Shivakoti R , Gupte N, Kumar NP, Kulkarni V, Balasubramanian U, Bhosale R, Sambarey P, Kinikar A, Bharadwaj R, Patil S, Inamdar S, Suryavanshi N, Babu S, Bollinger R, Gupta A. Inflammation in HIV-Infected Pregnant Women is Associated with Pre-term Birth. CROI 2018. Boston, MA. 2018

TB Infection Among Household Contacts: Preventive Therapy for All?

Post Date: 
2018-02-21
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Dolla CK, Paradkar M, Gupte A, Thiruvenkadam K, Gupte N, Kulkarni A, Balasubranian U, Hanna LE, Dhanasekaran K, Bharadwaj R, Shivakumar SVBY, Gaikwad S, Meshram S, Kohli R, Lokhande R, Thomas B, Kinikar A, Swaminathan S, Mave V, Gupta A, Chandrasekaran P. TB Infection Among Household Contacts:...

Infection Free “Resistors” among Household Contacts of Culture-Confirmed Adult Pulmonary TB Cases

Post Date: 
2018-02-21
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Mave V , Chandrasekaran P, Paradkar M, Gupte A, Pradhan N, Kannan GN, Shivakumar SVBY, Kulkarni V, Dhanasekaran K, Subramanyam B, Selvaraju S, Murali L, Bharadwaj R, Gaikwad S, Meshram S, Kinikar A, Hanna LE, Swaminathan S, Gupte N, Gupta A. Infection Free “Resistors” among Household Contacts of...

Incidence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infection among Household Contacts of Adult Pulmonary Tuberculosis Cases in India

Post Date: 
2018-02-20
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Selvaraju S, Thiruvenkadam K, Paradkar M , Marinaik SB, Bharadwaj R, Rajagopalan S, Gaikwad S, Pattabiraman S, Kinikar A, Sivaramakrishnan GN, Meshram S, Hanna LE, Lokhande R, Dhanasekaran K, Gupte A, John S, Gupte N, Thomas B, Kukarni V, Ayyanu S, Kohli R, Shivakumar SVBY, Swaminathan S, Mave V,...

Risk Factors Associated with Unfavorable Outcomes in a Cohort of Pulmonary TB Patients

Post Date: 
2018-02-15
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Dhanasekaran K , Chandrasekaran P, Paradkar M, Marinaik SB, Gupte A, Dolla CK, Joseph B, Subramanyam B, Sivaramakrishnan GR, Thiruvengadam K, Gupte N, Rajagopal S, Pradhan N, Selvaraju S, Kulkarni V, Hannah LE, Nayakam R, Suryavanshi N, Shivakumar SVBY, Mave V, Thomas B, Bharadwaj R, Gaikwad S,...

Incidence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infection among Household Contacts of Adult Pulmonary Tuberculosis Cases in India

Post Date: 
2018-02-15
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Paradkar M, Dhanasekaran K, Kinikar A, Kulkarni R, Bharadwaj R, Gaikwad S, Lokhande R, Meshram S, Dolla CK, Selvaraju S, Murali L, Thiruvengadam K, Jain D, Rajagopal S, Kulkarni V, Pradhan N, John S, Kohli R, Nayagam R, Shivakumar SVBY, Suryavanshi N, Cox S, Gupte A, Chandrasekaran P, Mave V, Gupta...

Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency among Indian Children with Tuberculosis and Age- and Sex-matched Controls

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
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Kinikar A , Chandanwale A, Dixit S, Jubilus J, Jain S, Bharadwaj R, Mave V, Gupte N, DeLuca A, Gupta A, Bollinger RC. Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency among Indian Children with Tuberculosis and Age- and Sex-matched Controls. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico...

Exposure to tuberculosis infected household contact, household food insecurity, and malnutrition, but not Vitamin D deficiency associated with pediatric tuberculosis in young children in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2012-10-17
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Jubulis J , Kinikar A, Ithape M, Hotalkar S, Kulkarni V, Mave V, Gupte N, Kagal A, Bharadwaj R, Jain S, Gupta A. Exposure to tuberculosis infected household contact, household food insecurity, and malnutrition, but not Vitamin D deficiency associated with pediatric tuberculosis in young children in...

Uniting for a Healthier India

Post Date: 
2018-02-14
Uniting India slide
"The Indo-US clinical research & education partnership started with a single NIH grant to study maternal-infant HIV transmission." Now with 76 studies underway, this short film chronicles the history & impact of our work in India.

Mexico conference: Experts from BJ Medical College make presentations on TB, treatment

Post Date: 
2017-11-09
Source: 
The Indian Express
Four fellows from the BJGMC-JHU Fogarty HIV-TB Training Program make national headlines in India.