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Growth patterns among HIV-exposed infants receiving nevirapine prophylaxis in Pune, India
BMC Infectious Diseases
Background: India has among the highest rates of infant malnutrition. Few studies investigating the growth patterns of HIV-exposed infants in India or the impact of timing of HIV infection on growth in settings such as India exist.
Methods: We used data from the Six Week Extended Nevirapine (SWEN) trial to compare the growth patterns of HIV-infected and HIV-exposed but uninfected infants accounting for timing of HIV infection, and to identify risk factors for stunting, underweight and wasting. Growth and timing of HIV infection were assessed at weeks 1, 2, 4, 6, 10, 14 weeks and 6, 9, 12 months of life. Random effects multivariable logistic regression method was used to assess factors associated with stunting, underweight and wasting.
Ram M, Gupte N, Nayak U, Kinikar AA, Khandave M, Shankar AV, Sastry J, Bollinger RC, Gupta A, Clinical Trials Study Team FS. Growth patterns among HIV-exposed infants receiving nevirapine prophylaxis in Pune, India. BMC Infect Dis. 2012 Oct 31;12(1):282 PMCID:PMC3556061