High burden of antimicrobial resistance and mortality among adults and children with community-onset bacterial infections in India

Post Date: 
2017-04-15
Publication: 
Journal of Infectious Diseases
Clinical Site(s): 
Country: 
Summary: 

Background
In India, antimicrobial consumption is high, yet systematically collected data on the epidemiology, risk factors, and outcomes of antimicrobial-resistant infections are limited.

Methods
A prospective study of adults and children hospitalized for acute febrile illness was conducted between August 2013 and December 2015. In-hospital outcomes were recorded, and logistic regression was performed to identify independent predictors of community-onset antimicrobial-resistant infections.

Results
Among 1524 patients hospitalized with acute febrile illness, 133 isolates were found among 115 patients with community-onset infections; 66 isolates (50.0%) were multidrug resistant and, of 33 isolates tested for carbapenem susceptibility, 12 (36%) were resistant. Multidrug-resistant infections were associated with recent antecedent antibiotic use (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 4.17; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.19–19.7) and were independently associated with mortality (aOR, 6.06; 95% CI, 1.2–55.7).

Conclusion
We found a high burden of community-onset antimicrobial-resistant infection among patients with acute febrile illness in India. Multidrug-resistant infection was associated with prior antibiotic use and an increased risk of mortality.

Citation: 
Mave V, Chandanwale A, Kagal A, Khadse S, Kadam D, Bharadwaj R, Dohe V, Robinson M, Kinikar A, Joshi S, Raichur P, McIntire K, Kanade S, Sachs J, Valvi C, Balasubramanian U, Kulkarni V, Marbianiang I Zenilman J, Gupta A. High burden of antimicrobial resistance and mortality among adults and children with community-onset bacterial infections in India. JID. 2017 Apr 15;215.