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High risk for occupational exposure to HIV and utilization of post-exposure prophylaxis in a teaching hospital in Pune, India
BMC Infectious Diseases
Background: The risk for occupational exposure to HIV has been well characterized in the developed world, but limited information is available about this transmission risk in resource-constrained settings facing the largest burden of HIV infection. In addition, the feasibility and utilization of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) programs in these settings are unclear. Therefore, we examined the rate and characteristics of occupational exposure to HIV and the utilization of PEP among health care workers (HCW) in a large, urban government teaching hospital in Pune, India.
Methods: Demographic and clinical data on occupational exposures and their management were prospectively collected from January 2003-December 2005. US Centers for Diseases Control guidelines were utilized to define risk exposures, for which PEP was recommended. Incidence rates of reported exposures and trends in PEP utilization were examined using logistic regression.
Gupta A, Anand S, Sastry J, Krisagar A, Basavaraj A, Bhat, SM, Gupte N, Bollinger RC, Kakrani AL. High risk for occupational exposure to HIV and utilization of post-exposure prophylaxis in a teaching hospital in Pune, India. BMC Infect Dis. 2008 Oct 21; 8:142. PMCID: PMC2588594. doi: 10.1186/1471-2334-8-142.