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Mother-to-child transmission of HIV among women who chose not to exclusively breastfeed their infants in Pune, India
Indian Journal of Medical Research
Background and Objective: The percentage of HIV cases attributed to mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) has increased several fold in recent years. No reports are available on HIV MTCT rates among HIV-infected choosing not be exclusively breastfeed their infants in India. We examined HIV MTCT rates among 41 Indian women in a prospective cohort who chose predominantly not to exclusively breastfeed.
Methods: Of the 41 women, 27 (66%) received MTCT prophylaxis: 3 received short course zidovudine (AZT), 19 single-dose nevirapine (NVP), and 5 both AZT and NVP. Maternal HIV-I RNA levels (viral load) were measured at the time of delivery. Infants were tested for HIV-1 infection by PCR up to 11 times is first year of life and viral load was measured in PCR positive infants.
Gupta A, Gupte N, Sastry J, Bharucha KE, Bhosale R, Kulkarni P, Tripathy S, Nayak U, Phadke M, Bollinger RC. Mother-to-child transmission of HIV among women who chose not to exclusively breastfeed their infants in Pune, India. Indian J Med Res. 2007 Aug; 126:131-134. Subscription Required.