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Vitamin D deficiency and risk of postpartum tuberculosis among HIV-infected breastfeeding mothers in India
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Some studies have associated low vitamin D levels with the risk of tuberculosis (TB), but its association in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected mothers in a TB-endemic region has not been well studied. We conducted a nested 1:2 case-control study among HIV-infected mothers in western India to evaluate the association between maternal vitamin D levels and the risk of postpartum TB. Vitamin D insufficiency, moderate deficiency and severe deficiency were observed in a high proportion of HIV-infected mothers, but were not associated with the risk of postpartum TB.
Mave V, Chandanwale A, Bhosale R, Shere D, Gupte N, Suryavanshi N, Kulkarni V, Kagal A, Bharadwaj R, Joshi S, Bollinger R, Gupta A. Vitamin D deficiency and risk of postpartum tuberculosis among HIV-infected breastfeeding mothers in India. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2015 Mar;19(3):302-4. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.14.0658.