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Vitamin D deficiency is common among HIV-infected breastfeeding mothers in Pune, India, but not associated with mother-to-child HIV transmission
HIV Clinical Trials
A recent report from Tanzania demonstrated an increased risk of being HIV infected or of dying at birth among children born to breastfeeding mothers with low baseline vitamin D levels. We conducted a nested case-control study among HIV-infected pregnant women in western India to confirm the association between maternal vitamin D levels and mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV. Vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency were common among HIV-infected pregnant women, but were not associated with mother to child HIV transmission at 1 year postpartum (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 0.66; 95% CI, 0.30-1.45; P = .30).
Mave V, Shere D, Gupte N, Suryavanshi N, Kulkarni V, Patil S, Khandekar M, Kinikar A, Bharadwaj R, Bhosale R, Sambarey P, Chandanwale A, Bollinger RC, Gupta A. Vitamin D deficiency is common among HIV-infected breastfeeding mothers in Pune, India, but not associated with mother-to-child HIV transmission. HIV Clin Trials. 2012 Sep-Oct;13(5):278-83.