India

 

With a population of more than one billion, India is the second largest country in the world, represents 16% of the global population, and the national average for life expectancy is only 65 years. India leads the world in the largest absolute burden of TB, ranks third for HIV (behind South Africa and Nigeria), and ranks second for diabetes. The country receives funding to support HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment and care programs under the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR).

CCGHE partners with institutions in India tackle grave health issues on the front lines. LEARN ABOUT CCGHE-INDIA PARTNERSHIPS

 
CCGHE WORK IN INDIA

 

BJGMC-JHU Fogarty HIV-TB Training Program

Post Date: 
2007-01-01
Country: 
Funded by the Fogarty International Center at the National Institutes of Health, the JHU Fogarty program has nearly 20 years of success with providing training, professional development, and mentorship to clinicians and scientists in low and middle income countries. CCGHE's latest efforts in this...

Mother-to-Child Transmission (MTCT) of HIV: India SWEN Study

Post Date: 
2002-06-07
Country: 
Primary and secondary analyses of the India SWEN study, an NIH-funded phase III randomized controlled trial of an extended nevirapine prophylaxis regimen among 783 HIV-infected pregnant women and their breastfed infants in Pune, India.

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Determination of a reference interval in a population

Post Date: 
2012-02-01
Publication: 
National Medical Journal of India
Country: 
The reference interval is the most widely used medical decision-making tool that separates healthy from diseased individuals. We briefly discuss the methods used to determine reference interval and its limitations.

Global health education for medical students: New learning opportunities and strategies

Post Date: 
2012-01-17
Publication: 
Medical Teacher
Background: A new course was offered to introduce basic global health concepts to all first year Johns Hopkins medical students, that took advantage of new distance learning capacity to connect medical students in Baltimore with students and faculty in Uganda, Ethiopia, Pakistan and India. Aims:...

Sexually transmitted infections and risk behaviors among transgender persons (Hijras) of Pune, India

Post Date: 
2012-01-15
Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Country: 
Background: The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to determine the prevalence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STI) in Hijras (self-identified transgenders of South Asia), study associated risk factors, and compare the prevalence with that in heterosexual men and men having...

Impact of maternal human immunodeficiency virus infection on pregnancy and birth outcomes in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2011-12-15
Publication: 
AIDS Care
Country: 
Little is known about birth outcomes for HIV-infected women in India. We examine maternal and neonatal birth outcomes in HIV-infected women within the context of enhanced pre-natal care associated with a randomized clinical trial conducted in Pune, India. Birth outcomes of 212 HIV-infected pregnant...

Symptom screening among HIV-infected pregnant women is acceptable and has high negative predictive value for active tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2011-11-15
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Country: 
Symptom screening is a recommended component of intensified case-finding (ICF) for pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) among HIV-infected individuals. Symptomatic individuals are further investigated to either exclude or diagnose pulmonary TB, thus reducing the number of individuals requiring costly...

Prevention of HIV-1 infection with early antiretroviral therapy

Post Date: 
2011-08-11
Publication: 
New England Journal of Medicine
Background: Antiretroviral therapy that reduces viral replication could limit the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in serodiscordant couples. Methods: In nine countries, we enrolled 1763 couples in which one partner was HIV-1–positive and the other was HIV-1–negative; 54...

High rates of all-cause and gastroenteritis-related hospitalization morbidity and mortality among HIV-exposed Indian infants

Post Date: 
2011-07-15
Publication: 
BMC Infectious Diseases
Country: 
Background: HIV-infected and HIV-exposed, uninfected infants experience a high burden of infectious morbidity and mortality. Hospitalization is an important metric for morbidity and is associated with high mortality, yet, little is known about rates and causes of hospitalization among these infants...

A comparison of online versus on-site training in health research methodology: A randomized study

Post Date: 
2011-06-17
Publication: 
BMC Medical Education
Country: 
Background: Distance learning may be useful for building health research capacity. However, evidence that it can improve knowledge and skills in health research, particularly in resource-poor settings, is limited. We compared the impact and acceptability of teaching two distinct content areas,...

Early childhood growth among Mahadev Koli tribes of Maharashtra

Post Date: 
2011-06-01
Publication: 
Voice of Intellectual Man
Country: 
The present study aims “to study the growth status of the children of age group 0 to 5 years of Mahadev koli”. This cross-sectional study focuses on growth of children of age group 0 to 5 years in Ambegaon Taluka, Pune district, Maharashtra. Using De-facto population, 110 Mahadev Koli- 51 girls and...

Mortality in HIV infected individuals in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2011-04-15
Publication: 
Indian Journal of Medical Research
Country: 
Background & Objectives: With the presence of HIV epidemic for more than two decades in India, rise in the number of HIV related deaths is expected. Data on mortality in HIV infected individuals from prospective studies are scanty in India. We report here data on mortality in a systematically...

Mixed methods evaluation of an international internet-based continuing medical education course for pediatric HIV providers in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2011-04-09
Publication: 
Education for Health
Country: 
Context: Studies of HIV care in Pune, a high-HIV-prevalence city in India, have shown that a significant proportion of practitioners were not adhering to national guidelines due to inadequate awareness and understanding. Objectives: This study examined the effectiveness of a pilot Internet-based...

Twelve month follow-up of the SWEN randomized controlled trials: Differential impact of extended-dose nevirapine on mother-to-child transmission and infant death by maternal CD4 cell count

Post Date: 
2011-03-27
Publication: 
AIDS Care
Objectives: We previously reported combined analysis of 6-week and 6-month endpoints of three randomized controlled trials [Six Week Extended Dose Nevirapine (SWEN) trials] that compared extended-dose nevirapine through 6 weeks of age to single-dose nevirapine to prevent HIV transmission via...

Predictors of retention among men attending STI clinics in HIV prevention programs and research: A case control study in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2011-03-11
Publication: 
PLOS One
Country: 
Background: Retention is critical in HIV prevention programs and clinical research. We studied retention in the three modeled scenarios of primary prevention programs, cohort studies and clinical trials to identify predictors of retention. Methodology/Principal Findings: Men attending Sexually...

Maternal tuberculosis: a risk factor for mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus

Post Date: 
2011-02-01
Publication: 
The Journal of Infectious Diseases
Country: 
Background: Maternal human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) RNA load, CD4 cell count, breast-feeding, antiretroviral use, and malaria are well-established factors associated with mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV; the role of maternal tuberculosis (TB), however, has not been well established...

Stigmatizing attitudes and low levels of knowledge but high willingness to participate in HIV management: A community based survey of pharmacies in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2010-08-27
Publication: 
BMC Public Health
Country: 
Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that the role of pharmacists in low-income settings be expanded to address the increasing complexity of HIV antiretroviral (ARV) and co-infection drug regimens. However, in many such settings including in India, many pharmacists and...

Physician estimate of antiretroviral adherence: poor correlation with patient self-report and viral load

Post Date: 
2010-03-15
Publication: 
AIDS Patient Care and STDs
Country: 
Adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) is critical in maintaining viral suppression and minimizing resistance in HIV-infected patients. We compared physician estimates of their patients' ART adherence with participant's self-reported adherence to determine patient-provider agreement and identify...

One-, two-, and three-class resistance among HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy in private care clinics: Mumbai, India

Post Date: 
2010-01-26
Publication: 
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
Country: 
HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral (ARV) therapy (ART) in India are not all adequately virally suppressed. We analyzed ARV drug resistance in adults receiving ART in three private clinics in Mumbai, India. HIV viral load was measured in 200 patients with the Roche AMPLICOR HIV-1 Monitor...

Extended-dose nevirapine to 6 weeks of age for infants to prevent HIV transmission via breastfeeding in Ethiopia, India, and Uganda: an analysis of three randomized controlled trials

Post Date: 
2009-07-26
Publication: 
The Lancet
Background: UNICEF/WHO recommends that infants born to HIV-infected mothers who do not have access to acceptable, feasible, affordable, sustainable, and safe replacement feeding should be exclusively breastfed for at least 6 months. The aim of three trials in Ethiopia, India, and Uganda was to...

Strategies for gender-equitable HIV services in rural India

Post Date: 
2009-05-15
Publication: 
Health Policy and Planning
Country: 
The emergence of HIV in rural India has the potential to heighten gender inequity in a context where women already suffer significant health disparities. Recent Indian health policies provide new opportunities to identify and implement gender-equitable rural HIV services. In this review, we adapt...

Nevirapine resistance and breast-milk HIV transmission: effects of single and extended-dose nevirapine prophylaxis in subtype C HIV-infected infants

Post Date: 
2009-01-01
Publication: 
PLOS One
Country: 
Background: Daily nevirapine (NVP) prophylaxis to HIV-exposed infants significantly reduces breast-milk HIV transmission. We assessed NVP-resistance in Indian infants enrolled in the “six-week extended-dose nevirapine” (SWEN) trial who received single-dose NVP (SD-NVP) or SWEN for prevention of...

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Metabolic Complications/Inflammation

Post Date: 
2015-01-10
Presentation Location: 
Mumbai, India
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
5th National Conference on HIV/AIDS Therapy
Panel Discussion: TB and HIV Co-Morbidities & IRIS.

RePORT India: Objectives and Future Directions

Post Date: 
2014-04-30
Presentation Location: 
Shanghai, China
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
TB Vaccine 4th Global Forum
Presentation

Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in India

Post Date: 
2014-04-04
Presentation Location: 
Baltimore, MD
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
Mylan HIV Course Series. JHU Global mHealth
Lecture

Latent TB in India and Example Research Solutions for India

Post Date: 
2013-11-10
Presentation Location: 
Baltimore, MD
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
Global Tuberculosis (TB) Clinical Management and Research. Johns Hopkins School of Nursing Course
Lecture

Laboratory Capacity Building for International Clinical Research: The JHU-BJMC Pune, India Example

Post Date: 
2013-09-11
Presentation Location: 
Baltimore, MD
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
Inaugural Pathology Education Symposium. Johns Hopkins School of Medicine: Department of Pathology
Presentation

Update in TB Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention

Post Date: 
2012-01-31
Presentation Location: 
Mumbai, India
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
4th National Conference on HIV/AIDS Therapy. Human Healthcare and Research Foundation
Presentation

TB/HIV in women and children: research in India and beyond

Post Date: 
2010-05-26
Presentation Location: 
Baltimore, MD
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
TB Clinical and Epi Lab Meeting. Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Presentation

HIV in India

Post Date: 
2009-05-22
Presentation Location: 
New York, NY
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
CIDER Seminar. Columbia Mailman School of Public Health
Presentation

HIV in India

Post Date: 
2009-05-04
Presentation Location: 
Baltimore, MD
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
Johns Hopkins University AIDS Alliance
Presentation

Challenges in the Management of HIV in India

Post Date: 
2008-03-06
Presentation Location: 
Washington, DC
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
Center for Global Development, 1776 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Third Floor
Presentation

Lessons Learned from bringing the National AIDS Institute of India and JHU researchers together: What was possible, and what wasn’t possible with the level of connection in place

Post Date: 
2007-04-25
Presentation Location: 
Arlington, VA
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
2007 Internet2 Annual Meeting
Roundtable Discussion, Panel Session II: The Importance of International Research Collaboration and R&E Networking in South Asia

Antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy and post-partum and ART resistance in India [Invited plenaries]

Post Date: 
2007-01-07
Presentation Location: 
Mumbai, India
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
HIV Current Treatment Options Conference
Presentation

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