India

With a population of more than one billion, India is the second largest country in the world, represents 16% of the global population, and the national average for life expectancy is only 65 years. India leads the world in the largest absolute burden of TB, ranks third for HIV (behind South Africa and Nigeria), and ranks second for diabetes. The country receives funding to support HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment and care programs under the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR).

Our Indo-JHU Clinical Research Partnership is dedicated to reversing poor patient outcomes. With operations based in Pune, our extensive research portfolio is directed by Dr. Amita Gupta (Baltimore, MD), with onsite direction from Dr. Vidya MaveDr. Nishi Suryavanshi, and Dr. Nikhil Gupte (Pune). The Indo-JHU Partnership employs more than 200 people and, in addition to our memberships in consortia with many esteemed Indian research institutions, we have formal agreements with:

CCGHE WORK IN INDIA

Investigating Maternal Antibodies to Modify Infant Tuberculosis Acquisition

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2017-08-29
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New study in Pune, India, aims to identify the profile of TB antibodies between mothers and infants, and to see if the presence of antibodies lowers risk of infant infection.

The Role of Innate Immunity in the Acquisition of Sterile Protection against TB Infection

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2017-08-25
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This study is using stored samples from the Cohort for Tuberculosis Research by the Indo-US Medical Partnership (C-TRIUMPH), under the Regional Prospective Observational Research for Tuberculosis (RePORT) Network, an international TB consortium. Tuberculosis (TB) is a major...

Validation of Transcriptional Signature to Predict Active TB Disease among Advanced HIV Patients

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2017-08-15
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This study was terminated June 20, 2021. There have been tremendous advances in the diagnosis of patients with tuberculosis (TB) based on nucleic acid amplification of bacteria in the sputum. The GenXpert MTB/RIF provides results in 2 hours. However, in HIV-infected sputum...

Antimicrobial Use and Diagnosis among Hospitalized Febrile Patients in Pune, India

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2017-08-07
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Antimicrobial resistance, a leading threat to human health, is enabled by unnecessary antibiotic use. Strategies to reduce unnecessary antibiotic use in India, the world’s largest antibiotic consumer, are urgently needed. Although most patients hospitalized in India with acute febrile illness...

Association of Lipid Mediators of Inflammation with TB Treatment Outcomes

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2017-08-03
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This study was terminated July 22, 2019. This study used stored samples from the Cohort for Tuberculosis Research by the Indo-US Medical Partnership (C-TRIUMPH), under the Regional Prospective Observational Research for Tuberculosis (RePORT) Network, an international TB...

Optimizing Treatment to Improve TBM Outcomes in Children: Substudy on Clinical Profile and CSF Biorepository of the Pediatric Suspected Meningitis Cases

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2017-07-18
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This sub-study is being led by PIs Dr. Kelly Dooley and Dr. Chhaya Valvi. Meningoencephalitis is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Several viruses, bacteria, and fungal pathogens including Neisseria meningitidis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Herpes...

Vaginal Microbiota in HIV Infected Pregnant Women

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2017-07-14
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This study is conducted under CCGHE’s PRACHITI (PRegnancy And CHanges In TuberculosIs) effort, supported by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. Led by Dr. Rupak Shivakoti, this is a nested cross-sectional...

A5332: Randomized Trial to Prevent Vascular Events in HIV – REPRIEVE

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2017-06-09
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This study is conducted under the AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG) and funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health. This is a prospective, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, multicenter efficacy study in 6500 subjects, with individual subjects to be followed for up to 72 months...

A5349: Rifapentine-containing Treatment Shortening Regimens for Pulmonary Tuberculosis: A Randomized, Open-label, Controlled Phase 3 Clinical Trial

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2017-06-05
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This study is conducted under the AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG) and funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health. This is an international, multicenter, randomized, controlled, open-label, 3-arm, phase 3 non-inferiority trial. Primary Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of a rifapentine-...

Understanding Quality of Life during and Loss to Follow-up from Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis Treatment in Pune, India

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2017-05-15
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This study will examine a) risk factors for loss to follow-up from DR-TB treatment, b) actively trace DR-TB patients lost to follow-up from treatment and c) establish a prospective observational cohort of MDR-TB, XDR-TB and DS-TB patients as well as healthy controls nested within ongoing RNTCP...

Risk Factors for Unfavourable Treatment Outcomes among Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis Patients in Public Sector Treatment in Pune

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2017-03-29
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This study is funded and conducted under the U.S. National Institutes of Health, Fogarty International Center. This study seeks to identify risk factors associated with unfavourable treatment outcomes (death, treatment failure, default, XDR-TB) among multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB)...

Biomarkers for Tuberculosis Diagnosis and Treatment Response

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2017-03-24
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This study is conducted by the Cohort for Tuberculosis Research by the Indo-US Medical Partnership (C-TRIUMPH) under the Regional Prospective Observational Research for Tuberculosis (RePORT) Network, an international TB consortium. Aims: ...

MDR-TB Free: Monitoring Adverse Effects, Utilizing Resources Optimally, Knowing Resistance Patterns, and Treatment Strategy

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2017-03-24
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This study is also known as MDR-TB MUKT: M onitoring Adverse Effects, U tilizing Resources Optimally, K nowing Resistance Patterns, and T reatment Strategy. Purpose: To establish an observational cohort of MDR-TB cases and household contacts with accompanying biorepository at PD Hinduja National...

Impact of HIV and Diabetes Mellitus on TB Drug Resistance and Recurrence

Post Date: 
2017-03-02
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This study was terminated in January 2021. Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of mortality globally. With increasing burden of HIV and diabetes mellitus (DM), there is a critical need to understand the microbial response and ensuing disease dynamics of TB in the HIV-infected and diabetic host...

Multicenter Study of the Accuracy of the BD MAX MDR-TB Assay for Detection of M. tuberculosis Complex and Mutations Associated with Resistance to Rifampin or Isoniazid

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2017-03-01
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In a multi-country study, we are assessing the accuracy of the BD MAX rapid MDR-TB assay to detect rifampin and isoniazid resistance.

TREAT Asia Pediatric HIV Observational Database

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2017-02-09
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Studies conducted under the TREAT Asia Network and funded by amfAR. TREAT Asia Pediatric HIV Observational Database (TApHOD) is a collaborative observational cohort study of infants, children, and adolescents living with HIV. TApHOD study participants are...

TREAT Asia Observational Database

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2017-02-09
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Study conducted under the TREAT Asia Network and funded by amfAR. The TREAT Asia Observational Database's primary study objective is to: Examine HIV natural history, including the relationship between access to ART, demographics, and...

Healthcare-Associated Sepsis in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in Pune, India

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2017-01-17
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This study is part of CDC's Safe Healthcare, Epidemiology, and Prevention Research Development (SHEPheRD) Program under Domain 7: International HAI and Other Adverse Healthcare Event Prevention. Johns Hopkins neonatologist Dr. Julia Johnson is lead investigator for a systematic study of the...

Bacterial Antimicrobial Resistance Patterns in Pune, India: Substudy on the Introduction of Triage to a Triage Naïve Emergency Department in Pune, India, and the Effects on Patient Flow

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2017-01-01
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Despite state-of-the-art inpatient facilities, Sassoon General Hospital (SGH) in Pune, India, does not currently have a method of triaging the large volume of patients they care for on a daily basis. Based on prior studies in low to middle income countries with underdeveloped emergency medical...

Prevalence and Risk Factors for Oral Cancer among HIV-Infected Adults

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2016-12-13
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The study is designed as a cross-sectional, single time point study for opportunistic oral cancer screening of HIV-infected and non- HIV adults 21 years or older in an urban hospital. All participants will undergo screening for oral cancer and oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMD) by...

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Subtherapeutic rifampicin concentration is associated with unfavourable tuberculosis treatment outcomes

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2019-05-10
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
Rifampicin concentrations were sub-therapeutic in most Indian patients taking a thrice-weekly TB regimen

The burden of diabetes in India

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2019-04-01
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The Lancet Global Health
The India State-Level Disease Burden Initiative Diabetes Collaborators (December, 2018)1 provide a comprehensive overview of the diabetes burden in India. The authors point out some limitations in estimates due to inadequacies in the data. Nevertheless, on the basis of my field experience in India...

Feasibility of identifying household contacts of rifampin- and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis cases at high risk of progression to tuberculosis disease

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2019-03-28
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
We assessed multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) cases and their household contacts (HHCs) to inform the development of an interventional clinical trial.

Willingness to take multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) preventive therapy among adult and adolescent household contacts of MDR-TB index cases: an international multi-site cross-sectional study

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2019-03-28
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
Abstract BACKGROUND: Household contacts (HHCs) of individuals with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) are at high risk of infection and subsequent disease. There is limited evidence on the willingness of MDR-TB HHCs to take MDR-TB preventive therapy (TPT) to decrease their risk of TB disease...

Maternal health outcomes among HIV-infected breastfeeding women with high CD4 counts: results of a treatment strategy trial

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2019-03-20
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HIV Clinical Trials
BACKGROUND: IMPAACT PROMISE 1077BF/FF was a randomized study of antiretroviral therapy (ART) strategies for pregnant and postpartum women with high CD4+ T-cell counts. We describe postpartum outcomes for women in the study who were randomized to continue or discontinue ART after delivery. METHODS:...

Elevated highly sensitive C-reactive protein and d-dimer levels are associated with food insecurity among people living with HIV in Pune, India

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2019-03-04
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Public Health Nutrition
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and determinants of food insecurity among people living with HIV (PLWH) in Pune, India and its association with biomarkers known to confer increased risks of morbidity and mortality in this population. DESIGN:...

Female global health leadership: Data-driven approaches to close the gender gap

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2019-02-09
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The Lancet
Lancet article investigates gender-based challenges of female health trainees and professionals and identifies interventions

Few eligible for the newly recommended short course MDR-TB regimen at a large Mumbai private clinic

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2019-01-28
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BMC Infectious Diseases
BACKGROUND: India has the world's highest tuberculosis burden, and Mumbai is particularly affected by multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). WHO recommends short, intensive treatment ("Short Course") for previously untreated pulmonary MDR-TB patients but does not require universal...

HIV testing uptake among the household contacts of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis index cases in eight countries

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2019-01-07
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International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease : The Indo-JHU Clinical Research Parentership participated in this multinational study to determine if it's feasible to provide HIV testing for household contacts of MDR-TB cases.

Is there a connection between gestational diabetes, human immunodeficiency virus infection, and tuberculosis?

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2019-01-01
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International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
IJTLD article reviews the epidemiology and immunology of gestational diabetes and finds there's a lot we don't know about interactions between diabetes, pregnancy, and tuberculosis in both HIV+/- women

Multiplex-PCR to detect pAmpC β-lactamases among Enterobacteriaceae at a tertiary care laboratory in Mumbai, India

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2018-12-13
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Microbiology
Drug-resistance due to AmpC β-lactamases represents a growing problem worldwide. In this study, a previously collected sample of 108 cefoxitin-resistant clinical isolates was assessed for AmpC β-lactamase production through routine phenotypic testing and double-disc cefoxitin/cloxcallin (DD-CC),...

The mortality burden of multidrug-resistant pathogens in India: a retrospective observational study

Post Date: 
2018-11-08
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
We conducted a retrospective, ten hospital study of the relationship between multidrug-resistant pathogens and mortality in India. This is one of the largest studies undertaken in an LMIC to measure the burden of antibiotic resistance.

Drug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae colonization is associated with healthcare utilization and antimicrobial use among inpatients in Pune, India

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2018-10-04
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BMC Infectious Diseases
BACKGROUND: Healthcare exposure may increase drug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae colonization risk. Nascent antimicrobial stewardship efforts in low- and middle-income countries require setting-specific data. We aimed to evaluate risk factors for inpatient drug resistant...

Barriers to screening and isoniazid preventive therapy for child contacts of tuberculosis patients

Post Date: 
2018-10-01
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International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Universal, timely TB screening and IPT for exposed children are urgently needed to reduce pediatric TB in India

Inflammation and micronutrient biomarkers predict clinical HIV treatment failure and incident active TB in HIV-infected adults: a case-control study

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2018-09-24
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BMC Medicine
Factors identified through exploratory factor analysis were associated with adverse outcomes in HIV-infected individuals.

Ovarian mass - tuberculosis or malignancy? Need for early intensified evaluation

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2018-09-14
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EXCLI Journal
Letter to the Editor Dear Editor, We read with interest the case report by Chien et al. on Peritoneal Tuberculosis (TB) mimicking ovarian cancer (Chien et al., 2016[1]). We want to congratulate the authors on this case report. We encountered a similar case in our clinical setting in western India...

The association of household fine particulate matter and kerosene with tuberculosis in women and children in Pune, India

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2018-09-07
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Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Use of kerosene cooking fuel is positively associated with TB in women and children in our analysis using reported sources of exposure.

Challenges and opportunities for outreach workers in the Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) program in India

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2018-09-04
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PLoS One
PLoS One: Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV program in India is one of the largest in the world, and it relies on outreach workers. Our study looked at challenges and opportunities for outreach workers.

The effect of diabetes mellitus on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of tuberculosis treatment

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2018-08-20
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Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
DM and higher HbA1c increased the risk of not achieving therapeutic targets for pyrazinamide, but higher pyrazinamide concentrations were asociated with worse microbiologic and clinical outcomes

Tuberculin skin test and QuantiFERON-Gold In Tube assay for diagnosis of latent TB infection among household contacts of pulmonary TB patients in high TB burden setting

Post Date: 
2018-08-01
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PLoS One
World Health Organization (WHO) recommends systematic screening of high-risk populations, including household contacts (HHCs) of adult pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) patients, as a key strategy for elimination of TB. QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT) assay and tuberculin skin test (TST) are two commonly used tools for the detection of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) but may yield differential results, affecting eligibility for TB preventive therapy.

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