India

 

With a population of more than one billion, India is the second largest country in the world, represents 16% of the global population, and the national average for life expectancy is only 65 years. India leads the world in the largest absolute burden of TB, ranks third for HIV (behind South Africa and Nigeria), and ranks second for diabetes. The country receives funding to support HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment and care programs under the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR).

CCGHE partners with institutions in India tackle grave health issues on the front lines. LEARN ABOUT CCGHE-INDIA PARTNERSHIPS

 
CCGHE WORK IN INDIA

 

Assessment of Gutka ban in Maharashtra: findings from focus group discussion

Post Date: 
2013-06-11
Publication: 
International Journal of Head & Neck Surgery
Country: 
According to Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) India 2009-2010, around 8.3% (13.4% among male and 2.5% amongfemale) of people in Maharashtra are gutka users. Gutkaconsumption not only causes oral cancer, but has also beenlinked with development of oral submucous fibrosis, aprecancerous lesion...

Screening for pulmonary tuberculosis in HIV-infected individuals: AIDS Clinical Trials Group Protocol A5253

Post Date: 
2013-04-15
Publication: 
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Background: Improved tuberculosis (TB) screening is urgently needed for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients. Methods: An observational, multi-country, cross-sectional study of HIV-infected patients to compare a standardized diagnostic evaluation (SDE) for TB with standard of care (...

Low tuberculosis knowledge among HIV-infected patients in a high HIV prevalence region within Southeast India

Post Date: 
2013-03-21
Publication: 
Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
Country: 
Setting: A private multispecialty hospital in Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh, India. Methods: A survey of knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions adapted from a pretested questionnaire was administered to 128 HIV-infected adults, from July to August 2008.

Availability of treatment for eclampsia in public health institutions in Maharashtra, India

Post Date: 
2013-03-15
Publication: 
Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Country: 
Abstract Severe pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are common causes of maternal deaths worldwide and more so in developing countries. Magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) is now the most-recommended drug of choice to treat these conditions. Despite favourable policies for the use of MgSO4 treatment in India,...

Correlates of lower comprehension of informed consent among participants enrolled in a cohort study in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2013-03-15
Publication: 
International Health
Country: 
Background: Optimum comprehension of informed consent by research participants is essential yet challenging. This study explored correlates of lower comprehension of informed consent among 1334 participants of a cohort study aimed at estimating HIV incidence in Pune, India. Methods: As part of the...

Nutritional status and childhood growth among Korku and Warli tribes of Maharashtra: anthropometric perspective

Post Date: 
2013-01-01
Publication: 
Explorations in Medical Anthropology
Country: 
Nutritional status and childhood growth among Korku and Warli tribes of Maharashtra: anthropometric perspective.

Contracting in specialists for emergency obstetric care—does it work in rural India?

Post Date: 
2012-12-31
Publication: 
BMC Health Services Research
Country: 
Abstract Background: Contracting in private sector is promoted in developing countries facing human resources shortages as a challenge to reduce maternal mortality. This study explored provision, practice, performance, barriers to execution and views about contracting in specialists for emergency...

Growth patterns among HIV-exposed infants receiving nevirapine prophylaxis in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2012-10-31
Publication: 
BMC Infectious Diseases
Country: 
Background: India has among the highest rates of infant malnutrition. Few studies investigating the growth patterns of HIV-exposed infants in India or the impact of timing of HIV infection on growth in settings such as India exist. Methods: We used data from the Six Week Extended Nevirapine (SWEN)...

Pooled individual data analysis of five randomized trials of infant nevirapine prophylaxis to prevent breast-milk HIV-1 transmission

Post Date: 
2012-10-19
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Background: In resource-limited settings, mothers infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) face a difficult choice: breastfeed their infants but risk transmitting HIV-1 or not breastfeed their infants and risk the infants dying of other infectious diseases or malnutrition. Recent...

Evaluation of a multimodal, distance learning HIV management course for clinical care providers in India

Post Date: 
2012-10-01
Publication: 
Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
Country: 
Distance learning is an important tool for training HIV health workers. However, there is limited evidence on design and evaluation of distance learning HIV curricula and tools. We therefore designed, implemented, and evaluated a distance learning course on HIV management for clinical care...

Vitamin D deficiency is common among HIV-infected breastfeeding mothers in Pune, India, but not associated with mother-to-child HIV transmission

Post Date: 
2012-10-01
Publication: 
HIV Clinical Trials
Country: 
A recent report from Tanzania demonstrated an increased risk of being HIV infected or of dying at birth among children born to breastfeeding mothers with low baseline vitamin D levels. We conducted a nested case-control study among HIV-infected pregnant women in western India to confirm the...

Detection of microbial translocation in HIV and SIV infection using the limulus amebocyte lysate assay is masked by serum and plasma

Post Date: 
2012-08-01
Publication: 
PLOS One
Objective: Microbial translocation (MT) is thought to be a major contributor to the pathogenesis of HIV-related immune activation, and circulating lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Gram-negative bacteria is the principle measurement of this process. However, related research has been impeded by...

Authors’ response to Hanrahan et al CID article

Post Date: 
2012-05-15
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Country: 
Reply to letter

Predictors of mortality in hospitalized children with pandemic H1N1 influenza 2009 in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2012-04-15
Publication: 
Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Country: 
Objective: To analyse the factors associated with increased mortality among Indian Children with H1N1. Methods: Data were abstracted from available hospital records of children less than 12 y of age, who were admitted to Sassoon General Hospital in Pune, India, with confirmed pandemic 2009 H1N1...

Determination of a reference interval in a population

Post Date: 
2012-02-01
Publication: 
National Medical Journal of India
Country: 
The reference interval is the most widely used medical decision-making tool that separates healthy from diseased individuals. We briefly discuss the methods used to determine reference interval and its limitations.

Global health education for medical students: New learning opportunities and strategies

Post Date: 
2012-01-17
Publication: 
Medical Teacher
Background: A new course was offered to introduce basic global health concepts to all first year Johns Hopkins medical students, that took advantage of new distance learning capacity to connect medical students in Baltimore with students and faculty in Uganda, Ethiopia, Pakistan and India. Aims:...

Sexually transmitted infections and risk behaviors among transgender persons (Hijras) of Pune, India

Post Date: 
2012-01-15
Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Country: 
Background: The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to determine the prevalence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STI) in Hijras (self-identified transgenders of South Asia), study associated risk factors, and compare the prevalence with that in heterosexual men and men having...

Impact of maternal human immunodeficiency virus infection on pregnancy and birth outcomes in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2011-12-15
Publication: 
AIDS Care
Country: 
Little is known about birth outcomes for HIV-infected women in India. We examine maternal and neonatal birth outcomes in HIV-infected women within the context of enhanced pre-natal care associated with a randomized clinical trial conducted in Pune, India. Birth outcomes of 212 HIV-infected pregnant...

Symptom screening among HIV-infected pregnant women is acceptable and has high negative predictive value for active tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2011-11-15
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Country: 
Symptom screening is a recommended component of intensified case-finding (ICF) for pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) among HIV-infected individuals. Symptomatic individuals are further investigated to either exclude or diagnose pulmonary TB, thus reducing the number of individuals requiring costly...

Prevention of HIV-1 infection with early antiretroviral therapy

Post Date: 
2011-08-11
Publication: 
New England Journal of Medicine
Background: Antiretroviral therapy that reduces viral replication could limit the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in serodiscordant couples. Methods: In nine countries, we enrolled 1763 couples in which one partner was HIV-1–positive and the other was HIV-1–negative; 54...

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Metabolic Complications/Inflammation

Post Date: 
2015-01-10
Presentation Location: 
Mumbai, India
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
5th National Conference on HIV/AIDS Therapy
Panel Discussion: TB and HIV Co-Morbidities & IRIS.

Quit History, Intentions to Quit, and Reasons for Considering Quitting Among Tobacco Users in India: Findings From the Wave 1 TCP India Survey

Post Date: 
2014-12-05
Presentation Location: 
Chiba, Japan
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
APACT 2013, University of Waterloo, Ca
Oral Presentation. Gauri G Dhumal , Mangesh S Pednekar, Lalit J Raute, Prakash C Gupta, Genevieve Sansone, Anne CK Quah, Geoffrey T Fong.

RePORT India: Objectives and Future Directions

Post Date: 
2014-04-30
Presentation Location: 
Shanghai, China
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
TB Vaccine 4th Global Forum
Presentation

Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in India

Post Date: 
2014-04-04
Presentation Location: 
Baltimore, MD
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
Mylan HIV Course Series. JHU Global mHealth
Lecture

An Equity Analysis of Institutional Delivery Uptake and Maternal Mortality Reduction in Context of Cash Transfer Programme (JSY): Results from Nine States of India

Post Date: 
2014-03-10
Presentation Location: 
Cape Town, South Africa
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
Third Global Symposium on Health Systems Research. Health Systems Global
Abstract Presenation. Randive B , San Sebastian M, De Costa A, Lindholm L.

Latent TB in India and Example Research Solutions for India

Post Date: 
2013-11-10
Presentation Location: 
Baltimore, MD
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
Global Tuberculosis (TB) Clinical Management and Research. Johns Hopkins School of Nursing Course
Lecture

Laboratory Capacity Building for International Clinical Research: The JHU-BJMC Pune, India Example

Post Date: 
2013-09-11
Presentation Location: 
Baltimore, MD
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
Inaugural Pathology Education Symposium. Johns Hopkins School of Medicine: Department of Pathology
Presentation

Quit History, Intentions to Quit, and Reasons for Considering Quitting Among Tobacco Users in India

Post Date: 
2013-09-01
Presentation Location: 
New Delhi, India
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
International Conference on Public Health Priorities in the 21st Century: The Endgame for Tobacco, World Health Organization
Oral Presentation. Gauri G Dhumal, Mangesh S Pednekar, Lalit J Raute, Prakash C Gupta, Genevieve Sansone, Anne CK Quah, Geoffrey T Fong.

Effective Coverage of Institutional Deliveries under the Janani Suraksha Yojana Programme in High Maternal Mortality Provinces of India: Analysis of Data from an Annual Health Survey

Post Date: 
2013-06-17
Presentation Location: 
Seattle, Washington
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
Global Health Metrics & Evaluation 2013
Abstract Presentation. Randive B , Chaturvedi S, Diwan V, De Costa A.

India’s Conditional Cash Transfer Programme to Promote Institutional Births: What has been the Effect on Maternal Mortality?

Post Date: 
2013-01-17
Presentation Location: 
Arusha, Tanzania
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
Global Maternal Health Conference 2013. Maternal Health Task Force, Harvard School of Public Health
Abstract Presentation Randive B , Diwan V, De Costa A.

“Nutritional Status and Childhood Growth Among Korku and Warli Tribes of Maharashtra: Anthropometric Perspective

Post Date: 
2013-01-01
Presentation Location: 
Maharashtra, India
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
National Seminar on ‘Policies and Issues In the Bio-Cultural Development of Scheduled Tribes, Anthropological Association, Mysore
Oral presentation: Gauri Dhumal

Update in TB Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention

Post Date: 
2012-01-31
Presentation Location: 
Mumbai, India
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
4th National Conference on HIV/AIDS Therapy. Human Healthcare and Research Foundation
Presentation

Early Childhood Growth among Mahadev Koli tribes of Maharashtra

Post Date: 
2011-06-06
Presentation Location: 
Delhi, India
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
Paradigm in New Anthropology, Department of Anthropology, University of Delhi
Oral presentation: Gauri Dhumal

TB/HIV in women and children: research in India and beyond

Post Date: 
2010-05-26
Presentation Location: 
Baltimore, MD
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
TB Clinical and Epi Lab Meeting. Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Presentation

HIV in India

Post Date: 
2009-05-22
Presentation Location: 
New York, NY
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
CIDER Seminar. Columbia Mailman School of Public Health
Presentation

HIV in India

Post Date: 
2009-05-04
Presentation Location: 
Baltimore, MD
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
Johns Hopkins University AIDS Alliance
Presentation

Challenges in the Management of HIV in India

Post Date: 
2008-03-06
Presentation Location: 
Washington, DC
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
Center for Global Development, 1776 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Third Floor
Presentation

Lessons Learned from bringing the National AIDS Institute of India and JHU researchers together: What was possible, and what wasn’t possible with the level of connection in place

Post Date: 
2007-04-25
Presentation Location: 
Arlington, VA
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
2007 Internet2 Annual Meeting
Roundtable Discussion, Panel Session II: The Importance of International Research Collaboration and R&E Networking in South Asia

Antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy and post-partum and ART resistance in India [Invited plenaries]

Post Date: 
2007-01-07
Presentation Location: 
Mumbai, India
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
HIV Current Treatment Options Conference
Presentation

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