India

 

With a population of more than one billion, India is the second largest country in the world, represents 16% of the global population, and the national average for life expectancy is only 65 years. India leads the world in the largest absolute burden of TB, ranks third for HIV (behind South Africa and Nigeria), and ranks second for diabetes. The country receives funding to support HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment and care programs under the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR).

CCGHE partners with institutions in India tackle grave health issues on the front lines. LEARN ABOUT CCGHE-INDIA PARTNERSHIPS

 
CCGHE WORK IN INDIA

 

P1077FF: Formula Feeding Version of the PROMISE Study (Promoting Maternal and Infant Survival Everywhere)

Post Date: 
2010-02-02
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This multi-country trial is being conducted in India, Malawi, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. 1077FF is a randomized strategy trial, which is part of the PROMISE studies (1077BF, 1077FF, P1084s, and 1077HS). The Promoting Maternal and Infant Survival Everywhere (PROMISE)...

Impact of Malnutrition on HIV Treatment Failure in Resource-limited Settings

Post Date: 
2010-01-01
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Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has reduced morbidity and mortality among HIV-infected persons worldwide. However, early treatment failure (i.e. WHO stage 3 or 4 illnesses or death during the first 24 months of HAART) is more than 3-fold higher in resource limited settings (RLS) than...

Assessment of Active Tuberculosis amongst Asymptomatic HIV-infected Patients in Kakinada, India

Post Date: 
2009-07-23
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This study was conducted in 2008. Tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health threat in India and is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality amongst people living with HIV/AIDS worldwide.1 According to the WHO, India accounts for one-fifth of the global TB incident cases, with over 1.9 million...

A5225: Phase I/II Dose-Finding Study of High-Dose Fluconazole Treatment in AIDS-Associated Cryptococcal Meningitis

Post Date: 
2009-04-22
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This trial was terminated in March 2015. This multi-country stidy was conducted in India, Kenyam Peru, South Africa, Thailand, Uganda, United States, and Zimbabwe. A5225/HiFLAC is a Phase I/II dose escalation and validation study of the safety, tolerability, and therapeutic effect of an induction-...

A5253: Sensitivity and Specificity of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Screening and Diagnostics in HIV-Infected Individuals

Post Date: 
2009-03-19
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This study was terminated October 15, 2014. An estimated 3 million HIV-infected individuals will enter programs for antiretroviral (ARV) treatment in the coming year, with projected rates of requirement for ARV therapy extending to more than 10 million in sub-Saharan Africa, southeastern Asia, and...

Evaluation of the Impact of Distance Learning For Expanding Capacity for Clinical Research in India

Post Date: 
2009-02-13
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This study ended in March 2012. The Office of AIDS Research has initiated a comprehensive program to expand clinical research capacity in India. This program has utilized a number of platforms for providing research training, including intensive in-country workshops and conferences. These programs...

P1070: Dose-Finding and Pharmacogenetic Study of Efavirenz in HIV-Infected and HIV/TB Co-Infected Infants and Children ≥ 3 Months to < 36 Months of Age

Post Date: 
2008-12-05
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This study ended March 10, 2015. This multi-country trial was conducted in India, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Efavirenz (EFV) is an anti-HIV medicine that is commonly used to treat HIV infection in adults and children older than 3 years of age. This study is being...

The Presentation and Disease Progression of HIV Infection Among Indian Children

Post Date: 
2008-09-22
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This study was terminated July 24, 2010.

Cryptococcal Meningitis among Hospitalized HIV Patients in India (June 2008–June 2010)

Post Date: 
2008-06-30
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This study was terminated in 2016. Cryptococcal meningitis secondary to HIV infection is one of the leading causes of mortality from infectious agents worldwide. Recent estimates suggest close to a million infections annually and over six hundred thousand deaths every year. South and Southeast Asia...

The Association of Umbilical Cord Blood IgG Streptococcus pneumoniae and Hemophilus influenzae Antibody Titers with Mortality and Morbidity among HIV-exposed Infants in India

Post Date: 
2007-08-30
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This study ended in August 2010. In India, HIV-exposed infants (infants born to HIV-infected mothers), bear a large burden of mortality and morbidity from S. pneumoniae and H. influenzae type b infections. These bacterial respiratory pathogens are responsible for the majority of mortality and...

Calibration and Application of a Simple Sensitive/Less Sensitive Assay Applicable to Resource-Limited Countries for Determination of Recent HIV Infection and Incidence Estimates

Post Date: 
2007-03-22
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This study was terminated March 31, 2007. Sensitive/Less Sensitive assays (S/LS) to distinguish between recent and established HIV infections have been successfully applied to identify recently infected persons and determine HIV incidence. However, all currently used S/LS assays require laboratory...

BWI CTU: Baltimore-Washington-India Clinical Trials Unit

Post Date: 
2007-02-02
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Comprising clinical trial sites at Johns Hopkins Medicine in Baltimore, Whitman Walker Health in Washington, DC, and the BJGMC-CCGHE collaboration in Pune, India, the Baltimore-Washington-India Clinical Trials Unit (BWI-CTU) is one of only 25 international HIV/TB clinical trial sites funded by the...

BJGMC-JHU Fogarty HIV-TB Training Program

Post Date: 
2007-01-01
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Funded by the Fogarty International Center at the National Institutes of Health, the JHU Fogarty program has nearly 20 years of success with providing training, professional development, and mentorship to clinicians and scientists in low and middle income countries. CCGHE's latest efforts in this...

A Stand Alone Study for Participants of A5175 (A Phase IV, Randomized, Open-Label Evaluation of the Efficacy of Once-Daily Protease Inhibitor and Once-Daily Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor-Containing Therapy Combinations for Initial Treatme

Post Date: 
2006-05-02
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Globally, 40 million individuals are HIV-infected with 5 million new infections occurring each year; rates are increasing. Three million individuals died from HIV/AIDS in 2003. The global burden of the HIV epidemic is staggering, but in the short term, it is largely unfelt in the developed world...

P1060: Phase II, parallel, randomized, clinical trials comparing the responses to initiation of NNRTI-based antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected infants who have not previously received Single dose Nevirapine for prevention of Mother-to-child HIV...

Post Date: 
2006-03-27
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This study ended June 28, 2015. Full Title: Phase II, Parallel, Randomized, Clinical Trials Comparing the Responses to Initiation of NNRTI-Based Versus PI-Based Antiretroviral Therapy in HIV-Infected Infants Who Have and Have Not Previously Received Single Dose Nevirapine for Prevention of Mother-...

A5207: Maintaining Options for Mothers Study (MOMS): A Phase II Randomized Comparison of Three Antiretroviral Strategies Administered for 7 or 21 Days to Reduce the Emergence of Nevirapine Resistant HIV-1 Following a Single Intrapartum Dose of Nevirapine

Post Date: 
2004-12-20
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This study was terminated January 16, 2014. A major disadvantage of giving SD NVP is the potential for maternal development of NVP resistance and additional resistance to other nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI) in the mother; as a result, future treatment options may be limited...

A5175: PEARLS Evaluation of the Efficacy of Once-Daily Protease Inhibitor and Once-Daily Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor- Containing Therapy Combinations for Initial Treatment of HIV-1 Infected Individuals

Post Date: 
2004-07-27
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Full Title: A Phase IV, Prospective, Randomized, Open-Label Evaluation of the Efficacy of Once-Daily Protease Inhibitor and Once Daily Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor Containing Therapy Combinations for Initial Treatment of HIV-1 Infected Individuals from Resource-Limited Settings (...

Evaluation of Provider, Patient and Pharmacy Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Regarding HIV Care and Use of Antiretroviral Therapy in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2004-03-29
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This study ended in 2007. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has dramatically affected morbidity and mortality among HIV-infected persons in industrialized countries. In India, where approximately 4.3 million persons are estimated to be HIV-infected (NACO), the use of ART has been limited because of the...

A Study to Validate New Assays for Measuring HIV Seroincidence in Indian HIV Subtype C Seroconverters

Post Date: 
2003-08-05
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This study ended in July 2006.

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Nutritional status and childhood growth among Korku and Warli tribes of Maharashtra: anthropometric perspective

Post Date: 
2013-01-01
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Publication: 
Explorations in Medical Anthropology
Nutritional status and childhood growth among Korku and Warli tribes of Maharashtra: anthropometric perspective.

Contracting in specialists for emergency obstetric care—does it work in rural India?

Post Date: 
2012-12-31
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Publication: 
BMC Health Services Research
Abstract Background: Contracting in private sector is promoted in developing countries facing human resources shortages as a challenge to reduce maternal mortality. This study explored provision, practice, performance, barriers to execution and views about contracting in specialists for emergency...

Growth patterns among HIV-exposed infants receiving nevirapine prophylaxis in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2012-10-31
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Publication: 
BMC Infectious Diseases
Background: India has among the highest rates of infant malnutrition. Few studies investigating the growth patterns of HIV-exposed infants in India or the impact of timing of HIV infection on growth in settings such as India exist. Methods: We used data from the Six Week Extended Nevirapine (SWEN)...

Pooled individual data analysis of five randomized trials of infant nevirapine prophylaxis to prevent breast-milk HIV-1 transmission

Post Date: 
2012-10-19
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
Background: In resource-limited settings, mothers infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) face a difficult choice: breastfeed their infants but risk transmitting HIV-1 or not breastfeed their infants and risk the infants dying of other infectious diseases or malnutrition. Recent...

Vitamin D deficiency is common among HIV-infected breastfeeding mothers in Pune, India, but not associated with mother-to-child HIV transmission

Post Date: 
2012-10-01
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HIV Clinical Trials
A recent report from Tanzania demonstrated an increased risk of being HIV infected or of dying at birth among children born to breastfeeding mothers with low baseline vitamin D levels. We conducted a nested case-control study among HIV-infected pregnant women in western India to confirm the...

Evaluation of a multimodal, distance learning HIV management course for clinical care providers in India

Post Date: 
2012-10-01
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Publication: 
Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
Distance learning is an important tool for training HIV health workers. However, there is limited evidence on design and evaluation of distance learning HIV curricula and tools. We therefore designed, implemented, and evaluated a distance learning course on HIV management for clinical care...

Detection of microbial translocation in HIV and SIV infection using the limulus amebocyte lysate assay is masked by serum and plasma

Post Date: 
2012-08-01
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Publication: 
PLOS One
Objective: Microbial translocation (MT) is thought to be a major contributor to the pathogenesis of HIV-related immune activation, and circulating lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Gram-negative bacteria is the principle measurement of this process. However, related research has been impeded by...

Authors’ response to Hanrahan et al CID article

Post Date: 
2012-05-15
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
Reply to letter

Predictors of mortality in hospitalized children with pandemic H1N1 influenza 2009 in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2012-04-15
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Publication: 
Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Objective: To analyse the factors associated with increased mortality among Indian Children with H1N1. Methods: Data were abstracted from available hospital records of children less than 12 y of age, who were admitted to Sassoon General Hospital in Pune, India, with confirmed pandemic 2009 H1N1...

Determination of a reference interval in a population

Post Date: 
2012-02-01
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Publication: 
National Medical Journal of India
The reference interval is the most widely used medical decision-making tool that separates healthy from diseased individuals. We briefly discuss the methods used to determine reference interval and its limitations.

Global health education for medical students: New learning opportunities and strategies

Post Date: 
2012-01-17
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Publication: 
Medical Teacher
Background: A new course was offered to introduce basic global health concepts to all first year Johns Hopkins medical students, that took advantage of new distance learning capacity to connect medical students in Baltimore with students and faculty in Uganda, Ethiopia, Pakistan and India. Aims:...

Sexually transmitted infections and risk behaviors among transgender persons (Hijras) of Pune, India

Post Date: 
2012-01-15
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Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Background: The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to determine the prevalence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STI) in Hijras (self-identified transgenders of South Asia), study associated risk factors, and compare the prevalence with that in heterosexual men and men having...

Impact of maternal human immunodeficiency virus infection on pregnancy and birth outcomes in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2011-12-15
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AIDS Care
Little is known about birth outcomes for HIV-infected women in India. We examine maternal and neonatal birth outcomes in HIV-infected women within the context of enhanced pre-natal care associated with a randomized clinical trial conducted in Pune, India. Birth outcomes of 212 HIV-infected pregnant...

Symptom screening among HIV-infected pregnant women is acceptable and has high negative predictive value for active tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2011-11-15
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
Symptom screening is a recommended component of intensified case-finding (ICF) for pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) among HIV-infected individuals. Symptomatic individuals are further investigated to either exclude or diagnose pulmonary TB, thus reducing the number of individuals requiring costly...

Prevention of HIV-1 infection with early antiretroviral therapy

Publication: 
New England Journal of Medicine
Background: Antiretroviral therapy that reduces viral replication could limit the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in serodiscordant couples. Methods: In nine countries, we enrolled 1763 couples in which one partner was HIV-1–positive and the other was HIV-1–negative; 54...

High rates of all-cause and gastroenteritis-related hospitalization morbidity and mortality among HIV-exposed Indian infants

Post Date: 
2011-07-15
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Publication: 
BMC Infectious Diseases
Background: HIV-infected and HIV-exposed, uninfected infants experience a high burden of infectious morbidity and mortality. Hospitalization is an important metric for morbidity and is associated with high mortality, yet, little is known about rates and causes of hospitalization among these infants...

A comparison of online versus on-site training in health research methodology: A randomized study

Post Date: 
2011-06-17
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Publication: 
BMC Medical Education
Background: Distance learning may be useful for building health research capacity. However, evidence that it can improve knowledge and skills in health research, particularly in resource-poor settings, is limited. We compared the impact and acceptability of teaching two distinct content areas,...

Early childhood growth among Mahadev Koli tribes of Maharashtra

Post Date: 
2011-06-01
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Publication: 
Voice of Intellectual Man
The present study aims “to study the growth status of the children of age group 0 to 5 years of Mahadev koli”. This cross-sectional study focuses on growth of children of age group 0 to 5 years in Ambegaon Taluka, Pune district, Maharashtra. Using De-facto population, 110 Mahadev Koli- 51 girls and...

Mortality in HIV infected individuals in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2011-04-15
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Publication: 
Indian Journal of Medical Research
Background & Objectives: With the presence of HIV epidemic for more than two decades in India, rise in the number of HIV related deaths is expected. Data on mortality in HIV infected individuals from prospective studies are scanty in India. We report here data on mortality in a systematically...

Mixed methods evaluation of an international internet-based continuing medical education course for pediatric HIV providers in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2011-04-09
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Publication: 
Education for Health
Context: Studies of HIV care in Pune, a high-HIV-prevalence city in India, have shown that a significant proportion of practitioners were not adhering to national guidelines due to inadequate awareness and understanding. Objectives: This study examined the effectiveness of a pilot Internet-based...

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Update in TB Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention

Post Date: 
2012-01-31
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Gupta, A. Update in TB Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention. 4th National Conference on HIV/AIDS Therapy. Human Healthcare and Research Foundation. Mumbai, India.

Early Childhood Growth among Mahadev Koli tribes of Maharashtra

Post Date: 
2011-06-06
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Dhumal, G. Early Childhood Growth among Mahadev Koli tribes of Maharashtra. Paradigm in New Anthropology, Department of Anthropology, University of Delhi. Delhi, India.

TB/HIV in women and children: research in India and beyond

Post Date: 
2010-05-26
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Gupta, A. TB/HIV in women and children: research in India and beyond. TB Clinical and Epi Lab Meeting. Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Baltimore, MD.

HIV in India

Post Date: 
2009-05-22
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Gupta, A. HIV in India. CIDER Seminar. Columbia Mailman School of Public Health. New York, NY.

HIV in India

Post Date: 
2009-05-04
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Gupta, A. HIV in India. Johns Hopkins University AIDS Alliance. Baltimore, MD.

Challenges in the Management of HIV in India

Post Date: 
2008-03-06
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Bollinger, R. Challenges in the Management of HIV in India. Center for Global Development, 1776 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Third Floor. Washington, DC.

Lessons Learned from bringing the National AIDS Institute of India and JHU researchers together: What was possible, and what wasn’t possible with the level of connection in place

Post Date: 
2007-04-25
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Bollinger, R. Lessons Learned from bringing the National AIDS Institute of India and JHU researchers together: What was possible, and what wasn’t possible with the level of connection in place. 2007 Internet2 Annual Meeting. Arlington, VA. 2007.

Antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy and post-partum and ART resistance in India [Invited plenaries]

Post Date: 
2007-01-07
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Gupta, A. Antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy and post-partum and ART resistance in India [Invited plenaries]. HIV Current Treatment Options Conference. Mumbai, India.

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