South Africa

Implementing a large scale systematic tuberculosis screening program in correctional facilities in South Africa

Post Date: 
2015-01-08
Publication: 
Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Country: 
Background : Tuberculosis (TB) prevalence is high in correctional facilities in southern Africa. With support from local South African nongovernmental organizations, the South African Department of Correctional Services initiated a program of systematically screening newly admitted and current...

Diagnostic accuracy of a rapid urine lipoarabinomannan test for tuberculosis in HIV-infected adults

Post Date: 
2014-07-01
Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Objective : In settings of high HIV prevalence, tuberculosis control and patient management are hindered by lack of accurate, rapid tuberculosis diagnostic tests that can be performed at point-of-care. The Determine TB LAM Ag (TB LAM) test is a lateral flow immunochromatographic test for detection...

Comparison of laboratory costs of rapid molecular tests and conventional diagnostics for detection of tuberculosis and drug-resistant tuberculosis in South Africa

Post Date: 
2013-07-29
Publication: 
BMC Infectious Diseases
Country: 
Background : The World Health Organization has endorsed the use of molecular methods for the detection of TB and drug-resistant TB as a rapid alternative to culture-based systems. In South Africa, the Xpert MTB/Rif assay and the GenoType MTBDRplus have been implemented into reference laboratories...

Performance characteristics of the Cepheid Xpert MTB/RIF test in a tuberculosis prevalence survey

Post Date: 
2012-08-15
Publication: 
PLoS One
Country: 
Background : Xpert MTB/RIF ("Xpert") is a molecular test for detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) in sputum. Performance characteristics have been established for its use during passive tuberculosis (TB) case detection in symptomatic TB suspects, but Xpert performance has not been assessed...

Cost-utility of lateral-flow urine lipoarabinomannan for tuberculosis diagnosis in HIV-infected African adults

Post Date: 
2013-04-15
Publication: 
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Setting : In-patient hospitals in South Africa and Uganda. Objective : To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of a lateral-flow urine lipoarabinomannan (LAM) test when added to existing strategies for tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis in human immunodeficiency virus infected adults (CD4(+) T-cell counts...

Longitudinal analysis of QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube in children with adult household tuberculosis contact in South Africa: A prospective cohort study

Post Date: 
2011-10-31
Publication: 
PLoS One
Country: 
Background : QuantiFERON-TB Gold In Tube (QFT-GIT) is a tool for detecting M. tuberculosis infection. However, interpretation and utility of serial QFT-GIT testing of pediatric tuberculosis (TB) contacts is not well understood. We compared TB prevalence between baseline and 6 months follow-up using...

Diagnostic accuracy of a urine lipoarabinomannan test for tuberculosis in hospitalized patients in a high HIV prevalence setting

Post Date: 
2009-10-01
Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Country: 
We evaluated the accuracy of a urine lipoarabinomannan (LAM) test for TB diagnosis in South Africa.

Vitamin A and D deficiencies associated with incident tuberculosis in HIV-infected patients initiating antiretroviral therapy in multinational case-cohort study

Post Date: 
2017-02-06
Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Introduction: Numerous micronutrients have immunomodulatory roles that may influence risk of tuberculosis (TB), but the association between baseline micronutrient deficiencies and incident TB after antiretroviral (ART) initiation in HIV-infected individuals is not well characterized. Methods: We...

Factors Associated with Pulmonary Impairment in HIV-infected South African Adults

Post Date: 
2017-02-14
Presentation Location: 
Seattle, Washington
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
CROI 2017
Poster Presentation. Gupte A , Wong M, Msandiwa R, Barnes G, Golub J, Chaisson R, Hoffmann C, Martinson N

Novel Package of Integrated Mobile Applications Reduces Time to Treatment Initiation for Patients with MDR-TB

Post Date: 
2015-12-05
Presentation Location: 
Cape Town, South Africa
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
The 46th Union World Conference on Lung Health
Oral Abstract. Session: When Waves Trump Paper: The Triumph of E-Technology. Authors: Farley J, McKenzie-White J, Seiguer S, Naicker M, Peters A, Isherwood L, Olsen F, Stevens W.

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - South Africa