Education News

Medical students looking at an Xray
July 8, 2019

PLoS ONE:  Self-reported TB exposure is underreported, and uptake of LTBI prevention therapy remains low

Education

CCGHE instructs students at Johns Hopkins and offers online courses for students and faculty in resource limited settings. During the last decade, we've hosted more than 1900 educational presentations and courses with more than 8,000 providers and technicians participating from around the world.

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Long-Acting/Extended Release Antiretroviral Resource Program (LEAP)

Post Date: 
2019-12-30
Learn more about this effort to foster development of long-lasting therapies for illnesses that require taking medications long-term

¡Sólo Se Vive Una Vez! (You Only Live Once)

Post Date: 
2019-04-02
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Countries: 
When CFAR Scholar Dr. Kathleen Page began working at the Baltimore City Health Department (BCHD) STD/HIV clinic in 2006, she noticed a growing number of Spanish-speaking patients. Here at Hopkins, she also began receiving requests to see Latino patients who had been newly diagnosed with HIV, many of whom had already been infected for long periods of time. Dr. Page quickly realized we weren’t doing enough to bring prevention and testing programs to the Spanish-speaking population of Baltimore.

Health Professions Education and Training for Strengthening the Health System and Services in Uganda

Post Date: 
2018-09-19
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Countries: 
Led by Sarah Kiguli at the Makerere University College of Health Sciences, the goal of this effort is to improve service delivery of the Ugandan health system through strengthened health professional interdisciplinary education and research training to produce graduates with competencies to address...

Multidisciplinary Research Training to Understand and Reduce HIV Incidence in Uganda

Post Date: 
2018-05-10
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Countries: 
Dr. Larry Chang is PI for this multi-year (2018-2023) training grant sponsored by the Fogarty International Center at the National Institute of Health. Abstract While substantial progress has been made in the global HIV response, impact has been uneven. Uganda provides a prime case study. Uganda...

The Role of GeneXpert in Bacterial Diagnosis of Spinal Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-10-26
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
This study was teriminated June 19, 2019. It was funded by the Fogarty International Center at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. India has the maximum burden of tuberculosis (TB) in the world. In 2014, there were an estimated 9.6 million incident cases of TB (range, 9.1 million–10.0 million)...

Characteristics Associated with Mobile Phone Usage among TB Populations in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2017-10-02
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
With 8.6 million people affected worldwide in 2012, the control and prevention of tuberculosis (TB) has become an international priority. In order to reduce burdens and achieve global goals for TB control, new and innovative tools are necessary. With a growing number of mobile phone subscriptions...

HIV Antiretroviral Selection Support and Interactive Search Tool (ASSIST)

Post Date: 
2017-09-01
HIV-ASSIST is an evidence based, web platform designed and developed by experts at Johns Hopkins University to assist and educate clinicians in personalizing ARV regimens for their patients. This tool is designed to be used for adult patients only. The goals are to provide: Patient-centric...

Barriers to Early Treatment Initiation in Childhood Tuberculosis in High Incidence Setting

Post Date: 
2016-04-21
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
This study was terminated October 25, 2019. Funded by the Fogarty International Center and led by PI Dr. Chhaya Tukaram Valvi, the aim of this study is to evaluate the time to treatment initiation and barriers to early treatment initiation in childhood tuberculosis. TB diagnosis in children is...

Smallpox Comes Back to Life in Microbe Hunters

Post Date: 
2015-10-22
Baltimore, MD—The world may have been declared free of smallpox in 1980, but the eradication campaign was revived Tuesday in a multimedia presentation at the Johns Hopkins Medical Campus. The event featured a screening of the film Microbe Hunters: Smallpox , by the Johns Hopkins Center for Clinical...

Risk of Tuberculosis among Health Care Workers and Trainees in a Tertiary-care Hospital in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2015-04-15
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
This study was terminated April 24, 2018. It was funded by the Fogarty International Center at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. A retrospective study of health care workers (HCWs) was conducted by investigators of the Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Medical and Sassoon General Hospitals (BJMC-SGH) in...

Community Health Workers, mHealth, and Combination HIV Prevention in a Hotspot: A Randomized Trial (mLAKE)

Post Date: 
2015-04-01
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Countries: 
Led by Dr. Larry Chang, the mLAKE study in Uganda is examining whether community health workers equipped with cellphones and the emocha Mobile Health platform are able to successfully promote HIV treatment and prevention services in households in a fishing community in East Africa with a very high...

Salud al Dia

Post Date: 
2014-11-01
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Countries: 
This initiative is intended to address healthcare disparities among Latino children in Baltimore by increasing engagement of limited English proficiency (LEP) Latino parents in primary healthcare. Specifically, we are looking at whether using in-person and technology-based support interventions...

Evaluating Demand Generation (Stylish Man) for HIV/Family Planning Services, Rakai, Uganda

Post Date: 
2014-08-01
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Countries: 
Dr. Larry Chang is co-investigator of this effort to test a novel approach to promoting HIV services in Rakai, Uganda. The Stylish Man Program, attempts to “demedicalize” HIV prevention and care in a public health campaign designed to normalize HIV care as part of self care for African men. The...

Evaluation of Longitudinal Blood Culture Isolates from BJ Medical College in Pune, India, 2003-2013

Post Date: 
2014-06-16
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
This study was terminated July 31, 2014. Antibiotic resistance is a serious global problem and is caused by multiple factors which have led to difficulty in the management of life-threatening, multi-drug resistant (MDR) bacterial bloodstream infections. The knowledge of antibiotic resistance...

Screening for Gender Based-violence (GBV) and Feasibility and Acceptability of mHealth GBV Screening and Support Tools

Post Date: 
2014-03-26
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
This study was terminated February 14, 2017. Gender-based violence (GBV) is a significant public health issue in India, with estimates that over a third of women and girls are impacted at some point in their lifetime. This pilot qualitative study examined the feasibility of enhancing GBV prevention...

Tuberculosis Noon Conference

Post Date: 
2013-10-24
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Countries: 
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This effort ended in 2015. As part of the BJGMC-Johns Hopkins India Fogarty Training Program, from 2013-2015 CCGHE hosted the live Tuberculosis Noon Conference webcast. Led by Drs. Maunank Shah, Jonathan Golub, and Richard Chaisson, these webcast meetings brought together Johns Hopkins TB...

Community Home Based India Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV (COMBIND)

Post Date: 
2013-09-02
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
This study ended May 14, 2019. CCGHE is assessing whether equipping Community Health Workers with mobile health technology and involving them in technology training and personal empowerment seminars can help prevent mother-to-child...

Epidemiological Assessment of Pediatric Tuberculosis in Pune, India, through Contact Tracing

Post Date: 
2013-06-10
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Countries: 
This study ended in June 2016. Approximately 1 million new cases of Tuberculosis occur among children each year around the world, with a large number of these cases occurring among indigent populations without access to adequate healthcare facilities (World Health Organization). Due to their high...

Analysis of Data Collected from the Evaluation of Community-Based Education, Research and Service (COBERS)

Post Date: 
2012-06-12
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Countries: 
This effort ended in June 2015. Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MakCHS), the Medical Schools at Gulu University (GU), Mbarara University of Science and Technology (MUST), Kampala International University (KIU) and Busitema University (BU) came together with Johns Hopkins University...

DOmestic Violence Enhanced Home Visitation and Smart Phones (DOVE)

Post Date: 
2012-01-01
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Countries: 
This effort ended in 2017. The major challenge of early prenatal nurse home visitation programs is to accurately identify abused women. The DOVE study aims to improve maternal health and increase the use of a safety plan and community resources by using an emocha ®...

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Impact of the Fogarty Training Program on Trainee and Institutional Research Capacity Building at a Government Medical College in India

Post Date: 
2020-07-28
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
Annals of Global Health
Gauri Dumal and colleagues assess the impact of the 5-year HIV-TB research training program on building individual research capacity at BJGMC.

A mobile health-facilitated behavioral intervention for community health workers improves exclusive breastfeeding and early infant HIV diagnosis in India: A cluster randomized trial

Post Date: 
2020-07-03
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
Journal of the International AIDS Society
When community health workers used a mobile health intervention with HIV+ women to deliver care, there was a higher uptake of exclusive breastfeeding at two months and early infant HIV diagnosis at six weeks

Acceptability and Feasibility of a Behavioral and Mobile Health Intervention (COMBIND) Shown to Increase Uptake of Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) Care in India

Post Date: 
2020-05-24
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
BMC Public Health
A cluster-randomized trial recently demonstrated that an integrated behavioral and mobile technology intervention improved uptake of key components of a Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) Option B+ program, among HIV- infected pregnant/breastfeeding women in India.

New Strategies in Clinical Guideline Delivery: Randomized trial of online, interactive decision-support versus guidelines for HIV treatment selection by trainees

Post Date: 
2020-03-25
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
CID: Trainees using HIV-ASSIST were significantly more likely to choose appropriate ART regimens compared to those using guidelines alone.

Lateral flow urine lipoarabinomannan assay for detecting active tuberculosis in people living with HIV

Post Date: 
2019-10-21
Publication: 
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Why is improving the diagnosis of tuberculosis important? Tuberculosis causes more deaths in people living with HIV than any other disease. The lateral flow urine lipoarabinomannan assay (LF-LAM, Alere Determine™ TB LAM Ag assay) is a World Health Organization-recommended rapid test to assist in detection of active tuberculosis in HIV-positive people with severe HIV disease. Rapid and early tuberculosis diagnosis may allow for prompt treatment and alleviate severe illness and death. An incorrect tuberculosis diagnosis may result in anxiety and unnecessary treatment.

HIV-ASSIST

Post Date: 
2019-07-16
Publication: 
HIVSpecialist
HIVSpecialist: Dr. Maunank Shah and colleagues chronicle the development of HIV-ASSIST, a tool to help guide selections for patient-centered antiretroviral therapy.

High risk for latent tuberculosis infection among medical residents and nursing students in India

Post Date: 
2019-07-08
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
PLoS One
PLoS ONE: Self-reported TB exposure is underreported, and uptake of LTBI prevention therapy remains low

High prevalence of insulin resistance and occurrence prior to hyperinsulinemia threshold among people living with HIV in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2019-05-21
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Diabetes Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews
BACKGROUND Diabetes prevalence in HIV is not well characterized for India, despite the high burden of both individual diseases. Epidemiology of insulin resistance (IR): a precursor to diabetes, and its associated risk factors are also poorly understood in Asian Indian people living with HIV (PLHIV...

Venezuela’s Humanitarian Emergency

Post Date: 
2019-04-11
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Report from Human Rights Watch
In January 2019, hundreds of thousands of Venezuelans took to the streets, following an appeal by National Assembly president Juan Guaidó, who asked the Venezuelan people to mobilize in support of restoring constitutional order in the country.

Maternal health outcomes among HIV-infected breastfeeding women with high CD4 counts: results of a treatment strategy trial

Post Date: 
2019-03-20
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
HIV Clinical Trials
BACKGROUND: IMPAACT PROMISE 1077BF/FF was a randomized study of antiretroviral therapy (ART) strategies for pregnant and postpartum women with high CD4+ T-cell counts. We describe postpartum outcomes for women in the study who were randomized to continue or discontinue ART after delivery. METHODS:...

Internal medicine residents' knowledge and practice of pulmonary tuberculosis diagnosis

Post Date: 
2018-06-27
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Open Forum Infectious Diseases
BACKGROUND: Internal medicine physicians are often the first providers to encounter patients with a new diagnosis of tuberculosis. Given the public health risks of missed tuberculosis cases, assessing internal medicine residents' ability to diagnose tuberculosis is important. ...

Developing an assessment framework for essential internal medicine subspecialty topics

Post Date: 
2018-06-15
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Our assessment framework revealed knowledge and practice gaps in tuberculosis diagnosis among internal medicine residents.

Diabetes and pre-diabetes among household contacts of tuberculosis patients in India: is it time to screen them all?

Post Date: 
2018-05-22
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Authors find that screening contacts of TB patients for pre-DM/DM and linking them to care may mitigate the risk of developing tuberculosis and improve management of diabetes.

Group mentorship model to enhance the efficiency and productivity of PhD research training in Sub-Saharan Africa

Post Date: 
2018-05-04
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Annals of Global Health
Annals of Global Health : Systems capacity building approach to PhD training allowed strong outputs at lower cost and with relatively few additional mentors to train independent scientists able to conduct original research and mentor others.

Re: How serious are global health leaders about gender equality?

Post Date: 
2018-04-06
Publication: 
British Medical Journal
Letter to the Editor: At the 2017 Consortium of Universities for Global Health (CUGH) in Washington, D.C., a panel of female global health leaders (AG, MB, IK, JM, YM) discussed the barriers to female leadership and put forward actionable advice on how to address them.

¡Vive!: Designing an intervention to improve timely HIV diagnosis among Latino immigrant men

Post Date: 
2018-01-23
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Progress in Community Health Partnerships
Background: Latinos, particularly immigrant men, are more likely to present late to care for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Objectives: This manuscript describes the development of ¡Sólo Se Vive Una Vez! (¡Vive!) (You Only Live Once), a multilevel (...

The use of clinical decision support in reducing diagnosis of and treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria

Post Date: 
2017-12-06
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Journal of Hospital Medicine
Clinical decision support embedded within the electronic health record is a potential antibiotic stewardship strategy for hospitalized patients.

Constituent variation in smokeless tobacco purchased in Mumbai, India

Post Date: 
2017-07-01
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Tobacco Regulatory Science
Objectives: Worldwide, smokeless tobacco products vary greatly in their formulations and chemical composition. Understanding of toxic and carcinogenic constituent variations in such products can provide valuable insights for the development of effective tobacco control policies. In this study...

Treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-04-27
Publication: 
Handbook of Tuberculosis
This chapter addresses the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis highlighting drug classes, recommended regimens, adverse drug reactions, drug-drug interactions, and practical aspects of monitoring, The principles of treatment of latent tuberculosis are also addressed including whom to treat, what...

Clinical features and diagnosis of tuberculosis: primary infection and progressive pulmonary tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-04-27
Publication: 
Handbook of Tuberculosis
In this chapter, we will review the clinical manifestations of intrathoracic tuberculosis (TB), including pathophysiology and clinical features of primary and secondary or reactivation TB. Specific topics discussed are the physical examination, and microbiological, radiological, and immunological...

Pages

Randomized trial of HIV-ASSIST versus guidelines for ART selection by trainees

Post Date: 
2020-03-10
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Countries: 
Ramirez J, Maddali M, Nematollahi S, Li JZ, Shah M. Randomized trial of HIV-ASSIST versus guidelines for ART selection by trainees. Presented at: CROI 2020. Boston, MA: March 8-11, 2020.

An mHealth CHW intervention trials in an HIV hyperendemic community in Rakai, Uganda

Post Date: 
2020-03-09
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Countries: 
Chang LW , Mbabali I, Kong X, Amico R, Kennedy CE, Nalugoda F, Anok A, Serwadda D, Ssekasanvu J, Quinn TC, Reynolds SJ, Gray RH, Wawer M, Hutton H, Nakigozi G. An mHealth CHW intervention trials in an HIV hyperendemic community in Rakai, Uganda. Presented at: CROI 2020. Boston, MA; March 8-11, 2020.

mobile Health (mHealth) strategies to strengthen CHW impact.

Post Date: 
2019-09-16
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Countries: 
Chang L. mobile Health (mHealth) strategies to strengthen CHW impact. Strengthening the Impact of Community Health Workers on HIV Care and Viral Suppression in the US. Bethesda, MD. September 16, 2019.

Global HIV update

Post Date: 
2019-04-29
Chang L. Global HIV update. Invited Speaker. 29th Annual Clinical Care of the Patient with HIV Infection and Care of Patient with Viral Hepatitis. Baltimore, MD; April 29, 2019.

The Rakai Health Sciences Program: 30 Years of HIV multidisciplinary research, lessons learned, future directions

Post Date: 
2019-03-19
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Countries: 
Chang L.The Rakai Health Sciences Program: 30 years of HIV multidisciplinary research, lessons learned, future directions. Invited Speaker. HIV Grand Rounds. University of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, PA; March 21, 2019.

Does Smoking Have an Impact on TB Treatment Outcomes?

Post Date: 
2018-10-27
Thomas B, Kannan T, Rani V, Gupte N, Gupta A, Deluca A, Suryavanshi N, Kohli R, Chandrasekaran P for the CTRIUMPH RePORT India Study Team. Does Smoking Have an Impact on TB Treatment Outcomes? A Prospective Cohort Study from India. Session: Tobacco Use in Various Populations: Implications for...

Impact of Fogarty HIV-TB Training Program on ‘Institutional Research Capacity Building’ at the Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College (BJGMC), Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-10-27
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Clinical Sites: 
Dhumal G, DeLuca A, Chandanwale A, Kadam D, Joshi S, Kinikar A, Suryavanshi N, Mave V, Gupta A, Bollinger R. Impact of Fogarty HIV-TB Training Program on ‘Institutional Research Capacity Building’ at the Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College (BJGMC), Pune, India. Session: Building...

Gestational Diabetes Suppresses the Inflammatory Response to M. tuberculosis in Pregnant Women in Pune, India. Session: Clinical Investigation for TB and Diabetes

Post Date: 
2018-10-27
Mathad J, Alexander M, Bhosale R, Shere D, Kulkarni V, Kumar P, Babu S, Gupta A for the PRACHITi Study team. Gestational Diabetes Suppresses the Inflammatory Response to M. tuberculosis in Pregnant Women in Pune, India. Session: Clinical Investigation for TB and Diabetes. 49th Annual Union World...

Managing Tuberculosis in Pregnancy. Meet the Expert Session

Post Date: 
2018-10-26
Gupta A. Managing Tuberculosis in Pregnancy. Meet the Expert Session. 49th Annual Union World Conference on Lung Health. The Hague, The Netherlands. October 24-27, 2018.

Factors Associated with Loss to Follow-up and Mortality in Public Sector MDR TB Treatment in Western Maharashtra, India from 2015-2016

Post Date: 
2018-10-26
Murrill M, More SW, Kamble S, Kulkarni V, Dowdy D, Gupta A. Factors Associated with Loss to Follow-up and Mortality in Public Sector MDR TB Treatment in Western Maharashtra, India from 2015-2016. 49th Annual Union World Conference on Lung Health. The Hague, The Netherlands. October 24,-27, 2018.

The TEKO trial: implementation of the QuantiFERON®-TB Gold In-Tube test at CD4 blood draw for diagnosing latent tuberculosis among newly diagnosed HIV-infected adults in South Africa

Post Date: 
2018-10-26
Golub J, Lebina L, Chon S, Cohn S, Jack T, Masonoke K, Variava E, Martinson N, TEKO team. The TEKO trial: implementation of the QuantiFERON®-TB Gold In-Tube test at CD4 blood draw for diagnosing latent tuberculosis among newly diagnosed HIV-infected adults in South Africa. 49th Annual Union World...

Utility of QGIT as an Adjunct to TST for Screening of Latent Tuberculosis Infection among Indian Healthcare Workers

Post Date: 
2018-10-26
Girish S, Kinikar A, Pardeshi G, Shelke S, Basavaraj A, Chandanwale A, Gupte N, Bollinger R. Utility of QGIT as an Adjunct to TST for Screening of Latent Tuberculosis Infection among Indian Healthcare Workers. 49th Annual Union World Conference on Lung Health. The Hague, The Netherlands. October 24...

Mortality Risk Doubled in Tuberculosis Patients with Diabetes Not Receiving Metformin

Post Date: 
2018-10-26
Mave V, Gupte N, Gaikwad S, Barthwal M, Chon S, Gupte A, Gupta A, Golub J. Mortality Risk Doubled in Tuberculosis Patients with Diabetes Not Receiving Metformin. Presented at 49th Union World Conference on Lung Health. The Hague, The Netherlands. October 24-27, 2018.

Addressing policy needs for controlling TB and multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB): a biosocial inquiry among patients in Pune city in Western Maharashtra, India

Post Date: 
2018-10-26
Atre S. Addressing policy needs for controlling TB and multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB): a biosocial inquiry among patients in Pune city in Western Maharashtra, India. Presented at 49th Union World Conference on Lung Health. The Hague, The Netherlands. October 24-27, 2018.

BRIEF TB Treatment of Latent TB Infection With One Month of Isoniazid & Rifapentine in HIV-Infected People: Interaction of Treatment & CD4 Count

Post Date: 
2018-10-25
Swindells S, Ramchandami R, Gupta A, Sanchez J, Juste MAJ, Mwelase N, Chaisson R, BRIEF TB Study Team. BRIEF TB Treatment of Latent TB Infection With One Month of Isoniazid & Rifapentine in HIV-Infected People: Interaction of Treatment & CD4 Count. Session: TB Infection: From Latent to...

Impact of Maternal Isoniazid Preventive Therapy (IPT) Timing on Acquisition of Infant TB Infection (TBI) in the IMPAACT P1078/TB APPRISE Trial

Post Date: 
2018-10-25
Gupta A , Aaron L, Montepiedra G, Theron G, Chipato T, Onyango-Makumbi C, Stranix-Chibanda L, Weinberg A, for the IMPAACT P1078/TB APPRISE Study Team. Impact of Maternal Isoniazid Preventive Therapy (IPT) Timing on Acquisition of Infant TB Infection (TBI) in the IMPAACT P1078/TB APPRISE Trial. 49th...

Preventive Therapy for PLWH - 3HP. MTE HIV Meet the Expert Session

Post Date: 
2018-10-25
Dooley K. Preventive Therapy for PLWH - 3HP. MTE HIV Meet the Expert Session. 49th Annual Union World Conference on Lung Health. The Hague, The Netherlands. October 24-27, 2018.

Challenges in TB Diagnosis in Pregnant Women in India: Findings from a Cohort Study in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-10-25
Alexander M, Bhosale R, Gupte N, Deshpande P, Kulkarni V, Chandanwale A, Gupta A, Mathad J. Challenges in TB Diagnosis in Pregnant Women in India: Findings from a Cohort Study in Pune, India. Session: LTBI Screening: Challenges and Opportunities. 49th Annual Union World Conference on Lung Health...

Sub-therapeutic Rifampicin Concentration is Associated with Unfavourable Treatment Outcomes in Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients on Thrice Weekly Regimens in India

Post Date: 
2018-10-25
Ramachandran G, Chandrasekaran P, Kumar AKH, Kannan T, Gomathi NS, Gaikwad S, Gupta A, Mave V, for C-TRIUMPh team. Sub-therapeutic Rifampicin Concentration is Associated with Unfavourable Treatment Outcomes in Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients on Thrice Weekly Regimens in India. Session: Clinical...

Host Inflammation Markers IFN- γ, IL-6 and IL-15 Strongly Associated with Risk of Incident TB in Advanced HI

Post Date: 
2018-10-25
Manabe YC, Gupte N, Leong S, Kintali M, Bisson G, Hosseinipour M, Salgame P, Gupta A for the ACTG 5274 REMEMBER and NWCS 408 Study Team. Host Inflammation Markers IFN- γ, IL-6 and IL-15 Strongly Associated with Risk of Incident TB in Advanced HI. Session: Diagnosis, Screening, Prediction of Disease...

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Impact of the Fogarty Training Program on Trainee and Institutional Research Capacity Building at a Government Medical College in India

Post Date: 
2020-07-28
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
Annals of Global Health
Gauri Dumal and colleagues assess the impact of the 5-year HIV-TB research training program on building individual research capacity at BJGMC.

A mobile health-facilitated behavioral intervention for community health workers improves exclusive breastfeeding and early infant HIV diagnosis in India: A cluster randomized trial

Post Date: 
2020-07-03
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
Journal of the International AIDS Society
When community health workers used a mobile health intervention with HIV+ women to deliver care, there was a higher uptake of exclusive breastfeeding at two months and early infant HIV diagnosis at six weeks

Acceptability and Feasibility of a Behavioral and Mobile Health Intervention (COMBIND) Shown to Increase Uptake of Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) Care in India

Post Date: 
2020-05-24
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
BMC Public Health
A cluster-randomized trial recently demonstrated that an integrated behavioral and mobile technology intervention improved uptake of key components of a Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) Option B+ program, among HIV- infected pregnant/breastfeeding women in India.

New Strategies in Clinical Guideline Delivery: Randomized trial of online, interactive decision-support versus guidelines for HIV treatment selection by trainees

Post Date: 
2020-03-25
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
CID: Trainees using HIV-ASSIST were significantly more likely to choose appropriate ART regimens compared to those using guidelines alone.

Lateral flow urine lipoarabinomannan assay for detecting active tuberculosis in people living with HIV

Post Date: 
2019-10-21
Publication: 
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Why is improving the diagnosis of tuberculosis important? Tuberculosis causes more deaths in people living with HIV than any other disease. The lateral flow urine lipoarabinomannan assay (LF-LAM, Alere Determine™ TB LAM Ag assay) is a World Health Organization-recommended rapid test to assist in detection of active tuberculosis in HIV-positive people with severe HIV disease. Rapid and early tuberculosis diagnosis may allow for prompt treatment and alleviate severe illness and death. An incorrect tuberculosis diagnosis may result in anxiety and unnecessary treatment.

HIV-ASSIST

Post Date: 
2019-07-16
Publication: 
HIVSpecialist
HIVSpecialist: Dr. Maunank Shah and colleagues chronicle the development of HIV-ASSIST, a tool to help guide selections for patient-centered antiretroviral therapy.

High risk for latent tuberculosis infection among medical residents and nursing students in India

Post Date: 
2019-07-08
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
PLoS One
PLoS ONE: Self-reported TB exposure is underreported, and uptake of LTBI prevention therapy remains low

High prevalence of insulin resistance and occurrence prior to hyperinsulinemia threshold among people living with HIV in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2019-05-21
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Diabetes Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews
BACKGROUND Diabetes prevalence in HIV is not well characterized for India, despite the high burden of both individual diseases. Epidemiology of insulin resistance (IR): a precursor to diabetes, and its associated risk factors are also poorly understood in Asian Indian people living with HIV (PLHIV...

Venezuela’s Humanitarian Emergency

Post Date: 
2019-04-11
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Report from Human Rights Watch
In January 2019, hundreds of thousands of Venezuelans took to the streets, following an appeal by National Assembly president Juan Guaidó, who asked the Venezuelan people to mobilize in support of restoring constitutional order in the country.

Maternal health outcomes among HIV-infected breastfeeding women with high CD4 counts: results of a treatment strategy trial

Post Date: 
2019-03-20
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
HIV Clinical Trials
BACKGROUND: IMPAACT PROMISE 1077BF/FF was a randomized study of antiretroviral therapy (ART) strategies for pregnant and postpartum women with high CD4+ T-cell counts. We describe postpartum outcomes for women in the study who were randomized to continue or discontinue ART after delivery. METHODS:...

Internal medicine residents' knowledge and practice of pulmonary tuberculosis diagnosis

Post Date: 
2018-06-27
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Open Forum Infectious Diseases
BACKGROUND: Internal medicine physicians are often the first providers to encounter patients with a new diagnosis of tuberculosis. Given the public health risks of missed tuberculosis cases, assessing internal medicine residents' ability to diagnose tuberculosis is important. ...

Developing an assessment framework for essential internal medicine subspecialty topics

Post Date: 
2018-06-15
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Our assessment framework revealed knowledge and practice gaps in tuberculosis diagnosis among internal medicine residents.

Diabetes and pre-diabetes among household contacts of tuberculosis patients in India: is it time to screen them all?

Post Date: 
2018-05-22
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Authors find that screening contacts of TB patients for pre-DM/DM and linking them to care may mitigate the risk of developing tuberculosis and improve management of diabetes.

Group mentorship model to enhance the efficiency and productivity of PhD research training in Sub-Saharan Africa

Post Date: 
2018-05-04
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Annals of Global Health
Annals of Global Health : Systems capacity building approach to PhD training allowed strong outputs at lower cost and with relatively few additional mentors to train independent scientists able to conduct original research and mentor others.

Re: How serious are global health leaders about gender equality?

Post Date: 
2018-04-06
Publication: 
British Medical Journal
Letter to the Editor: At the 2017 Consortium of Universities for Global Health (CUGH) in Washington, D.C., a panel of female global health leaders (AG, MB, IK, JM, YM) discussed the barriers to female leadership and put forward actionable advice on how to address them.

¡Vive!: Designing an intervention to improve timely HIV diagnosis among Latino immigrant men

Post Date: 
2018-01-23
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Progress in Community Health Partnerships
Background: Latinos, particularly immigrant men, are more likely to present late to care for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Objectives: This manuscript describes the development of ¡Sólo Se Vive Una Vez! (¡Vive!) (You Only Live Once), a multilevel (...

The use of clinical decision support in reducing diagnosis of and treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria

Post Date: 
2017-12-06
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Journal of Hospital Medicine
Clinical decision support embedded within the electronic health record is a potential antibiotic stewardship strategy for hospitalized patients.

Constituent variation in smokeless tobacco purchased in Mumbai, India

Post Date: 
2017-07-01
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Tobacco Regulatory Science
Objectives: Worldwide, smokeless tobacco products vary greatly in their formulations and chemical composition. Understanding of toxic and carcinogenic constituent variations in such products can provide valuable insights for the development of effective tobacco control policies. In this study...

Treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-04-27
Publication: 
Handbook of Tuberculosis
This chapter addresses the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis highlighting drug classes, recommended regimens, adverse drug reactions, drug-drug interactions, and practical aspects of monitoring, The principles of treatment of latent tuberculosis are also addressed including whom to treat, what...

Clinical features and diagnosis of tuberculosis: primary infection and progressive pulmonary tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-04-27
Publication: 
Handbook of Tuberculosis
In this chapter, we will review the clinical manifestations of intrathoracic tuberculosis (TB), including pathophysiology and clinical features of primary and secondary or reactivation TB. Specific topics discussed are the physical examination, and microbiological, radiological, and immunological...

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Study Shows Mobile Health, Video Technology, Influence Behavior of Affected Populations

Post Date: 
2020-07-09
Dr. Nishi Suryavanshi
Johns Hopkins News Release: Dr. Suryavanshi discusses her study on mobile health and technology training for improving care among HIV+ pregnant and post-partum women and their babies

A new deal could ease Venezuela’s humanitarian crisis. The international community must get behind it.

Post Date: 
2020-07-02
Source: 
Washington Post
Dr. Kathleen Page
Washington Post: Now the only hope for curbing the spread of covid-19 is to ensure a large-scale humanitarian response that puts the Venezuelan people first.

Latinx health crisis: 42% of sampled Johns Hopkins patients test positive for coronavirus

Post Date: 
2020-06-30
Source: 
BaltimoreBrew
Another study finding was that the hospital admission rate for Latinix patients was 29.1%, lower than than for White patients (40.1%) or Black patients (41.7%).

Hispanic Americans Being Hit Hard By COVID-19

Post Date: 
2020-06-29
Source: 
US News and World Report
Dr. Kathleen Page
US News and World Report : "The data corroborate what we've been seeing in the wards," said co-researcher Dr. Kathleen Page, an associate professor of medicine at Johns Hopkins.

World Renowned Infectious Disease Doctor Talks Latest COVID-19 News

Post Date: 
2020-06-26
Source: 
The Leslie Marshall Show
Robert Bollinger
Leslie Marshall Show: Bob Bollinger discusses COVID-19 and the state of the epidemic in the US.

Should You Shave Your Beard For Coronavirus?

Post Date: 
2020-06-09
Source: 
themanual.com
We talk to Dr. Natasha Mubeen Chida, the assistant Director of Infectious Diseases Fellowship Program at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, Maryland, to get some guidance on whether to shave or not to shave.

Is it safe to go to a nail salon now? What experts want you to know

Post Date: 
2020-06-09
Source: 
today.com
Natasha Chida
"Masks may help prevent transmission of the SARS-CoV-2 virus from the person wearing a mask, but they aren't a fail-safe," says Dr. Natasha Chida.

El “efecto Lázaro” del tratamiento que ya se aplica a más de 5 mil pacientes de coronavirus en los Estados Unidos

Post Date: 
2020-05-06
Source: 
Infobae (Argentina)
Dirigido por los médicos Michael Melia y Natasha Chida, de la Johns Hopkins University, del encuentro virtual participaron Arturo Casadevall, Damani Piggott y Shmuel Shoham, todos del mismo centro de estudios norteamericano. Nacido en Cuba en 1957 y radicado desde hace décadas en los Estados Unidos...

ACTG Site Spotlight: BJGMC-JHU Clinical Research Site, Pune, India

Post Date: 
2020-05-05
Source: 
ACTG Network Newsletter
ACTG Logo
The BJGMC-JHU Clinical Research site in Pune, India, is highlighted in this article.

VERIFY: Viral post says gargling water will prevent coronavirus; Our experts say false

Post Date: 
2020-04-30
Source: 
WUSA (Via WTHR)
As the latest strain of the coronavirus continues to spread, it's put a lot of people on edge. For that reason, many have been quick to believe online posts providing a miracle cure for the virus. The viral post claims that coronavirus "remains in the throat for four days," before it heads to the...

Apakah Pemeriksaan Suhu Tubuh Efektif Menghentikan Penyebaran Virus Corona?

Post Date: 
2020-04-29
Source: 
Femina Indonesia
Dengan kondisi seperti ini, sejumlah ilmuwan menganggap bahwa pemeriksahaan suhu tubuh mungkin tidak selalu efektif. Karena orang-orang yang tanpa gejala atau hanya merasakan gejala ringan bisa saja terlewatkan dari pantauan. Natasha Chida, asisten direktur program beasiswa penyakit menular dan...

Are temperature checks effective in stopping corona virus spread?

Post Date: 
2020-04-27
Source: 
Huffington Post
Dr. Natasha Chida
Natasha Chida, assistant director of the infectious diseases fellowship program and assistant professor of medicine at Johns Hopkins, also pointed out the shortcomings of temperature checks. “It can’t necessarily hurt to implement temperature checks in public places to limit people who are...

Les contrôles de température sont-ils efficaces pour arrêter la propagation du coronavirus?

Post Date: 
2020-04-27
Source: 
Huffington Post Quebec
Natasha Chida, directrice adjointe du programme de bourses pour l’unité des maladies infectieuses et professeur adjoint de médecine à Johns Hopkins , a également souligné les lacunes des contrôles de température. «Cela ne peut pas nuire de mettre en place des contrôles de température dans les lieux...

State response panel, experts meet to strengthen testing

Post Date: 
2020-04-24
Source: 
Hindustan Times
The Health Sector Response and Procurement Committee (HSRPC) of Punjab held a meeting over videoconference with experts from Johns Hopkins University, USA; Centre for Policy Research, New Delhi and PGIMER, Chandigarh, to discuss approaches to strengthen testing strategy in the state. “The state...

Funeral industry concerned about guidance, protective gear

Post Date: 
2020-04-24
Source: 
Associated Press (via Washington Post)
Dr. Natasha Chida
Associated Press: Dr. Natasha Chida was interviewed for this article.

Why Antibody Tests May Not Be the Answer

Post Date: 
2020-04-16
Source: 
New York Magazine
Dr. Natasha Chida
New York Magazine: Dr. Chida discusses COVID antibody testing: "The first step to figuring out immunity in the community is having a good test that performs well"

Crowd-Sourcing COVID-19 Knowledge: Doctors turn to social media

Post Date: 
2020-04-16
Source: 
NBC News (via WDTN, Dayton, OH)
Approved followers can see videos of nurses teaching others how to safely roll over a patient, or how to use a ventilator. Dr. Bob Bollinger of Johns Hopkins says medicine is changing. “I think it can be a very important tool, but it has to be leveraged in a way that it supports the other parts of...

Coronavirus live blog: Infectious disease expert Dr. Bob Bollinger answers your questions

Post Date: 
2020-04-10
Source: 
Fox News
Dr. Bob Bollinger, a professor of infectious diseases at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, and consultant at emocha, a digital health startup using telehealth to monitor healthcare providers for COVID-19 symptoms.

Economy CANNOT restart until testing and contact tracing improves, says John Hopkins expert

Post Date: 
2020-04-09
Source: 
Brinkwire
The US economy cannot restart until testing and contact tracing for the killer disease improves, according to a John Hopkins infectious disease expert. Dr. Robert Bollinger of Johns Hopkins University warned that the ‘biggest issue’ in the fight against the pandemic is the...

Without Testing We Do Not Know Where the Virus is and Who Has It

Post Date: 
2020-04-09
Source: 
Background Briefing with Ian Matthews
We begin with the U.S. having close to 500,000 COVID-19 cases, by far the highest in the world, and at the same time one of the lowest rates of testing for the virus with less that 1% of the population tested so far. Dr. Robert Bollinger, Professor of Infectious Diseases at The Johns Hopkins...

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