Education News

Medical students looking at an Xray
July 8, 2019

PLoS ONE:  Self-reported TB exposure is underreported, and uptake of LTBI prevention therapy remains low

Education

CCGHE instructs students at Johns Hopkins and offers online courses for students and faculty in resource limited settings. During the last decade, we've hosted more than 1900 educational presentations and courses with more than 8,000 providers and technicians participating from around the world.

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Long-Acting/Extended Release Antiretroviral Resource Program (LEAP)

Post Date: 
2019-12-30
Learn more about this effort to foster development of long-lasting therapies for illnesses that require taking medications long-term

¡Sólo Se Vive Una Vez! (You Only Live Once)

Post Date: 
2019-04-02
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Countries: 
When CFAR Scholar Dr. Kathleen Page began working at the Baltimore City Health Department (BCHD) STD/HIV clinic in 2006, she noticed a growing number of Spanish-speaking patients. Here at Hopkins, she also began receiving requests to see Latino patients who had been newly diagnosed with HIV, many of whom had already been infected for long periods of time. Dr. Page quickly realized we weren’t doing enough to bring prevention and testing programs to the Spanish-speaking population of Baltimore.

Health Professions Education and Training for Strengthening the Health System and Services in Uganda

Post Date: 
2018-09-19
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Countries: 
Led by Sarah Kiguli at the Makerere University College of Health Sciences, the goal of this effort is to improve service delivery of the Ugandan health system through strengthened health professional interdisciplinary education and research training to produce graduates with competencies to address...

Multidisciplinary Research Training to Understand and Reduce HIV Incidence in Uganda

Post Date: 
2018-05-10
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Countries: 
Dr. Larry Chang is PI for this multi-year (2018-2023) training grant sponsored by the Fogarty International Center at the National Institute of Health. Abstract While substantial progress has been made in the global HIV response, impact has been uneven. Uganda provides a prime case study. Uganda...

The Role of GeneXpert in Bacterial Diagnosis of Spinal Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-10-26
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
This study was teriminated June 19, 2019. It was funded by the Fogarty International Center at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. India has the maximum burden of tuberculosis (TB) in the world. In 2014, there were an estimated 9.6 million incident cases of TB (range, 9.1 million–10.0 million)...

Characteristics Associated with Mobile Phone Usage among TB Populations in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2017-10-02
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
With 8.6 million people affected worldwide in 2012, the control and prevention of tuberculosis (TB) has become an international priority. In order to reduce burdens and achieve global goals for TB control, new and innovative tools are necessary. With a growing number of mobile phone subscriptions...

HIV Antiretroviral Selection Support and Interactive Search Tool (ASSIST)

Post Date: 
2017-09-01
HIV-ASSIST is an evidence based, web platform designed and developed by experts at Johns Hopkins University to assist and educate clinicians in personalizing ARV regimens for their patients. This tool is designed to be used for adult patients only. The goals are to provide: Patient-centric...

Barriers to Early Treatment Initiation in Childhood Tuberculosis in High Incidence Setting

Post Date: 
2016-04-21
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Funded by the Fogarty International Center and led by PI Dr. Chhaya Tukaram Valvi, the aim of this study is to evaluate the time to treatment initiation and barriers to early treatment initiation in childhood tuberculosis. TB diagnosis in children is challenging, often overlooked or missed, because...

Smallpox Comes Back to Life in Microbe Hunters

Post Date: 
2015-10-22
Baltimore, MD—The world may have been declared free of smallpox in 1980, but the eradication campaign was revived Tuesday in a multimedia presentation at the Johns Hopkins Medical Campus. The event featured a screening of the film Microbe Hunters: Smallpox , by the Johns Hopkins Center for Clinical...

Risk of Tuberculosis among Health Care Workers and Trainees in a Tertiary-care Hospital in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2015-04-15
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
This study was terminated April 24, 2018. It was funded by the Fogarty International Center at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. A retrospective study of health care workers (HCWs) was conducted by investigators of the Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Medical and Sassoon General Hospitals (BJMC-SGH) in...

Community Health Workers, mHealth, and Combination HIV Prevention in a Hotspot: A Randomized Trial (mLAKE)

Post Date: 
2015-04-01
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Countries: 
Led by Dr. Larry Chang, the mLAKE study in Uganda is examining whether community health workers equipped with cellphones and the emocha Mobile Health platform are able to successfully promote HIV treatment and prevention services in households in a fishing community in East Africa with a very high...

Salud al Dia

Post Date: 
2014-11-01
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Countries: 
This initiative is intended to address healthcare disparities among Latino children in Baltimore by increasing engagement of limited English proficiency (LEP) Latino parents in primary healthcare. Specifically, we are looking at whether using in-person and technology-based support interventions...

Evaluating Demand Generation (Stylish Man) for HIV/Family Planning Services, Rakai, Uganda

Post Date: 
2014-08-01
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Countries: 
Dr. Larry Chang is co-investigator of this effort to test a novel approach to promoting HIV services in Rakai, Uganda. The Stylish Man Program, attempts to “demedicalize” HIV prevention and care in a public health campaign designed to normalize HIV care as part of self care for African men. The...

Evaluation of Longitudinal Blood Culture Isolates from BJ Medical College in Pune, India, 2003-2013

Post Date: 
2014-06-16
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
This study was terminated July 31, 2014. Antibiotic resistance is a serious global problem and is caused by multiple factors which have led to difficulty in the management of life-threatening, multi-drug resistant (MDR) bacterial bloodstream infections. The knowledge of antibiotic resistance...

Screening for Gender Based-violence (GBV) and Feasibility and Acceptability of mHealth GBV Screening and Support Tools

Post Date: 
2014-03-26
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
This study was terminated February 14, 2017. Gender-based violence (GBV) is a significant public health issue in India, with estimates that over a third of women and girls are impacted at some point in their lifetime. This pilot qualitative study examined the feasibility of enhancing GBV prevention...

Tuberculosis Noon Conference

Post Date: 
2013-10-24
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Countries: 
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This effort ended in 2015. As part of the BJGMC-Johns Hopkins India Fogarty Training Program, from 2013-2015 CCGHE hosted the live Tuberculosis Noon Conference webcast. Led by Drs. Maunank Shah, Jonathan Golub, and Richard Chaisson, these webcast meetings brought together Johns Hopkins TB...

Community Home Based India Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV (COMBIND)

Post Date: 
2013-09-02
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
This study ended May 14, 2019. CCGHE is assessing whether equipping Community Health Workers with mobile health technology and involving them in technology training and personal empowerment seminars can help prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV. CHWs who care for HIV + pregnant and nursing...

Epidemiological Assessment of Pediatric Tuberculosis in Pune, India, through Contact Tracing

Post Date: 
2013-06-10
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Countries: 
This study ended in June 2016. Approximately 1 million new cases of Tuberculosis occur among children each year around the world, with a large number of these cases occurring among indigent populations without access to adequate healthcare facilities (World Health Organization). Due to their high...

Analysis of Data Collected from the Evaluation of Community-Based Education, Research and Service (COBERS)

Post Date: 
2012-06-12
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Countries: 
This effort ended in June 2015. Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MakCHS), the Medical Schools at Gulu University (GU), Mbarara University of Science and Technology (MUST), Kampala International University (KIU) and Busitema University (BU) came together with Johns Hopkins University...

DOmestic Violence Enhanced Home Visitation and Smart Phones (DOVE)

Post Date: 
2012-01-01
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Countries: 
This effort ended in 2017. The major challenge of early prenatal nurse home visitation programs is to accurately identify abused women. The DOVE study aims to improve maternal health and increase the use of a safety plan and community resources by using an emocha ® application to assist home...

Pages

HIV-ASSIST

Post Date: 
2019-07-16
Publication: 
HIVSpecialist
HIVSpecialist: Dr. Maunank Shah and colleagues chronicle the development of HIV-ASSIST, a tool to help guide selections for patient-centered antiretroviral therapy.

High risk for latent tuberculosis infection among medical residents and nursing students in India

Post Date: 
2019-07-08
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
PLoS One
PLoS ONE: Self-reported TB exposure is underreported, and uptake of LTBI prevention therapy remains low

High prevalence of insulin resistance and occurrence prior to hyperinsulinemia threshold among people living with HIV in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2019-05-21
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Diabetes Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews
BACKGROUND Diabetes prevalence in HIV is not well characterized for India, despite the high burden of both individual diseases. Epidemiology of insulin resistance (IR): a precursor to diabetes, and its associated risk factors are also poorly understood in Asian Indian people living with HIV (PLHIV...

Venezuela’s Humanitarian Emergency

Post Date: 
2019-04-11
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Report from Human Rights Watch
In January 2019, hundreds of thousands of Venezuelans took to the streets, following an appeal by National Assembly president Juan Guaidó, who asked the Venezuelan people to mobilize in support of restoring constitutional order in the country.

Maternal health outcomes among HIV-infected breastfeeding women with high CD4 counts: results of a treatment strategy trial

Post Date: 
2019-03-20
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
HIV Clinical Trials
BACKGROUND: IMPAACT PROMISE 1077BF/FF was a randomized study of antiretroviral therapy (ART) strategies for pregnant and postpartum women with high CD4+ T-cell counts. We describe postpartum outcomes for women in the study who were randomized to continue or discontinue ART after delivery. METHODS:...

Internal medicine residents' knowledge and practice of pulmonary tuberculosis diagnosis

Post Date: 
2018-06-27
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Open Forum Infectious Diseases
BACKGROUND: Internal medicine physicians are often the first providers to encounter patients with a new diagnosis of tuberculosis. Given the public health risks of missed tuberculosis cases, assessing internal medicine residents' ability to diagnose tuberculosis is important. METHODS: Internal...

Developing an assessment framework for essential internal medicine subspecialty topics

Post Date: 
2018-06-15
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Our assessment framework revealed knowledge and practice gaps in tuberculosis diagnosis among internal medicine residents.

Diabetes and pre-diabetes among household contacts of tuberculosis patients in India: is it time to screen them all?

Post Date: 
2018-05-22
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Authors find that screening contacts of TB patients for pre-DM/DM and linking them to care may mitigate the risk of developing tuberculosis and improve management of diabetes.

Group mentorship model to enhance the efficiency and productivity of PhD research training in Sub-Saharan Africa

Post Date: 
2018-05-04
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Annals of Global Health
Annals of Global Health : Systems capacity building approach to PhD training allowed strong outputs at lower cost and with relatively few additional mentors to train independent scientists able to conduct original research and mentor others.

Re: How serious are global health leaders about gender equality?

Post Date: 
2018-04-06
Publication: 
British Medical Journal
Letter to the Editor: At the 2017 Consortium of Universities for Global Health (CUGH) in Washington, D.C., a panel of female global health leaders (AG, MB, IK, JM, YM) discussed the barriers to female leadership and put forward actionable advice on how to address them.

¡Vive!: Designing an intervention to improve timely HIV diagnosis among Latino immigrant men

Post Date: 
2018-01-23
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Progress in Community Health Partnerships
Background: Latinos, particularly immigrant men, are more likely to present late to care for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Objectives: This manuscript describes the development of ¡Sólo Se Vive Una Vez! (¡Vive!) (You Only Live Once), a multilevel (individual and community)...

The use of clinical decision support in reducing diagnosis of and treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria

Post Date: 
2017-12-06
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Journal of Hospital Medicine
Clinical decision support embedded within the electronic health record is a potential antibiotic stewardship strategy for hospitalized patients.

Constituent variation in smokeless tobacco purchased in Mumbai, India

Post Date: 
2017-07-01
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Tobacco Regulatory Science
Objectives: Worldwide, smokeless tobacco products vary greatly in their formulations and chemical composition. Understanding of toxic and carcinogenic constituent variations in such products can provide valuable insights for the development of effective tobacco control policies. In this study...

Treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-04-27
Publication: 
Handbook of Tuberculosis
This chapter addresses the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis highlighting drug classes, recommended regimens, adverse drug reactions, drug-drug interactions, and practical aspects of monitoring, The principles of treatment of latent tuberculosis are also addressed including whom to treat, what...

Clinical features and diagnosis of tuberculosis: primary infection and progressive pulmonary tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-04-27
Publication: 
Handbook of Tuberculosis
In this chapter, we will review the clinical manifestations of intrathoracic tuberculosis (TB), including pathophysiology and clinical features of primary and secondary or reactivation TB. Specific topics discussed are the physical examination, and microbiological, radiological, and immunological...

Extrapulmonary tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-04-27
Publication: 
Handbook of Tuberculosis
M. tuberculosis (MTB) can cause disease in almost any organ of the body. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) is defined as tuberculosis (TB) disease outside of the lung parenchyma [1]. Much like pulmonary TB, EPTB can occur as a primary infection or as reactivation of a latent focus with subsequent...

Resident doctors' attitudes toward tuberculosis patients

Post Date: 
2017-04-15
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Background: The attitude of the resident doctors toward tuberculosis (TB) patients can affect their treatment seeking behavior, compliance to treatment as well as reinforce the stigma attached to the disease by the society at large. Aims: To assess the attitudes of resident medical doctors toward...

Bedaquiline

Post Date: 
2017-01-01
Publication: 
Kucers’ the Use of Antibiotics: A Clinical Review of Antibacterial, Antifungal, and Antiviral Drugs, 7th Edition
Section II, Antibiotics: Part 12 Anti-tuberculosis drugs.

The ripple effect: why promoting female leadership in global health matters

Post Date: 
2016-12-21
Publication: 
Public Health Action
Leadership positions in global health are greatly skewed toward men; the imbalance is more pronounced in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The under-representation of women in leadership is a threat to gender equality, and also impacts the improvement of women's health outcomes...

Patterns of use and perceptions of harm of smokeless tobacco in Navi Mumbai, India and Dhaka, Bangladesh

Post Date: 
2016-12-04
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Background: Globally, smokeless tobacco use is disproportionately concentrated in low-income and middle-income countries like India and Bangladesh. Objectives: The current study examined comparative patterns of use and perceptions of harm for different smokeless tobacco products among adults and...

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Does Smoking Have an Impact on TB Treatment Outcomes?

Post Date: 
2018-10-27
Thomas B, Kannan T, Rani V, Gupte N, Gupta A, Deluca A, Suryavanshi N, Kohli R, Chandrasekaran P for the CTRIUMPH RePORT India Study Team. Does Smoking Have an Impact on TB Treatment Outcomes? A Prospective Cohort Study from India. Session: Tobacco Use in Various Populations: Implications for...

Impact of Fogarty HIV-TB Training Program on ‘Institutional Research Capacity Building’ at the Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College (BJGMC), Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-10-27
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Clinical Sites: 
Dhumal G, DeLuca A, Chandanwale A, Kadam D, Joshi S, Kinikar A, Suryavanshi N, Mave V, Gupta A, Bollinger R. Impact of Fogarty HIV-TB Training Program on ‘Institutional Research Capacity Building’ at the Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College (BJGMC), Pune, India. Session: Building...

Gestational Diabetes Suppresses the Inflammatory Response to M. tuberculosis in Pregnant Women in Pune, India. Session: Clinical Investigation for TB and Diabetes

Post Date: 
2018-10-27
Mathad J, Alexander M, Bhosale R, Shere D, Kulkarni V, Kumar P, Babu S, Gupta A for the PRACHITi Study team. Gestational Diabetes Suppresses the Inflammatory Response to M. tuberculosis in Pregnant Women in Pune, India. Session: Clinical Investigation for TB and Diabetes. 49th Annual Union World...

Managing Tuberculosis in Pregnancy. Meet the Expert Session

Post Date: 
2018-10-26
Gupta A. Managing Tuberculosis in Pregnancy. Meet the Expert Session. 49th Annual Union World Conference on Lung Health. The Hague, The Netherlands. October 24-27, 2018.

Factors Associated with Loss to Follow-up and Mortality in Public Sector MDR TB Treatment in Western Maharashtra, India from 2015-2016

Post Date: 
2018-10-26
Murrill M, More SW, Kamble S, Kulkarni V, Dowdy D, Gupta A. Factors Associated with Loss to Follow-up and Mortality in Public Sector MDR TB Treatment in Western Maharashtra, India from 2015-2016. 49th Annual Union World Conference on Lung Health. The Hague, The Netherlands. October 24,-27, 2018.

The TEKO trial: implementation of the QuantiFERON®-TB Gold In-Tube test at CD4 blood draw for diagnosing latent tuberculosis among newly diagnosed HIV-infected adults in South Africa

Post Date: 
2018-10-26
Golub J, Lebina L, Chon S, Cohn S, Jack T, Masonoke K, Variava E, Martinson N, TEKO team. The TEKO trial: implementation of the QuantiFERON®-TB Gold In-Tube test at CD4 blood draw for diagnosing latent tuberculosis among newly diagnosed HIV-infected adults in South Africa. 49th Annual Union World...

Utility of QGIT as an Adjunct to TST for Screening of Latent Tuberculosis Infection among Indian Healthcare Workers

Post Date: 
2018-10-26
Girish S, Kinikar A, Pardeshi G, Shelke S, Basavaraj A, Chandanwale A, Gupte N, Bollinger R. Utility of QGIT as an Adjunct to TST for Screening of Latent Tuberculosis Infection among Indian Healthcare Workers. 49th Annual Union World Conference on Lung Health. The Hague, The Netherlands. October 24...

Mortality Risk Doubled in Tuberculosis Patients with Diabetes Not Receiving Metformin

Post Date: 
2018-10-26
Mave V, Gupte N, Gaikwad S, Barthwal M, Chon S, Gupte A, Gupta A, Golub J. Mortality Risk Doubled in Tuberculosis Patients with Diabetes Not Receiving Metformin. Presented at 49th Union World Conference on Lung Health. The Hague, The Netherlands. October 24-27, 2018.

Addressing policy needs for controlling TB and multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB): a biosocial inquiry among patients in Pune city in Western Maharashtra, India

Post Date: 
2018-10-26
Atre S. Addressing policy needs for controlling TB and multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB): a biosocial inquiry among patients in Pune city in Western Maharashtra, India. Presented at 49th Union World Conference on Lung Health. The Hague, The Netherlands. October 24-27, 2018.

Time to culture conversion, identifying independent modifiable risk factors in Indian patients

Post Date: 
2018-10-25
Gupte N, Gupte A, Sivaramakrishnan GN, Pradhan N, Shivakumar SVBY, Gupta A, Mave V, Chandrasekaran P for the CTRIUMPh RePORT India team. Time to culture conversion, identifying independent modifiable risk factors in Indian patients. Presented at 49th Union World Conference on Lung Health. The Hague...

Regional Prospective Observational Research in TB (RePORT) India: Biomarkers, Diagnostics, and Comorbidities

Post Date: 
2018-10-25
Christopher DJ, Kornfeld H, Ellner J, Mave V, Rustomjee R, Rodrigues C, Gupta A. Regional Prospective Observational Research in TB (RePORT) India: Biomarkers, Diagnostics, and Comorbidities. 49th Annual Union World Conference on Lung Health. The Hague, The Netherlands. October 24-27, 2018.

BRIEF TB Treatment of Latent TB Infection With One Month of Isoniazid & Rifapentine in HIV-Infected People: Interaction of Treatment & CD4 Count

Post Date: 
2018-10-25
Swindells S, Ramchandami R, Gupta A, Sanchez J, Juste MAJ, Mwelase N, Chaisson R, BRIEF TB Study Team. BRIEF TB Treatment of Latent TB Infection With One Month of Isoniazid & Rifapentine in HIV-Infected People: Interaction of Treatment & CD4 Count. Session: TB Infection: From Latent to...

Impact of Maternal Isoniazid Preventive Therapy (IPT) Timing on Acquisition of Infant TB Infection (TBI) in the IMPAACT P1078/TB APPRISE Trial

Post Date: 
2018-10-25
Gupta A , Aaron L, Montepiedra G, Theron G, Chipato T, Onyango-Makumbi C, Stranix-Chibanda L, Weinberg A, for the IMPAACT P1078/TB APPRISE Study Team. Impact of Maternal Isoniazid Preventive Therapy (IPT) Timing on Acquisition of Infant TB Infection (TBI) in the IMPAACT P1078/TB APPRISE Trial. 49th...

Preventive Therapy for PLWH - 3HP. MTE HIV Meet the Expert Session

Post Date: 
2018-10-25
Dooley K. Preventive Therapy for PLWH - 3HP. MTE HIV Meet the Expert Session. 49th Annual Union World Conference on Lung Health. The Hague, The Netherlands. October 24-27, 2018.

Challenges in TB Diagnosis in Pregnant Women in India: Findings from a Cohort Study in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-10-25
Alexander M, Bhosale R, Gupte N, Deshpande P, Kulkarni V, Chandanwale A, Gupta A, Mathad J. Challenges in TB Diagnosis in Pregnant Women in India: Findings from a Cohort Study in Pune, India. Session: LTBI Screening: Challenges and Opportunities. 49th Annual Union World Conference on Lung Health...

Sub-therapeutic Rifampicin Concentration is Associated with Unfavourable Treatment Outcomes in Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients on Thrice Weekly Regimens in India

Post Date: 
2018-10-25
Ramachandran G, Chandrasekaran P, Kumar AKH, Kannan T, Gomathi NS, Gaikwad S, Gupta A, Mave V, for C-TRIUMPh team. Sub-therapeutic Rifampicin Concentration is Associated with Unfavourable Treatment Outcomes in Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients on Thrice Weekly Regimens in India. Session: Clinical...

Host Inflammation Markers IFN- γ, IL-6 and IL-15 Strongly Associated with Risk of Incident TB in Advanced HI

Post Date: 
2018-10-25
Manabe YC, Gupte N, Leong S, Kintali M, Bisson G, Hosseinipour M, Salgame P, Gupta A for the ACTG 5274 REMEMBER and NWCS 408 Study Team. Host Inflammation Markers IFN- γ, IL-6 and IL-15 Strongly Associated with Risk of Incident TB in Advanced HI. Session: Diagnosis, Screening, Prediction of Disease...

Pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics of tuberculosis medicines: outcomes of a WHO expert consultation

Post Date: 
2018-10-24
Dooley K. Pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics of tuberculosis medicines: outcomes of a WHO expert consultation. Post graduate course: Update on Clinical and Programmatic Management of Multi-drug- and Extensively Drug-resisant MB (MDR/XDR-TB). 49th Annual Union World Conference on Lung Health. The...

How can we translate next generation sequencing data to shorten anti-tuberculosis treatment?

Post Date: 
2018-10-23
Tornheim J. How can we translate next generation sequencing data to shorten anti-tuberculosis treatment? TBScience 2 Parallel session on reducing transmission: what is the scientific basis behind for the reduction of transmission and the initiation of appropriate treatment? 49th Annual Union World...

Mobile Health and Behavioral PMTCT Intervention among Community Health Workers Improves Exclusive Breastfeeding and Early Infant Diagnosis in India: A Cluster Randomized Trial

Post Date: 
2018-07-24
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Suryavanshi N, Kadam A, Hegde A, Sivalenka S, Kumar VS, McKenzie-White J, Kanade S, Gupta A, Bollinger RC, Shankar A, Gupte N, Mave V. Mobile Health and Behavioral PMTCT Intervention among Community Health Workers Improves Exclusive Breastfeeding and Early Infant Diagnosis in India: A Cluster...

Pages

HIV-ASSIST

Post Date: 
2019-07-16
Publication: 
HIVSpecialist
HIVSpecialist: Dr. Maunank Shah and colleagues chronicle the development of HIV-ASSIST, a tool to help guide selections for patient-centered antiretroviral therapy.

High risk for latent tuberculosis infection among medical residents and nursing students in India

Post Date: 
2019-07-08
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
PLoS One
PLoS ONE: Self-reported TB exposure is underreported, and uptake of LTBI prevention therapy remains low

High prevalence of insulin resistance and occurrence prior to hyperinsulinemia threshold among people living with HIV in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2019-05-21
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Diabetes Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews
BACKGROUND Diabetes prevalence in HIV is not well characterized for India, despite the high burden of both individual diseases. Epidemiology of insulin resistance (IR): a precursor to diabetes, and its associated risk factors are also poorly understood in Asian Indian people living with HIV (PLHIV...

Venezuela’s Humanitarian Emergency

Post Date: 
2019-04-11
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Report from Human Rights Watch
In January 2019, hundreds of thousands of Venezuelans took to the streets, following an appeal by National Assembly president Juan Guaidó, who asked the Venezuelan people to mobilize in support of restoring constitutional order in the country.

Maternal health outcomes among HIV-infected breastfeeding women with high CD4 counts: results of a treatment strategy trial

Post Date: 
2019-03-20
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
HIV Clinical Trials
BACKGROUND: IMPAACT PROMISE 1077BF/FF was a randomized study of antiretroviral therapy (ART) strategies for pregnant and postpartum women with high CD4+ T-cell counts. We describe postpartum outcomes for women in the study who were randomized to continue or discontinue ART after delivery. METHODS:...

Internal medicine residents' knowledge and practice of pulmonary tuberculosis diagnosis

Post Date: 
2018-06-27
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Open Forum Infectious Diseases
BACKGROUND: Internal medicine physicians are often the first providers to encounter patients with a new diagnosis of tuberculosis. Given the public health risks of missed tuberculosis cases, assessing internal medicine residents' ability to diagnose tuberculosis is important. METHODS: Internal...

Developing an assessment framework for essential internal medicine subspecialty topics

Post Date: 
2018-06-15
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Our assessment framework revealed knowledge and practice gaps in tuberculosis diagnosis among internal medicine residents.

Diabetes and pre-diabetes among household contacts of tuberculosis patients in India: is it time to screen them all?

Post Date: 
2018-05-22
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Authors find that screening contacts of TB patients for pre-DM/DM and linking them to care may mitigate the risk of developing tuberculosis and improve management of diabetes.

Group mentorship model to enhance the efficiency and productivity of PhD research training in Sub-Saharan Africa

Post Date: 
2018-05-04
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Annals of Global Health
Annals of Global Health : Systems capacity building approach to PhD training allowed strong outputs at lower cost and with relatively few additional mentors to train independent scientists able to conduct original research and mentor others.

Re: How serious are global health leaders about gender equality?

Post Date: 
2018-04-06
Publication: 
British Medical Journal
Letter to the Editor: At the 2017 Consortium of Universities for Global Health (CUGH) in Washington, D.C., a panel of female global health leaders (AG, MB, IK, JM, YM) discussed the barriers to female leadership and put forward actionable advice on how to address them.

¡Vive!: Designing an intervention to improve timely HIV diagnosis among Latino immigrant men

Post Date: 
2018-01-23
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Progress in Community Health Partnerships
Background: Latinos, particularly immigrant men, are more likely to present late to care for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Objectives: This manuscript describes the development of ¡Sólo Se Vive Una Vez! (¡Vive!) (You Only Live Once), a multilevel (individual and community)...

The use of clinical decision support in reducing diagnosis of and treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria

Post Date: 
2017-12-06
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Journal of Hospital Medicine
Clinical decision support embedded within the electronic health record is a potential antibiotic stewardship strategy for hospitalized patients.

Constituent variation in smokeless tobacco purchased in Mumbai, India

Post Date: 
2017-07-01
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Tobacco Regulatory Science
Objectives: Worldwide, smokeless tobacco products vary greatly in their formulations and chemical composition. Understanding of toxic and carcinogenic constituent variations in such products can provide valuable insights for the development of effective tobacco control policies. In this study...

Treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-04-27
Publication: 
Handbook of Tuberculosis
This chapter addresses the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis highlighting drug classes, recommended regimens, adverse drug reactions, drug-drug interactions, and practical aspects of monitoring, The principles of treatment of latent tuberculosis are also addressed including whom to treat, what...

Clinical features and diagnosis of tuberculosis: primary infection and progressive pulmonary tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-04-27
Publication: 
Handbook of Tuberculosis
In this chapter, we will review the clinical manifestations of intrathoracic tuberculosis (TB), including pathophysiology and clinical features of primary and secondary or reactivation TB. Specific topics discussed are the physical examination, and microbiological, radiological, and immunological...

Extrapulmonary tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-04-27
Publication: 
Handbook of Tuberculosis
M. tuberculosis (MTB) can cause disease in almost any organ of the body. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) is defined as tuberculosis (TB) disease outside of the lung parenchyma [1]. Much like pulmonary TB, EPTB can occur as a primary infection or as reactivation of a latent focus with subsequent...

Resident doctors' attitudes toward tuberculosis patients

Post Date: 
2017-04-15
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Background: The attitude of the resident doctors toward tuberculosis (TB) patients can affect their treatment seeking behavior, compliance to treatment as well as reinforce the stigma attached to the disease by the society at large. Aims: To assess the attitudes of resident medical doctors toward...

Bedaquiline

Post Date: 
2017-01-01
Publication: 
Kucers’ the Use of Antibiotics: A Clinical Review of Antibacterial, Antifungal, and Antiviral Drugs, 7th Edition
Section II, Antibiotics: Part 12 Anti-tuberculosis drugs.

The ripple effect: why promoting female leadership in global health matters

Post Date: 
2016-12-21
Publication: 
Public Health Action
Leadership positions in global health are greatly skewed toward men; the imbalance is more pronounced in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The under-representation of women in leadership is a threat to gender equality, and also impacts the improvement of women's health outcomes...

Patterns of use and perceptions of harm of smokeless tobacco in Navi Mumbai, India and Dhaka, Bangladesh

Post Date: 
2016-12-04
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Background: Globally, smokeless tobacco use is disproportionately concentrated in low-income and middle-income countries like India and Bangladesh. Objectives: The current study examined comparative patterns of use and perceptions of harm for different smokeless tobacco products among adults and...

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Integrated Mobile Health Applications Show Promise for Quicker Care of Drug-Resistant TB in South Africa

Post Date: 
2019-10-11
Jane McKenzie-White
Researchers at Johns Hopkins and other institutions developed and tested a suite of mobile health applications that shows great promise for patient care and public health.

Helping Latino Immigrant Families Navigate The Health Care System

Post Date: 
2019-08-15
Kathleen Page
Dr. Kathleen Page is interviewed about access to healthcare among Baltimore's LatinX immigrant community

Ending the HIV Epidemic: On Baltimore's Front Lines

Post Date: 
2019-08-14
WYPR Logo
WYPR: Kathleen Page discusses the status of HIV in a panel interview

FDA OKs 'Game Changer' Pretomanid for Highly Resistant TB

Post Date: 
2019-08-14
Amita Gupta
Medscape: Dr. Amita Gupta weighs in on the FDA approval of a new drug for XDR-TB

2018 Year in Review

Post Date: 
2019-06-30
2018 Year in Review
Our newly released 2018 Annual Report features ongoing and new work underway last year. And boy, what a year it was!

Pride in Pune: BJGMC TREAT Asia Team Conducts Health Camp

Post Date: 
2019-06-24
TREAT Asia Team Members
Pride in Pune: The BJGMC CRS teamed up with the Udaan Trust to convene a sexual health awareness & screening camp

Connecting the Dots: Johns Hopkins Visiting Professor of Infectious Diseases Dr. Bruno Andrade

Post Date: 
2019-05-21
Dr. Bruno Andrade
Andrade has built an impressive research enterprise in Brazil, and a creative way to sustain it

U.S. wants UN to revoke credentials of Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro’s government

Post Date: 
2019-04-12
Source: 
Reuters
U.S. Vice President Mike Pence called on the United Nations on Wednesday to revoke the U.N. credentials of Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro’s government and recognize opposition leader Juan Guaido as the country’s legitimate leader.

Venezuela: More Aid is Needed in Humanitarian Crisis

Post Date: 
2019-04-11
Summary: Dr. Kathleen Page & colleagues briefed the UN Security Council on critical health crisis in Venezuela

U.S. calls on UN to oust Maduro and recognise challenger

Post Date: 
2019-04-11
Source: 
Canada Standard
The UN Security Security remains stalemated by veto-wielding members Russia and the United States. The council has been powerless since the start of the year when the crisis gripping the country escalated following elections in January.

Venezuela’s needs ‘significant and growing’ UN humanitarian chief warns Security Council, as ‘unparalleled’ exodus continues

Post Date: 
2019-04-11
Source: 
UN News
Kathleen Page
UN News: Dr. Kathleen Page & colleagues briefed the UN Security Council on Venezuela's health crisis

‘You Shouldn’t Be Here’: U.S. Pushes U.N. to Pull Venezuela Envoy’s Credentials

Post Date: 
2019-04-10
Source: 
New York Times
Vice President Mike Pence on Wednesday urged the United Nations to revoke the credentials of Venezuela’s ambassador to the world body, portraying him as a loyalist to the country’s disputed president, Nicolás Maduro, and to a government that has allowed crime, violence and starvation to rise.

UN urged to declare Venezuela a humanitarian emergency

Post Date: 
2019-04-10
Source: 
Fox News
Human Rights Watch and public health researchers from Johns Hopkins School of Medicine are urging the United Nations to declare the situation in Venezuela "a complex humanitarian emergency that poses a serious risk to the region."

The Latest: Maduro calls US vice president 'ridiculous'

Post Date: 
2019-04-10
Source: 
Canadian Press
Venezuelan leader Nicolas Maduro is lambasting U.S. Vice-President Mike Pence's remarks at the U.N. Security Council as both "ridiculous" and "racist." In a televised address early Wednesday evening, Maduro said Pence's comments show U.S. leaders "think they are superior to Venezuelans."

Pence says US wants Maduro out and 'all options' on table

Post Date: 
2019-04-10
Source: 
Associated Press
UNITED NATIONS (AP) — U.S. Vice President Mike Pence told the Security Council on Wednesday the Trump administration is determined to remove President Nicolás Maduro from power in Venezuela, preferably through diplomatic and economic pressure, but “all options are on the table” — and Russia and others need to step aside.

HRW solicitó a la ONU que declare una emergencia humanitaria en Venezuela (Colombia)

Post Date: 
2019-04-10
Source: 
Zona Cero
Human Rights Watch (HRW) pidió este miércoles a la ONU que declare la situación en Venezuela como una "emergencia humanitaria" y organice una respuesta internacional a gran escala.

Pence: “Es hora que ONU hable” y reconozca a Guaidó como presidente de Venezuela

Post Date: 
2019-04-10
Source: 
Voice of America
US Vice President Mike Pence on Wednesday introduced a resolution calling on the United Nations to recognize interim Venezuelan President Juan Guaidó as the country's legitimate president and revoke the credentials of Nicolás Maduro's disputed government representatives.

HRW le pide a la ONU que declare una emergencia humanitaria en Venezuela

Post Date: 
2019-04-10
Source: 
World News En Español
Human Rights Watch (HRW) pidió este miércoles a la ONU que declare la situación en Venezuela como una "emergencia humanitaria" y organice una respuesta internacional a gran escala.

TB prevention critical among people with HIV

Post Date: 
2019-03-12
Source: 
Infectious Disease News via Healio
Amita Gupta
Infectious Disease News caught up with Dr. Amita Gupta at CROI 2019 to talk about TB prevention among people living with HIV

World AIDS Week Is Local at BJGMC in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-12-20
Performers conduct a play to raise awareness about HIV and HPV
The BJGMC Clinical Research Site convened community awareness activities that focused on HIV and HPV

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