Education News

Medical students looking at an Xray
July 8, 2019

PLoS ONE:  Self-reported TB exposure is underreported, and uptake of LTBI prevention therapy remains low

Education

CCGHE instructs students at Johns Hopkins and offers online courses for students and faculty in resource limited settings. During the last decade, we've hosted more than 1900 educational presentations and courses with more than 8,000 providers and technicians participating from around the world.

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DOmestic Violence Enhanced Home Visitation and Smart Phones (DOVE)

Post Date: 
2012-01-01
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Countries: 
This effort ended in 2017. The major challenge of early prenatal nurse home visitation programs is to accurately identify abused women. The DOVE study aims to improve maternal health and increase the use of a safety plan and community resources by using an emocha ®...

Tuberculosis (TB) Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention Course

Post Date: 
2012-01-01
   |   
Countries: 
To strengthen tuberculosis (TB) clinical care and research in India and Pakistan, CCGHE collaborated with BJGMC, the National AIDS Research Institute (NARI) and Indus Hospital to develop and deploy the Tuberculosis (TB) Diagnosis, Treatment ,and Prevention course. Originally developed as a...

Adult Male Circumcision Training

Post Date: 
2012-01-01
   |   
Countries: 
Adult Male Circumcision is a self-paced, online education program developed by CCGHE in collaboration wth the Rakai Health Sciences Program and the Uganda PEPFAR Distance Learning Initiative. This 60-minute course was designed to provide an introduction to adult male circumcision and act as a...

Confronting Gender-based Violence Course

Post Date: 
2012-01-01
   |   
Countries: 
Confronting Gender-Based Violence (GBV) is a CCGHE distance learning initiative developed to to improve the clinical and psychosocial care of individuals (female and male) who have survived and/or are at risk for GBV. Originally developed as a facilitated course with 39 participants,...

Laboratory Training

Post Date: 
2012-01-01
   |   
Countries: 
CCGHE and the HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) Virology Care Laboratory collaborated to develop several self-paced distance learning laboratory training courses to build in-country capacity to conduct high quality research and perform clinical monitoring. Each 30-minute course was...

Understanding Challenges and Perspectives of Parents about HIV Disclosures to their Children and Develop a Structured HIV Disclosure Model for Pediatric Age Group

Post Date: 
2011-12-08
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
This study is terminated. In 2008 an estimated 70,000 children in India were living with HIV, with 21,000 new children are infected each year through mother to child transmission (Singh et al 2008). Increasing availability of antiretroviral treatment (ART) to HIV infected children in India means...

Course Evaluation of a Continuing Medical Education Program for Nurses and Midwives in Uganda

Post Date: 
2011-02-15
   |   
Countries: 
This course evaluation was conducted in 2011. Hypertension presents a substantial burden on the world and Uganda is not immune to this disease. In a recent study, adults in the Rukungiri district in southwestern Uganda were shown to have a 30.5% prevalence of hypertension. (1) Hypertension needs to...

Brief Venue Survey of HIV Risk Places and Use of Technology in the Baltimore Latino Population

Post Date: 
2010-12-14
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Countries: 
This study ended December 13, 2011. In the last ten years, Baltimore City has seen a doubling in the AIDS incidence rate among Latinos. This has been paralleled by a doubling of the Baltimore Latino population over the last five years. At the Baltimore City Health Department (BCHD), Latino patients...

The Role of Vitamin D in the Development of Active Tuberculosis Disease in Young Children

Post Date: 
2010-12-09
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
This study was terminated September 2014. Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) results in significant morbidity and mortality worldwide, yet remains difficult to diagnose and manage, particularly in resource constrained settings. Deficiency in vitamin D, a recently recognized antimicrobial peptide, is...

Retrospective Characterization of Clinical and Demographic Data of Pediatric Tuberculosis Patients Treated at BJ Medical College in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2010-06-10
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
This study ended June 14, 2013.

Assessment of Active Tuberculosis amongst Asymptomatic HIV-infected Patients in Kakinada, India

Post Date: 
2009-07-23
   |   
Countries: 
This study was conducted in 2008. Tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health threat in India and is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality amongst people living with HIV/AIDS worldwide.1 According to the WHO, India accounts for one-fifth of the global TB incident cases, with over 1.9 million...

A5253: Sensitivity and Specificity of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Screening and Diagnostics in HIV-Infected Individuals

Post Date: 
2009-03-19
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Clinical Sites: 
This study was terminated October 15, 2014. An estimated 3 million HIV-infected individuals will enter programs for antiretroviral (ARV) treatment in the coming year, with projected rates of requirement for ARV therapy extending to more than 10 million in sub-Saharan Africa, southeastern Asia, and...

Evaluation of the Impact of Distance Learning For Expanding Capacity for Clinical Research in India

Post Date: 
2009-02-13
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Countries: 
This study ended in March 2012. The Office of AIDS Research has initiated a comprehensive program to expand clinical research capacity in India. This program has utilized a number of platforms for providing research training, including intensive in-country workshops and conferences. These programs...

Cryptococcal Meningitis among Hospitalized HIV Patients in India (June 2008–June 2010)

Post Date: 
2008-06-30
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
This study was terminated in 2016. Cryptococcal meningitis secondary to HIV infection is one of the leading causes of mortality from infectious agents worldwide. Recent estimates suggest close to a million infections annually and over six hundred thousand deaths every year. South and Southeast Asia...

HIV Latino Outreach Program, Baltimore City Health Department

Post Date: 
2008-01-01
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Countries: 
Dr. Kathleen Page founded and directs the Baltimore City Health Department’s HIV Latino Outreach Program, which provides more than 1000 HIV tests per year to Baltimore's Latino community, and provides linkages to care services for those testing positive.

The Association of Umbilical Cord Blood IgG Streptococcus pneumoniae and Hemophilus influenzae Antibody Titers with Mortality and Morbidity among HIV-exposed Infants in India

Post Date: 
2007-08-30
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
This study ended in August 2010. In India, HIV-exposed infants (infants born to HIV-infected mothers), bear a large burden of mortality and morbidity from S. pneumoniae and H. influenzae type b infections. These bacterial respiratory pathogens are responsible for the majority of mortality and...

Peer Community-based Assistant in REtention: Effect of Peer Health Workers on People Living with HIV Not on Antiretroviral Therapy—A Randomized Operations Research Trial

Post Date: 
2007-03-29
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Countries: 
Human resource limitations, long travel times, and a weak health care infrastructure pose significant challenges to the delivery of anti-retroviral therapy (ART) in rural settings such as the Rakai District in southwestern Uganda. HIV increases demand for health services and also impacts the health...

BJGMC-JHU Fogarty HIV-TB Training Program

Post Date: 
2007-01-01
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Funded by the Fogarty International Center at the National Institutes of Health, the JHU Fogarty program has nearly 20 years of success with providing training, professional development, and mentorship to clinicians and scientists in low and middle income countries. CCGHE's latest efforts in this...

Integration of HIV and Other Prevalent Relevant Infectious Disease Care into Primary Medical Care

Post Date: 
2007-01-01
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Countries: 
According to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), HIV is rapidly expanding in Latin America, and among the Latin American countries with highest HIV prevalence, four are located in Central America. Notably, AIDS is among the 10 leading causes of death in three of the six countries in...

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Clinical features and diagnosis of tuberculosis: primary infection and progressive pulmonary tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-04-27
Publication: 
Handbook of Tuberculosis
In this chapter, we will review the clinical manifestations of intrathoracic tuberculosis (TB), including pathophysiology and clinical features of primary and secondary or reactivation TB. Specific topics discussed are the physical examination, and microbiological, radiological, and immunological...

Resident doctors' attitudes toward tuberculosis patients

Post Date: 
2017-04-15
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Background: The attitude of the resident doctors toward tuberculosis (TB) patients can affect their treatment seeking behavior, compliance to treatment as well as reinforce the stigma attached to the disease by the society at large. Aims: To assess the attitudes...

Bedaquiline

Post Date: 
2017-01-01
Publication: 
Kucers’ the Use of Antibiotics: A Clinical Review of Antibacterial, Antifungal, and Antiviral Drugs, 7th Edition
Section II, Antibiotics: Part 12 Anti-tuberculosis drugs.

The ripple effect: why promoting female leadership in global health matters

Post Date: 
2016-12-21
Publication: 
Public Health Action
Leadership positions in global health are greatly skewed toward men; the imbalance is more pronounced in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The under-representation of women in leadership is a threat to gender equality, and also impacts the improvement of women's health outcomes...

Patterns of use and perceptions of harm of smokeless tobacco in Navi Mumbai, India and Dhaka, Bangladesh

Post Date: 
2016-12-04
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Background: Globally, smokeless tobacco use is disproportionately concentrated in low-income and middle-income countries like India and Bangladesh. Objectives: The current study examined comparative patterns of use and perceptions of harm for different smokeless tobacco products among adults and...

Editorial Commentary: Recruiting the next generation of infectious diseases physicians: how do we reignite the passion?

Post Date: 
2016-07-15
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Introduction: Infectious diseases (ID) is the most exciting medical subspecialty. We may be biased, but we are not wrong. It is disheartening that applications to ID fellowships continue to decrease; in 2016, 61% of fellowship programs did not fill through the National Resident Matching...

Defining clinical excellence in adult infectious disease practice

Post Date: 
2016-06-16
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Clinical excellence should be recognized, particularly in the current climate that appropriately prioritizes relationship-centered care. In order to develop a recognition model, a definition of clinical excellence must be created and agreed upon. A paradigm recently suggested by C. Christmas...

Tuberculosis risk among medical trainees, Pune, India

Post Date: 
2016-03-22
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
Emerging Infectious Diseases
During 2012–2013, at a public hospital in Pune, India, 26 (3.9%) cases of tuberculosis were reported among 662 medical trainees, representing an estimated incidence of 3,279 cases/100,000 person-years. Three of these infections were isoniazid-resistant, 1 was multidrug-resistant, and 1 occurred in...

Infectious Diseases (ID) Learning Unit: How rapidly to evaluate for active tuberculosis disease in low-prevalence settings

Post Date: 
2016-03-11
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Open Forum Infectious Diseases
With declining tuberculosis (TB) incidence in low-prevalence settings, many clinicians are likely unaware that the approach to diagnosing active TB is evolving with newer technologies. Rapid molecular assays are commercially available, and more are likely to enter the market in the coming...

Awareness and support for graphic health warnings on smokeless tobacco packages in Navi Mumbai, India and Dhaka, Bangladesh

Post Date: 
2015-12-04
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Tobacco Control
Awareness and support for graphic health warnings on smokeless tobacco packages in Navi Mumbai, India and Dhaka, Bangladesh

Knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding breastfeeding in postpartum mothers at a tertiary care institute during a public health awareness campaign

Post Date: 
2015-10-09
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
International Journal of Health Sciences
Background: Breast feeding has several benefits for both the infants and mothers. However, despite strong evidences in support of breast feeding its prevalence has remained low worldwide. The objective of the present study was to examine the knowledge and attitude towards breast feeding and infant...

Maternal Smokeless Tobacco Use in Pregnancy and Adverse Health Outcomes in Newborn babies

Post Date: 
2015-09-17
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
The Asian Man
BACKGROUND: Perinatal morbidity and mortality are important indicators of maternal health and the future health of the child. Smokeless tobacco (ST) use during pregnancy is associated with low birth weight (LBW), preterm births, stillbirths, and small for gestation age (SGA). This study...

Development of global health education at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine: a student-driven initiative

Post Date: 
2015-07-27
Publication: 
Medical Education Online
Global health is increasingly present in the formal educational curricula of medical schools across North America. In 2008, students at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (JHUSOM) perceived a lack of structured global health education in the existing curriculum and began working with...

GETHealth Summit Report—2014, Conference Proceedings

Post Date: 
2015-07-08
The GETHealth Summit brought together healthcare professionals, representatives from the technology and education sectors, academic researchers, global health experts from backgrounds including non-governmental organisations to government. This diverse group of delegates were brought together to...

Policy Guidance: The Use of Lateral-Flow Urine LAM for Diagnosis and Screening of Active TB in People Living with HIV

Post Date: 
2015-06-30
Publication: 
WHO: The Use of Lateral-Flow Urine LAM for Diagnosis and Screening of Active TB in People Living with HIV
Background : Tests based on the detection of mycobacterial lipoarabinomannan (LAM) antigen in urine have emerged as potential point-of-care tests for tuberculosis (TB). LAM antigen is a lipopolysaccharide present in mycobacterial cell walls, which is released from metabolically active or...

High levels of tobacco-specific N-nitrosamines and nicotine in Chaini Khaini, a product marketed as snus

Post Date: 
2014-12-09
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Tobacco Control
Introduction: Recently, a tobacco product, Chaini Khaini, identified as snus appeared in India. The product marketing emphasizes its discreet nature and explicitly claims safety by referring to the existing evidence on Swedish snus. We here analyzed tobacco-specific nitrosamines and nicotine...

Quit history, intentions to quit, and reasons for considering quitting among tobacco users in India: Findings from the Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation India Wave 1 Survey

Post Date: 
2014-12-05
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Indian Journal of Cancer
Background: GATS India 2009–10 revealed that more than one-third (35%) of adults in India use tobacco in some form: 21% use smokeless tobacco, 9% smoke, and 5% are mixed users (they smoke and use smokeless tobacco), and the quit rate is very low. In an effort to decrease prevalence of tobacco use,...

Optimisation of the Medical Education Partnership Initiative to address African health-care challenges

Post Date: 
2014-06-25
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Countries: 
Publication: 
The Lancet Global Health
The Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI) is an innovative and potentially transformative 5-year programme, established by the US Government in 2010, to increase the number of doctors to meet crucial human resource needs in sub-Saharan Africa.1 MEPI allows African institutions that...

A consortium approach to competency-based undergraduate medical education in Uganda: process, opportunities and challenges

Post Date: 
2014-05-15
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Education for Health
Background: Uganda, like the rest of Africa, is faced with serious health challenges including human immunodeficiency virus infection/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), other infectious diseases and increasing non-communicable diseases, yet it has a significant shortage of health...

Leveraging information technology to address the health workforce gap

Post Date: 
2013-11-01
Publication: 
Bulletin of the World Health Organization
According to some estimates, the world needs more than 4 million additional physicians, nurses, pharmacists, laboratory technicians, midwives, community health workers (CHWs) and other front-line health workers. However, there is also a shortage of faculty that can provide high-quality...

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Regional Prospective Observational Research in TB (RePORT) India: Biomarkers, Diagnostics, and Comorbidities

Post Date: 
2018-10-25
Christopher DJ, Kornfeld H, Ellner J, Mave V, Rustomjee R, Rodrigues C, Gupta A. Regional Prospective Observational Research in TB (RePORT) India: Biomarkers, Diagnostics, and Comorbidities. 49th Annual Union World Conference on Lung Health. The Hague, The Netherlands. October 24-27, 2018.

BRIEF TB Treatment of Latent TB Infection With One Month of Isoniazid & Rifapentine in HIV-Infected People: Interaction of Treatment & CD4 Count

Post Date: 
2018-10-25
Swindells S, Ramchandami R, Gupta A, Sanchez J, Juste MAJ, Mwelase N, Chaisson R, BRIEF TB Study Team. BRIEF TB Treatment of Latent TB Infection With One Month of Isoniazid & Rifapentine in HIV-Infected People: Interaction of Treatment & CD4 Count. Session: TB Infection: From Latent to...

Pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics of tuberculosis medicines: outcomes of a WHO expert consultation

Post Date: 
2018-10-24
Dooley K. Pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics of tuberculosis medicines: outcomes of a WHO expert consultation. Post graduate course: Update on Clinical and Programmatic Management of Multi-drug- and Extensively Drug-resisant MB (MDR/XDR-TB). 49th Annual Union World Conference on Lung Health. The...

How can we translate next generation sequencing data to shorten anti-tuberculosis treatment?

Post Date: 
2018-10-23
Tornheim J. How can we translate next generation sequencing data to shorten anti-tuberculosis treatment? TBScience 2 Parallel session on reducing transmission: what is the scientific basis behind for the reduction of transmission and the initiation of appropriate treatment? 49th Annual Union World...

Mobile Health and Behavioral PMTCT Intervention among Community Health Workers Improves Exclusive Breastfeeding and Early Infant Diagnosis in India: A Cluster Randomized Trial

Post Date: 
2018-07-24
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Suryavanshi N, Kadam A, Hegde A, Sivalenka S, Kumar VS, McKenzie-White J, Kanade S, Gupta A, Bollinger RC, Shankar A, Gupte N, Mave V. Mobile Health and Behavioral PMTCT Intervention among Community Health Workers Improves Exclusive Breastfeeding and Early Infant Diagnosis in India: A Cluster...

Linezolid Experience Among MDR-TB Patients in Mumbai

Post Date: 
2018-02-15
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Countries: 
Tornheim JA, Ganatra S, Deluca A, Banka R, Rodrigues C, Gupta A, Udwadia ZF. Linezolid Experience Among MDR-TB Patients in Mumbai. RePORT India Annual Meeting. New Delhi, India.

Risk Factors Associated with Unfavorable Outcomes in a Cohort of Pulmonary TB Patients

Post Date: 
2018-02-15
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Countries: 
Dhanasekaran K , Chandrasekaran P, Paradkar M, Marinaik SB, Gupte A, Dolla CK, Joseph B, Subramanyam B, Sivaramakrishnan GR, Thiruvengadam K, Gupte N, Rajagopal S, Pradhan N, Selvaraju S, Kulkarni V, Hannah LE, Nayakam R, Suryavanshi N, Shivakumar SVBY, Mave V, Thomas B, Bharadwaj R, Gaikwad S,...

Drug Susceptibility of Rifampin-resistant Tuberculosis using Whole Genome Sequencing to Identify Genes of Interest in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-02-15
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Tornheim JA, Madugundu AK, Pradhan N, Bharadwaj R, Mave V, Golub J, Pandey A, Gupta A. Drug Susceptibility of Rifampin-resistant Tuberculosis using Whole Genome Sequencing to Identify Genes of Interest in Pune, India. RePORT India Annual Meeting. New Delhi, India.

The Effect of HIV on the Immune Response to Myobacterium tuberculosis in Pregnant Women from Pune, India.

Post Date: 
2018-02-15
Mathad J, Alexander M, Bhosale R, Naik S, Suryavanshi N, Mave V, Deshpande P, Balasubramanian U, Kulkarni V, Kumar P, Babu S, Gupte N, Nevrekar N, Patil S, Chandanwale A, Gupta A. The Effect of HIV on the Immune Response to Myobacterium tuberculosis in Pregnant Women from Pune, India. RePORT India...

Incidence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infection among Household Contacts of Adult Pulmonary Tuberculosis Cases in India

Post Date: 
2018-02-15
   |   
Countries: 
Paradkar M, Dhanasekaran K, Kinikar A, Kulkarni R, Bharadwaj R, Gaikwad S, Lokhande R, Meshram S, Dolla CK, Selvaraju S, Murali L, Thiruvengadam K, Jain D, Rajagopal S, Kulkarni V, Pradhan N, John S, Kohli R, Nayagam R, Shivakumar SVBY, Suryavanshi N, Cox SR, Gupte A, Chandrasekaran P, Mave V,...

Poor Understanding of TB Infection among At-risk Tuberculin Skin-test Positive Household Contacts of Pulmonary TB Cases in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-02-15
   |   
Countries: 
Dhumal G, DeLuca A, Paradkar M, Suryavanshi N, Mave V, Kohli R, Shivakumar SVBY, Kadam D, Gupta A. Poor Understanding of TB Infection among At-risk Tuberculin Skin-test Positive Household Contacts of Pulmonary TB Cases in Pune, India. RePORT India Annual Meeting. New Delhi, India.

Delays and Barriers to Early Treatment Initiation in Childhood Tuberculosis in India

Post Date: 
2017-10-11
   |   
Countries: 
Valvi C, Chandanwale A, Khadse S, Kulkarni R, Kadam D, Dhumal G , Deluca A, Bollinger RC. Delays and Barriers to Early Treatment Initiation in Childhood Tuberculosis in India. The 48th Union World Conference on Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

Lack of TB Knowledge among TST positive Household Contacts of Pulmonary Cases: A Missed Opportunity

Post Date: 
2017-10-11
   |   
Countries: 
DeLuca, A., Dhumal, G., Paradkar, P., Suryavanshi, N., Mave, V., Kohli, K., Shivakumar, S., Gupta. A. Lack of TB Knowledge among TST positive Household Contacts of Pulmonary Cases: A Missed Opportunity. The 48th Union World Conference on Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

A5300/I2003/PHOENIx Preparatory Study of MDR TB Cases and Their Household Contacts: Operational Feasibility to Inform PHOENIx Trial

Post Date: 
2017-05-29
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Gupta, A. A5300/I2003/PHOENIx Preparatory Study of MDR TB Cases and Their Household Contacts: Operational Feasibility to Inform PHOENIx Trial. 2017 IMPAACT Annual Meeting. Washington, DC. 2017.

How Americans Benefit from Global Health Research

Post Date: 
2017-05-25
   |   
Countries: 
Bollinger, R. How Americans Benefit from Global Health Research. The Fogarty International Center: How Americans Benefit from Global Health Research Webinar, Research!America. Washington, DC.

Choosing an ID Fellowship

Post Date: 
2016-10-29
Chida, N. Choosing an ID Fellowship. ID Week 2016. New Orleans, LA. 2016.

Household Contact Tracing of Adult Pulmonary TB Patients in India: Prevalence of TB Disease and Infection

Post Date: 
2016-10-27
   |   
Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Chandrasekaran P , Thiruvengadam K, Gupte N, Luck EH, Mave M, Gupte A, Gupta A, Swaminathan S. Household Contact Tracing of Adult Pulmonary TB Patients in India: Prevalence of TB Disease and Infection. ID Week 2016. New Orleans, LA. 2016.

Host Factors Associated with Poor Respiratory Health-Related Quality of Life in Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2016-10-27
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Gupte A , Meshram S, Selvaraju S, Gupte N, Shivakumar SVBY, Paradkar M, Kohli R, Theruvengadam K, Suryavanshi N, Chandrasekaran P, Mave V, Swaminathan S, Salvi S, Checkley, W, Golub J, Gupta A. Host Factors Associated with Poor Respiratory Health-Related Quality of Life in Pulmonary Tuberculosis...

Impact of Drug Susceptibility Testing on Drug Choice in a Tuberculosis Cohort with High Rates of Drug Resistance from the Private Sector in Mumbai

Post Date: 
2016-10-27
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Udwadia ZF, Tornheim JA , Ganatra S, DeLuca A, Banka R, Gupta A. Impact of Drug Susceptibility Testing on Drug Choice in a Tuberculosis Cohort with High Rates of Drug Resistance from the Private Sector in Mumbai. ID Week 2016. New Orleans, LA. 2016.

Etiology of Acute Febrile Illness among Hospitalized Adults and Children at a Public Tertiary-Care Center in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2016-10-27
   |   
Countries: 
Robinson M , Balasubramanian U, Raichur P, Kadam D, Khadse S, Marbaniang I, Kanade S, Sachs J, Basavaraj A, Bharadwaj R, Kinikar A, Kulkarni V, Kagal A, Gupta A, Mave V. Etiology of Acute Febrile Illness among Hospitalized Adults and Children at a Public Tertiary-Care Center in Pune, India. ID Week...

Pages

Clinical features and diagnosis of tuberculosis: primary infection and progressive pulmonary tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-04-27
Publication: 
Handbook of Tuberculosis
In this chapter, we will review the clinical manifestations of intrathoracic tuberculosis (TB), including pathophysiology and clinical features of primary and secondary or reactivation TB. Specific topics discussed are the physical examination, and microbiological, radiological, and immunological...

Resident doctors' attitudes toward tuberculosis patients

Post Date: 
2017-04-15
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Background: The attitude of the resident doctors toward tuberculosis (TB) patients can affect their treatment seeking behavior, compliance to treatment as well as reinforce the stigma attached to the disease by the society at large. Aims: To assess the attitudes...

Bedaquiline

Post Date: 
2017-01-01
Publication: 
Kucers’ the Use of Antibiotics: A Clinical Review of Antibacterial, Antifungal, and Antiviral Drugs, 7th Edition
Section II, Antibiotics: Part 12 Anti-tuberculosis drugs.

The ripple effect: why promoting female leadership in global health matters

Post Date: 
2016-12-21
Publication: 
Public Health Action
Leadership positions in global health are greatly skewed toward men; the imbalance is more pronounced in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The under-representation of women in leadership is a threat to gender equality, and also impacts the improvement of women's health outcomes...

Patterns of use and perceptions of harm of smokeless tobacco in Navi Mumbai, India and Dhaka, Bangladesh

Post Date: 
2016-12-04
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Background: Globally, smokeless tobacco use is disproportionately concentrated in low-income and middle-income countries like India and Bangladesh. Objectives: The current study examined comparative patterns of use and perceptions of harm for different smokeless tobacco products among adults and...

Editorial Commentary: Recruiting the next generation of infectious diseases physicians: how do we reignite the passion?

Post Date: 
2016-07-15
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Introduction: Infectious diseases (ID) is the most exciting medical subspecialty. We may be biased, but we are not wrong. It is disheartening that applications to ID fellowships continue to decrease; in 2016, 61% of fellowship programs did not fill through the National Resident Matching...

Defining clinical excellence in adult infectious disease practice

Post Date: 
2016-06-16
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Clinical excellence should be recognized, particularly in the current climate that appropriately prioritizes relationship-centered care. In order to develop a recognition model, a definition of clinical excellence must be created and agreed upon. A paradigm recently suggested by C. Christmas...

Tuberculosis risk among medical trainees, Pune, India

Post Date: 
2016-03-22
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
Emerging Infectious Diseases
During 2012–2013, at a public hospital in Pune, India, 26 (3.9%) cases of tuberculosis were reported among 662 medical trainees, representing an estimated incidence of 3,279 cases/100,000 person-years. Three of these infections were isoniazid-resistant, 1 was multidrug-resistant, and 1 occurred in...

Infectious Diseases (ID) Learning Unit: How rapidly to evaluate for active tuberculosis disease in low-prevalence settings

Post Date: 
2016-03-11
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Open Forum Infectious Diseases
With declining tuberculosis (TB) incidence in low-prevalence settings, many clinicians are likely unaware that the approach to diagnosing active TB is evolving with newer technologies. Rapid molecular assays are commercially available, and more are likely to enter the market in the coming...

Awareness and support for graphic health warnings on smokeless tobacco packages in Navi Mumbai, India and Dhaka, Bangladesh

Post Date: 
2015-12-04
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Tobacco Control
Awareness and support for graphic health warnings on smokeless tobacco packages in Navi Mumbai, India and Dhaka, Bangladesh

Knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding breastfeeding in postpartum mothers at a tertiary care institute during a public health awareness campaign

Post Date: 
2015-10-09
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
International Journal of Health Sciences
Background: Breast feeding has several benefits for both the infants and mothers. However, despite strong evidences in support of breast feeding its prevalence has remained low worldwide. The objective of the present study was to examine the knowledge and attitude towards breast feeding and infant...

Maternal Smokeless Tobacco Use in Pregnancy and Adverse Health Outcomes in Newborn babies

Post Date: 
2015-09-17
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
The Asian Man
BACKGROUND: Perinatal morbidity and mortality are important indicators of maternal health and the future health of the child. Smokeless tobacco (ST) use during pregnancy is associated with low birth weight (LBW), preterm births, stillbirths, and small for gestation age (SGA). This study...

Development of global health education at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine: a student-driven initiative

Post Date: 
2015-07-27
Publication: 
Medical Education Online
Global health is increasingly present in the formal educational curricula of medical schools across North America. In 2008, students at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (JHUSOM) perceived a lack of structured global health education in the existing curriculum and began working with...

GETHealth Summit Report—2014, Conference Proceedings

Post Date: 
2015-07-08
The GETHealth Summit brought together healthcare professionals, representatives from the technology and education sectors, academic researchers, global health experts from backgrounds including non-governmental organisations to government. This diverse group of delegates were brought together to...

Policy Guidance: The Use of Lateral-Flow Urine LAM for Diagnosis and Screening of Active TB in People Living with HIV

Post Date: 
2015-06-30
Publication: 
WHO: The Use of Lateral-Flow Urine LAM for Diagnosis and Screening of Active TB in People Living with HIV
Background : Tests based on the detection of mycobacterial lipoarabinomannan (LAM) antigen in urine have emerged as potential point-of-care tests for tuberculosis (TB). LAM antigen is a lipopolysaccharide present in mycobacterial cell walls, which is released from metabolically active or...

High levels of tobacco-specific N-nitrosamines and nicotine in Chaini Khaini, a product marketed as snus

Post Date: 
2014-12-09
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Tobacco Control
Introduction: Recently, a tobacco product, Chaini Khaini, identified as snus appeared in India. The product marketing emphasizes its discreet nature and explicitly claims safety by referring to the existing evidence on Swedish snus. We here analyzed tobacco-specific nitrosamines and nicotine...

Quit history, intentions to quit, and reasons for considering quitting among tobacco users in India: Findings from the Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation India Wave 1 Survey

Post Date: 
2014-12-05
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Indian Journal of Cancer
Background: GATS India 2009–10 revealed that more than one-third (35%) of adults in India use tobacco in some form: 21% use smokeless tobacco, 9% smoke, and 5% are mixed users (they smoke and use smokeless tobacco), and the quit rate is very low. In an effort to decrease prevalence of tobacco use,...

Optimisation of the Medical Education Partnership Initiative to address African health-care challenges

Post Date: 
2014-06-25
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
The Lancet Global Health
The Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI) is an innovative and potentially transformative 5-year programme, established by the US Government in 2010, to increase the number of doctors to meet crucial human resource needs in sub-Saharan Africa.1 MEPI allows African institutions that...

A consortium approach to competency-based undergraduate medical education in Uganda: process, opportunities and challenges

Post Date: 
2014-05-15
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Education for Health
Background: Uganda, like the rest of Africa, is faced with serious health challenges including human immunodeficiency virus infection/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), other infectious diseases and increasing non-communicable diseases, yet it has a significant shortage of health...

Leveraging information technology to address the health workforce gap

Post Date: 
2013-11-01
Publication: 
Bulletin of the World Health Organization
According to some estimates, the world needs more than 4 million additional physicians, nurses, pharmacists, laboratory technicians, midwives, community health workers (CHWs) and other front-line health workers. However, there is also a shortage of faculty that can provide high-quality...

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Economy CANNOT restart until testing and contact tracing improves in the US, says John Hopkins expert

Post Date: 
2020-04-08
Source: 
DailyMail
DailyMail
Dr. Robert Bollinger of Johns Hopkins University warned that the 'biggest issue' in the fight against the pandemic is the lack of testing, in an interview with CNBC Tuesday.

Is bringing back sports during coronavirus realistic or safe? We asked the experts

Post Date: 
2020-04-08
Source: 
Los Angeles Times
Dr. Larry Chang
Los Angeles Times: Dr. Larry Chang discusses opening professional sports: “Every practice is a high-risk transmission event.”

For Undocumented Workers, More Risk and Little Safety Net

Post Date: 
2020-04-07
Source: 
The Colorado Trust
Dr. Kathleen Page
Dr. Page was interviewed about Latino immigrant health during COVID-19.

HIV-ASSIST Uses Algorithms in Appropriate ART-Regimen Selection

Post Date: 
2020-03-31
Source: 
Contagion, Infectious Diseases Today
Dr. Maunank Shah
Contagion highlights a randomized study of HIV-ASSIST recently published in Clinical Infectious Diseases by Maunank Shah and colleagues.

What Would It Take to Lift Coronavirus Restrictions? Experts Weigh In

Post Date: 
2020-03-25
Source: 
Bloomberg News
“We need to absorb the pain now,” says Larry W. Chang, an infectious disease doctor and researcher at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. “If you lift restrictions early, the number of infected people will skyrocket. Hospitals will be overwhelmed.” That might cause state and local...

Loopholes may lead to China’s 2nd wave of viral outbreaks

Post Date: 
2020-03-23
Source: 
Global Times (China)
Some overseas experts also warned that covert coronavirus infections could lead to new outbreaks, while scientists are now rushing to estimate the proportion of people with mild or no symptoms who could be spreading the pathogen, according to an article published by Nature on Friday. Also some...

Time for China to help US fight against pandemic

Post Date: 
2020-03-21
Source: 
Global Times (China)
"The immediate need is for more PPE and testing capabilities," Larry William Chang, an infectious diseases expert from of Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, told the Global Times via email. Chang noted that the major challenges the US faces include inadequate supplies of PPE, ventilators, and...

Do Anti-Inflammatories Like Ibuprofen Aggravate Coronavirus?

Post Date: 
2020-03-20
Source: 
US News and World Report
“Unfortunately, with so many places experiencing patients with COVID-19, almost inevitably we’re going to see some strange associations, and it’s hard to know what’s going to be real and what’s noise,” says Dr. Larry William Chang, associate professor of medicine, epidemiology and international...

VERIFY: No, hand dryers will not kill the coronavirus; They won't spread it either

Post Date: 
2020-03-17
Source: 
WUSA9 (CBS, Washington, DC)
"Hand dryers are not effective," the WHO wrote. "In killing the new coronavirus." Dr. Larry Chang from Johns Hopkins University agreed. "There's no evidence that hand drying reaches enough temperatures," he said. "Or that drying out the virus is going to prevent transmission."

VERIFY: No, mosquitoes will not give you coronavirus

Post Date: 
2020-03-13
Source: 
WUSA9 (CBS, Washington, DC)
To find out the truth, the Verify Team reached out to Dr. Larry William Chang, an Associate Professor of Medicine at the Johns Hopkins University. He said that this blame of the mosquito is nothing new. “The mosquito has been implicated in a lot of things," he said. "Way back when it was implicated...

VERIFY: No, sipping water will not prevent coronavirus, as claimed in viral post

Post Date: 
2020-03-12
Source: 
2020-03-12: WUSA9 (CBS, Washington, DC)
Chang said that the virus is transmitted by small droplets, that are released when someone coughs or sneezes. He said the tiny droplets will then attach themselves to a person's cells. "When you're drinking water," he said. "You're not going to wash away virus, which may have already gone inside...

Integrated Mobile Health Applications Show Promise for Quicker Care of Drug-Resistant TB in South Africa

Post Date: 
2019-10-11
Jane McKenzie-White
Researchers at Johns Hopkins and other institutions developed and tested a suite of mobile health applications that shows great promise for patient care and public health.

Helping Latino Immigrant Families Navigate the Health Care System

Post Date: 
2019-08-15
Kathleen Page
Dr. Kathleen Page is interviewed by Baltimore NPR affiliate WYPR about access to healthcare among Baltimore's LatinX immigrant community

Ending the HIV Epidemic: On Baltimore's Front Lines

Post Date: 
2019-08-14
Source: 
WYPR: Baltimore NPR Affiliate
WYPR Logo
WYPR: Kathleen Page discusses the status of HIV in a panel interview

FDA OKs 'Game Changer' Pretomanid for Highly Resistant TB

Post Date: 
2019-08-14
Amita Gupta
Medscape: Dr. Amita Gupta weighs in on the FDA approval of a new drug for XDR-TB

2018 Year in Review

Post Date: 
2019-06-30
2018 Year in Review
Our newly released 2018 Annual Report features ongoing and new work underway last year. And boy, what a year it was!

Pride in Pune: BJGMC TREAT Asia Team Conducts Health Camp

Post Date: 
2019-06-24
TREAT Asia Team Members
Pride in Pune: The BJGMC CRS teamed up with the Udaan Trust to convene a sexual health awareness & screening camp

Connecting the Dots: Johns Hopkins Visiting Professor of Infectious Diseases Dr. Bruno Andrade

Post Date: 
2019-05-21
Dr. Bruno Andrade
Andrade has built an impressive research enterprise in Brazil, and a creative way to sustain it

U.S. wants UN to revoke credentials of Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro’s government

Post Date: 
2019-04-12
Source: 
Reuters
U.S. Vice President Mike Pence called on the United Nations on Wednesday to revoke the U.N. credentials of Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro’s government and recognize opposition leader Juan Guaido as the country’s legitimate leader.

U.S. calls on UN to oust Maduro and recognise challenger

Post Date: 
2019-04-11
Source: 
Canada Standard
The UN Security Security remains stalemated by veto-wielding members Russia and the United States. The council has been powerless since the start of the year when the crisis gripping the country escalated following elections in January.

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