Education News

Case Review: 62 yo, previously healthy male from Cape Verde; presented to PCP in Dec 2015; abscesses on chest, back & axilla.

A 45 year old man presents to outpatient clinic with a 6-month history of numbness and weakness in right foot.

Education

CCGHE instructs students at Johns Hopkins and offers online courses for students and faculty in resource limited settings. During the last decade, we've hosted more than 1900 educational presentations and courses with more than 8,000 providers and technicians participating from around the world.

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Barriers to Early Treatment Initiation in Childhood Tuberculosis in High Incidence Setting

Post Date: 
2016-04-21
Country: 
Funded by the Fogarty International Center and led by PI Dr. Chhaya Tukaram Valvi, the aim of this study is to evaluate the time to treatment initiation and barriers to early treatment initiation in childhood tuberculosis. TB diagnosis in children is challenging, often overlooked or missed, because...

Risk of Tuberculosis among Health Care Workers and Trainees in a Tertiary-care Hospital in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2015-04-15
Country: 
A retrospective study of health care workers (HCWs) was conducted by investigators of the Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Medical and Sassoon General Hospitals (BJMC-SGH) in Pune, India. The purpose of the study was to estimate TB prevalence and incidence and investigate frequency and treatment failure,...

Community Health Workers, mHealth, and Combination HIV Prevention in a Hotspot: A Randomized Trial (mLAKE)

Post Date: 
2015-04-01
Country: 
Led by Dr. Larry Chang, the mLAKE study in Uganda is examining whether community health workers equipped with cellphones and the emocha Mobile Health platform are able to successfully promote HIV treatment and prevention services in households in a fishing community in East Africa with a very high...

Salud al Dia

Post Date: 
2014-11-01
Country: 
This initiative is intended to address healthcare disparities among Latino children in Baltimore by increasing engagement of limited English proficiency (LEP) Latino parents in primary healthcare. Specifically, we are looking at whether using in-person and technology-based support interventions...

Evaluating Demand Generation (Stylish Man) for HIV/Family Planning Services, Rakai, Uganda

Post Date: 
2014-08-01
Country: 
Dr. Larry Chang is co-investigator of this effort to test a novel approach to promoting HIV services in Rakai, Uganda. The Stylish Man Program, attempts to “demedicalize” HIV prevention and care in a public health campaign designed to normalize HIV care as part of self care for African men. The...

Community Home Based India Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV

Post Date: 
2013-09-02
Country: 
CCGHE is assessing whether equipping Community Health Workers with mobile health technology and involving them in technology training and personal empowerment seminars can help prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV. CHWs who care for HIV + pregnant and nursing women are using the emocha...

Analysis of Data Collected from the Evaluation of Community-Based Education, Research and Service (COBERS)

Post Date: 
2012-06-12
Country: 
Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MakCHS), the Medical Schools at Gulu University (GU), Mbarara University of Science and Technology (MUST), Kampala International University (KIU) and Busitema University (BU) came together with Johns Hopkins University (JHU) in 2010 to form Medical...

DOmestic Violence Enhanced Home Visitation and Smart Phones (DOVE)

Post Date: 
2012-01-01
Country: 
The major challenge of early prenatal nurse home visitation programs is to accurately identify abused women. The DOVE study aims to improve maternal health and increase the use of a safety plan and community resources by using an emocha ® application to assist home visitors in effectively and...

HIV Latino Outreach Program, Baltimore City Health Department

Post Date: 
2008-01-01
Country: 
Dr. Kathleen Page founded and directs the Baltimore City Health Department’s HIV Latino Outreach Program, which provides more than 1000 HIV tests per year to Baltimore's Latino community, and provides linkages to care services for those testing positive.

Peer Community-based Assistant in REtention: Effect of Peer Health Workers on People Living with HIV Not on Antiretroviral Therapy—A Randomized Operations Research Trial

Post Date: 
2007-03-29
Country: 
Human resource limitations, long travel times, and a weak health care infrastructure pose significant challenges to the delivery of anti-retroviral therapy (ART) in rural settings such as the Rakai District in southwestern Uganda. HIV increases demand for health services and also impacts the health...

BJGMC-JHU Fogarty HIV-TB Training Program

Post Date: 
2007-01-01
Country: 
Funded by the Fogarty International Center at the National Institutes of Health, the JHU Fogarty program has nearly 20 years of success with providing training, professional development, and mentorship to clinicians and scientists in low and middle income countries. CCGHE's latest efforts in this...

Integration of HIV and Other Prevalent Relevant Infectious Disease Care into Primary Medical Care

Post Date: 
2007-01-01
Country: 
According to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), HIV is rapidly expanding in Latin America, and among the Latin American countries with highest HIV prevalence, four are located in Central America. Notably, AIDS is among the 10 leading causes of death in three of the six countries in...

Treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-04-27
Publication: 
Handbook of Tuberculosis
This chapter addresses the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis highlighting drug classes, recommended regimens, adverse drug reactions, drug-drug interactions, and practical aspects of monitoring, The principles of treatment of latent tuberculosis are also addressed including whom to treat, what...

Clinical features and diagnosis of tuberculosis: primary infection and progressive pulmonary tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-04-27
Publication: 
Handbook of Tuberculosis
In this chapter, we will review the clinical manifestations of intrathoracic tuberculosis (TB), including pathophysiology and clinical features of primary and secondary or reactivation TB. Specific topics discussed are the physical examination, and microbiological, radiological, and immunological...

Extrapulmonary tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-04-27
Publication: 
Handbook of Tuberculosis
M. tuberculosis (MTB) can cause disease in almost any organ of the body. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) is defined as tuberculosis (TB) disease outside of the lung parenchyma [1]. Much like pulmonary TB, EPTB can occur as a primary infection or as reactivation of a latent focus with subsequent...

Resident doctors' attitudes toward tuberculosis patients

Post Date: 
2017-04-15
Publication: 
Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Country: 
Background: The attitude of the resident doctors toward tuberculosis (TB) patients can affect their treatment seeking behavior, compliance to treatment as well as reinforce the stigma attached to the disease by the society at large. Aims: To assess the attitudes of resident medical doctors toward...

The ripple effect: why promoting female leadership in global health matters

Post Date: 
2016-12-21
Publication: 
Public Health Action
Leadership positions in global health are greatly skewed toward men; the imbalance is more pronounced in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The under-representation of women in leadership is a threat to gender equality, and also impacts the improvement of women's health outcomes globally. In...

Editorial Commentary: Recruiting the next generation of infectious diseases physicians: how do we reignite the passion?

Post Date: 
2016-07-15
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Country: 
Introduction: Infectious diseases (ID) is the most exciting medical subspecialty. We may be biased, but we are not wrong. It is disheartening that applications to ID fellowships continue to decrease; in 2016, 61% of fellowship programs did not fill through the National Resident Matching Program, up...

Defining clinical excellence in adult infectious disease practice

Post Date: 
2016-06-16
Publication: 
Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Country: 
Clinical excellence should be recognized, particularly in the current climate that appropriately prioritizes relationship-centered care. In order to develop a recognition model, a definition of clinical excellence must be created and agreed upon. A paradigm recently suggested by C. Christmas...

High tuberculosis risk among medical trainees, Pune, India

Post Date: 
2016-03-22
Publication: 
Emerging Infectious Diseases
Country: 
During 2012–2013, at a public hospital in Pune, India, 26 (3.9%) cases of tuberculosis were reported among 662 medical trainees, representing an estimated incidence of 3,279 cases/100,000 person-years. Three of these infections were isoniazid-resistant, 1 was multidrug-resistant, and 1 occurred in...

Infectious Diseases (ID) Learning Unit: How rapidly to evaluate for active tuberculosis disease in low-prevalence settings

Post Date: 
2016-03-11
Publication: 
Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Country: 
With declining tuberculosis (TB) incidence in low-prevalence settings, many clinicians are likely unaware that the approach to diagnosing active TB is evolving with newer technologies. Rapid molecular assays are commercially available, and more are likely to enter the market in the coming years...

Development of global health education at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine: a student-driven initiative

Post Date: 
2015-07-27
Publication: 
Medical Education Online
Global health is increasingly present in the formal educational curricula of medical schools across North America. In 2008, students at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (JHUSOM) perceived a lack of structured global health education in the existing curriculum and began working with the...

GETHealth Summit Report—2014, Conference Proceedings

Post Date: 
2015-07-08
The GETHealth Summit brought together healthcare professionals, representatives from the technology and education sectors, academic researchers, global health experts from backgrounds including non-governmental organisations to government. This diverse group of delegates were brought together to...

Policy Guidance: The Use of Lateral-Flow Urine LAM for Diagnosis and Screening of Active TB in People Living with HIV

Post Date: 
2015-06-30
Publication: 
WHO: The Use of Lateral-Flow Urine LAM for Diagnosis and Screening of Active TB in People Living with HIV
Background : Tests based on the detection of mycobacterial lipoarabinomannan (LAM) antigen in urine have emerged as potential point-of-care tests for tuberculosis (TB). LAM antigen is a lipopolysaccharide present in mycobacterial cell walls, which is released from metabolically active or...

Optimisation of the Medical Education Partnership Initiative to address African health-care challenges

Post Date: 
2014-06-25
Publication: 
The Lancet Global Health
Country: 
The Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI) is an innovative and potentially transformative 5-year programme, established by the US Government in 2010, to increase the number of doctors to meet crucial human resource needs in sub-Saharan Africa.1 MEPI allows African institutions that are...

A consortium approach to competency-based undergraduate medical education in Uganda: process, opportunities and challenges

Post Date: 
2014-05-15
Publication: 
Education for Health
Country: 
Background: Uganda, like the rest of Africa, is faced with serious health challenges including human immunodeficiency virus infection/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), other infectious diseases and increasing non-communicable diseases, yet it has a significant shortage of health...

Leveraging information technology to address the health workforce gap

Post Date: 
2013-11-01
Publication: 
Bulletin of the World Health Organization
According to some estimates, the world needs more than 4 million additional physicians, nurses, pharmacists, laboratory technicians, midwives, community health workers (CHWs) and other front-line health workers. However, there is also a shortage of faculty that can provide high-quality training and...

HIV/AIDS education in traditional Indian systems of medicine: faculty perspectives

Post Date: 
2013-10-24
Publication: 
Journal of Traditional Medicine and and Clinical Naturopathy
Country: 
In India, HIV-infected individuals face numerous challenges in their search for treatments. Currently, western allopathic medicine (hereinafter ‘biomedicine’) offers antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV/AIDS and associated co-morbidities that have prolonged survival and improved quality of life...

Correlates of lower comprehension of informed consent among participants enrolled in a cohort study in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2013-03-15
Publication: 
International Health
Country: 
Background: Optimum comprehension of informed consent by research participants is essential yet challenging. This study explored correlates of lower comprehension of informed consent among 1334 participants of a cohort study aimed at estimating HIV incidence in Pune, India. Methods: As part of the...

Assessing the evolving definition of underrepresented minority and its application in academic medicine

Post Date: 
2013-01-15
Publication: 
Academic Medicine
Country: 
Purpose: To assess how U.S. academic health centers (AHCs) define the term underrepresented minority (URM) and apply it to their diversity programs, following the 2003 revision of the Association of American Medical Colleges' (AAMC's) definition of URM. Method: In 2010, the authors developed and...

A novel educational strategy targeting health care workers in underserved communities in Central America to integrate HIV into primary medical care

Post Date: 
2012-10-24
Publication: 
PLOS
Background: Current educational strategies to integrate HIV care into primary medical care in Central America have traditionally targeted managers or higher-level officials, rather than local health care workers (HCWs). We developed a complementary online and on-site interactive training program to...

Evaluation of a multimodal, distance learning HIV management course for clinical care providers in India

Post Date: 
2012-10-01
Publication: 
Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
Country: 
Distance learning is an important tool for training HIV health workers. However, there is limited evidence on design and evaluation of distance learning HIV curricula and tools. We therefore designed, implemented, and evaluated a distance learning course on HIV management for clinical care...

Pages

A5300/I2003/PHOENIx Preparatory Study of MDR TB Cases and Their Household Contacts: Operational Feasibility to Inform PHOENIx Trial

Post Date: 
2017-05-29
Presentation Location: 
Washington, DC
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
2017 IMPAACT Annual Meeting
Invited presenter. MDR-TB Training Session.

How Americans Benefit from Global Health Research

Post Date: 
2017-05-25
Presentation Location: 
Washington, DC
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
The Fogarty International Center: How Americans Benefit from Global Health Research Webinar, Research!America
Invited presenter. Live webinar with NIH Fogarty Director Roger Glass, and Johns Hopkins Desmond M. Tutu Professor of Public Health and Human Rights Chris Beyrer.

Choosing an ID Fellowship

Post Date: 
2016-10-29
Presentation Location: 
New Orleans, LA
Event & Convener: 
ID Week 2016
Presenter, Symposium: Choosing a Career in Infectious Diseases

Household Contact Tracing of Adult Pulmonary TB Patients in India: Prevalence of TB Disease and Infection

Post Date: 
2016-10-27
Presentation Location: 
New Orleans, LA
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
ID Week 2016
Poster Abstract Session: Tuberculosis Epidemiology and Diagnosis. Chandrasekaran P , Thiruvengadam K, Gupte N, Luck EH, Mave M, Gupte A, Gupta A, Swaminathan S

Host Factors Associated with Poor Respiratory Health-Related Quality of Life in Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2016-10-27
Presentation Location: 
New Orleans, LA
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
ID Week 2016
Poster Abstract Session: Tuberculosis Treatment and Outcome. Gupte A , Meshram S, Selvaraju S, Gupte N, Shivakumar SVBY, Paradkar M, Kohli R, Theruvengadam K, Suryavanshi N, Chandrasekaran P, Mave V, Swaminathan S, Salvi S, Checkley, W, Golub J, Gupta A

Impact of Drug Susceptibility Testing on Drug Choice in a Tuberculosis Cohort with High Rates of Drug Resistance from the Private Sector in Mumbai

Post Date: 
2016-10-27
Presentation Location: 
New Orleans, LA
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
ID Week 2016
Poster Abstract Session: Tuberculosis Treatment and Outcome. Udwadia ZF, Tornheim JA , Ganatra S, DeLuca A, Banka R, Gupta A

Etiology of Acute Febrile Illness among Hospitalized Adults and Children at a Public Tertiary-Care Center in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2016-10-27
Presentation Location: 
New Orleans, LA
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
ID Week 2016
Poster Abstract Session: Oh One World: Infections from Near and Far. Robinson M , Balasubramanian U, Raichur P, Kadam D, Khadse S, Marbaniang I, Kanade S, Sachs J, Basavaraj A, Bharadwaj R, Kinikar A, Kulkarni V, Kagal A, Gupta A, Mave V

Outreach Workers in the Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) Programme in India: Challenges and Opportunities

Post Date: 
2016-07-21
Presentation Location: 
Durban, South Africa
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
21st Annual International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016)
Abstract Presentation. Suryavanshi N , Mave V, Kadam A, Kanade S, Sivalenka S, Sampath K, Harve P, Gupta RS, Hegde A, McKenzie-White J, Gupte N, Gupta A, Bollinger RC, Shankar AV.

A Cluster-Randomized Trial to Promote Combination HIV Prevention Using M-health-Supported CHWs in a High-Prevalence Fishing Community: Design and Baseline Characteristics of the mLAKE Trial in Rakai, Uganda

Post Date: 
2016-07-21
Presentation Location: 
Durban, South Africa
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
21st International AIDS Conference. International AIDS Society.
Abstract Presentation. Chang L, Mbabali I, Kong X, Hutton H, Long A, Thomas A, Bugos E, Ssekasanvu J, Kennedy C, Amico R, Nalugoda F, Reynolds S, Quinn T, Serwadda D, Wawer M, Gray R, Nakigozi G.

Rapid Diagnosis, Linkage and Treatment Initiation of Patients with Drug-resistant Tuberculosis in South Africa: The miLINC Solution to Improve Access to Care

Post Date: 
2016-07-20
Presentation Location: 
Durban, South Africa
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
21st International AIDS Conference. International AIDS Society.
Poster Presentation. Farley JE , Seiguer S, Naicker M, McKenzie-White J, Greg C, Elmi M, Stevens W, Stewart-Isherwood L

Prevalence of and Risk Factors for Diabetes mellitus among Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients in Pune, India.

Post Date: 
2016-07-16
Presentation Location: 
Durban, South Africa
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
TB2016. International AIDS Society.
Poster presentation.

Medicine as a Bridge Between the US and India

Post Date: 
2016-05-21
Presentation Location: 
Philadelphia, PA
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
Indiaspora
Presentation

Conducting ID Research in India and Beyond

Post Date: 
2016-03-14
Presentation Location: 
Baltimore, MD
Event & Convener: 
ID Didactic Research Forum, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
Presentation

Combination HIV Prevention and HIV Incidence in a Ugandan Hotspot Fishing Community

Post Date: 
2016-02-23
Presentation Location: 
Boston, MA
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections 2016
Poster Presentation. Session: HIV Testing and Prevention. Kagaayi J, Grabowski MK, Nakigozi G, Kigozi G, Nalugoda F, Ssekubugu R, Gray RH, Serwadda D, Wawer MJ, Chang L.

TB Risk Perceptions Among Medical Residents at a Tertiary Care Center in India

Post Date: 
2015-12-06
Presentation Location: 
Cape Town, South Africa
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
46th Union World Conference on Lung Health. International Union for Tuberculosis and Lung Disease.
Oral Abstract. Session: The Wide Swath of Vulnerable Populations. Pardeshi G , Parande M, Kadam D, Chandanwale A, Deluca A, Bollinger R, Farley J, Suryavanshi N.

TB Outbreak among Health Care Workers and Trainees in a Tertiary-care Hospital in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2015-12-05
Presentation Location: 
Cape Town, South Africa
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
46th Union World Conference on Lung Health
E-Poster Discussion. Session: Preventing Infection and Transmission of TB in Health Facilities and the Community. Authors: Basavaraj A , Patil A, Kadam DB, Chandanwale A, Jain D, DeLuca A, Mave V, Bollinger R.

Isoniazid Hair Concentrations in Children with TB

Post Date: 
2015-12-05
Presentation Location: 
Cape Town, South Africa
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
46th Union World Conference on Lung Health. International Union for Tuberculosis and Lung Disease.
Poster Session. Authors: Mave V, Kinikar AA, Gupte N, Nimkar S, Kagal A, Horng H, Ramachandran G, Dooley K, Gupta A.

Developing a Validated Tool to Assess Internal Medicine and Infectious Disease Trainees’ Ability to Obtain and Interpret TB Diagnostics

Post Date: 
2015-10-11
Presentation Location: 
San Diego, CA
Event & Convener: 
ID Week 2015
Presentation. Chida N, Gupta A, Bollinger B, Melia M.

A Man from Central America with Progressive Shortness of Breath

Post Date: 
2015-10-07
Presentation Location: 
San Diego, CA
Event & Convener: 
ID Week 2015
Case Report. Fellows' Day Workshop.

Global Teaching of Global Health Competencies for Medical Students in Uganda

Post Date: 
2015-07-15
Presentation Location: 
Harare, Zimbabwe
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI) Innovation Session
Presentation

Pages

Treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-04-27
Publication: 
Handbook of Tuberculosis
This chapter addresses the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis highlighting drug classes, recommended regimens, adverse drug reactions, drug-drug interactions, and practical aspects of monitoring, The principles of treatment of latent tuberculosis are also addressed including whom to treat, what...

Clinical features and diagnosis of tuberculosis: primary infection and progressive pulmonary tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-04-27
Publication: 
Handbook of Tuberculosis
In this chapter, we will review the clinical manifestations of intrathoracic tuberculosis (TB), including pathophysiology and clinical features of primary and secondary or reactivation TB. Specific topics discussed are the physical examination, and microbiological, radiological, and immunological...

Extrapulmonary tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-04-27
Publication: 
Handbook of Tuberculosis
M. tuberculosis (MTB) can cause disease in almost any organ of the body. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) is defined as tuberculosis (TB) disease outside of the lung parenchyma [1]. Much like pulmonary TB, EPTB can occur as a primary infection or as reactivation of a latent focus with subsequent...

Resident doctors' attitudes toward tuberculosis patients

Post Date: 
2017-04-15
Publication: 
Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Country: 
Background: The attitude of the resident doctors toward tuberculosis (TB) patients can affect their treatment seeking behavior, compliance to treatment as well as reinforce the stigma attached to the disease by the society at large. Aims: To assess the attitudes of resident medical doctors toward...

The ripple effect: why promoting female leadership in global health matters

Post Date: 
2016-12-21
Publication: 
Public Health Action
Leadership positions in global health are greatly skewed toward men; the imbalance is more pronounced in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The under-representation of women in leadership is a threat to gender equality, and also impacts the improvement of women's health outcomes globally. In...

Editorial Commentary: Recruiting the next generation of infectious diseases physicians: how do we reignite the passion?

Post Date: 
2016-07-15
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Country: 
Introduction: Infectious diseases (ID) is the most exciting medical subspecialty. We may be biased, but we are not wrong. It is disheartening that applications to ID fellowships continue to decrease; in 2016, 61% of fellowship programs did not fill through the National Resident Matching Program, up...

Defining clinical excellence in adult infectious disease practice

Post Date: 
2016-06-16
Publication: 
Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Country: 
Clinical excellence should be recognized, particularly in the current climate that appropriately prioritizes relationship-centered care. In order to develop a recognition model, a definition of clinical excellence must be created and agreed upon. A paradigm recently suggested by C. Christmas...

High tuberculosis risk among medical trainees, Pune, India

Post Date: 
2016-03-22
Publication: 
Emerging Infectious Diseases
Country: 
During 2012–2013, at a public hospital in Pune, India, 26 (3.9%) cases of tuberculosis were reported among 662 medical trainees, representing an estimated incidence of 3,279 cases/100,000 person-years. Three of these infections were isoniazid-resistant, 1 was multidrug-resistant, and 1 occurred in...

Infectious Diseases (ID) Learning Unit: How rapidly to evaluate for active tuberculosis disease in low-prevalence settings

Post Date: 
2016-03-11
Publication: 
Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Country: 
With declining tuberculosis (TB) incidence in low-prevalence settings, many clinicians are likely unaware that the approach to diagnosing active TB is evolving with newer technologies. Rapid molecular assays are commercially available, and more are likely to enter the market in the coming years...

Development of global health education at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine: a student-driven initiative

Post Date: 
2015-07-27
Publication: 
Medical Education Online
Global health is increasingly present in the formal educational curricula of medical schools across North America. In 2008, students at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (JHUSOM) perceived a lack of structured global health education in the existing curriculum and began working with the...

GETHealth Summit Report—2014, Conference Proceedings

Post Date: 
2015-07-08
The GETHealth Summit brought together healthcare professionals, representatives from the technology and education sectors, academic researchers, global health experts from backgrounds including non-governmental organisations to government. This diverse group of delegates were brought together to...

Policy Guidance: The Use of Lateral-Flow Urine LAM for Diagnosis and Screening of Active TB in People Living with HIV

Post Date: 
2015-06-30
Publication: 
WHO: The Use of Lateral-Flow Urine LAM for Diagnosis and Screening of Active TB in People Living with HIV
Background : Tests based on the detection of mycobacterial lipoarabinomannan (LAM) antigen in urine have emerged as potential point-of-care tests for tuberculosis (TB). LAM antigen is a lipopolysaccharide present in mycobacterial cell walls, which is released from metabolically active or...

Optimisation of the Medical Education Partnership Initiative to address African health-care challenges

Post Date: 
2014-06-25
Publication: 
The Lancet Global Health
Country: 
The Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI) is an innovative and potentially transformative 5-year programme, established by the US Government in 2010, to increase the number of doctors to meet crucial human resource needs in sub-Saharan Africa.1 MEPI allows African institutions that are...

A consortium approach to competency-based undergraduate medical education in Uganda: process, opportunities and challenges

Post Date: 
2014-05-15
Publication: 
Education for Health
Country: 
Background: Uganda, like the rest of Africa, is faced with serious health challenges including human immunodeficiency virus infection/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), other infectious diseases and increasing non-communicable diseases, yet it has a significant shortage of health...

Leveraging information technology to address the health workforce gap

Post Date: 
2013-11-01
Publication: 
Bulletin of the World Health Organization
According to some estimates, the world needs more than 4 million additional physicians, nurses, pharmacists, laboratory technicians, midwives, community health workers (CHWs) and other front-line health workers. However, there is also a shortage of faculty that can provide high-quality training and...

HIV/AIDS education in traditional Indian systems of medicine: faculty perspectives

Post Date: 
2013-10-24
Publication: 
Journal of Traditional Medicine and and Clinical Naturopathy
Country: 
In India, HIV-infected individuals face numerous challenges in their search for treatments. Currently, western allopathic medicine (hereinafter ‘biomedicine’) offers antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV/AIDS and associated co-morbidities that have prolonged survival and improved quality of life...

Correlates of lower comprehension of informed consent among participants enrolled in a cohort study in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2013-03-15
Publication: 
International Health
Country: 
Background: Optimum comprehension of informed consent by research participants is essential yet challenging. This study explored correlates of lower comprehension of informed consent among 1334 participants of a cohort study aimed at estimating HIV incidence in Pune, India. Methods: As part of the...

Assessing the evolving definition of underrepresented minority and its application in academic medicine

Post Date: 
2013-01-15
Publication: 
Academic Medicine
Country: 
Purpose: To assess how U.S. academic health centers (AHCs) define the term underrepresented minority (URM) and apply it to their diversity programs, following the 2003 revision of the Association of American Medical Colleges' (AAMC's) definition of URM. Method: In 2010, the authors developed and...

A novel educational strategy targeting health care workers in underserved communities in Central America to integrate HIV into primary medical care

Post Date: 
2012-10-24
Publication: 
PLOS
Background: Current educational strategies to integrate HIV care into primary medical care in Central America have traditionally targeted managers or higher-level officials, rather than local health care workers (HCWs). We developed a complementary online and on-site interactive training program to...

Evaluation of a multimodal, distance learning HIV management course for clinical care providers in India

Post Date: 
2012-10-01
Publication: 
Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
Country: 
Distance learning is an important tool for training HIV health workers. However, there is limited evidence on design and evaluation of distance learning HIV curricula and tools. We therefore designed, implemented, and evaluated a distance learning course on HIV management for clinical care...

Pages

Smallpox Comes Back to Life in Microbe Hunters

Post Date: 
2015-10-22
Baltimore, MD—The world may have been declared free of smallpox in 1980, but the eradication campaign was revived Tuesday in a multimedia presentation at the Johns Hopkins Medical Campus. The event featured a screening of “Smallpox,” the first episode in the Microbe Hunters series, by the Johns...

TB Noon Conference

Post Date: 
2013-10-24
Country: 
CCGHE webcasts Tuberculosis (TB) Noon Conference live and provides a global audience with open access to all live and archived sessions via the CCGHE website. Led by Drs. Maunank Shah, Jonathan Golub, Richard Chaisson, these meetings bring together Johns Hopkins TB researchers and trainees in an...