Research News

Indian mother and child

Use of kerosene cooking fuel is positively associated with TB in women and children in our analysis using reported sources of exposure.

Group Photo, BJGMC Clinical Research Site, 2016, Pune, India

The Indo-JHU Clinical Research partnership at BJGMC in Pune, India, is now one of the top enrollers among all ACTG research sites internationally.

Clinical Research

Leadership
Dr. Amita Gupta of Johns Hopkins is Principal Investigator for the Indo-JHU Clinical Research Partnership based out of CCGHE. Research is directed locally in India out of the BJGMC-JHU Clinical Research Site by Dr. Vidya Mave, a Hopkins faculty member who lives in Pune. Dr. Nikhil Gupte is the Lead Biostatistician and Deputy Director and Dr. Nishi Suryavanshi is Clinical Site Coordinator and Deputy Director. Research is conducted in collaboration with the following institutions:
 
 

TREAT Asia: Substudy on Assessment of Cardiovascular Health Knowledge, Preventive Practices and Cardio-protective Behavior among HIV-infected Individuals in Pune, India

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2017-10-12
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Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) have become one of the leading causes of death among PLWH (People Living with HIV) across the globe. The burden that CVD will pose in the imminent future for the 2.1 million HIV-infected individuals in India is currently unclear. However given that Indians have a...

Impact of Diabetes on TB Treatment Outcomes: Nested Study: Lipid Mediators of Inflammation in TB and TB-Diabetes

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2017-10-02
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Studies have shown that individuals with Tuberculosis (TB) and diabetes (TB-DM) have a distinct immune profile compared to individuals with TB alone. Individuals with TB-DM have higher inflammation, a higher bacillary load, increased Th1 immune responses and a defective neutrophil and macrophage...

HIV Antiretroviral Selection Support and Interactive Search Tool (ASSIST)

Post Date: 
2017-09-01
HIV-ASSIST is an evidence based, web platform designed and developed by experts at Johns Hopkins University to assist and educate clinicians in personalizing ARV regimens for their patients. This tool is designed to be used for adult patients only. The goals are to provide: Patient-centric...

Zika Surveillance among Antenatal Clinic Outpatients in BJ Government Medical College and Sassoon General Hospitals, Pune, India

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2017-08-31
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CCGHE is keeping an eye on Zika among pregnant women, which is transmitted by mosquitoes & can cause devastating birth defects.

TB and Pregnancy Impact of Immune Changes of HIV and Stages of Pregnancy on Tuberculosis: Nested Study on Investigating Maternal Antibodies to Modify Infant Tuberculosis Acquisition

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2017-08-29
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New study in Pune, India, aims to identify the profile of TB antibodies between mothers and infants, and to see if the presence of antibodies lowers risk of infant infection.

The Role of Innate Immunity in the Acquisition of Sterile Protection against TB Infection

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2017-08-25
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Tuberculosis (TB) is a major global health problem. Vaccines are the most powerful instruments for limiting the morbidity and mortality of infectious diseases, so the development of highly protective TB vaccines is one of the highest priorities in public health. Bacille de Calmette et Guérin (BCG...

Validation of Transcriptional Signature to Predict Active TB Disease among Advanced HIV Patients

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2017-08-15
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There have been tremendous advances in the diagnosis of patients with tuberculosis (TB) based on nucleic acid amplification of bacteria in the sputum. The GenXpert MTB/RIF provides results in 2 hours. However, in HIV-infected sputum smear is often negative for AFB and the sensitivity of GenXpert...

Antimicrobial Use and Diagnosis among Hospitalized Febrile Patients in Pune, India

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2017-08-07
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Antimicrobial resistance, a leading threat to human health, is enabled by unnecessary antibiotic use. Strategies to reduce unnecessary antibiotic use in India, the world’s largest antibiotic consumer, are urgently needed. Although most patients hospitalized in India with acute febrile illness...

RePORT: C-TRIUMPH: Nested Study on Association of Lipid Mediators of Inflammation with TB Treatment Outcomes

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2017-08-03
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Recent studies have shown the significant role that host lipids play in modulating immunity and disease outcomes. Prostaglandins and leukotrienes are lipids that have a pro-inflammatory role in the fight against infectious agents while Specialized Pro-resolving lipid Mediators (SPMs) including...

Role of Specialized Pro-resolving Mediators (SPMs) on Markers of Inflammation in HIV-infected Adults

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2017-08-03
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Dr. Rupak Shivikoti is leading this study. There has been a surge of recent studies focusing on the role of novel lipid mediators of inflammation called specialized pro-resolving mediators (SPMs). They are produced during inflammation as a negative feedback to resolve inflammation. However, the...

Optimizing Treatment to Improve TBM Outcomes in Children: Substudy on Clinical Profile and CSF Biorepository of the Pediatric Suspected Meningitis Cases

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2017-07-18
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This sub-study is being led by PIs Dr. Kelly Dooley and Dr. Chhaya Valvi. Meningoencephalitis is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Several viruses, bacteria, and fungal pathogens including Neisseria meningitidis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Herpes...

A5349: Rifapentine-containing Treatment Shortening Regimens for Pulmonary Tuberculosis: A Randomized, Open-label, Controlled Phase 3 Clinical Trial

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2017-06-05
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This is an international, multicenter, randomized, controlled, open-label, 3-arm, phase 3 non-inferiority trial. Primary Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of a rifapentine-containing regimen to determine whether the single substitution of rifapentine for rifampin makes it possible to reduce to...

Understanding Quality of Life during and Loss to Follow-up from Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis Treatment in Pune, India

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2017-05-15
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This study will examine a) risk factors for loss to follow-up from DR-TB treatment, b) actively trace DR-TB patients lost to follow-up from treatment and c) establish a prospective observational cohort of MDR-TB, XDR-TB and DS-TB patients as well as healthy controls nested within ongoing RNTCP...

Risk Factors for Unfavourable Treatment Outcomes among Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis Patients in Public Sector Treatment in Pune

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2017-03-29
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This Fogarty funded study seeks to identify risk factors associated with unfavourable treatment outcomes (death, treatment failure, default, XDR-TB) among multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) patients under public sector Directly Observed Treatment Short-course (DOTS) Plus in Pune, India...

RePORT: C-TRIUMPH: Biomarkers for Tuberculosis Diagnosis and Treatment Response

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2017-03-24
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Aims: To develop non-sputum, blood-based tools for TB diagnosis and treatment, we urgently need biomarkers that identify active TB (ATB) cases and accurately distinguish them from latent TB infection (LTBI). Such biomarkers, when validated in diverse populations, can be developed into improved...

MDR-TB Free: Monitoring Adverse Effects, Utilizing Resources Optimally, Knowing Resistance Patterns, and Treatment Strategy

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2017-03-24
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This study is also known as MDR-TB MUKT: M onitoring Adverse Effects, U tilizing Resources Optimally, K nowing Resistance Patterns, and T reatment Strategy. Purpose: To establish an observational cohort of MDR-TB cases and household contacts with accompanying biorepository at PD Hinduja National...

Impact of HIV and Diabetes Mellitus on TB Drug Resistance and Recurrence

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2017-03-02
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Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of mortality globally. With increasing burden of HIV and diabetes mellitus (DM), there is a critical need to understand the microbial response and ensuing disease dynamics of TB in the HIV-infected and diabetic host to optimally control TB globally. Among...

Multicenter Study of the Accuracy of the BD MAX MDR-TB Assay for Detection of M. tuberculosis Complex and Mutations Associated with Resistance to Rifampin or Isoniazid

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2017-03-01
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In a multi-country study, we are assessing the accuracy of the BD MAX rapid MDR-TB assay to detect rifampin and isoniazid resistance.

TREAT Asia: Pediatric HIV Observational Database

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2017-02-09
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TREAT Asia Pediatric HIV Observational Database (TApHOD) is a collaborative observational cohort study of infants, children, and adolescents living with HIV. TApHOD study participants are enrolled and followed at selected TREAT Asia Network clinical sites in the Asia-Pacific region. Participating...

TREAT Asia Observational Database

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2017-02-09
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The TREAT Asia Observational Database's primary study objective is to: Examine HIV natural history, including the relationship between access to ART, demographics, and disease progression; short- and long-term responses to ART; impact of co-infections; HIV drug resistance patterns; and toxicity of...

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Hepatotoxicity during isoniazid preventive therapy and antiretroviral therapy in people living with HIV with severe immunosuppression: a secondary analysis of a multi-country open-label randomized controlled clinical trial

Post Date: 
2018-05-01
Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
BACKGROUND: Hepatotoxicity associated with isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) and antiretroviral therapy (ART) has not been well studied in severely immunosuppressed people with HIV. Our objective was to determine risk factors for hepatotoxicity in severely immunosuppressed individuals taking IPT...

MDR-TB in children: back to the basics

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2018-05-01
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The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
IJTLD: Summary of the Pediatric Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis Clinical Trials Landscape Meeting: a primer of current directions.

Advancing patient-centered care in tuberculosis management: A mixed-methods appraisal of Video Directly Observed Therapy

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2018-04-26
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Open Forum Infectious Diseases
OFID : Video DOT is an acceptable option for measurement of TB treatment adherence & may allow more treatment doses to be observed

Shorter treatment for minimal tuberculosis (TB) in children (SHINE): a study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

Post Date: 
2018-04-19
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Trials
Trials: Evidence for TB treatment in kids is largely based on adult studies. The SHINE study aims to fix this

Prevention of HIV-1 transmission through breastfeeding: efficacy of safety of maternal antiretroviral therapy versus infant nevirapine prophylaxis for duration of breatfeeding in HIV-1-infected women with high CD4 cell count (IMPAACT PROMISE): a randomize

Post Date: 
2018-04-01
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Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
BACKGROUND: No randomized trial has directly compared the efficacy of prolonged infant antiretroviral prophylaxis versus maternal antiretroviral therapy (mART) for prevention of mother-to-child transmission throughout the breastfeeding period. SETTING: Fourteen sites in Sub-Saharan Africa and India...

Pyrosequencing to resolve discrepant Xpert MTB/RIF and Mycobacterial Growth Indicator Tube 960

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2018-03-26
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Lung India
Lung India: Indo-JHU researchers find that pyrosequencing can clear up discrepancies about drug resistance in TB.

Screening and diagnosis of gestational diabetes in India: A systematic review and meta analysis

Post Date: 
2018-03-26
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Acta Diabetologica
Review article on prevalence and screening and diagnostic methods for gestational diabetes in India.

Intestinal barrier dysfunction and microbial translocation in HIV-infected pregnant women is associated with preterm birth

Post Date: 
2018-03-24
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
Our results show select immune markers can identify women at higher risk for PTB in HIV-1-infected populations and suggest modulating gut barrier integrity and microbial translocation may affect PTB.

Mobile phone incentives for childhood immunizations in rural India

Post Date: 
2018-03-19
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Pediatrics
In Pediatrics: Incentives and technology can improve immunization coverage in young children in resource-poor settings.

How feasible is pharmaceutical regulation in India?

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2018-01-29
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The Lancet Global Health
Lancet Global Health: Dr. Sachin Atre outlines factors that complicate pharmaceutical regulation in India, which is a component of WHO's Global Antimicrobial Resistance Action Plan.

¡Vive!: Designing an intervention to improve timely HIV diagnosis among Latino immigrant men

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2018-01-23
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Progress in Community Health Partnerships
Background: Latinos, particularly immigrant men, are more likely to present late to care for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Objectives: This manuscript describes the development of ¡Sólo Se Vive Una Vez! (¡Vive!) (You Only Live Once), a multilevel (individual and community)...

Gender-based violence screening methods preferred by women visiting a public hospital in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-01-22
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BMC Womens Health
BMC Womens Health : In our study, 23% of women reported experiencing gender based violence, and 90% reported they had never been asked about it in the healthcare setting.

Secondhand smoke exposure and validity of self-report in low-income women and children in India

Post Date: 
2018-01-10
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Pediatrics
Pediatrics: Dr. Jessica Elf and colleagues evaluated the validity of standard self-reported measures for secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure among women and children in urban India.

What will it take to reduce HIV incidence in the United States: A mathematical modeling analysis

Post Date: 
2018-01-06
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Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Modeling and simulations suggest that cutting HIV incidence in half by 2025 will require 95% of people living with HIV to be engaged in care.

Suboptimal antituberculosis drug concentrations and outcomes in small and HIV‐coinfected children in India: Recommendations for dose modifications

Post Date: 
2017-12-16
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Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
This work aimed to evaluate the once-daily antituberculosis treatment as recommended by the new Indian pediatric guidelines. Isoniazid, rifampin, and pyrazinamide concentration-time profiles and treatment outcome were obtained from 161 Indian children with drug-sensitive tuberculosis undergoing...

Isoniazid concentrations in hair and plasma area-under-the-curve exposure among children with tuberculosis

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2017-12-07
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PLOS One
PLOS One: Mave and colleagues compared TB drug exposure in plasma and hair samples among a small cohort of children.

The use of clinical decision support in reducing diagnosis of and treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria

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2017-12-06
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Journal of Hospital Medicine
Clinical decision support embedded within the electronic health record is a potential antibiotic stewardship strategy for hospitalized patients.

Antibiotic utilization and the role of suspected and diagnosed mosquito borne illness among adults and children with acute febrile illness in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2017-12-04
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
Mosquito-borne disease identification is associated with reduced empiric antibiotic use and faster antibiotic discontinuation.

Suboptimal anti-tuberculosis drug concentrations and outcomes in small and HIV coinfected children in India: recommendations for dose modifications

Post Date: 
2017-12-01
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Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
This work aimed to evaluate the once-daily anti-tuberculosis treatment as recommended by the new Indian pediatric guidelines. Isoniazid, rifampin and pyrazinamide concentration-time profiles and treatment outcome were obtained from 161 Indian children with drug-sensitive tuberculosis undergoing...

HIV prevention efforts and incidence in HIV in Uganda

Post Date: 
2017-11-30
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New England Journal of Medicine
In a large study in Uganda, Dr. Larry Chang and colleagues found that combination HIV prevention has population level implications, reducing new infections by 42%.

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Clinical Profile of Tuberculous Meningitis in a Tertiary Care Center in India. 5th Global Forum on TB Vaccines. New Delhi, India

Post Date: 
2018-02-21
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Basavaraj A. Clinical Profile of Tuberculous Meningitis in a Tertiary Care Center in India. Poster presented at 5th Global Forum on TB Vaccines. New Delhi, India. February 20-23, 2018.

Incidence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infection among Household Contacts of Adult Pulmonary Tuberculosis Cases in India

Post Date: 
2018-02-20
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Selvaraju S, Thiruvenkadam K, Paradkar M , Marinaik SB, Bharadwaj R, Rajagopalan S, Gaikwad S, Pattabiraman S, Kinikar A, Sivaramakrishnan GN, Meshram S, Hanna LE, Lokhande R, Dhanasekaran K, Gupte A, John S, Gupte N, Thomas B, Kukarni V, Ayyanu S, Kohli R, Shivakumar SVBY, Swaminathan S, Mave V,...

Hyperhomocysteinemia Screening: A Missed Opportunity to Mitigate CVD Risk among Asian Indian HIV-infected Adults?

Post Date: 
2017-12-28
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Marbaniang I , Sangle S, Kulkarni V, Deshpande P, Shere D, Gupte N, Gupta A, Mave V. Hyperhomocysteinemia Screening: A Missed Opportunity to Mitigate CVD Risk among Asian Indian HIV-infected Adults? AAPI Global Health Summit. American Association of Physicians of Indian Origin. Kolkata, India.

Leveraging Collective Impact to Promote India's Development: The Role of the Indian Diaspora in the Fight Against Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-11-09
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Gupta, A. Leveraging Collective Impact to Promote India's Development: The Role of the Indian Diaspora in the Fight Against Tuberculosis. Roundtable Event. USAID, American India Foundation, Dasra, Indiaspora, Intellecap. Georgetown University, Washington, DC.

Meet the Expert: Managing Tuberculosis in Pregnant Women and Newborns

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
Gupta A. Meet the Expert: Managing Tuberculosis in Pregnant Women and Newborns. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

A Study to Compare Efficacy of Oral High Dose Rifampicin with Standard Dose Rifampicin in Tuberculous Meningitis

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
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Basavaraj A , Avhad A, Kadam D. A Study to Compare Efficacy of Oral High Dose Rifampicin with Standard Dose Rifampicin in Tuberculous Meningitis. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico. October 13, 2017.

Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency among Indian Children with Tuberculosis and Age- and Sex-matched Controls

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
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Kinikar A , Chandanwale A, Dixit S, Jubilus J, Jain S, Bharadwaj R, Mave V, Gupte N, DeLuca A, Gupta A, Bollinger RC. Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency among Indian Children with Tuberculosis and Age- and Sex-matched Controls. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico...

Lack of TB Knowledge Among TST-Positive Household Contacts of Pulmonary Cases: A Missed Opportunity

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
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DeLuca A , Dhumal G, Paradkar M, Suryavanshi N, Mave V, Kohli R, Shivakumar SVBY, Gupta A. Lack of TB Knowledge Among TST-Positive Household Contacts of Pulmonary Cases: A Missed Opportunity. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

The ACTG IMPAACT PHOENIx Feasibility Study: Implications for Country Programs

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
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Gupta A. The ACTG IMPAACT PHOENIx Feasibility Study: Implications for Country Programs. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

Delays and Barriers to Early Treatment Initiation for Childhood Tuberculosis in India

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
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Valvi C , Chandanwale A, Khadse A, Kulkarni R, Kadam D, Dhumal G, Bollinger RC, Deluca A. Delays and Barriers to Early Treatment Initiation for Childhood Tuberculosis in India. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico. October 13, 2017.

Accessing MDR-TB Exposed Households: the PHOENiX MDR-TB Feasibility Study

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
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Gupta A. Accessing MDR-TB Exposed Households: the PHOENiX MDR-TB Feasibility Study. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

Symposium: From Bench to Bassinet: Scientific Innovations: The Fight against Maternal-Infant TB

Post Date: 
2017-10-12
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Gupta A. Symposium: From Bench to Bassinet: Scientific Innovations: The Fight against Maternal-Infant TB. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

Barriers to Contact Screening and Isoniazid Preventive Therapy among Pediatric Contacts of Adults with Smear-positive Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-10-12
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Belgaumkar V , Chandanwale A, Valvi C, Khadse S, Jain D, Dhumal G, Bollinger RC, Deluca A. Barriers to Contact Screening and Isoniazid Preventive Therapy among Pediatric Contacts of Adults with Smear-positive Tuberculosis. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

Drug Susceptibility of Rifampin-resistant Tuberculosis using Whole Genome Sequencing to Identify Genes of Interest in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2017-10-12
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Tornheim JA , Madugundu AK, Pradhan N, Bharadwaj R, Mave V, Golub J, Pandey A, Gupta A. Drug Susceptibility of Rifampin-resistant Tuberculosis using Whole Genome Sequencing to Identify Genes of Interest in Pune, India. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

Biological Differences in Tuberculosis Diagnosis and Disease in Women

Post Date: 
2017-10-12
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Mathad J. Biological Differences in Tuberculosis Diagnosis and Disease in Women. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

Linezolid Experience among MDRTB Patients in Mumbai

Post Date: 
2017-09-13
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Tornheim J, Ganatra S, Deluca A, Banka R, Rodrigues C, Gupta A, Udwadia Z. Poster Presentation. Linezolid Experience among MDRTB Patients in Mumbai. ERS International Congress. European Respiratory Society. Milan, Italy.

Trends in Glycated Hemoglobin Levels and Implications for Diabetes Screening among Pulmonary Tuberculosis Cases Undergoing Treatment in India

Post Date: 
2017-09-13
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Gupte AN , Mave V, Meshram S, Lokhande R, Kadam D, Dharmshale S, Bharadwaj R, Kagal A, Pradhan N, Deshmukh S, Atre S, Sahasrabudhe T, Barthwal M, Meshram S, Kakrani A, Kulkarni V, Raskar S, Suryavanshi S, Shivakoti R, Chon S, Selvin E, Gupte N, Gupta A, Golub JE. Trends in Glycated Hemoglobin...

High Burden of Diabetes and Prediabetes among Adult Household Contacts of India

Post Date: 
2017-09-13
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Shivakumar SVBY , Chandrasekaran P, Kumar AJMV, Paradkar M, Dhanasekaran K, Suryavanshi N, Thomas B, Kohli R, Thiruvengadam K, Kulkarni V, Hannah LE, Sivaramakrishnan GN, Pradhan N, Dolla C, Gupte A, Ramachandran G, DeLuca A, Meshram S, Bhardawaj R, Bollinger RC, Golub J, Selvaraj K, Gupte N,...

Gene Expression Profiles of Pediatric Tuberculosis Patients and Exposed Controls from India

Post Date: 
2017-09-13
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Tornheim JA , Paradkar M, Madugundu A, Gupte N, Kulkarni V, Sreenivasamurthy S, Raja R, Pradhan N, Shivakumar SVBY, Valvi C, Kohli R, Chandrasekaran P, Mave V, Pandey A, Gupta A. Gene Expression Profiles of Pediatric Tuberculosis Patients and Exposed Controls from India. RePORT International...

Hepatotoxicity in HIV+ Postpartum Women Initiating Efavirenz-Containing Regimens

Post Date: 
2017-07-26
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Bhattacharya D , Gupta A, Tierney C, Huang S, Peters M, Chipato T, Martinson F, Dula D, George K, Chaktoura N, Klingman K, Gnanashanmugam D, Currier J, Fowler MG. Hepatotoxicity in HIV+ Postpartum Women Initiating Efavirenz-Containing Regimens. IAS 2017. International AIDS Society. Paris, France...

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The Health App that Beat Hurricane Harvey

Post Date: 
2018-01-18
Source: 
Politico
CCGHE invented the emocha Mobile Health platform, and it's changing the way tuberculosis patients are cared for.

Notes from the Field: Use of Asynchronous Video Directly Observed Therapy for Treatment of Tuberculosis and Latent Tuberculosis Infection in a Long-Term–Care Facility ― Puerto Rico, 2016–2017

Post Date: 
2017-12-22
Source: 
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
emocha's video Directly Observed Therapy is highlighted in this report.

Upstarts: A Better Blood Test?

Post Date: 
2017-12-15
Source: 
JHU Engineering Impact
The miLAB handheld diagnostic project led by Dr. Bob Bollinger is the feature of this report.

Celebrating Johns Hopkins Medicine's impact in India

Post Date: 
2017-12-13
Source: 
The Campaign for Johns Hopkins Medicine
In 4 years, the CCGHE has tripled its capacity for conducting research on grave health threats, thanks to strong philanthropic support.

Transforming India from TB Hot Zone to TB Hot Shot

Post Date: 
2017-12-09
Source: 
Indiaspora
Dr. Amita Gupta's invited commentary: Can Indian transform its role in the global TB epidemic?

Combination HIV prevention reduces infections

Post Date: 
2017-12-01
Source: 
MD Magazine
. . . Researchers found that throughout the 7-year period in which rates of treatment and voluntary medical male circumcision increased significantly, HIV incidence dropped by 42% among nearly 18,000 people in Uganda . . .

NIH Statement on World AIDS Day 2017

Post Date: 
2017-12-01
. . . A study published recently in the New England Journal of Medicine found that HIV incidence dropped by 42 percent among nearly 18,000 people in a Ugandan district during a 7-year period when the rates of HIV treatment and voluntary medical male circumcision were significantly increased . . .

4 ways that telemedicine can address the opioid crisis

Post Date: 
2017-12-01
Source: 
The Hill
CCGHE Director Dr. Bob Bollinger describes the utility of telemedicine in this opinion article in The Hill.

Combination HIV Prevention Reduces New Infections by 42 Percent in Ugandan District

Post Date: 
2017-11-29
NIH announces findings from Larry Chang and colleagues published in the New England Journal of Medicine .

Male Circumcision and Antiviral Drugs Appear to Sharply Reduce HIV Infection Rate

Post Date: 
2017-11-29
. . . The study, published Nov. 29 in the New England Journal of Medicine , is the first to track a large group of people before, during and after the start of an HIV prevention program and show that the program is likely working on a large scale. The researchers found that as the program began and...

Male circumcision and antiviral drugs appear to sharply reduce HIV infection rate

Post Date: 
2017-11-29
Source: 
Medical Xpress
. . . The current study, based on RCCS data on 34,000 adults enrolled and followed between 1989 and 2016, confirmed the widespread adoption of many of PEPFAR's HIV prevention measures. The use of antiretroviral therapy among infected people rose steadily from 12 percent in the 2006 survey to 69...

Toward a TB-Free India

Post Date: 
2017-11-09
Source: 
Interagency TB Newsletter
TB research underway by the Indo-JHU clinical research partnership is highlighted in the US Interagency TB Newsletter.

Mexico conference: Experts from BJ Medical College make presentations on TB, treatment

Post Date: 
2017-11-09
Source: 
The Indian Express
Four fellows from the BJGMC-JHU Fogarty HIV-TB Training Program make national headlines in India.

CCGHE Joins 12-Country UNITAID Effort to Control TB

Post Date: 
2017-11-08
Shorter course to prevent progression of latent TB to active disease is the aim of the effort.

Efficacy maintained in HIV regimen switch

Post Date: 
2017-10-10
Source: 
MedPage Today
. . . "We still do have a lot of people on protease inhibitors in this country," Chida told MedPage Today. "Data to prove the safety and sustain viral load effect is important" to support decisions about switching. . .

CCGHE at the Union 2017

Post Date: 
2017-10-05
The 2017 Union Conference was in Guadalajaro, Mexico, October 11-14, and Indo-JHU research was well represented.

Tornheim Promoted to Assistant Professor

Post Date: 
2017-08-31
His research explores whether 2 MDR-TB drug susceptibility tests using WGS & MIC can yield options for individualized treament.

Reduced Level of Disease Possible in India by the Centennial

Post Date: 
2017-08-22
Source: 
India Abroad
India ranks highest in global disease burden. Dr. Amita Gupta weighs in on how to reverse that.

Indo-Hopkins Partnership Seeks Causes of Sepsis in the NICU

Post Date: 
2017-08-10
Sepsis among newborns in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is a big problem in India, and a complex one to untangle.

How can we encourage female leaders in global health?

Post Date: 
2017-08-09
Source: 
Global Health Matters
Fogarty Director Dr. Roger Glass asks why so few women are leading global health centers at med schools or filling other leadership roles.

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