Research News

Drs. Jeffrey Tornheim and Mandar Paradkar
December 4, 2019

Journal of Infectious Diseases: Gene expression profiles among Indian children with confirmed TB were distinct from those of adults, highlighting the importance of including distinct populations in differential gene expression models

Clinical Research

Leadership
While we conduct research all over the world, the majority of our work is in India. Our Indo-JHU Clinical Research Partnership is located in Pune and is directed by Dr. Amita Gupta (Baltimore, MD), with onsite direction from Dr. Vidya Mave, Dr. Nishi Suryavanshi, and Dr. Nikhil Gupte (Pune). The Indo-JHU Partnership employs more than 200 people and in addition to our memberships in cosortia with many esteemed Indian research institutions, we have formal agreements with:

 
 

The Role of GeneXpert in Bacterial Diagnosis of Spinal Tuberculosis

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2017-10-26
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This study was teriminated June 19, 2019. It was funded by the Fogarty International Center at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. India has the maximum burden of tuberculosis (TB) in the world. In 2014, there were an estimated 9.6 million incident cases of TB (range, 9.1 million–10.0 million)...

Assessment of Cardiovascular Health Knowledge, Preventive Practices and Cardio-protective Behavior among HIV-infected Individuals in Pune, India

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2017-10-12
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This study is conducted under the TREAT Asia Network and funded by amfAR. Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) have become one of the leading causes of death among PLWH (People Living with HIV) across the globe. The burden that CVD will pose in the imminent future for the 2.1 million HIV-infected...

Lipid Mediators of Inflammation in TB and TB-Diabetes

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2017-10-02
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This study was terminated August 1, 2019. It was funded and conducted under the U.S. National Institutes of Health and is nested within Impact of Diabetes on TB Treatment Outcomes. Dr. Jonathan Golub was the PI. Studies have shown that individuals with Tuberculosis (TB) and diabetes (TB-DM) have a...

HIV Antiretroviral Selection Support and Interactive Search Tool (ASSIST)

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2017-09-01
HIV-ASSIST is an evidence based, web platform designed and developed by experts at Johns Hopkins University to assist and educate clinicians in personalizing ARV regimens for their patients. This tool is designed to be used for adult patients only. The goals are to provide: Patient-centric...

Zika Surveillance among Antenatal Clinic Outpatients in BJ Government Medical College and Sassoon General Hospitals, Pune, India

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2017-08-31
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CCGHE is keeping an eye on Zika among pregnant women, which is transmitted by mosquitoes & can cause devastating birth defects.

Investigating Maternal Antibodies to Modify Infant Tuberculosis Acquisition

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2017-08-29
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New study in Pune, India, aims to identify the profile of TB antibodies between mothers and infants, and to see if the presence of antibodies lowers risk of infant infection.

The Role of Innate Immunity in the Acquisition of Sterile Protection against TB Infection

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2017-08-25
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This study is using stored samples from the Cohort for Tuberculosis Research by the Indo-US Medical Partnership (C-TRIUMPH), under the Regional Prospective Observational Research for Tuberculosis (RePORT) Network, an international TB consortium. Tuberculosis (TB) is a major global health problem...

Validation of Transcriptional Signature to Predict Active TB Disease among Advanced HIV Patients

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2017-08-15
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There have been tremendous advances in the diagnosis of patients with tuberculosis (TB) based on nucleic acid amplification of bacteria in the sputum. The GenXpert MTB/RIF provides results in 2 hours. However, in HIV-infected sputum smear is often negative for AFB and the sensitivity of GenXpert...

Antimicrobial Use and Diagnosis among Hospitalized Febrile Patients in Pune, India

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2017-08-07
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Antimicrobial resistance, a leading threat to human health, is enabled by unnecessary antibiotic use. Strategies to reduce unnecessary antibiotic use in India, the world’s largest antibiotic consumer, are urgently needed. Although most patients hospitalized in India with acute febrile illness...

Association of Lipid Mediators of Inflammation with TB Treatment Outcomes

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2017-08-03
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This study was terminated July 22, 2019. This study used stored samples from the Cohort for Tuberculosis Research by the Indo-US Medical Partnership (C-TRIUMPH), under the Regional Prospective Observational Research for Tuberculosis (RePORT) Network, an international TB consortium. Recent studies...

Role of Specialized Pro-resolving Mediators (SPMs) on Markers of Inflammation in HIV-infected Adults

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2017-08-03
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Dr. Rupak Shivikoti is leading this study. There has been a surge of recent studies focusing on the role of novel lipid mediators of inflammation called specialized pro-resolving mediators (SPMs). They are produced during inflammation as a negative feedback to resolve inflammation. However, the...

Optimizing Treatment to Improve TBM Outcomes in Children: Substudy on Clinical Profile and CSF Biorepository of the Pediatric Suspected Meningitis Cases

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2017-07-18
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This sub-study is being led by PIs Dr. Kelly Dooley and Dr. Chhaya Valvi. Meningoencephalitis is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Several viruses, bacteria, and fungal pathogens including Neisseria meningitidis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Herpes...

A5332: Randomized Trial to Prevent Vascular Events in HIV – REPRIEVE

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2017-06-09
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This study is conducted under the AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG) and funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health. This is a prospective, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, multicenter efficacy study in 6500 subjects, with individual subjects to be followed for up to 72 months...

A5349: Rifapentine-containing Treatment Shortening Regimens for Pulmonary Tuberculosis: A Randomized, Open-label, Controlled Phase 3 Clinical Trial

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2017-06-05
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This study is conducted under the AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG) and funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health. This is an international, multicenter, randomized, controlled, open-label, 3-arm, phase 3 non-inferiority trial. Primary Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of a rifapentine-...

Understanding Quality of Life during and Loss to Follow-up from Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis Treatment in Pune, India

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2017-05-15
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This study will examine a) risk factors for loss to follow-up from DR-TB treatment, b) actively trace DR-TB patients lost to follow-up from treatment and c) establish a prospective observational cohort of MDR-TB, XDR-TB and DS-TB patients as well as healthy controls nested within ongoing RNTCP...

Risk Factors for Unfavourable Treatment Outcomes among Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis Patients in Public Sector Treatment in Pune

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2017-03-29
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This study is funded and conducted under the U.S. National Institutes of Health, Fogarty International Center. This study seeks to identify risk factors associated with unfavourable treatment outcomes (death, treatment failure, default, XDR-TB) among multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB)...

MDR-TB Free: Monitoring Adverse Effects, Utilizing Resources Optimally, Knowing Resistance Patterns, and Treatment Strategy

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2017-03-24
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This study is also known as MDR-TB MUKT: M onitoring Adverse Effects, U tilizing Resources Optimally, K nowing Resistance Patterns, and T reatment Strategy. Purpose: To establish an observational cohort of MDR-TB cases and household contacts with accompanying biorepository at PD Hinduja National...

Biomarkers for Tuberculosis Diagnosis and Treatment Response

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2017-03-24
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This study is conducted by the Cohort for Tuberculosis Research by the Indo-US Medical Partnership (C-TRIUMPH) under the Regional Prospective Observational Research for Tuberculosis (RePORT) Network, an international TB consortium. Aims: To develop non-sputum, blood-based tools for TB diagnosis and...

Impact of HIV and Diabetes Mellitus on TB Drug Resistance and Recurrence

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2017-03-02
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Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of mortality globally. With increasing burden of HIV and diabetes mellitus (DM), there is a critical need to understand the microbial response and ensuing disease dynamics of TB in the HIV-infected and diabetic host to optimally control TB globally. Among...

Multicenter Study of the Accuracy of the BD MAX MDR-TB Assay for Detection of M. tuberculosis Complex and Mutations Associated with Resistance to Rifampin or Isoniazid

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2017-03-01
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In a multi-country study, we are assessing the accuracy of the BD MAX rapid MDR-TB assay to detect rifampin and isoniazid resistance.

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Sub-therapeutic rifampicin concentration is associated with unfavourable tuberculosis treatment outcomes

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2019-05-10
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
Rifampicin concentrations were sub-therapeutic in most Indian patients taking a thrice-weekly TB regimen

Venezuela's Public Health Crisis: A Regional Emergency

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2019-04-11
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Lancet
The Lancet: The economic crisis in Venezuela has eroded the country's health-care infrastructure and threatened public health.

The burden of diabetes in India

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2019-04-01
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The Lancet Global Health
The India State-Level Disease Burden Initiative Diabetes Collaborators (December, 2018)1 provide a comprehensive overview of the diabetes burden in India. The authors point out some limitations in estimates due to inadequacies in the data. Nevertheless, on the basis of my field experience in India...

A population pharmacokinetic analysis shows that arylacetamide deacetylase (AADAC) gene polymorphism and HIV infection affect the exposure of rifapentine

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2019-03-29
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Antimicrobial Agents Chemotherapy
New analysis published in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy!

Feasibility of identifying household contacts of rifampin- and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis cases at high risk of progression to tuberculosis disease

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2019-03-28
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
We assessed multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) cases and their household contacts (HHCs) to inform the development of an interventional clinical trial.

Willingness to take multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) preventive therapy among Adult and adolescent household contacts of MDR-TB index cases: an international multi-site cross-sectional study

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2019-03-28
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
Abstract BACKGROUND: Household contacts (HHCs) of individuals with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) are at high risk of infection and subsequent disease. There is limited evidence on the willingness of MDR-TB HHCs to take MDR-TB preventive therapy (TPT) to decrease their risk of TB disease...

Building the framework for standardized clinical laboratory reporting of next generation sequencing data for resistance-associated mutations in Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex

Post Date: 
2019-03-18
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Abstract Tuberculosis is the primary infectious disease killer worldwide, with a growing threat from multidrug- resistant cases. Unfortunately, classic growth-based phenotypic drug susceptibility testing (DST) remains difficult, costly and time-consuming, while current rapid molecular testing...

Evaluation of an adapted Project Connect community based intervention among professionals serving young minority men

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2019-03-15
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Sexually Transmitted Diseases
BACKGROUND: To address sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs of young minority urban males, we developed and evaluated Project Connect Baltimore (Connect), which was adapted from a program with demonstrated effectiveness among young females. The objectives were to determine (1) the feasibility...

One month of rifapentine plus isoniazid to prevent HIV-related tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2019-03-14
Publication: 
New England Journal of Medicine
Exciting findings from A5279: One month of Rifapentine with isonaizid is as effective as a 9-month course of isoniazid alone!

Elevated highly sensitive C-reactive protein and d-dimer levels are associated with food insecurity among people living with HIV in Pune, India

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2019-03-04
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Public Health Nutrition
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and determinants of food insecurity among people living with HIV (PLWH) in Pune, India and its association with biomarkers known to confer increased risks of morbidity and mortality in this population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis assessing food...

Prevalence, predictors, and successful treatment outcomes of Xpert MTB/RIF-identified rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis in post-conflict Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2012-2017: A retrospective province-wide cohort study

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2019-02-13
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
BACKGROUND: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) jeopardizes global TB control. The prevalence and predictors of Rifampicin-resistant (RR) TB, a proxy for MDR-TB, and the treatment outcomes with standard and shortened regimens have not been assessed in post-conflict regions, such as the South...

Female global health leadership: Data-driven approaches to close the gender gap

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2019-02-09
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The Lancet
Lancet article investigates gender-based challenges of female health trainees and professionals and identifies interventions

Few eligible for the newly recommended short course MDR-TB regimen at a large Mumbai private clinic

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2019-01-28
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BMC Infectious Diseases
BACKGROUND: India has the world's highest tuberculosis burden, and Mumbai is particularly affected by multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). WHO recommends short, intensive treatment ("Short Course") for previously untreated pulmonary MDR-TB patients but does not require universal drug...

Preventable losses: Infant mortality increases in Venezuela

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2019-01-24
Publication: 
Lancet Global Health
The health-care system collapse underway in Venezuela is a cause of utmost concern for its people and, increasingly, for the wider region. Declines in provision of basic services, such as childhood immunisation, malaria control, water, sanitation, and nutritional support, have led to increasing...

Symptom screening for active tuberculosis in pregnant women living with HIV

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2019-01-24
Publication: 
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Diagnostic test accuracy). The objectives are as follows: To assess the accuracy of the four-symptom screen (cough, fever, night sweats, or weight loss) for identifying active TB in pregnant PLHIV who are screened in an outpatient or community setting. To...

Is there a connection between gestational diabetes, human immunodeficiency virus infection, and tuberculosis?

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2019-01-01
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International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
IJTLD article reviews the epidemiology and immunology of gestational diabetes and finds there's a lot we don't know about interactions between diabetes, pregnancy, and tuberculosis in both HIV+/- women

Impact of providing preexposure prophylaxis for human immunodeficiency virus at clinics for sexually transmitted infections in Baltimore City: An agent-based model

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2018-12-15
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Sexually Transmitted Diseases
BACKGROUND: Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) greatly reduces the risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) acquisition, but its optimal delivery strategy remains uncertain. Clinics for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can provide an efficient venue for PrEP delivery. METHODS: To quantify the...

Building capacity for advances in tuberculosis research: Proceedings of the third RePORT International Meeting. Tuberculosis (Edinb)

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2018-12-15
Publication: 
Tuberculosis (Edinb)
Abstract RePORT International is a global network of research sites in India, Brazil, Indonesia, South Africa, China, and the Philippines dedicated to collaborative tuberculosis research in the context of HIV. A standardized research protocol (the Common Protocol) guides the enrollment of...

Multiplex-PCR to detect pAmpC β-lactamases among Enterobacteriaceae at a tertiary care laboratory in Mumbai, India

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2018-12-13
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Microbiology
Drug-resistance due to AmpC β-lactamases represents a growing problem worldwide. In this study, a previously collected sample of 108 cefoxitin-resistant clinical isolates was assessed for AmpC β-lactamase production through routine phenotypic testing and double-disc cefoxitin/cloxcallin (DD-CC),...

Understanding quality of care and satisfaction with sexual and reproductive healthcare among young men

Post Date: 
2018-11-30
Publication: 
Journal of Healthcare Quality
OBJECTIVE: Sexual and reproductive healthcare (SRHC) guidelines recommend the delivery of quality preventive SRHC to males beginning in adolescence. A quality of care (QOC) framework was used to examine factors associated with young male's perceptions of QOC and satisfaction with care, which can...

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Antibiotic Use and Drug-Resistant Late-Onset Infections Among Neonates Admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Units in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-08-28
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Agarkhedkar S, Armstrong D, Bharadwaj R, Cox SR, Dohe V, Gupta A, Gupte N, Johnson J, Kadam A, Kinikar A, Malwade S, Manabe Y, Mave V, Milstone A, Parikh T, Rajput U, Randive B, Robinson M , Smith R, Suryavanshi N, Vaidya U, Westercamp M. Antibiotic Use and Drug-Resistant Late-Onset Infections...

High Prevalence of Dengue among Pregnant Women in India

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2018-08-27
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Alexander M, Naik S, Robinson M , Sapkal G, Deshpande P, Kulkarni V, Nimkar S, Sambarey P, Kinikar A, Mave V, Suryavanshi N, Gupte N, Bollinger R, Gupta A, Bharadwaj R, Mathad J. High Prevalence of Dengue among Pregnant Women in India. 2018 International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases...

Association of Maternal Viral Load and CD4 Count with Perinatal HIV-1 Transmission Risk during Breastfeeding in the PROMISE Postpartum Component

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2018-07-26
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Flynn P, Taha T, Cababasay M, Butler K, Fowler MG, Mofenson L, Owor M, Fiscus S, Stranix-Chibanda L, Coutsoudis A, Gnanshanmugam D, Chakhtoura N, McCarthy K, Mukuzunga C, Makanani B, Moodley D, Nematadzira T, Kusakara B, Patil S, Vhembo T, Bobat R, Mmbaga B, Masenya M, Nyati M, Theron G, Mulenga H...

Mobile Health and Behavioral PMTCT Intervention among Community Health Workers Improves Exclusive Breastfeeding and Early Infant Diagnosis in India: A Cluster Randomized Trial

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2018-07-24
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Suryavanshi N, Kadam A, Hegde A, Sivalenka S, Kumar VS, McKenzie-White J, Kanade S, Gupta A, Bollinger RC, Shankar A, Gupte N, Mave V. Mobile Health and Behavioral PMTCT Intervention among Community Health Workers Improves Exclusive Breastfeeding and Early Infant Diagnosis in India: A Cluster...

Opportunities, Challenges and Implications of m-Health Oral Cancer Screening for HIV-positive Individuals in India

Post Date: 
2018-07-23
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Joshi S, Chandanwale A, Sangle S, Marbaniang I , Khaire S, Thakur R, Gupta A, Chigurupati R, Mave V. Opportunities, Challenges and Implications of m-Health Oral Cancer Screening for HIV-positive Individuals in India. AIDS 2018. Amsterdam, The Netherlands. July 23-27, 2018.

Health-related Quality of Life in the A5274 Trial of TB Therapy in Advanced HIV

Post Date: 
2018-07-22
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Lando R, Sun X, Miyahara S, Hosseinpour MC, Bisson GP, Kumwenda J, Gupta A, Nyirenda M, Katendey K, Torres TS, Suryavanshi N, Beulah F, Opollo V, Shah NS on behalf of the A5274 study team. Health-related Quality of Life in the A5274 Trial of TB Therapy in Advanced HIV. TB 2018, Amsterdam, The...

Role of Maternal Viral Load and CD4 Count on Perinatal HIV-1 Transmission during Breastfeeding in the PROMISE Postpartum Component

Post Date: 
2018-07-20
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Flynn P, Taha T, Cababasay M, Butler K, Fowler MG, Mofenson L, Owor M, Fiscus S, Stranix-Chibanda L, Coutsoudis A, Gnanshanmugam D, Chakhtoura N, McCarthy K, Mukuzunga C, Makanani B, Moodley D, Nematadzira T, Kusakara B, Patil S , Vhembo T, Bobat R, Mmbaga B, Masenya M, Nyati M, Theron G, Mulenga H...

Association between Dietary Intake and the Composition of the Vaginal Microbiota

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2018-06-20
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Shivakoti R , Tuddenham S, Caulfield LE, Robinson C, Rave J, Ghanem K, Brotman R. Association between dietary intake and the composition of the vaginal microbiota. Society for Epidemiologic Research 51st Annual Meeting. Baltimore, MD. June 19-22, 2018.

Association between Dietary Intake and the Composition of the Vaginal Microbiota

Post Date: 
2018-06-09
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Shivakoti R , Tuddenham S, Caulfield LE, Robinson C, Rave J, Ghanem K, Brotman R. Association between Dietary Intake and the Composition of the Vaginal Microbiota. Oral presentation at Nutrition 2018 Conference. American Society for Nutrition. Boston, MA. June 9, 2018.

Bloodstream Infections among Neonates Admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Units in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-05-05
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Johnson J , Rajput U, Valvi C, Bharadwaj R, Parikh T, Agarkhedkar S, Robinson M, Randive B, Gupte N, Smith R, Westercamp M, Mave V, Manabe Y, Milstone A, for the CDC SHEPheRD India Study Team. Bloodstream Infections among Neonates Admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Units in Pune, India. Pediatric...

Importance of Diagnosis of TB Infection in Pregnant Women in India: Findings from a Cohort Study in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-04-24
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Mathad J. Importance of Diagnosis of TB Infection in Pregnant Women in India: Findings from a Cohort Study in Pune, India. Oral Presentation. Presented at Global Health Research Initiative’s Scientific Conference, Weill Cornell Medical College, April 24, 2018.

Linezolid Experience Among MDR-TB Patients in Mumbai

Post Date: 
2018-03-16
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Tornheim J. Linezolid Experience Among MDR-TB Patients in Mumbai. 2018 Research Retreat, Johns Hopkins Department of Medicine. Baltimore, MD. 2018.

Similar Clinical Outcomes Between Formula and Breastfeeding Women In PROMISE

Post Date: 
2018-03-07
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Hoffman RM , Angelidou K, Brummel S, Saidi F, Dula DE, Mave V, Fairlie L, Theron G, Kamateeka M, Chipato T, Violari A, Chakhtoura N, Currier JS, Fowler MG, for the IMPAACT PROMISE 1077BF/FF Team. Similar Clinical Outcomes Between Formula and Breastfeeding Women In PROMISE. CROI 2018. Boston, MA...

Randomized Trial of Safety of Isoniazid Preventive Therapy During or After Pregnancy

Post Date: 
2018-03-07
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Gupta A, Montepiedra G, Aaron L, Theron G, McCarthy K, Onyango-Makumbi C, Chipate T, Masheto G, Shin K, Zimmer B, Sterling TR, Chakhtoura N, Jean-Philippe P, Weinberg A for the IMPAACT P1078/TB APPRISE Study Team. Randomized Trial of Safety of Isoniazid Preventive Therapy During or After Pregnancy...

GLP-1 and C-Peptide are Associated with Insulin Resistance among PLWH in India

Post Date: 
2018-03-07
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Marbaniang I, Sangle S, Kadam D, Kulkarni V, Shere D, Gupte N, Gupta A, Mave V. GLP-1 and C-Peptide are Associated with Insulin Resistance among PLWH in India. CROI 2018. Boston, MA. 2018

Inflammation in HIV-Infected Pregnant Women is Associated with Pre-term Birth

Post Date: 
2018-03-07
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Shivakoti R , Gupte N, Kumar NP, Kulkarni V, Balasubramanian U, Bhosale R, Sambarey P, Kinikar A, Bharadwaj R, Patil S, Inamdar S, Suryavanshi N, Babu S, Bollinger R, Gupta A. Inflammation in HIV-Infected Pregnant Women is Associated with Pre-term Birth. CROI 2018. Boston, MA. 2018

One Month of Rifapentine/Isoniazid to Prevent TB In People With HIV: Brief-TB/A5279

Post Date: 
2018-03-05
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Swindells S, Ramchandani R, Gupta A, Benson CA, Leon-Cruz JT, Omoz-Oarhe A, Juste MAJ, Lama JR, Valencia JA, Badal-Faesen S, Moran LE, Fletcher CV, Nuermberger E, Chaisson RE. One Month of Rifapentine/Isoniazid to Prevent TB In People With HIV: Brief-TB/A5279. CROI 2018. Boston, MA. 2018

Infection Free “Resistors” among Household Contacts of Culture-Confirmed Adult Pulmonary TB Cases

Post Date: 
2018-02-21
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Mave V , Chandrasekaran P, Paradkar M, Gupte A, Pradhan N, Kannan GN, Shivakumar SVBY, Kulkarni V, Dhanasekaran K, Subramanyam B, Selvaraju S, Murali L, Bharadwaj R, Gaikwad S, Meshram S, Kinikar A, Hanna LE, Swaminathan S, Gupte N, Gupta A. Infection Free “Resistors” among Household Contacts of...

TB Infection Among Household Contacts: Preventive Therapy for All?

Post Date: 
2018-02-21
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Dolla CK, Paradkar M, Gupte A, Thiruvenkadam K, Gupte N, Kulkarni A, Balasubranian U, Hanna LE, Dhanasekaran K, Bharadwaj R, Shivakumar SVBY, Gaikwad S, Meshram S, Kohli R, Lokhande R, Thomas B, Kinikar A, Swaminathan S, Mave V, Gupta A, Chandrasekaran P. TB Infection Among Household Contacts:...

Clinical Profile of Tuberculous Meningitis in a Tertiary Care Center in India. 5th Global Forum on TB Vaccines. New Delhi, India

Post Date: 
2018-02-21
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Basavaraj A. Clinical Profile of Tuberculous Meningitis in a Tertiary Care Center in India. Poster presented at 5th Global Forum on TB Vaccines. New Delhi, India. February 20-23, 2018.

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The Health App that Beat Hurricane Harvey

Post Date: 
2018-01-18
Source: 
Politico
CCGHE invented the emocha Mobile Health platform, and it's changing the way tuberculosis patients are cared for.

Notes from the Field: Use of Asynchronous Video Directly Observed Therapy for Treatment of Tuberculosis and Latent Tuberculosis Infection in a Long-Term–Care Facility ― Puerto Rico, 2016–2017

Post Date: 
2017-12-22
Source: 
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
emocha's video Directly Observed Therapy is highlighted in this report.

Upstarts: A Better Blood Test?

Post Date: 
2017-12-15
Source: 
JHU Engineering Impact
The miLAB handheld diagnostic project led by Dr. Bob Bollinger is the feature of this report.

Celebrating Johns Hopkins Medicine's impact in India

Post Date: 
2017-12-13
Source: 
The Campaign for Johns Hopkins Medicine
In 4 years, the CCGHE has tripled its capacity for conducting research on grave health threats, thanks to strong philanthropic support.

Transforming India from TB Hot Zone to TB Hot Shot

Post Date: 
2017-12-09
Source: 
Indiaspora
Dr. Amita Gupta's invited commentary: Can Indian transform its role in the global TB epidemic?

Combination HIV prevention reduces infections

Post Date: 
2017-12-01
Source: 
MD Magazine
. . . Researchers found that throughout the 7-year period in which rates of treatment and voluntary medical male circumcision increased significantly, HIV incidence dropped by 42% among nearly 18,000 people in Uganda . . .

NIH Statement on World AIDS Day 2017

Post Date: 
2017-12-01
. . . A study published recently in the New England Journal of Medicine found that HIV incidence dropped by 42 percent among nearly 18,000 people in a Ugandan district during a 7-year period when the rates of HIV treatment and voluntary medical male circumcision were significantly increased . . .

4 ways that telemedicine can address the opioid crisis

Post Date: 
2017-12-01
Source: 
The Hill
CCGHE Director Dr. Bob Bollinger describes the utility of telemedicine in this opinion article in The Hill.

Male circumcision and antiviral drugs appear to sharply reduce HIV infection rate

Post Date: 
2017-11-29
Source: 
Medical Xpress
. . . The current study, based on RCCS data on 34,000 adults enrolled and followed between 1989 and 2016, confirmed the widespread adoption of many of PEPFAR's HIV prevention measures. The use of antiretroviral therapy among infected people rose steadily from 12 percent in the 2006 survey to 69...

Combination HIV Prevention Reduces New Infections by 42 Percent in Ugandan District

Post Date: 
2017-11-29
NIH announces findings from Larry Chang and colleagues published in the New England Journal of Medicine .

Male Circumcision and Antiviral Drugs Appear to Sharply Reduce HIV Infection Rate

Post Date: 
2017-11-29
. . . The study, published Nov. 29 in the New England Journal of Medicine , is the first to track a large group of people before, during and after the start of an HIV prevention program and show that the program is likely working on a large scale. The researchers found that as the program began and...

Toward a TB-Free India

Post Date: 
2017-11-09
Source: 
Interagency TB Newsletter
TB research underway by the Indo-JHU clinical research partnership is highlighted in the US Interagency TB Newsletter.

Mexico conference: Experts from BJ Medical College make presentations on TB, treatment

Post Date: 
2017-11-09
Source: 
The Indian Express
Four fellows from the BJGMC-JHU Fogarty HIV-TB Training Program make national headlines in India.

CCGHE Joins 12-Country UNITAID Effort to Control TB

Post Date: 
2017-11-08
Shorter course to prevent progression of latent TB to active disease is the aim of the effort.

Efficacy maintained in HIV regimen switch

Post Date: 
2017-10-10
Source: 
MedPage Today
. . . "We still do have a lot of people on protease inhibitors in this country," Chida told MedPage Today. "Data to prove the safety and sustain viral load effect is important" to support decisions about switching. . .

CCGHE at the Union 2017

Post Date: 
2017-10-05
The 2017 Union Conference was in Guadalajaro, Mexico, October 11-14, and Indo-JHU research was well represented.

Tornheim Promoted to Assistant Professor

Post Date: 
2017-08-31
His research explores whether 2 MDR-TB drug susceptibility tests using WGS & MIC can yield options for individualized treament.

Reduced Level of Disease Possible in India by the Centennial

Post Date: 
2017-08-22
Source: 
India Abroad
India ranks highest in global disease burden. Dr. Amita Gupta weighs in on how to reverse that.

Indo-Hopkins Partnership Seeks Causes of Sepsis in the NICU

Post Date: 
2017-08-10
Sepsis among newborns in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is a big problem in India, and a complex one to untangle.

How can we encourage female leaders in global health?

Post Date: 
2017-08-09
Source: 
Global Health Matters
Fogarty Director Dr. Roger Glass asks why so few women are leading global health centers at med schools or filling other leadership roles.

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