Research News

Annals of Internal Medicine
September 22, 2020

Risk factors for progression of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) to severe disease or death are underexplored in U.S. cohorts.

Clinical Research

Leadership
While we conduct research all over the world, the majority of our work is in India. Our Indo-JHU Clinical Research Partnership is located in Pune and is directed by Dr. Amita Gupta (Baltimore, MD), with onsite direction from Dr. Vidya Mave, Dr. Nishi Suryavanshi, and Dr. Nikhil Gupte (Pune). The Indo-JHU Partnership employs more than 200 people and in addition to our memberships in cosortia with many esteemed Indian research institutions, we have formal agreements with:

 
 

Risk Factors for Unfavourable Treatment Outcomes among Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis Patients in Public Sector Treatment in Pune

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2017-03-29
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This study is funded and conducted under the U.S. National Institutes of Health, Fogarty International Center. This study seeks to identify risk factors associated with unfavourable treatment outcomes (death, treatment failure, default, XDR-TB) among multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB)...

MDR-TB Free: Monitoring Adverse Effects, Utilizing Resources Optimally, Knowing Resistance Patterns, and Treatment Strategy

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2017-03-24
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This study is also known as MDR-TB MUKT: M onitoring Adverse Effects, U tilizing Resources Optimally, K nowing Resistance Patterns, and T reatment Strategy. Purpose: To establish an observational cohort of MDR-TB cases and household contacts with accompanying biorepository at PD Hinduja National...

Biomarkers for Tuberculosis Diagnosis and Treatment Response

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2017-03-24
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This study is conducted by the Cohort for Tuberculosis Research by the Indo-US Medical Partnership (C-TRIUMPH) under the Regional Prospective Observational Research for Tuberculosis (RePORT) Network, an international TB consortium. Aims: To develop non-sputum, blood-based tools for TB diagnosis and...

Impact of HIV and Diabetes Mellitus on TB Drug Resistance and Recurrence

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2017-03-02
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Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of mortality globally. With increasing burden of HIV and diabetes mellitus (DM), there is a critical need to understand the microbial response and ensuing disease dynamics of TB in the HIV-infected and diabetic host to optimally control TB globally. Among...

Multicenter Study of the Accuracy of the BD MAX MDR-TB Assay for Detection of M. tuberculosis Complex and Mutations Associated with Resistance to Rifampin or Isoniazid

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2017-03-01
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In a multi-country study, we are assessing the accuracy of the BD MAX rapid MDR-TB assay to detect rifampin and isoniazid resistance.

TREAT Asia Pediatric HIV Observational Database

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2017-02-09
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Studies conducted under the TREAT Asia Network and funded by amfAR. TREAT Asia Pediatric HIV Observational Database (TApHOD) is a collaborative observational cohort study of infants, children, and adolescents living with HIV. TApHOD study participants are enrolled and followed at selected TREAT...

TREAT Asia Observational Database

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2017-02-09
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Study conducted under the TREAT Asia Network and funded by amfAR. The TREAT Asia Observational Database's primary study objective is to: Examine HIV natural history, including the relationship between access to ART, demographics, and disease progression; short- and long-term responses to ART;...

Shorter Treatment for Minimal TB in Children (SHINE)

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2017-01-17
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This is a multicountry study being conducted in India, South Africa, Uganda, and Zambia. The principal objective is to determine whether the standard 6 month regimen (8 weeks HRZ(E) followed by 16 weeks HR) can be reduced with similar efficacy, to 4 months (8 weeks HRZ(E) followed by 8 weeks HR),...

Healthcare-Associated Sepsis in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in Pune, India

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2017-01-17
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This study is part of CDC's Safe Healthcare, Epidemiology, and Prevention Research Development (SHEPheRD) Program under Domain 7: International HAI and Other Adverse Healthcare Event Prevention. Johns Hopkins neonatologist Dr. Julia Johnson is lead investigator for a systematic study of the...

Bacterial Antimicrobial Resistance Patterns in Pune, India: Substudy on the Introduction of Triage to a Triage Naïve Emergency Department in Pune, India, and the Effects on Patient Flow

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2017-01-01
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Despite state-of-the-art inpatient facilities, Sassoon General Hospital (SGH) in Pune, India, does not currently have a method of triaging the large volume of patients they care for on a daily basis. Based on prior studies in low to middle income countries with underdeveloped emergency medical...

LaMocha: A Mobile Technology to Promote HIV Testing among Immigrant Latino Men

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2016-12-15
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Foreign-born Latino males have a high risk of late HIV diagnosis and presentation to care, which can lead to poor clinical outcomes and ongoing HIV transmission in the community. We propose to evaluate if tailored videos delivered through a tablet by a Latino Health Worker and regular SMS text...

Prevalence and Risk Factors for Oral Cancer among HIV-Infected Adults

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2016-12-13
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The study is designed as a cross-sectional, single time point study for opportunistic oral cancer screening of HIV-infected and non- HIV adults 21 years or older in an urban hospital. All participants will undergo screening for oral cancer and oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMD) by visual...

Cost-effectiveness of Xpert MTB/RIF for Diagnosing Pulmonary Tuberculosis in HIV-positive Patients

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2016-12-01
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This study was terminated October 8, 2019. This is a prospective cross-sectional study which will be conducted at BJGMC in Pune, India. The aim of this study is to see whether Xpert MTB/RIF is useful for early detection of pulmonary tuberculosis, and therefore cost-effective, as compared with...

The Evaluation of Clinical Profile and Mortality of Children Admitted with Tuberculosis in Pediatric Intensive-Care Unit at Sassoon General Hospitals, Pune

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2016-10-27
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This study was terminated October 27, 2019. Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the most common causes of infection-related death globally. TB was declared global public health emergency in 1993 by World HealthOrganization (WHO). Mortality due to TB is increasing due to emergence of multidrug resistant (...

Transcriptomic and Metabolomic Analysis of Microbiologically Confirmed Pediatric Tuberculosis Patients and Uninfected Household Contacts

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2016-09-01
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This study was terminated in June 2020. This study is using stored samples from the Cohort for Tuberculosis Research by the Indo-US Medical Partnership (C-TRIUMPH), under the Regional Prospective Observational Research for Tuberculosis (RePORT) Network, an international TB consortium. The...

Establishing an Observational Cohort Database for Patient Care and Research at the Hinduja Hospital Chest Clinic

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2016-08-30
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India has the largest burden of global tuberculosis (TB), accounting for one quarter of the total number of cases reported. Together with South Africa, India sees one-third of the total number of deaths from TB. Drug-resistant strains of the disease are also on the rise, with India having one of...

Measuring TB Drugs in Hair as a Tool to Monitor Adherence, Exposure and Response in Patients with HIV

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2016-08-16
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Our study will examine whether hair levels of two key first line tuberculosis drugs will be useful markers to identify individuals at highest risk of treatment failure in active tuberculosis. Our study aims to provide a lowcost clinical tool using hair that can be noninvasively collected to monitor...

mHealth-enhanced Peer Navigation Intervention for PrEP Delivery among MSM at STD Clinics

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2016-08-01
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Using mixed methodology (quantitative surveys, qualitative interviews, and administrative data), this study will assess acceptability and feasibility of an mHealth-enhanced peer navigation to promote PrEP initiation, retention and adherence among men who have sex with men (MSM) in the Baltimore...

Adherence to Indian National Guidelines for Isoniazid Chemoprophylaxis among Pediatric Contacts of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Cases

Post Date: 
2016-07-06
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This study was terminated June 19, 2019. The primary objective of the study was to assess the implementation of the Indian Revised National Tuberculosis Programme's (RNTCP) guidelines regarding isoniazid preventive treatment (IPT) for children under 6 years of age who had been in contact with...

TB and Pregnancy Impact of Immune Changes of HIV and Stages of Pregnancy on Tuberculosis: Nested Study on Temporal Dynamics of Gut Microbiota in HIV Infected Pregnant Women

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2016-07-05
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This is a nested prospective longitudinal cohort study of 35 HIV-infected and 35 HIV-noninfected pregnant women who are part of the parent study “Impact of Immune Changes of HIV and Stages of Pregnancy on Tuberculosis." The objectives are to: Determine the association of gestational age with...

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Users beware! Biological variation in complete blood counts over short time intervals

Post Date: 
2019-05-29
Publication: 
BMJ Evidence Based Medicine
New publication in BMJ Evidence Based Medicine looks at CBC count variations in blood drawn over a short time period

Assessment of lung function in successfully treated tuberculosis reveals high burden of ventilatory defects and COPD

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2019-05-23
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Publication: 
PLoS One
New in PLoS One: We found a high burden of lung function defects and COPD in tuberculosis cases who successfully completed treatment, suggesting a need for lung function screening as part of patient management.

Subtherapeutic rifampicin concentration is associated with unfavourable tuberculosis treatment outcomes

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2019-05-10
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Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Rifampicin concentrations were sub-therapeutic in most Indian patients taking a thrice-weekly TB regimen

Venezuela's Public Health Crisis: A Regional Emergency

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2019-04-11
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Publication: 
Lancet
The Lancet: The economic crisis in Venezuela has eroded the country's health-care infrastructure and threatened public health.

The burden of diabetes in India

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2019-04-01
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Publication: 
The Lancet Global Health
The India State-Level Disease Burden Initiative Diabetes Collaborators (December, 2018)1 provide a comprehensive overview of the diabetes burden in India. The authors point out some limitations in estimates due to inadequacies in the data. Nevertheless, on the basis of my field experience in India...

A population pharmacokinetic analysis shows that arylacetamide deacetylase (AADAC) gene polymorphism and HIV infection affect the exposure of rifapentine

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2019-03-29
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Publication: 
Antimicrobial Agents Chemotherapy
New analysis published in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy!

Feasibility of identifying household contacts of rifampin- and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis cases at high risk of progression to tuberculosis disease

Post Date: 
2019-03-28
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
We assessed multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) cases and their household contacts (HHCs) to inform the development of an interventional clinical trial.

Willingness to take multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) preventive therapy among adult and adolescent household contacts of MDR-TB index cases: an international multi-site cross-sectional study

Post Date: 
2019-03-28
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Abstract BACKGROUND: Household contacts (HHCs) of individuals with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) are at high risk of infection and subsequent disease. There is limited evidence on the willingness of MDR-TB HHCs to take MDR-TB preventive therapy (TPT) to decrease their risk of TB disease...

Building the framework for standardized clinical laboratory reporting of next generation sequencing data for resistance-associated mutations in Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex

Post Date: 
2019-03-18
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Abstract Tuberculosis is the primary infectious disease killer worldwide, with a growing threat from multidrug- resistant cases. Unfortunately, classic growth-based phenotypic drug susceptibility testing (DST) remains difficult, costly and time-consuming, while current rapid molecular testing...

Evaluation of an adapted Project Connect community based intervention among professionals serving young minority men

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2019-03-15
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
BACKGROUND: To address sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs of young minority urban males, we developed and evaluated Project Connect Baltimore (Connect), which was adapted from a program with demonstrated effectiveness among young females. The objectives were to determine (1) the...

One month of rifapentine plus isoniazid to prevent HIV-related tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2019-03-14
Publication: 
New England Journal of Medicine
Exciting findings from A5279: One month of Rifapentine with isonaizid is as effective as a 9-month course of isoniazid alone!

Elevated highly sensitive C-reactive protein and d-dimer levels are associated with food insecurity among people living with HIV in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2019-03-04
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Publication: 
Public Health Nutrition
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and determinants of food insecurity among people living with HIV (PLWH) in Pune, India and its association with biomarkers known to confer increased risks of morbidity and mortality in this population. DESIGN:...

Prevalence, predictors, and successful treatment outcomes of Xpert MTB/RIF-identified rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis in post-conflict Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2012-2017: A retrospective province-wide cohort study

Post Date: 
2019-02-13
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Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
BACKGROUND: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) jeopardizes global TB control. The prevalence and predictors of Rifampicin-resistant (RR) TB, a proxy for MDR-TB, and the treatment outcomes with standard and shortened regimens have not been assessed in post-conflict regions, such...

Female global health leadership: Data-driven approaches to close the gender gap

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2019-02-09
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Publication: 
The Lancet
Lancet article investigates gender-based challenges of female health trainees and professionals and identifies interventions

Few eligible for the newly recommended short course MDR-TB regimen at a large Mumbai private clinic

Post Date: 
2019-01-28
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Publication: 
BMC Infectious Diseases
BACKGROUND: India has the world's highest tuberculosis burden, and Mumbai is particularly affected by multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). WHO recommends short, intensive treatment ("Short Course") for previously untreated pulmonary MDR-TB patients but does not require universal...

Preventable losses: Infant mortality increases in Venezuela

Post Date: 
2019-01-24
Publication: 
Lancet Global Health
The health-care system collapse underway in Venezuela is a cause of utmost concern for its people and, increasingly, for the wider region. Declines in provision of basic services, such as childhood immunisation, malaria control, water, sanitation, and nutritional support, have led to...

Symptom screening for active tuberculosis in pregnant women living with HIV

Post Date: 
2019-01-24
Publication: 
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Diagnostic test accuracy). The objectives are as follows: To assess the accuracy of the four-symptom screen (cough, fever, night sweats, or weight loss) for identifying active TB in pregnant PLHIV who are screened in an outpatient or community setting...

Is there a connection between gestational diabetes, human immunodeficiency virus infection, and tuberculosis?

Post Date: 
2019-01-01
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Publication: 
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
IJTLD article reviews the epidemiology and immunology of gestational diabetes and finds there's a lot we don't know about interactions between diabetes, pregnancy, and tuberculosis in both HIV+/- women

Impact of providing preexposure prophylaxis for human immunodeficiency virus at clinics for sexually transmitted infections in Baltimore City: An agent-based model

Post Date: 
2018-12-15
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Publication: 
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
BACKGROUND: Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) greatly reduces the risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) acquisition, but its optimal delivery strategy remains uncertain. Clinics for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can provide an efficient venue for PrEP delivery. ...

Building capacity for advances in tuberculosis research: Proceedings of the third RePORT International Meeting. Tuberculosis (Edinb)

Post Date: 
2018-12-15
Publication: 
Tuberculosis (Edinb)
Abstract RePORT International is a global network of research sites in India, Brazil, Indonesia, South Africa, China, and the Philippines dedicated to collaborative tuberculosis research in the context of HIV. A standardized research protocol (the Common Protocol) guides the enrollment...

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Clinical Profile of Tuberculous Meningitis in a Tertiary Care Center in India. 5th Global Forum on TB Vaccines. New Delhi, India

Post Date: 
2018-02-21
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Basavaraj A. Clinical Profile of Tuberculous Meningitis in a Tertiary Care Center in India. Poster presented at 5th Global Forum on TB Vaccines. New Delhi, India. February 20-23, 2018.

Incidence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infection among Household Contacts of Adult Pulmonary Tuberculosis Cases in India

Post Date: 
2018-02-20
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Selvaraju S, Thiruvenkadam K, Paradkar M , Marinaik SB, Bharadwaj R, Rajagopalan S, Gaikwad S, Pattabiraman S, Kinikar A, Sivaramakrishnan GN, Meshram S, Hanna LE, Lokhande R, Dhanasekaran K, Gupte A, John S, Gupte N, Thomas B, Kukarni V, Ayyanu S, Kohli R, Shivakumar SVBY, Swaminathan S, Mave V,...

Hyperhomocysteinemia Screening: A Missed Opportunity to Mitigate CVD Risk among Asian Indian HIV-infected Adults?

Post Date: 
2017-12-28
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Marbaniang I , Sangle S, Kulkarni V, Deshpande P, Shere D, Gupte N, Gupta A, Mave V. Hyperhomocysteinemia Screening: A Missed Opportunity to Mitigate CVD Risk among Asian Indian HIV-infected Adults? AAPI Global Health Summit. American Association of Physicians of Indian Origin. Kolkata, India.

Leveraging Collective Impact to Promote India's Development: The Role of the Indian Diaspora in the Fight Against Tuberculosis

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2017-11-09
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Gupta, A. Leveraging Collective Impact to Promote India's Development: The Role of the Indian Diaspora in the Fight Against Tuberculosis. Roundtable Event. USAID, American India Foundation, Dasra, Indiaspora, Intellecap. Georgetown University, Washington, DC.

Meet the Expert: Managing Tuberculosis in Pregnant Women and Newborns

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
Gupta A. Meet the Expert: Managing Tuberculosis in Pregnant Women and Newborns. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

A Study to Compare Efficacy of Oral High Dose Rifampicin with Standard Dose Rifampicin in Tuberculous Meningitis

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
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Basavaraj A , Avhad A, Kadam D. A Study to Compare Efficacy of Oral High Dose Rifampicin with Standard Dose Rifampicin in Tuberculous Meningitis. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico. October 13, 2017.

Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency among Indian Children with Tuberculosis and Age- and Sex-matched Controls

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
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Clinical Sites: 
Kinikar A , Chandanwale A, Dixit S, Jubilus J, Jain S, Bharadwaj R, Mave V, Gupte N, DeLuca A, Gupta A, Bollinger RC. Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency among Indian Children with Tuberculosis and Age- and Sex-matched Controls. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico...

Lack of TB Knowledge Among TST-Positive Household Contacts of Pulmonary Cases: A Missed Opportunity

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
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Clinical Sites: 
DeLuca A , Dhumal G, Paradkar M, Suryavanshi N, Mave V, Kohli R, Shivakumar SVBY, Gupta A. Lack of TB Knowledge Among TST-Positive Household Contacts of Pulmonary Cases: A Missed Opportunity. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

The ACTG IMPAACT PHOENIx Feasibility Study: Implications for Country Programs

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
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Gupta A. The ACTG IMPAACT PHOENIx Feasibility Study: Implications for Country Programs. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

Delays and Barriers to Early Treatment Initiation for Childhood Tuberculosis in India

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
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Clinical Sites: 
Valvi C , Chandanwale A, Khadse A, Kulkarni R, Kadam D, Dhumal G, Bollinger RC, Deluca A. Delays and Barriers to Early Treatment Initiation for Childhood Tuberculosis in India. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico. October 13, 2017.

Accessing MDR-TB Exposed Households: the PHOENiX MDR-TB Feasibility Study

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
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Gupta A. Accessing MDR-TB Exposed Households: the PHOENiX MDR-TB Feasibility Study. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

Biological Differences in Tuberculosis Diagnosis and Disease in Women

Post Date: 
2017-10-12
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Clinical Sites: 
Mathad J. Biological Differences in Tuberculosis Diagnosis and Disease in Women. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

Symposium: From Bench to Bassinet: Scientific Innovations: The Fight against Maternal-Infant TB

Post Date: 
2017-10-12
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Clinical Sites: 
Gupta A. Symposium: From Bench to Bassinet: Scientific Innovations: The Fight against Maternal-Infant TB. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

Barriers to Contact Screening and Isoniazid Preventive Therapy among Pediatric Contacts of Adults with Smear-positive Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-10-12
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Clinical Sites: 
Belgaumkar V , Chandanwale A, Valvi C, Khadse S, Jain D, Dhumal G, Bollinger RC, Deluca A. Barriers to Contact Screening and Isoniazid Preventive Therapy among Pediatric Contacts of Adults with Smear-positive Tuberculosis. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

Drug Susceptibility of Rifampin-resistant Tuberculosis using Whole Genome Sequencing to Identify Genes of Interest in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2017-10-12
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Clinical Sites: 
Tornheim JA , Madugundu AK, Pradhan N, Bharadwaj R, Mave V, Golub J, Pandey A, Gupta A. Drug Susceptibility of Rifampin-resistant Tuberculosis using Whole Genome Sequencing to Identify Genes of Interest in Pune, India. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

Gene Expression Profiles of Pediatric Tuberculosis Patients and Exposed Controls from India

Post Date: 
2017-09-13
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Clinical Sites: 
Tornheim JA , Paradkar M, Madugundu A, Gupte N, Kulkarni V, Sreenivasamurthy S, Raja R, Pradhan N, Shivakumar SVBY, Valvi C, Kohli R, Chandrasekaran P, Mave V, Pandey A, Gupta A. Gene Expression Profiles of Pediatric Tuberculosis Patients and Exposed Controls from India. RePORT International...

Linezolid Experience among MDRTB Patients in Mumbai

Post Date: 
2017-09-13
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Tornheim J, Ganatra S, Deluca A, Banka R, Rodrigues C, Gupta A, Udwadia Z. Poster Presentation. Linezolid Experience among MDRTB Patients in Mumbai. ERS International Congress. European Respiratory Society. Milan, Italy.

Trends in Glycated Hemoglobin Levels and Implications for Diabetes Screening among Pulmonary Tuberculosis Cases Undergoing Treatment in India

Post Date: 
2017-09-13
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Gupte AN , Mave V, Meshram S, Lokhande R, Kadam D, Dharmshale S, Bharadwaj R, Kagal A, Pradhan N, Deshmukh S, Atre S, Sahasrabudhe T, Barthwal M, Meshram S, Kakrani A, Kulkarni V, Raskar S, Suryavanshi S, Shivakoti R, Chon S, Selvin E, Gupte N, Gupta A, Golub JE. Trends in Glycated Hemoglobin...

High Burden of Diabetes and Prediabetes among Adult Household Contacts of India

Post Date: 
2017-09-13
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Shivakumar SVBY , Chandrasekaran P, Kumar AJMV, Paradkar M, Dhanasekaran K, Suryavanshi N, Thomas B, Kohli R, Thiruvengadam K, Kulkarni V, Hannah LE, Sivaramakrishnan GN, Pradhan N, Dolla C, Gupte A, Ramachandran G, DeLuca A, Meshram S, Bhardawaj R, Bollinger RC, Golub J, Selvaraj K, Gupte N,...

Hepatotoxicity in HIV+ Postpartum Women Initiating Efavirenz-Containing Regimens

Post Date: 
2017-07-26
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Countries: 
Bhattacharya D , Gupta A, Tierney C, Huang S, Peters M, Chipato T, Martinson F, Dula D, George K, Chaktoura N, Klingman K, Gnanashanmugam D, Currier J, Fowler MG. Hepatotoxicity in HIV+ Postpartum Women Initiating Efavirenz-Containing Regimens. IAS 2017. International AIDS Society. Paris, France...

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Celebrating Johns Hopkins Medicine's impact in India

Post Date: 
2017-12-13
Source: 
The Campaign for Johns Hopkins Medicine
In 4 years, the CCGHE has tripled its capacity for conducting research on grave health threats, thanks to strong philanthropic support.

Transforming India from TB Hot Zone to TB Hot Shot

Post Date: 
2017-12-09
Source: 
Indiaspora
Dr. Amita Gupta's invited commentary: Can Indian transform its role in the global TB epidemic?

Combination HIV prevention reduces infections

Post Date: 
2017-12-01
Source: 
MD Magazine
. . . Researchers found that throughout the 7-year period in which rates of treatment and voluntary medical male circumcision increased significantly, HIV incidence dropped by 42% among nearly 18,000 people in Uganda . . .

NIH Statement on World AIDS Day 2017

Post Date: 
2017-12-01
. . . A study published recently in the New England Journal of Medicine found that HIV incidence dropped by 42 percent among nearly 18,000 people in a Ugandan district during a 7-year period when the rates of HIV treatment and voluntary medical male circumcision were significantly increased . . .

4 ways that telemedicine can address the opioid crisis

Post Date: 
2017-12-01
Source: 
The Hill
CCGHE Director Dr. Bob Bollinger describes the utility of telemedicine in this opinion article in The Hill.

Male Circumcision and Antiviral Drugs Appear to Sharply Reduce HIV Infection Rate

Post Date: 
2017-11-29
. . . The study, published Nov. 29 in the New England Journal of Medicine , is the first to track a large group of people before, during and after the start of an HIV prevention program and show that the program is likely working on a large scale. The researchers found that as the program began and...

Male circumcision and antiviral drugs appear to sharply reduce HIV infection rate

Post Date: 
2017-11-29
Source: 
Medical Xpress
. . . The current study, based on RCCS data on 34,000 adults enrolled and followed between 1989 and 2016, confirmed the widespread adoption of many of PEPFAR's HIV prevention measures. The use of antiretroviral therapy among infected people rose steadily from 12 percent in the 2006 survey to 69...

Combination HIV Prevention Reduces New Infections by 42 Percent in Ugandan District

Post Date: 
2017-11-29
NIH announces findings from Larry Chang and colleagues published in the New England Journal of Medicine .

Toward a TB-Free India

Post Date: 
2017-11-09
Source: 
Interagency TB Newsletter
TB research underway by the Indo-JHU clinical research partnership is highlighted in the US Interagency TB Newsletter.

Mexico conference: Experts from BJ Medical College make presentations on TB, treatment

Post Date: 
2017-11-09
Source: 
The Indian Express
Four fellows from the BJGMC-JHU Fogarty HIV-TB Training Program make national headlines in India.

CCGHE Joins 12-Country UNITAID Effort to Control TB

Post Date: 
2017-11-08
Shorter course to prevent progression of latent TB to active disease is the aim of the effort.

Efficacy maintained in HIV regimen switch

Post Date: 
2017-10-10
Source: 
MedPage Today
. . . "We still do have a lot of people on protease inhibitors in this country," Chida told MedPage Today. "Data to prove the safety and sustain viral load effect is important" to support decisions about switching. . .

CCGHE at the Union 2017

Post Date: 
2017-10-05
The 2017 Union Conference was in Guadalajaro, Mexico, October 11-14, and Indo-JHU research was well represented.

Tornheim Promoted to Assistant Professor

Post Date: 
2017-08-31
His research explores whether 2 MDR-TB drug susceptibility tests using WGS & MIC can yield options for individualized treament.

Reduced Level of Disease Possible in India by the Centennial

Post Date: 
2017-08-22
Source: 
India Abroad
India ranks highest in global disease burden. Dr. Amita Gupta weighs in on how to reverse that.

Indo-Hopkins Partnership Seeks Causes of Sepsis in the NICU

Post Date: 
2017-08-10
Sepsis among newborns in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is a big problem in India, and a complex one to untangle.

How can we encourage female leaders in global health?

Post Date: 
2017-08-09
Source: 
Global Health Matters
Fogarty Director Dr. Roger Glass asks why so few women are leading global health centers at med schools or filling other leadership roles.

Sick and afraid, some immigrants forgo medical care

Post Date: 
2017-06-26
Source: 
The New York Times
Dr. Kathleen Page in the New York Times: US government deportation crackdown is affecting healthcare access among undocumented immigrants.

Company tests mobile health for tuberculosis treatment

Post Date: 
2017-05-23
Source: 
NIH: News and Events
Preliminary data show 93% treatment adherence using video observation, with savings of more than $1,000 per TB patient over 6 months

Fogarty International Center, a linchpin of global health research

Post Date: 
2017-05-17
Source: 
JAMA
Bob Bollinger weighs in on NIH’s Fogarty Program & the strategic benefits the program offers for US disease surveillance.

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