Research News

Indian mother and child

Use of kerosene cooking fuel is positively associated with TB in women and children in our analysis using reported sources of exposure.

Home visit in India

PLoS One: Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV program in India is one of the largest in the world, and it relies on outreach workers. Our study looked at challenges and opportunities for outreach workers.

Clinical Research

Leadership
Dr. Amita Gupta of Johns Hopkins is Principal Investigator for the Indo-JHU Clinical Research Partnership based out of CCGHE. Research is directed locally in India out of the BJGMC-JHU Clinical Research Site by Dr. Vidya Mave, a Hopkins faculty member who lives in Pune. Dr. Nikhil Gupte is the Lead Biostatistician and Deputy Director and Dr. Nishi Suryavanshi is Clinical Site Coordinator and Deputy Director. Research is conducted in collaboration with the following institutions:
 
 

Establishing an Observational Cohort Database for Patient Care and Research at the Hinduja Hospital Chest Clinic

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2016-08-30
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India has the largest burden of global tuberculosis (TB), accounting for one quarter of the total number of cases reported. Together with South Africa, India sees one-third of the total number of deaths from TB. Drug-resistant strains of the disease are also on the rise, with India having one of...

Measuring TB Drugs in Hair as a Tool to Monitor Adherence, Exposure and Response in Patients with HIV

Post Date: 
2016-08-16
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Our study will examine whether hair levels of two key first line tuberculosis drugs will be useful markers to identify individuals at highest risk of treatment failure in active tuberculosis. Our study aims to provide a lowcost clinical tool using hair that can be noninvasively collected to monitor...

mHealth-enhanced Peer Navigation Intervention for PrEP Delivery among MSM at STD Clinics

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2016-08-01
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Using mixed methodology (quantitative surveys, qualitative interviews, and administrative data), this study will assess acceptability and feasibility of an mHealth-enhanced peer navigation to promote PrEP initiation, retention and adherence among men who have sex with men (MSM) in the Baltimore...

Adherence to Indian National Guidelines for Isoniazid Chemoprophylaxis among Pediatric Contacts of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Cases

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2016-07-06
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The primary objective of the study was to assess the implementation of the Indian Revised National Tuberculosis Programme's (RNTCP) guidelines regarding isoniazid preventive treatment (IPT) for children under 6 years of age who had been in contact with adults diagnosed with sputum positive...

TB and Pregnancy Impact of Immune Changes of HIV and Stages of Pregnancy on Tuberculosis: Nested Study on Temporal Dynamics of Gut Microbiota in HIV Infected Pregnant Women

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2016-07-05
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This is a nested prospective longitudinal cohort study of 35 HIV-infected and 35 HIV-noninfected pregnant women who are part of the parent study “Impact of Immune Changes of HIV and Stages of Pregnancy on Tuberculosis." The objectives are to: Determine the association of gestational age with...

A Randomized Therapeutic Interventional Comparative Study between Three Different Modalities of Paediatric Antitubercular Treatment

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2016-06-13
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This study was funded by the Fogarty International Center at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. This study, conducted and concluded in 2013, evaluated three different TB treatment regimens in children attending Sassoon General Hospital in Pune, India. A convenience sample size of n=100...

Optimal Algorithmic Diagnosis of Genital TB among HIV-infected and Uninfected Infertile Women

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2016-05-26
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This study was funded by the Fogarty International Center at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. There is a lack of a set protocol universally for diagnosis of genital TB, and for Indian hospitals, India's Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program (RNTCP) also does not give guidelines on...

Whole Genome Sequencing and Trek Sensititre Testing of Stored Isolates of Drug-resistant Tuberculosis from a Clinical Cohort at Hinduja Hospital, Mumbai

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2016-05-02
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Among HIV-positive TB patients presenting to Médecins San Frontières (MSF) clinics in Mumbai, 78% carried MDR-TB strains, with nearly half also found to have additional drug resistance. A previously published cohort of 202 patients cared for at these MSF clinics have enrolled in a cross-sectional...

RePORT: C-TRIUMPH: Substudy on Comparison of Available Purified-protein Derivative (PPD) Tuberculin Skin Test (TST) Antigen Solutions in Detecting Latent Tuberculosis Infection in India

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2016-04-21
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Given the worldwide shortage of PPD TST antigen solutions, it is important to establish the sensitivity of the commercially available SPAN diagnostic TST when compared products used in international settings. This study aims to establish whether the SPAN diagnostic product is bioequivalent to PPDs...

Barriers to Early Treatment Initiation in Childhood Tuberculosis in High Incidence Setting

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2016-04-21
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Funded by the Fogarty International Center and led by PI Dr. Chhaya Tukaram Valvi, the aim of this study is to evaluate the time to treatment initiation and barriers to early treatment initiation in childhood tuberculosis. TB diagnosis in children is challenging, often overlooked or missed, because...

Barriers to Implementation of Isoniazid Preventive Treatment (IPT) in Pediatric Contacts of Sputum Positive Adults with Tuberculosis

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2016-03-24
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This study was funded by the Fogarty International Center at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. Young children infected with M.tuberculosis can rapidly progress to pulmonary and extrapulmonary disease with high rates of mortality and morbidity. Studies worldwide have demonstrated that IPT not...

The Human Virome in Health and Disease

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2016-02-21
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Objective 1: To use novel molecular techniques to characterize the human virome in the circulating blood of patients in clinical settings who presented to an acute care setting with an acute febrile illness and in whom a diagnosis cannot be achieved by conventional methods. Healthy controls will be...

Whole Genome Sequencing of Clinical Isolates from Patients with Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis in India 

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2015-11-12
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Comparative genomic analysis using whole genome sequencing (WGS) offers an opportunity to understand the specific mutations associated with drug resistance and the phenotypic behavior of TB. As treatment programs incorporate more molecular diagnostics such as Xpert MTB/RIF and line probe assays, it...

miDOT (Directly Observed Therapy)

Post Date: 
2015-11-01
Designed by Dr. Maunank Shah, the miDOT mobile health application is a video-based Directly Observed Therapy interface that uses the emocha Mobile Health platform to remotely connect patients on long-term tuberculosis therapy with clinicians who are required to witness patients taking...

RePORT: C-TRIUMPH: Substudy on Residual Respiratory Impairment Following Pulmonary Tuberculosis

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2015-09-13
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Many TB patients have residual respiratory impairment despite treatment. Such individuals may be at increased risk of chronic lung diseases and disability in the future. Using respiratory questionnaires and lung function tests, the Lung Health Sub-study will evaluate 400 adult TB patients enrolled...

A5300/IMPAACT2003: Study of MDR TB Cases and Their Household Contacts: Operational Feasibility to Inform PHOENIx Trial Design

Post Date: 
2015-09-01
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Dr. Amita Gupta is Protocol Co-Chair for this multinational study being conducted in Haiti, South Africa, Uganda, and in India by the Baltimore-Washington-India Clinical Trials Unit, of which CCGHE is a member. This is a cross-sectional study of adult MDR TB index cases and their identified adult...

TREAT Asia: Prevalence Survey of Risk Factors for Tuberculosis and Non-communicable Diseases in an HIV-positive Population in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2015-08-17
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The primary objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of risk factors for tuberculosis and non-communicable diseases (NCDs)--coronary artery disease and diabetes mellitus--among HIV-positive patients. The study will also assess the development of NCDs at 12, 24, 48 months after study...

A5290: A Randomized, Phase 2b Study of a Double-Dose Lopinavir/Ritonavir-Based Antiretroviral Regimen with Rifampin-Based Tuberculosis Treatment versus a Standard-Dose Lopinavir/Ritonavir-Based Antiretroviral Regimen with Rifabutin-Based Tuberculosis...

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2015-07-07
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This study was terminated February 23, 2016. Full Title: A5290, A Randomized, Phase 2b Study of a Double-Dose Lopinavir/Ritonavir-Based Antiretroviral Regimen with Rifampin-Based Tuberculosis Treatment versus a Standard-Dose Lopinavir/Ritonavir-Based Antiretroviral Regimen with Rifabutin-Based...

Bacterial Antimicrobial Resistance Patterns in Pune, India: Substudy on Community Health-Seeking Behavior Among Patients Admitted with Acute Febrile Illness

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2015-05-28
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Objectives: To describe the patterns of health-care seeking behavior and prior outpatient care among patients admitted with acute febrile illness to Sassoon Hospital To determine the effects of outpatient behaviors and prior treatments on the antimicrobial resistance patterns of stool colonizing...

Barriers for Intervention to Prevent Occupationally Acquired Tuberculosis in Healthcare Workers

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2015-05-21
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This study was funded by the Fogarty International Center at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. Observational study to assess the current status of implementation of interventions for preventing occupationally acquired TB in HCW. Identify the barriers to implementing these interventions

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The use of clinical decision support in reducing diagnosis of and treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria

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2017-12-06
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Journal of Hospital Medicine
Clinical decision support embedded within the electronic health record is a potential antibiotic stewardship strategy for hospitalized patients.

Identifying models of HIV care and treatment service delivery in Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia using cluster analysis and Delphi survey

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2017-12-06
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BMC Health Services Research
BACKGROUND: Organization of HIV care and treatment services, including clinic staffing and services, may shape clinical and financial outcomes, yet there has been little attempt to describe different models of HIV care in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Information about the relative benefits and...

Antibiotic utilization and the role of suspected and diagnosed mosquito borne illness among adults and children with acute febrile illness in Pune, India

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2017-12-04
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
Mosquito-borne disease identification is associated with reduced empiric antibiotic use and faster antibiotic discontinuation.

Suboptimal anti-tuberculosis drug concentrations and outcomes in small and HIV coinfected children in India: recommendations for dose modifications

Post Date: 
2017-12-01
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Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
This work aimed to evaluate the once-daily anti-tuberculosis treatment as recommended by the new Indian pediatric guidelines. Isoniazid, rifampin and pyrazinamide concentration-time profiles and treatment outcome were obtained from 161 Indian children with drug-sensitive tuberculosis undergoing...

HIV prevention efforts and incidence in HIV in Uganda

Post Date: 
2017-11-30
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New England Journal of Medicine
In a large study in Uganda, Dr. Larry Chang and colleagues found that combination HIV prevention has population level implications, reducing new infections by 42%.

People with tuberculosis falling through the cracks

Post Date: 
2017-11-01
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National Medical Journal of India
India accounts for approximately one-quarter of the estimated global burden of TB and MDR-TB. [4] Achieving the 2015 WHO End TB Strategy[5] and the latest Government of India target of TB elimination by 2025[6] will require substantial efforts and funding to continue to improve TB care in India...

Risk factors for early mortality on antiretroviral therapy in advanced HIV-infected adults

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2017-10-23
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AIDS
Background: Many HIV-infected individuals present with advanced HIV disease. These patients are at high risk of death after antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation, but risk factors for death in these patients are unclear. Methods: We used data from a multisite randomized trial comparing empiric vs...

Impact of a community health worker HIV treatment and prevention intervention in an HIV hotspot fishing community in Rakai, Uganda (mLAKE): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Post Date: 
2017-10-23
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Trials
BACKGROUND: Effective yet practical strategies are needed to increase engagement in HIV treatment and prevention services, particularly in high-HIV-prevalence hotspots. We designed a community-based intervention called "Health Scouts" to promote uptake and adherence to HIV services in a highly HIV-...

Impact of a community health worker HIV treatment and prevention intervention in an HIV hotspot fishing community in Rakai, Uganda (mLAKE): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Post Date: 
2017-10-23
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Publication: 
Trials
Abstract Background: Effective yet practical strategies are needed to increase engagement in HIV treatment and prevention services, particularly in high-HIV-prevalence hotspots. We designed a community-based intervention called "Health Scouts" to promote uptake and adherence to HIV services in a...

Of testing and treatment: Implications of implementing new regimens for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-10-01
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
A novel, shorter-course regimen for treating multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis was recently recommended by the World Health Organization. However, the most appropriate use of drug susceptibility testing (DST) to support this regimen is less clear. Implementing countries must therefore often...

Global, regional, and national under-5 mortality, adult mortality, age-specific mortality, and life expectancy, 1970-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016

Post Date: 
2017-09-16
Publication: 
The Lancet
Abstract Background: Detailed assessments of mortality patterns, particularly age-specific mortality, represent a crucial input that enables health systems to target interventions to specific populations. Understanding how all-cause mortality has changed with respect to development status can...

Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 328 diseases and injuries for 195 countries, 1990-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016

Post Date: 
2017-09-16
Publication: 
The Lancet
Abstract Background: As mortality rates decline, life expectancy increases, and populations age, non-fatal outcomes of diseases and injuries are becoming a larger component of the global burden of disease. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 (GBD 2016) provides a...

Measuring progress and projecting attainment on the basis of past trends of the health-related Sustainable Development Goals in 188 countries: an analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016

Post Date: 
2017-09-12
Publication: 
The Lancet
Abstract Background: The UN's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are grounded in the global ambition of "leaving no one behind". Understanding today's gains and gaps for the health-related SDGs is essential for decision makers as they aim to improve the health of populations. As part of the...

Healthcare Access and Quality Index based on mortality from causes amenable to personal health care in 195 countries and territories, 1990-2015: a novel analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015

Post Date: 
2017-07-15
Publication: 
The Lancet
Abstract Background: National levels of personal health-care access and quality can be approximated by measuring mortality rates from causes that should not be fatal in the presence of effective medical care (ie, amenable mortality). Previous analyses of mortality amenable to health care only...

Cardiovascular risk in an HIV-infected population in India

Post Date: 
2017-07-03
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Heart Asia
Findings: HIV+ Indian patients who had cardiovascular disease at a younger age appear to be at imminent risk for morbidity.

A qualitative study exploring factors influencing clinical decision-making for influenza-like illness in Solapur city, Maharashtra, India

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2017-07-03
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Anthropology and Medicine
Abstract The co-existence of different types of medical systems (medical pluralism) is a typical feature of India's healthcare system. For conditions such as influenza-like illness (ILI), where non-specific disease signs/symptoms exist, clinical reasoning in the context of medical pluralism becomes...

Household food insecurity is associated with low interferon-gamma levels in pregnant Indian women

Post Date: 
2017-07-01
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International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Objective: To determine the association between household food insecurity and interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) levels in pregnancy. Design: Pregnant women in India were administered the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) questionnaire and underwent an IFN-γ release assay. Logistic regression...

Vitamin A and D deficiencies associated with incident tuberculosis in HIV-infected patients initiating antiretroviral therapy in multinational case-cohort study

Post Date: 
2017-07-01
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Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Introduction: Numerous micronutrients have immunomodulatory roles that may influence risk of tuberculosis (TB), but the association between baseline micronutrient deficiencies and incident TB after antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation in HIV-infected individuals is not well characterized...

Maternal syphilis: An independent risk factor for mother to infant human immunodeficiency virus transmission

Post Date: 
2017-06-15
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Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Abstract Syphilis is associated with increased human immunodeficiency virus acquisition and sexual transmission; we examined impact on human immunodeficiency virus mother-to-child transmission among mother-infant pairs enrolled in the India Six-Week Extended-Dose Nevirapine study. Maternal syphilis...

Presence of human hepegivirus-1 in a cohort of people who inject drugs

Post Date: 
2017-06-07
Publication: 
Annals of Internal Medicine
Findings on the sensitivity of next-generation metagenomic sequencing for discovery of new viral infections.

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Validity of Reported Measures of Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Indian Households: Mishri Preparation a Potentially Overlooked Source in Low-Income Indian Communities

Post Date: 
2017-03-10
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Elf JL , Kinikar AA, Khadse S, Mave V, Gupte N, Kulkarni V, Patekar S, Raichur P, Cohen J, Breysse PN, Gupta A, Golub JE. Validity of Reported Measures of Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Indian Households: Mishri Preparation a Potentially Overlooked Source in Low-Income Indian Communities. 23rd Annual...

mHealth in medicine: A Hopkins-Focused Perspective

Post Date: 
2017-02-24
Chang, L. mHealth in medicine: A Hopkins-Focused Perspective. Digital Health Day. Johns Hopkins University. Baltimore, MD.

Factors Associated with Pulmonary Impairment in HIV-infected South African Adults

Post Date: 
2017-02-14
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Gupte A , Wong M, Msandiwa R, Barnes G, Golub J, Chaisson R, Hoffmann C, Martinson N. Factors Associated with Pulmonary Impairment in HIV-infected South African Adults. CROI 2017. Seattle, Washington. 2017.

HIV Testing Uptake Among Household Contacts of MDR-TB Index Cases in Eight Countries

Post Date: 
2017-02-14
Opollo VS, Wu X, Lando R, Swindells S, Gupta A, Hesseling A, Dawson R, Hughes MD, Shah S. HIV Testing Uptake Among Household Contacts of MDR-TB Index Cases in Eight Countries. CROI 2017. Seattle, Washington. 2017.

Impact of INH Adherence on TB Incidence and Mortality by Week 96 in ACTG 5274 Trial 

Post Date: 
2017-02-14
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Gupta A , Sun X, Miyahara S, Matoga M, Langat D, Riviere C, Bisson C, Kumwenda J, Hosseinipour MC, for the ACTG A5274/REMEMBER Study Team. Impact of INH Adherence on TB Incidence and Mortality by Week 96 in ACTG 5274 Trial. CROI 2017. Seattle, Washington. 2017.

Inflammation Biomarkers Predict Clinical Treatment Failure in HIV-infected Adults

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2017-02-14
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Shivakoti R , Gupte N, Pillay S, Riviere C, Cardoso SW, Balagopal A, Semba R, Campbell T, Gupta A. Inflammation Biomarkers Predict Clinical Treatment Failure in HIV-infected Adults. CROI 2017. Seattle, Washington. 2017.

Risk Factors for Death in Advanced HIV-Infected Adults in an Empiric TB Therapy Trial

Post Date: 
2017-02-14
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Bisson G, Ramchandani R , Miyahara S, Sun X, Bao J, Gupta A, Hosseinipour MC, Kumwenda J. Risk Factors for Death in Advanced HIV-Infected Adults in an Empiric TB Therapy Trial. CROI 2017. Seattle, Washington. 2017.

Hepatotoxicity in People with Advanced Immunosuppression taking Isoniazid Preventive Therapy and Antiretroviral Therapy

Post Date: 
2017-02-14
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Ngongondo M , Miyahara S, Hughes MD, Sun X, Gupta A, Kumwenda J, Torres TS, Bisson G, Hosseinipour MC. Hepatotoxicity in People with Advanced Immunosuppression taking Isoniazid Preventive Therapy and Antiretroviral Therapy. CROI 2017. Seattle, Washington. 2017.

Impact of Drug Susceptibility Testing on Drug Choice in a Tuberculosis Cohort with High Rates of Drug Resistance from the Private Sector in Mumbai

Post Date: 
2017-02-03
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Tornheim JA , Ganatra S, DeLuca A, Banka R, Gupta A, Udwadia ZF. Impact of Drug Susceptibility Testing on Drug Choice in a Tuberculosis Cohort with High Rates of Drug Resistance from the Private Sector in Mumbai. 6th Annual Regional Prospective Observational Research for Tuberculosis (RePORT) India...

Alcohol Use Among Adult Pulmonary and Extra-pulmonary TB Cases in the C-TRIUMPH India Cohort

Post Date: 
2017-02-03
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John S , DeLuca A, Paradkar M, Nayagam R, Shivakumar SVBY, Gupte A, Gupte N, Thomas B, Suryavanshi N, Kolhi R, Golub J, Kulkarni V, Pradhan N, Mave V, Chandrasekaran P, Gupta A. Alcohol Use Among Adult Pulmonary and Extra-pulmonary TB Cases in the C-TRIUMPH India Cohort. 6th Annual Regional...

Impact of Immune Changes of Pregnancy and HIV Infection on Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-02-03
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Mathad J, Alexander M , Bhosale R, Naik S, Shivakoti R, Mave V, Suryavanshi N, Gupte N, Kulkarni V, Pradan N, Patil N, Gupta A. Impact of Immune Changes of Pregnancy and HIV Infection on Tuberculosis. 6th Annual Regional Prospective Observational Research for Tuberculosis (RePORT) India Joint...

Host Factors Associated with Poor Respiratory Health-Related Quality of Life in Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-02-03
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Gupte A , Meshram S, Selvaraju S, Gupte N, Shivakumar SVBY, Paradkar M, Kohli R, Theruvengadam K, Suryavanshi N, Chandrasekaran P, Mave V, Swaminathan S, Salvi S, Checkley, W, Golub J, Gupta A. Host Factors Associated with Poor Respiratory Health-Related Quality of Life in Pulmonary Tuberculosis...

Descriptive Baseline Characteristics, Treatment Outcomes and Biorepository of Pediatric TB Cases in CTRIUMPh-RePORT India Prospective Cohort

Post Date: 
2017-02-03
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Paradkar M , Kavitha D, Shiva Kumar SVBY, Khadse S, Khwaja S, Hari K, Rani N, Thiruvengadam K, Gupte N, Raskar S, Jain D, Suryavanshi S, Kohli R, Kulkarni V, Pradhan N, Sathyamurthi B, Tornheim J, Gupte A, DeLuca A, Mave V, Chandrasekaran P, Gupta A for the CTRIUMPH Study Team. Descriptive Baseline...

Household Contact Tracing of Adult Pulmonary TB Patients in India: Prevalence of TB Disease and Infection

Post Date: 
2017-02-03
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Chandrasekaran P , Thiruvengadam K, Gupte N, Luck EH, Mave M, Gupte A, Gupta A, Swaminathan S. Household Contact Tracing of Adult Pulmonary TB Patients in India: Prevalence of TB Disease and Infection. 6th Annual Regional Prospective Observational Research for Tuberculosis (RePORT) India Joint...

Attrition among HIV-infected Adolescent Girls and Young Women in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2016-12-06
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Nimkar S , Kadam D, Marbaniang I, Suman R, Gupte N, Salvi S, Suryavanshi N, Gupta A, Mave V. Attrition among HIV-infected Adolescent Girls and Young Women in Pune, India. Center for AIDS Research. Women and HIV: Inter-CFAR Joint Symposium on HIV Research in Women. Birmingham, AL.

Characteristics of HIV-infected Transgender Women Registered under Programmatic Conditions in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2016-12-06
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Countries: 
Marbaniang I , Kadam D, Gupte N, Suman R, Salvi S, Nimkar S, Suryavanshi N, Gupta A, Mave V. Characteristics of HIV-infected Transgender Women Registered under Programmatic Conditions in Pune, India. Center for AIDS Research. Women and HIV: Inter-CFAR Joint Symposium on HIV Research in Women...

Spousal Serostatus Affects Retention in Care among Married HIV Infected Women in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2016-12-06
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Countries: 
Nimkar S , Kadam D, Marbaniang I< Suman R, Gupte N, Salvi S, Suryavanshi N, Gupta A, Mave V. Spousal Serostatus Affects Retention in Care among Married HIV Infected Women in Pune, India. Center for AIDS Research. Women and HIV: Inter-CFAR Joint Symposium on HIV Research in Women. Birmingham, AL.

Characteristics Associated with Mobile Phone Access among Tuberculosis Patents in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2016-12-04
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Ogale YP , Elf JL, Lokhande R, Mave V, Roy S, Gupta A, Golub J, Mathad J. Characteristics Associated with Mobile Phone Access among Tuberculosis Patents in Pune, India. 46th Union World Conference on Lung Health. International Union for Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. Cape Town, South Africa.

Presentation, Etiology, and Outcome of Febrile Indian Patients Differs by HIV Status

Post Date: 
2016-11-16
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Clinical Sites: 
Kadam D, Robinson M , Kagal A, Bharadwaj R, Raichur P, Kanade S, Sachs J, Gupte N, Gupta A, Mave V. Presentation, Etiology, and Outcome of Febrile Indian Patients Differs by HIV Status. 65th Annual Meeting, American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Atlanta, GA.

Pharmacokinetic Aspects of 3HP in Special Populations

Post Date: 
2016-10-29
Mathad J. Pharmacokinetic Aspects of 3HP in Special Populations. 47th Union World Conference on Lung Health. International Union for Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. Liverpool, England.

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2016 Global Health Established Field Placement Awardees

Post Date: 
2016-06-28
The following Johns Hopkins students received Global Health Established Field Placement Awards to work on CCGHE research studies in India and Uganda. Each student is spending a minimum of 6 weeks in the field, and each has been awarded $3500 from the Johns Hopkins Center for Global Health for...

Confronting Gender Based Violence 2016 Course

Post Date: 
2016-06-16
2016-06-16—The Johns Hopkins Center for Clinical Global Health Education (CCGHE) is pleased to launch the free online course Confronting Gender-based Violence: Global Lessons for Healthcare Workers. Registration is now open for the course, which is being offered through Coursera. It is scheduled to...

Up Close: Jessica Elf

Post Date: 
2016-05-31
The quality of air is an ethical imperative.

Lateral flow urine lipoarabinomannan assay for detecting active tuberculosis in HIV-positive adults

Post Date: 
2016-05-11
Source: 
Science Daily
An international review team has prepared a systematic review to assess the accuracy of a point-of-care urine test for diagnosing and screening tuberculosis (TB) in people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

Amita Gupta Appointed US Chair for India TB Research Consortium

Post Date: 
2016-05-11
“After more than 40 years of little discovery, interest, or funding for TB research, we are at a nexus of advancement."

Can Technology & Training Promote Retention in Care & Prevent HIV Transmission?

Post Date: 
2016-05-10
When HIV+ mothers are actively engaged in care, they are far less likely to transmit the disease to their babies. And while HIV+ women in India generally seek initial care, maintaining continuity of care can be challenging. One study in India seeks to answer the question: Can a focused empowerment...

Mobile Technology Developed at Hopkins Medicine Transforming TB Care in Texas

Post Date: 
2016-04-19
Harris County Public Health Environmental Services Hailed TB Elimination Champion by CDC The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recently named Harris County Public Health Environmental Services among its 2016 TB Elimination Champions for improving tuberculosis (TB) patient outcomes in...

Study evaluates four-drug TB treatment for HIV/AIDS patients

Post Date: 
2016-04-04
Source: 
Vaccine News Daily
"Our results even suggest the four-drug strategy is actually doing more harm than isoniazid-alone therapy because study participants found it less tolerable and stopped using it," Dr. Amita Gupta, senior study author and associate professor of medicine and deputy director of the Johns Hopkins...

Feasibility Study Complete on Preventive Therapy for Household Contacts of MDR-TB Patients in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2016-03-31
March 31, 2016—Pune, India—The Baltimore-Washington-India Clinical Trials Unit is pleased to announce that the BJGMC Clinical Research Site (BJGMC-CRS) in Pune, India, just finished the feasibility study titled A5300/IMPAACT2003: Study of MDR-TB Cases and their Household Contacts: Operational...

In Many Regions, World Tuberculosis Day is Every Day

Post Date: 
2016-03-24
India Assumes the Greatest Burden Each year on March 24, the world pauses to reflect on the devastation that tuberculosis causes globally. TB is preventable and treatable, and it disproportionately and gravely affects resource-limited regions of the world. The World Health Organization reports that...

Proactively treating HIV patients at risk for tuberculosis with multi-drug TB regimens doesn't save more lives

Post Date: 
2016-03-20
Source: 
Health Canal
The number one killer of HIV patients in resource-limited areas, including parts of Africa and India, is tuberculosis (TB), underscoring the need for optimal treatments and effective strategies to address this deadly co-infection. But TB is harder to detect in HIV-infected patients and diagnostic...

Common TB treatment in HIV: no added benefit?

Post Date: 
2016-03-18
Source: 
Pharmaceutical Processing Online
In a report on the REMEMBER (Reducing Early Mortality and Early Morbidity by Empiric Tuberculosis Treatment) study—a 10-nation, randomized clinical trial of adult outpatients—investigators concluded that there was no added benefit of using four drugs for TB over just using one drug, isoniazid, to...

4-drug tuberculosis treatment among HIV/AIDS patients does not save more lives

Post Date: 
2016-03-18
Source: 
MedIndia
There was no added benefit of using four drugs for tuberculosis over using just one drug, isoniazid, to save lives in people with advanced HIV/AIDS, revealed a report on the so-called REMEMBER (Reducing Early Mortality and Early Morbidity by Empiric Tuberculosis Treatment) study—a 10 nation,...

Multidrug TB prophylaxis not needed in advanced HIV

Post Date: 
2016-03-18
Source: 
MedPage Today
Patients with advanced HIV infection initiating anti-retroviral therapy who were treated with isoniazid alone to prevent tuberculosis had similar survival rates as patients treated with a standard four-drug anti-tuberculosis regimen in a multi-national, randomized, controlled trial.

Proactively treating HIV patients at risk for tuberculosis with multi-drug TB regimens doesn't save more lives

Post Date: 
2016-03-18
Source: 
Infection Control Today
In what investigators say is a surprise finding, results of a new study appear to strongly affirm the effectiveness of prescribing the anti-tuberculosis drug isoniazid alone — in place of the standard four-drug regimen — to prevent TB and reduce death in

Common treatment of TB in advanced HIV patients doesn't save more lives

Post Date: 
2016-03-17
Source: 
Medical Xpress
In a report on the so-called REMEMBER (Reducing Early Mortality and Early Morbidity by Empiric Tuberculosis Treatment) study—a 10-nation, randomized clinical trial of adult outpatients—investigators concluded that there was no added benefit of using four drugs for TB over just using one drug,...

Proactively treating HIV patients at risk for tuberculosis with multidrug TB therapy doesn’t save more lives

Post Date: 
2016-03-17
In what investigators say is a surprise finding, results of a new study appear to strongly affirm the effectiveness of prescribing the anti-tuberculosis drug isoniazid alone — in place of the standard four-drug regimen — to prevent TB and reduce death in people with advanced HIV/AIDS infections...

CCGHE at CROI 2016

Post Date: 
2016-02-29
JOHNS HOPKINS CENTER FOR CLINICAL GLOBAL HEALTH EDUCATION AT CROI 2016 FEBRUARY 22-25 2016 | BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 23 Combination HIV Prevention and HIV Incidence in a Ugandan Hotspot Fishing Community. Poster Presentation. Session: HIV Testing and Prevention. Authors: Kagaayi J,...

Now, docs to get TB leave as cases mount

Post Date: 
2016-02-24
Source: 
Pune Mirror
Too many cases of tuberculosis (TB) among medical trainees and resident doctors in the state have prompted the medical education department to sanction medical leaves exclusively for the malady. This is the first time any state has taken such a step in India. Unusual working hours; close contact...

VIDEO: Amita Gupta, MD, MHS, reviews TB prevention in patients with HIV

Post Date: 
2016-02-24
Source: 
Infectious Disease News, via Healio
In this video with Healio.com, Amita Gupta, MD, MHS, associate professor medicine and international health and deputy director of the Center for Clinical Global Health Education at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, discusses research related to the prevention of tuberculosis in patients...

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