Research News

Indian mother and child

Use of kerosene cooking fuel is positively associated with TB in women and children in our analysis using reported sources of exposure.

Group Photo, BJGMC Clinical Research Site, 2016, Pune, India

The Indo-JHU Clinical Research partnership at BJGMC in Pune, India, is now one of the top enrollers among all ACTG research sites internationally.

Clinical Research

Leadership
Dr. Amita Gupta of Johns Hopkins is Principal Investigator for the Indo-JHU Clinical Research Partnership based out of CCGHE. Research is directed locally in India out of the BJGMC-JHU Clinical Research Site by Dr. Vidya Mave, a Hopkins faculty member who lives in Pune. Dr. Nikhil Gupte is the Lead Biostatistician and Deputy Director and Dr. Nishi Suryavanshi is Clinical Site Coordinator and Deputy Director. Research is conducted in collaboration with the following institutions:
 
 

P1078: A Phase IV Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial to Evaluate the Safety of Immediate (Antepartum-Initiated) Versus Deferred (Postpartum-Initiated) Isoniazid Preventive Therapy Among HIV-Infected Women in High TB Incidence Settings

Post Date: 
2014-04-01
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Dr. Amita Gupta is Protocol Chair for this multinational clinical trial being conducted in Botswana, Haiti, South Africa, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, and Zimbabwe, and in India by the Baltimore-Washington-India Clinical Trials Unit, of which CCGHE is a member. Background Tuberculosis (TB) is the...

Pulmonary and Functional Status of Patients with Pulmonary Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Post-treatment in Lima, Peru

Post Date: 
2014-01-01
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To conduct a longitudinal study evaluating the hypothesis that pulmonary function and functional status (functional capacity and quality of life) is reduced among individuals previously treated for pulmonary tuberculosis compared to those without a history of tuberculosis.

Evaluation of HIV Disease Burden in Hospitalized Patients at Sassoon General Hospital in Pune, India

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2013-11-18
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This study was terminated September 13, 2005. The goal of this project was to conduct both a retrospective and prospective epidemiological study of the burden of HIV disease at Sassoon General Hospital. The specific objectives of the study were to establish the proportion of HIV-infected...

Tuberculosis Noon Conference

Post Date: 
2013-10-24
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This effort ended in 2015. As part of the BJGMC-Johns Hopkins India Fogarty Training Program, from 2013-2015 CCGHE hosted the live Tuberculosis Noon Conference webcast. Led by Drs. Maunank Shah, Jonathan Golub, and Richard Chaisson, these webcast meetings brought together Johns Hopkins TB...

RePORT: C-TRIUMPH: Cohort for Tuberculosis Research by the Indo-US Medical Partnership

Post Date: 
2013-09-28
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Collaboratively funded by the US NIH, India’s Department of Biotechnology [DBT], and Indian Council of Medical Research, the Cohort for TB Research by the Indo-US Medical Partnership (C-TRIUMPH) is an Indo-US research consortium that is part of RePORT India, a countrywide consortium for TB research...

RePORT: C-TRIUMPH: Substudy on Assessing the Association of Indoor Air Pollution with Tuberculosis in Adult Women and Children under 5 Years of Age

Post Date: 
2013-09-15
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Addressing social and environmental risk factors contributing to TB disease is becoming increasingly important for national TB programs. We are leveraging the pediatric participants in 1,100 homes participating in the C-TRIUMPH study, enhancing data collection regarding household and individual...

Community Home Based India Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV (COMBIND)

Post Date: 
2013-09-02
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CCGHE is assessing whether equipping Community Health Workers with mobile health technology and involving them in technology training and personal empowerment seminars can help prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV. CHWs who care for HIV + pregnant and nursing women are using the emocha...

Impact of Diabetes on TB Treatment Outcomes

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2013-02-01
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CCGHE, the JHU Center for TB Research and BJGMC have been awarded a $2.5 million dollar NIH grant (2013-2018) to conduct a study to evaluate treatment outcomes among Indian patients with both diabetes mellitus and active TB. This study is assessing the prevalence of impaired glucose or frank...

Bacterial Antimicrobial Resistance Patterns in Pune, India

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2013-01-10
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Evaluate etiology of acute fever and bacterial drug resistance patterns among adults and children in India.

Feasibility and Acceptability of Smartphone-Based Ecological Momentary Assessment of Alcohol Use Among African American Men Who Have Sex With Men in Baltimore

Post Date: 
2013-01-01
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This study provides evidence to support the feasibility and acceptability of using Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA ) methods for collecting data on alcohol use among African American men who have sex with men living in urban settings. These data provide the basis for future studies of EMA-...

ONCOGRID: An mHealth Approach to Prevention and Early Diagnosis of Oral Cancer in Rural South India

Post Date: 
2012-11-01
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This study ended February 7, 2017. The Indian sub-continent is burdened with 80% of the world’s patients with oral cancer, and delay in oral cancer diagnosis is one of the major problems that leads to poor treatment outcomes (V. Shanta, R. Swaminathan, R. Rama. Cancer Control 2013). Current...

Project Connect Baltimore: Connecting Young Males to Sexual/Reproductive Healthcare

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2012-10-01
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To design, implement and evaluate a male-friendly and culturally appropriate guide for increasing access to and use of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/sexually transmitted disease (STD) testing and sexual/reproductive healthcare (SRHC) among African American and Latino males.

Diagnosis of Active Tuberculosis in HIV-infected and Uninfected Young Children in India

Post Date: 
2012-07-24
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Tuberculosis (TB) is the most common cause of morbidity/mortality in HIV-infected individuals in India. India has the world's highest burden of HIV and TB, and since children acquire HIV/TB from their caregivers, active TB is highly prevalent (14-67.5%) among HIV-infected young children in India...

A5288: MULTIOCTAVE, Management Using the Latest Technologies in Resource-limited Settings to Optimize Combination Therapy After Viral Failure

Post Date: 
2012-07-16
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This is a mult-country clinical trial being conducted in Brazil, Haiti, India, Kenya, Malawi, Peru, South Africa, Thailand, Uganda, and Zambia. A5288 is a multi-step, open-label phase IV, prospective, interventional strategy study in resource-limited settings (RLS) for HIV-infected participants...

RePORT India

Post Date: 
2012-06-30
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RePORT India is a joint venture between the Indian and US governments. The Indo-US Vaccine Action Program, a collaboration between the Indian Department of Biotechnology (DBT), the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), and the US NIH, is co-funding six teams of India- and US-based...

Analysis of Data Collected from the Evaluation of Community-Based Education, Research and Service (COBERS)

Post Date: 
2012-06-12
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This effort ended in June 2015. Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MakCHS), the Medical Schools at Gulu University (GU), Mbarara University of Science and Technology (MUST), Kampala International University (KIU) and Busitema University (BU) came together with Johns Hopkins University...

C-TRIUMPH Pilot Study: Burden and Risk Factors for Drug-resistant Tuberculosis in Pune, India

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2012-05-29
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This pilot study ended in April 2015. Drug resistant TB (MDR-TB and XDR-TB) is increasing worldwide. Although 20% of all global TB cases occur in India, current estimates of the burden of MDR-TB in India are limited. A well-characterized TB clinical cohort, household cohort and control cohort would...

DOmestic Violence Enhanced Home Visitation and Smart Phones (DOVE)

Post Date: 
2012-01-01
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This effort ended in 2017. The major challenge of early prenatal nurse home visitation programs is to accurately identify abused women. The DOVE study aims to improve maternal health and increase the use of a safety plan and community resources by using an emocha ® application to assist home...

Sexually Transmitted Infections among Women in the Reproductive Age Group in Shevgaon, Ahmednagar District, Maharashtra, India

Post Date: 
2011-05-15
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This study was conducted in 2011. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) constitute a significant epidemiological burden all over the world especially in middle and low income countries. Women are more vulnerable to STIs due to several biological and socio-economic reasons. Although transmission of...

A5273: Multicenter Study of Options for Second-Line Effective Combination Therapy (SELECT)

Post Date: 
2011-05-12
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This study was terminated May 2, 2017. This was a multinational clinical trial conducted in Brazil, India, Kenya, Malawi, Peru, South Africa, Tanzania, Thailand, and Zimbabwe. The study is being done with people who are taking their first anti-HIV drug regimen (including an Non-Nucleoside Reverse...

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Sex-related differences in inflammatory and immune activation markers before and after combined antiretroviral therapy initiation

Post Date: 
2016-10-01
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Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Background: Women progress to death at the same rate as men despite lower plasma HIV RNA (viral load). We investigated sex-specific differences in immune activation and inflammation as a potential explanation. Methods: Inflammatory and immune activation markers [interferon γ, tumor necrosis factor...

Efficacy of six-week extended-dose nevirapine varies by infant birth weight with greatest relative efficacy in low birth weight infants

Post Date: 
2016-09-30
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PLOS One
Low birth weight (LBW), defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as birth weight less than 2500 g, is a significant public health issue in resource-limited settings, particularly in Sub Saharan Africa and South Asia where the estimated annual incidence is 14% and 28–31%, respectively,...

HIV-related stigma among Spanish speaking Latinos in an emerging immigrant receiving city

Post Date: 
2016-09-27
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Publication: 
Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
HIV-related stigma has been associated with a reluctance to test for HIV among Latinos . This study assessed community HIV-related stigma within an emerging Latino immigrant receiving city . We conducted a brief survey among a convenience sample of 312 Spanish - speaking Latinos in Baltimore,...

Continued importance of sexually transmitted disease clinics in the era of the Affordable Care Act

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2016-09-15
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American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Introduction: Following the 2014 expansions of Medicaid and private health insurance through the Affordable Care Act, municipal sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics-which have historically served predominantly uninsured patients-have been threatened with budget cuts nationwide. This study was...

Lateral flow urine lipoarabinomannan assay for detecting active tuberculosis in HIV-positive adults

Post Date: 
2016-08-16
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Publication: 
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Background: Rapid detection of tuberculosis (TB) among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a global health priority. HIV-associated TB may have different clinical presentations and is challenging to diagnose. Conventional sputum tests have reduced sensitivity in HIV-positive...

Heterogeneity of the HIV epidemic in agrarian, trading, and fishing communities in Rakai, Uganda: an observational epidemiological study

Post Date: 
2016-08-15
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Publication: 
The Lancet HIV
Background : Understanding the extent to which HIV burden differs across communities and the drivers of local disparities is crucial for an effective and targeted HIV response. We assessed community-level variations in HIV prevalence, risk factors, and treatment and prevention service uptake in...

Community-based interventions to improve and sustain antiretroviral therapy adherence, retention in HIV care and clinical outcomes in low- and middle-income countries for achieving the UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets

Post Date: 
2016-07-30
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Publication: 
Current HIV/AIDS Reports
Little is known about the effect of community versus health facility-based interventions to improve and sustain antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, virologic suppression, and retention in care among HIV-infected individuals in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). We systematically searched...

Continued elevation of interleukin-18 and interferon-γ after initiation of antiretroviral therapy and clinical failure in a diverse multicountry human immunodeficiency virus cohort

Post Date: 
2016-07-27
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Publication: 
Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Background: We assessed immune activation after antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation to understand clinical failure in diverse settings. Methods: We performed a case-control study in ACTG Prospective Evaluation of Antiretrovirals in Resource-Limited Settings (PEARLS). Cases were defined as...

Association of medical male circumcision and antiretroviral therapy scale-up with community HIV incidence in Rakai, Uganda

Post Date: 
2016-07-12
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Publication: 
JAMA
IMPORTANCE: Medical male circumcision (MMC) and antiretroviral therapy (ART) are proven HIV prevention interventions, but there are limited data on the population-level effect of scale-up of these interventions in sub-Saharan Africa. Such evaluation is important for planning and resource allocation...

Epidemiological impact of achieving UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets for HIV care in India: a modelling study

Post Date: 
2016-07-07
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Publication: 
BMJ Open
Objective: Recent UNAIDS ‘90-90-90’ targets propose that to end the HIV epidemic by 2030, 90% of persons living with HIV (PLWH) worldwide should know their diagnosis, 90% of diagnosed PLWH should be on antiretroviral therapy (ART) and 90% of PLWH on ART should be virally suppressed by 2020...

Inflammation and change in body weight with antiretroviral therapy initiation in a multinational cohort of HIV-infected adults

Post Date: 
2016-07-01
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Publication: 
Journal of Infectious Diseases
Background: Both wasting and obesity are associated with inflammation, but the extent to which body weight changes influence inflammation during human immunodeficiency virus infection is unknown. Methods: Among a random virologically suppressed participants of the Prospective Evaluation of...

Defining clinical excellence in adult infectious disease practice

Post Date: 
2016-06-16
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Publication: 
Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Clinical excellence should be recognized, particularly in the current climate that appropriately prioritizes relationship-centered care. In order to develop a recognition model, a definition of clinical excellence must be created and agreed upon. A paradigm recently suggested by C. Christmas...

Quantitative IFN-y,IL-2 response and latent tuberculosis test discordance in HIV-infected pregnant women

Post Date: 
2016-06-15
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Publication: 
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Rationale: Pregnant women with latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) are at high risk for development of TB, especially if infected with HIV. Objectives: To assess the performance of LTBI tests in pregnant and postpartum women infected with HIV, investigate the immunology behind discordance in...

Next-generation sequencing in neuropathologic diagnosis of infections of the nervous system

Post Date: 
2016-06-13
Publication: 
Neurology, Neuroimmunology and Neuroinflammation
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of next-generation sequencing (NGS) microbiome approaches in the diagnosis of infectious disorders in brain or spinal cord biopsies in patients with suspected CNS infections. METHODS: In a prospective pilot study, we applied NGS in combination with a new...

Isoniazid hair concentrations in children with tuberculosis: a proof of concept study

Post Date: 
2016-06-01
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Publication: 
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Assessing treatment adherence and quantifying exposure to anti-tuberculosis drugs among children is challenging. We undertook a 'proof of concept' study to assess the drug concentrations of isoniazid (INH) in hair as a therapeutic drug monitoring tool. Children aged <12 years initiated on...

The availability of emergency obstetric care in the context of the JSY cash transfer programme in Madhya Pradesh, India

Post Date: 
2016-05-18
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Publication: 
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Abstract Background: Since 2005, India has implemented a national cash transfer programme, the Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY), which provides women a cash transfer upon giving birth in an existing public facility. This has resulted in a steep rise in facility births across the country. The early...

Applying ethical principles to international community-based research; a case study from the Consortium to Respond Effectively to the AIDS/TB Epidemic

Post Date: 
2016-05-15
This paper describes how one set of HIV-TB prevention research studies put procedures in place to be responsive to these foundational ethical principles when interacting with communities in large population-based, global public health research.

Public health clinic-based hepatitis C testing and linkage to care in Baltimore

Post Date: 
2016-05-15
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Publication: 
Journal of Viral Hepatitis
Testing and linkage to care are important determinants of hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment effectiveness. Public health clinics serve populations at high risk of HCV. We investigated their potential to serve as sites for HCV testing, initiation of and linkage to HCV care. Cross-sectional study of...

Management and control of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB): addressing policy needs for India

Post Date: 
2016-05-06
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Publication: 
Journal of Public Health Policy
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) challenges TB control efforts because of delays in diagnosis plus its long-term treatment which has toxic effects. Of TB high-incidence countries, India carries the highest burden of MDR-TB cases. We describe policy issues in India concerning MDR-TB...

High proportion of extrapulmonary tuberculosis in a low prevalence setting: a retrospective cohort study

Post Date: 
2016-04-29
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Publication: 
Public Health
Objectives: The proportion of extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) cases in the United States (US) has been rising due to a slower rate of decline in EPTB compared to pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). The purpose of this study was to characterise the clinical and treatment differences between EPTB and...

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A Case-control Study of Household Air Pollution and Tuberculosis in Women and Children in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2016-10-26
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Elf JL , Kinikar A, Khadse S, Mave V, Gupte N, Kulkarni V, Patekar S, Raichur P, Breysse PN, Gupta A, Golub JE. A Case-control Study of Household Air Pollution and Tuberculosis in Women and Children in Pune, India. 47th Union World Conference on Lung Health. International Union for Tuberculosis and...

Sub-Therapeutic Concentrations of Anti-Tuberculosis Drugs in Children when Treated According to Indian Dosing Recommendation

Post Date: 
2016-10-24
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Guiastrennec B, Ramachandran G, Karlsson MO, Kumar H, Bhavani PK, Gangadevi NP, Swaminathan S, Gupta A, Dooley KE, Savic RM. Sub-Therapeutic Concentrations of Anti-Tuberculosis Drugs in Children when Treated According to Indian Dosing Recommendation. 9th Annual International Workshop on Clinical...

TB and Diabetes in Pregnancy: Current Knowledge and Research Gaps

Post Date: 
2016-10-24
Gupta, A. TB and Diabetes in Pregnancy: Current Knowledge and Research Gaps. 47th Union World Conference on Lung Health. International Union for Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. Liverpool, England.

Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcal Bacteraemia: Is Daptomycin as Effective as Linezolid?

Post Date: 
2016-10-04
Mave, V. Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcal Bacteraemia: Is Daptomycin as Effective as Linezolid? Infectious Diseases Society of America. 2007 Annual Meeting. San Diego, CA. 2007.

Outreach Workers in the Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) Programme in India: Challenges and Opportunities

Post Date: 
2016-07-21
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Suryavanshi N , Mave V, Kadam A, Kanade S, Sivalenka S, Sampath K, Harve P, Gupta RS, Hegde A, McKenzie-White J, Gupte N, Gupta A, Bollinger RC, Shankar AV. Outreach Workers in the Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) Programme in India: Challenges and Opportunities. 21st...

A Cluster-Randomized Trial to Promote Combination HIV Prevention Using M-health-Supported CHWs in a High-Prevalence Fishing Community: Design and Baseline Characteristics of the mLAKE Trial in Rakai, Uganda

Post Date: 
2016-07-21
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Chang L, Mbabali I, Kong X, Hutton H, Long A, Thomas A, Bugos E, Ssekasanvu J, Kennedy C, Amico R, Nalugoda F, Reynolds S, Quinn T, Serwadda D, Wawer M, Gray R, Nakigozi G. A Cluster-Randomized Trial to Promote Combination HIV Prevention Using M-health-Supported CHWs in a High-Prevalence Fishing...

Rapid Diagnosis, Linkage and Treatment Initiation of Patients with Drug-resistant Tuberculosis in South Africa: The miLINC Solution to Improve Access to Care

Post Date: 
2016-07-20
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Farley JE , Seiguer S, Naicker M, McKenzie-White J, Greg C, Elmi M, Stevens W, Stewart-Isherwood L. Rapid Diagnosis, Linkage and Treatment Initiation of Patients with Drug-resistant Tuberculosis in South Africa: The miLINC Solution to Improve Access to Care. 21st International AIDS Conference...

High Risk for Loss to Follow-Up among Adolescents Living with HIV in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2016-07-19
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Nimkar S , Valvi C, Khadse S, Kadam D, Kinikar A, Marbaniang I, Rewari BB, Chandanwale A, Suryavanshi N, Patil S, Nevrekar N, Raichur P, Gupta A, Mave V. High Risk for Loss to Follow-Up among Adolescents Living with HIV in Pune, India. 21st International AIDS Conference. International AIDS Society...

Host Factors Associated with Poor Respiratory Health-related Quality of Life in Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2016-07-17
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Clinical Sites: 
Gupte A , Meshram S, Selvaraju S, Gupte N, Shivakumar SVBY, Paradkar M, Kohli R, Theruvengadam K, Suryavanshi N, Chandrasekaran P, Mave V, Swaminathan S, Salvi S, Checkley, W, Golub J, Gupta A. Host Factors Associated with Poor Respiratory Health-related Quality of Life in Pulmonary Tuberculosis...

A5300/I2003: Feasibility of Identifying, Recruiting, and Characterizing Adult MDR TB Index Cases and their Adult and Child Household Contacts on Four Continents

Post Date: 
2016-07-17
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Clinical Sites: 
Swindells S , Kim S, Gupta A, Hesseling AC, Shah S, Johnson D, Harrington M, Suryavanshi N, Sanchez J, Dawson R, Naini L, Jones L, Hughes M, Churchyard G, for ACTG/IMPAACT. A5300/I2003: Feasibility of Identifying, Recruiting, and Characterizing Adult MDR TB Index Cases and their Adult and Child...

Prevalence of and Risk Factors for Diabetes mellitus among Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients in Pune, India.

Post Date: 
2016-07-16
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Golub, J., Gupta, A. Prevalence of and Risk Factors for Diabetes mellitus among Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients in Pune, India. TB2016. International AIDS Society. Durban, South Africa. 2016.

Host Factors Associated with Poor Respiratory Health-Related Quality of Life in Pulmonary TB

Post Date: 
2016-06-21
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Clinical Sites: 
Gupte, A. Host Factors Associated with Poor Respiratory Health-Related Quality of Life in Pulmonary TB. 2016 Annual Meeting. Johns Hopkins Center for Tuberculosis Research. Baltimore, MD. 2016.

The Association of Household Air Pollution and Tuberculosis in Women and Children in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2016-06-21
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Elf, J. The Association of Household Air Pollution and Tuberculosis in Women and Children in Pune, India. 2016 Annual Meeting. Johns Hopkins Center for Tuberculosis Research. Baltimore, MD. 2016.

High Proportion of Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis in Baltimore City

Post Date: 
2016-06-21
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Chida, N. High Proportion of Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis in Baltimore City. 2016 Annual Meeting. Johns Hopkins Center for Tuberculosis Research. Baltimore, MD. 2016.

Inflammation in HIV-infected Pregnant Women: Relationship with Diet, Gut Microbiome, and Preterm Birth

Post Date: 
2016-06-10
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Shivakoti, R. Inflammation in HIV-infected Pregnant Women: Relationship with Diet, Gut Microbiome, and Preterm Birth. JHU Center for AIDS Research Annual Meeting. Baltimore, MD.

Medicine as a Bridge Between the US and India

Post Date: 
2016-05-21
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Gupta, A. Medicine as a Bridge Between the US and India. Indiaspora. Philadelphia, PA.

An Overview of Protecting Households on Exposure to Newly Diagnosed Index (PHOENIx) Trial

Post Date: 
2016-05-19
Gupta, A. An Overview of Protecting Households on Exposure to Newly Diagnosed Index (PHOENIx) Trial. Johns Hopkins Center for Tuberculosis Research. Baltimore, MD.

Double Trouble: Managing and Preventing TB and HIV

Post Date: 
2016-04-20
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Gupta, A. Double Trouble: Managing and Preventing TB and HIV. DY Patil University. Pune, India.

Conducting ID Research in India and Beyond

Post Date: 
2016-03-14
Gupta, A. Conducting ID Research in India and Beyond. ID Didactic Research Forum, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. Baltimore, MD.

Clinical, Social, and Meteorological Factors Associated with Dengue and Malaria Diagnosis in Adults in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2016-03-03
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Countries: 
Kadam D, Raichur P, Chandanwale A, Joshi S, Robinson M, Marbaniang I, Kagal A, Bharadwaj, Mave V. Clinical, Social, and Meteorological Factors Associated with Dengue and Malaria Diagnosis in Adults in Pune, India. 17th International Congress on Infectious Diseases. Hyderabad, India.

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Tuberculosis scare in HIV positive pregnant women: most widely-used tuberculosis test fails to diagnose illness

Post Date: 
2016-01-28
Source: 
International Business Times
The most commonly-used tuberculosis (TB) test, TST, has failed to detect TB in HIV positive pregnant women. A research published online in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine has revealed that the TB test failed to accurately diagnose the...

Most commonly used TB test fails to accurately diagnose pregnant, HIV-positive women

Post Date: 
2016-01-25
Source: 
Infection Control Today
New research finds that the most commonly used test for tuberculosis fails to accurately diagnose TB in up to 50 percent of pregnant women who are HIV positive. The research published early online in the American Thoracic Society’s American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine is...

BJGMC Clinical Research Site Observes World AIDS Day

Post Date: 
2015-12-14
Pune, India—To mark the struggle of those living with HIV and in commemoration of those who have lost their lives, the Clinical Research Site at Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College (BJGMC CRS) participated in the National AIDS Trust’s World AIDS Day . Each year on December 1, events are...

CCGHE At The Union 2015

Post Date: 
2015-11-30
JOHNS HOPKINS CENTER FOR CLINICAL GLOBAL HEALTH EDUCATION AT THE UNION DECEMBER 2- 6 2015 | CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA Congratulations, Fogarty Fellows & Ujala Scholars! Dr. Anita Basavaraj, Ms. Jessica Elf, Dr. Sunita Girish, Dr. Nikhil Gupte, Dr. Aarti Kinikar, Dr. Rahul Lokhande, Dr. Jyoti...

Amid international growth, emocha gets grant to look at Maryland TB treatment

Post Date: 
2015-11-23
Source: 
Technical.ly Baltimore
emocha Mobile Health received a Small Business Innovation Research grant to further development of its mobile app that provides video-based healthcare observations in some cases where visits were previously required. The NIH grant, which is for about $200,000 over two years, will allow the Johns...

New cases of HIV in India could fall by 38% with early ART and better retention, finds study

Post Date: 
2015-10-23
Source: 
The BMJ
Starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) early in India could reduce new infections by 18% and AIDS mortality by 9%, a study has found. Better retention in care could reduce new cases by 38% over the next 20 years. The study used dynamic compartmental modelling to compare early ART initiation (at CD4...

CCGHE Faculty and Fogarty Scholars Meet with BJGMC Leadership

Post Date: 
2015-06-22
Baltimore, MD—Dr. Ajay S. Chandanwale, Dean, and other faculty leadership of Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College (BJGMC) in Pune, India, arrived at the Johns Hopkins Medical Campus today to meet with CCGHE faculty and Fogarty Scholars who are in Baltimore attending the Hopkins Summer...

Mobile app developed by JHU grads helps monitor Ebola, tuberculosis patients

Post Date: 
2015-05-13
Source: 
The HUB at Johns Hopkins
Listening to Morad Elmi list off the recent developments at emocha Mobile Health Inc., the company he co-founded with fellow Johns Hopkins Carey Business School graduate Sebastian Seiguer, it's hard not to be impressed by the breadth and scope of the startup's work. In the past six months, the...

Ujala Foundation Recognized for Commitment to Hopkins Work in India

Post Date: 
2015-04-30
Back Row: Ashlyn Sowell, Kelly Dooley, Jessica Elf, Rupak Shivakoti, Natasha Chida, Akshay Gupte, Jyoti Mathad, Leslie Bernard. Front Row: Molly Bowen, Bob Bollinger, Kamla Gupta, Raj Gupta, Amita Gupta, Jane McKenzie-White Photography: Jon Cristofersen Baltimore, MD—On April 30, 2015, the Ujala...

Uniting mobile, education and pharma to combat HIV

Post Date: 
2015-04-07
Source: 
Healthcare Innovation
Health Innovation talks to Kris Sterkens, Company Group Chairman, Janssen Asia Pacific, about the TAMA project, as well as about some of the changes he has seen in the pharmaceutical industry because of IT and mobile.

Joint Pledge of More than $5 Million to Support Health Research and Education in India

Post Date: 
2014-11-18
Source: 
The Campaign for Johns Hopkins
Gifts from the Ujala and Wyncote Foundations will create professorships and named scholars at the Center for Clinical Global Health Education For more than two decades, the Center for Clinical Global Health Education (CCGHE) at Johns Hopkins Medicine has...

Baltimore tests mobile app for monitoring TB patients

Post Date: 
2014-10-24
Source: 
The Daily Record
The Baltimore City Health Department is piloting a mobile app that helps patients adhere to their medication regimen while reducing the burden on clinicians of monitoring those patients. The app, called miDOT, was developed by a company called emocha Mobile Health Inc., which is working out of the...

Health department launches TB trial with emocha app

Post Date: 
2014-10-22
Source: 
Technical.ly Baltimore
Tuberculosis is both tough to treat and medically cumbersome to manage. Under directly observed therapy, a medical professional has to watch a patient take his or her medication for at least six months. A Baltimore health IT startup may help lighten that load. The Baltimore City Health Department...

Where in the world: A look at JHU's global endeavors in India

Post Date: 
2014-09-01
Source: 
Johns Hopkins Gazette
Combating a TB epidemic India accounts for one-quarter of the cases of tuberculosis infection globally, and nearly 40 percent of its population is infected with the disease, which kills 1.4 million people a year. Researchers in the School of Medicine's Center for Clinical Global Health Education...

New guidelines on treating those with HIV developed

Post Date: 
2012-03-06
Source: 
The Baltimore Sun
“Clearly, there is lots of room for improvement in how we, as care providers, can get new patients into treatment and help them adhere to the often strict drug regimens needed to suppress the viral disease and prevent drug resistance,” Dr. Larry W. Chang, a guidelines co-author and an assistant...

HIV, TB Co-infection Increases Postpartum Mother-child Mortality

Post Date: 
2007-06-28
Source: 
Reuters Health via MedScape
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