Research News

Remdesivir vials
March 24, 2021

Just Published in JAMA Network Open: In this retrospective analysis, remdesivir was associated with faster clinical improvement of COVID-19 in a cohort of predominantly non-White patients

Clinical Research

Leadership
While we conduct research all over the world, the majority of our work is in India. Our Indo-JHU Clinical Research Partnership is located in Pune and is directed by Dr. Amita Gupta (Baltimore, MD), with onsite direction from Dr. Vidya Mave, Dr. Nishi Suryavanshi, and Dr. Nikhil Gupte (Pune). The Indo-JHU Partnership employs more than 200 people and in addition to our memberships in cosortia with many esteemed Indian research institutions, we have formal agreements with:

 
 

ONCOGRID: An mHealth Approach to Prevention and Early Diagnosis of Oral Cancer in Rural South India

Post Date: 
2012-11-01
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Countries: 
This study ended February 7, 2017. The Indian sub-continent is burdened with 80% of the world’s patients with oral cancer, and delay in oral cancer diagnosis is one of the major problems that leads to poor treatment outcomes (V. Shanta, R. Swaminathan, R. Rama. Cancer Control 2013). Current...

Project Connect Baltimore: Connecting Young Males to Sexual/Reproductive Healthcare

Post Date: 
2012-10-01
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Countries: 
To design, implement and evaluate a male-friendly and culturally appropriate guide for increasing access to and use of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/sexually transmitted disease (STD) testing and sexual/reproductive healthcare (SRHC) among African American and Latino males.

Diagnosis of Active Tuberculosis in HIV-infected and Uninfected Young Children in India

Post Date: 
2012-07-24
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Tuberculosis (TB) is the most common cause of morbidity/mortality in HIV-infected individuals in India. India has the world's highest burden of HIV and TB, and since children acquire HIV/TB from their caregivers, active TB is highly prevalent (14-67.5%) among HIV-infected young children in India...

A5288: MULTIOCTAVE, Management Using the Latest Technologies in Resource-limited Settings to Optimize Combination Therapy After Viral Failure

Post Date: 
2012-07-16
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Countries: 
This study was terminated in March 2020. It was a mult-country clinical trial conducted in Brazil, Haiti, India, Kenya, Malawi, Peru, South Africa, Thailand, Uganda, and Zambia under the AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG) and funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health. A5288 is a multi-step,...

RePORT India

Post Date: 
2012-06-30
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
RePORT India is a joint venture between the Indian and US governments. The Indo-US Vaccine Action Program, a collaboration between the Indian Department of Biotechnology (DBT), the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), and the US NIH, is co-funding six teams of India- and US-based...

Analysis of Data Collected from the Evaluation of Community-Based Education, Research and Service (COBERS)

Post Date: 
2012-06-12
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Countries: 
This effort ended in June 2015. Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MakCHS), the Medical Schools at Gulu University (GU), Mbarara University of Science and Technology (MUST), Kampala International University (KIU) and Busitema University (BU) came together with Johns Hopkins University...

C-TRIUMPH Pilot Study: Burden and Risk Factors for Drug-resistant Tuberculosis in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2012-05-29
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
This pilot study ended in April 2015. Drug resistant TB (MDR-TB and XDR-TB) is increasing worldwide. Although 20% of all global TB cases occur in India, current estimates of the burden of MDR-TB in India are limited. A well-characterized TB clinical cohort, household cohort and control cohort would...

DOmestic Violence Enhanced Home Visitation and Smart Phones (DOVE)

Post Date: 
2012-01-01
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Countries: 
This effort ended in 2017. The major challenge of early prenatal nurse home visitation programs is to accurately identify abused women. The DOVE study aims to improve maternal health and increase the use of a safety plan and community resources by using an emocha ®...

Sexually Transmitted Infections among Women in the Reproductive Age Group in Shevgaon, Ahmednagar District, Maharashtra, India

Post Date: 
2011-05-15
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Countries: 
This study was conducted in 2011. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) constitute a significant epidemiological burden all over the world especially in middle and low income countries. Women are more vulnerable to STIs due to several biological and socio-economic reasons. Although transmission of...

A5273: Multicenter Study of Options for Second-Line Effective Combination Therapy (SELECT)

Post Date: 
2011-05-12
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
This study was terminated May 2, 2017; it was conducted under the AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG) and funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health. This was a multinational clinical trial conducted in Brazil, India, Kenya, Malawi, Peru, South Africa, Tanzania, Thailand, and Zimbabwe. The...

Predictors of Perinatal HBV Transmission in an HIV/HBV Infected Cohort

Post Date: 
2011-04-22
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Countries: 
This study ended in 2014. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) coinfection is common; affecting greater than 10% of HIV-infected individuals in resource-limited settings(1-3). Although the impact of HIV disease on HBV coinfection has been studied in non-pregnant adults, little is known about the effects of HIV...

A5282: A Randomized, Phase II Trial to Compare an HPV Test-and-Treat Strategy to a Cytology-Based Strategy for Prevention of CIN 2+ in HIV-Infected Women

Post Date: 
2011-03-15
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Countries: 
Indo-JHU partnership work on this trial was officially terminated September 10, 2018; it was conducted under the AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG) and funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health. This multi-country trial is being conducted in Botswana, Haiti, India, Malawi, Peru, South Africa...

Course Evaluation of a Continuing Medical Education Program for Nurses and Midwives in Uganda

Post Date: 
2011-02-15
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Countries: 
This course evaluation was conducted in 2011. Hypertension presents a substantial burden on the world and Uganda is not immune to this disease. In a recent study, adults in the Rukungiri district in southwestern Uganda were shown to have a 30.5% prevalence of hypertension. (1) Hypertension needs to...

A Prospective Study Evaluating the Role of Cryptococcal Antigen Screening among HIV-infected Adults with Low CD4 Counts

Post Date: 
2011-01-01
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
This prospective observational study aimed to evaluate the burden of cryptococcal disease among approximately 200 HIV-infected adults with low CD4 cell counts in Pune, India to determine whether a Cryptococcal screening strategy should be the standard of care among patients with advanced HIV...

Brief Venue Survey of HIV Risk Places and Use of Technology in the Baltimore Latino Population

Post Date: 
2010-12-14
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Countries: 
This study ended December 13, 2011. In the last ten years, Baltimore City has seen a doubling in the AIDS incidence rate among Latinos. This has been paralleled by a doubling of the Baltimore Latino population over the last five years. At the Baltimore City Health Department (BCHD), Latino patients...

P1073: Study of Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome (IRIS) for International Sites Initiating Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) in Infants and Children < 72 Months of Age

Post Date: 
2010-11-15
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
This study was terminated April 23, 2015. This was a multi-national study conducted in India, South Africa, and Tanzania under the International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials (IMPAACT) Network and funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health...

PreventionRx Study: Home-based Counseling and Testing in Uganda

Post Date: 
2010-10-21
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Countries: 
This study was terminated August 29, 2014. A ‘platform’ for evaluating combination HIV prevention & care-HIV counseling & testing is essential to optimize HIV services. In collaboration with the University of Washington and the Integrated Community Based Initiatives (ICOBI) NGO in Uganda,...

Hospitalized Pediatric Patients with Pandemic 2009 H1N1 Influenza in India (August-November 2009)

Post Date: 
2010-04-10
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
This study ended in April 2013. This was a review and collection of data from the medical records of pediatric patients who were admitted to the BJMC/Sassoon General Hospitals with H1N1 influenza during August-November 2009.

P1077BF: Breastfeeding Version of the PROMISE Study (Promoting Maternal and Infant Survival Everywhere)

Post Date: 
2010-02-02
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Countries: 
This trial was terminated November 6, 2019. This multi-country trial is being conducted in India, Malawi, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, conducted under the International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials (IMPAACT) Network and funded...

P1077FF: Formula Feeding Version of the PROMISE Study (Promoting Maternal and Infant Survival Everywhere)

Post Date: 
2010-02-02
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Countries: 
This trial was terminated November 6, 2019. This multi-country trial is being conducted in India, Malawi, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, under the International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials (IMPAACT) Network and funded by the U.S...

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Challenges of TB and co-treatment: updates and insights

Post Date: 
2018-08-04
Publication: 
Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the past few years, tuberculosis (TB) has overtaken HIV as the infectious disease with the highest global mortality. Successful management of this syndemic will require improved diagnostic tests, shorter preventive therapies, and more effective treatments,...

Tuberculin skin test and QuantiFERON-Gold In Tube assay for diagnosis of latent TB infection among household contacts of pulmonary TB patients in high TB burden setting

Post Date: 
2018-08-01
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Countries: 
Publication: 
PLoS One
World Health Organization (WHO) recommends systematic screening of high-risk populations, including household contacts (HHCs) of adult pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) patients, as a key strategy for elimination of TB. QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT) assay and tuberculin skin test (TST) are two commonly used tools for the detection of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) but may yield differential results, affecting eligibility for TB preventive therapy.

Using mHealth to improve tuberculosis case identification and treatment initiation in South Africa: Results from a pilot study

Post Date: 
2018-07-03
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Countries: 
Publication: 
PLoS One
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) incidence in South Africa is among the highest globally. Initial loss to follow-up (ILFU), defined as not starting on TB treatment within 28 days of testing positive, is undermining control efforts. We assessed the feasibility, acceptability, and potential...

Trends in HbA1c levels and implications for diabetes screening in tuberculosis cases undergoing treatment in India

Post Date: 
2018-07-01
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
SETTING: The optimal timing of screening for diabetes mellitus (DM) among tuberculosis (TB) cases is unclear due to the possibility of stress hyperglycemia. DESIGN: We evaluated adult (18 years) pulmonary TB cases at treatment initiation as well as at 3 months,...

Internal medicine residents' knowledge and practice of pulmonary tuberculosis diagnosis

Post Date: 
2018-06-27
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Open Forum Infectious Diseases
BACKGROUND: Internal medicine physicians are often the first providers to encounter patients with a new diagnosis of tuberculosis. Given the public health risks of missed tuberculosis cases, assessing internal medicine residents' ability to diagnose tuberculosis is important. ...

Loss to follow‐up and mortality among HIV‐infected adolescents receiving antiretroviral therapy in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-06-25
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
HIV Medicine
Over 6 years, one-third of HIV+ adolescents in this study discontinued medical treatment, indicating a critical need for retention counselling and closer clinical monitoring.

Effect of baseline micronutrient and inflammation status on CD4 recovery post-cART initiation in the multinational PEARLS trial

Post Date: 
2018-05-29
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Clinical Nutrition
Nutritional deficiency and inflammation may impact CD4+ T cell recovery during combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), particularly in resource-limited settings where malnutrition is prevalent. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of micronutrient and inflammation biomarkers to CD4 recovery after cART initiation.

Sources of household air pollution and their association with fine particulate matter in low-income urban homes in India

Post Date: 
2018-05-23
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology
INTRODUCTION: Household air pollution (HAP) is poorly characterized in low-income urban Indian communities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire assessing sources of HAP and 24 h household concentrations of particulate matter less than 2.5 microns in diameter (...

The global neurological burden of tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2018-05-18
Publication: 
Seminars in Neurology
Central nervous system (CNS) involvement of tuberculosis (TB) is the most severe manifestation of TB and accounts for approximately 5 to 10% of all extrapulmonary TB (EPTB) cases and approximately 1% of all TB cases. TB meningitis (TBM) is the most common form of CNS TB, though other forms...

Group mentorship model to enhance the efficiency and productivity of PhD research training in Sub-Saharan Africa

Post Date: 
2018-05-04
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Annals of Global Health
Annals of Global Health : Systems capacity building approach to PhD training allowed strong outputs at lower cost and with relatively few additional mentors to train independent scientists able to conduct original research and mentor others.

Antibiotic utilization and the role of suspected and diagnosed mosquito borne illness among adults and children with acute febrile illness in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-05-02
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Mosquito-borne disease identification is associated with reduced empiric antibiotic use and faster antibiotic discontinuation.

Addressing knowledge gaps and prevention for tuberculosis-infected Indian adults: a vital part of elimination

Post Date: 
2018-05-02
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
BMC Infectious Diseases
BMC Infectious Diseases : Our survey among TB patients' household contacts with evidence of recent exposure found that knowledge is poor and families are confused about disease transmission.

Hepatotoxicity during isoniazid preventive therapy and antiretroviral therapy in people living with HIV with severe immunosuppression: a secondary analysis of a multi-country open-label randomized controlled clinical trial

Post Date: 
2018-05-01
Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
BACKGROUND: Hepatotoxicity associated with isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) and antiretroviral therapy (ART) has not been well studied in severely immunosuppressed people with HIV. Our objective was to determine risk factors for hepatotoxicity in severely immunosuppressed individuals...

MDR-TB in children: back to the basics

Post Date: 
2018-05-01
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Countries: 
Publication: 
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
IJTLD: Summary of the Pediatric Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis Clinical Trials Landscape Meeting: a primer of current directions.

Advancing patient-centered care in tuberculosis management: A mixed-methods appraisal of video directly observed therapy

Post Date: 
2018-04-26
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Open Forum Infectious Diseases
BACKGROUND: Directly observed therapy (DOT) remains an integral component of treatment support and adherence monitoring in tuberculosis care. In-person DOT is resource intensive and often burdensome for patients. Video DOT (vDOT) has been proposed as an alternative to increase treatment...

Shorter treatment for minimal tuberculosis (TB) in children (SHINE): a study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

Post Date: 
2018-04-19
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
Trials
Trials: Evidence for TB treatment in kids is largely based on adult studies. The SHINE study aims to fix this

Migration and risk of HIV acquisition in Rakai, Uganda: a population-based cohort study

Post Date: 
2018-04-15
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Lancet HIV
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, migrants typically have higher HIV prevalence than non-migrants; however, whether HIV acquisition typically precedes or follows migration is unknown. We aimed to investigate the risk of HIV after migration in Rakai District, Uganda. ...

Prevention of HIV-1 transmission through breastfeeding:efficacy of safety of maternal antiretroviral therapy versus infant nevirapine prophylaxis for duration of breastfeeding in HIV-1-infected women with high CD4 cell count (IMPAACT PROMISE)

Post Date: 
2018-04-01
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
BACKGROUND: No randomized trial has directly compared the efficacy of prolonged infant antiretroviral prophylaxis versus maternal antiretroviral therapy (mART) for prevention of mother-to-child transmission throughout the breastfeeding period. SETTING: Fourteen...

HIV viral suppression and geospatial patterns of HIV antiretroviral therapy treatment facility use in Rakai, Uganda

Post Date: 
2018-03-27
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Countries: 
Publication: 
AIDS
OBJECTIVE: To assess geospatial patterns of HIV antiretroviral therapy (ART) treatment facility use and whether they were impacted by viral load suppression. METHODS: We extracted data on the location and type of care services utilized by HIV-positive persons...

Pyrosequencing to resolve discrepant Xpert MTB/RIF and Mycobacterial Growth Indicator Tube 960

Post Date: 
2018-03-26
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
Lung India
Lung India: Indo-JHU researchers find that pyrosequencing can clear up discrepancies about drug resistance in TB.

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Choosing an ID Fellowship

Post Date: 
2016-10-29
Chida, N. Choosing an ID Fellowship. ID Week 2016. New Orleans, LA. 2016.

Pharmacokinetic Aspects of 3HP in Special Populations

Post Date: 
2016-10-29
Mathad J. Pharmacokinetic Aspects of 3HP in Special Populations. 47th Union World Conference on Lung Health. International Union for Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. Liverpool, England.

Xpert® MTB/RIF Assay for Pulmonary Tuberculosis Diagnosis in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus

Post Date: 
2016-10-27
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Clinical Sites: 
Mave V , Gupte N, Meshram S, Kagal A, Gupta A, Bharadwaj R, Pradhan N, Deshmukh S, Atre S, Golub J. Xpert® MTB/RIF Assay for Pulmonary Tuberculosis Diagnosis in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus. 47th Union World Conference on Lung Health. International Union for Tuberculosis and Lung Disease...

TB Infection Prevalence, Incidence and Risk Factors among Child and Adult Household Contacts of Adult TB Cases in India

Post Date: 
2016-10-27
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Countries: 
Shivakumar SVBY , Chandrasekaran P, Thiruvengadam K, Gupte N, Mave V, Hannah LE, Kulkarni V, Gupte A, Deluca A, Gomathy NS, Sathyamurthi P, Paradkar M, Kohli R, Meshram S, Kagal A, Suryavanshi N, Ramachandran G, Thomas B, Dolla CK, Subramanyam B, Golub J, Swaminathan S, Gupta A. TB Infection...

Household Contact Tracing of Adult Pulmonary TB Patients in India: Prevalence of TB Disease and Infection

Post Date: 
2016-10-27
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Chandrasekaran P , Thiruvengadam K, Gupte N, Luck EH, Mave M, Gupte A, Gupta A, Swaminathan S. Household Contact Tracing of Adult Pulmonary TB Patients in India: Prevalence of TB Disease and Infection. ID Week 2016. New Orleans, LA. 2016.

Host Factors Associated with Poor Respiratory Health-Related Quality of Life in Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2016-10-27
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Gupte A , Meshram S, Selvaraju S, Gupte N, Shivakumar SVBY, Paradkar M, Kohli R, Theruvengadam K, Suryavanshi N, Chandrasekaran P, Mave V, Swaminathan S, Salvi S, Checkley, W, Golub J, Gupta A. Host Factors Associated with Poor Respiratory Health-Related Quality of Life in Pulmonary Tuberculosis...

Impact of Drug Susceptibility Testing on Drug Choice in a Tuberculosis Cohort with High Rates of Drug Resistance from the Private Sector in Mumbai

Post Date: 
2016-10-27
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Udwadia ZF, Tornheim JA , Ganatra S, DeLuca A, Banka R, Gupta A. Impact of Drug Susceptibility Testing on Drug Choice in a Tuberculosis Cohort with High Rates of Drug Resistance from the Private Sector in Mumbai. ID Week 2016. New Orleans, LA. 2016.

Etiology of Acute Febrile Illness among Hospitalized Adults and Children at a Public Tertiary-Care Center in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2016-10-27
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Countries: 
Robinson M , Balasubramanian U, Raichur P, Kadam D, Khadse S, Marbaniang I, Kanade S, Sachs J, Basavaraj A, Bharadwaj R, Kinikar A, Kulkarni V, Kagal A, Gupta A, Mave V. Etiology of Acute Febrile Illness among Hospitalized Adults and Children at a Public Tertiary-Care Center in Pune, India. ID Week...

A Case-control Study of Household Air Pollution and Tuberculosis in Women and Children in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2016-10-26
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Countries: 
Elf JL , Kinikar A, Khadse S, Mave V, Gupte N, Kulkarni V, Patekar S, Raichur P, Breysse PN, Gupta A, Golub JE. A Case-control Study of Household Air Pollution and Tuberculosis in Women and Children in Pune, India. 47th Union World Conference on Lung Health. International Union for Tuberculosis and...

Sub-Therapeutic Concentrations of Anti-Tuberculosis Drugs in Children when Treated According to Indian Dosing Recommendation

Post Date: 
2016-10-24
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Guiastrennec B, Ramachandran G, Karlsson MO, Kumar H, Bhavani PK, Gangadevi NP, Swaminathan S, Gupta A, Dooley KE, Savic RM. Sub-Therapeutic Concentrations of Anti-Tuberculosis Drugs in Children when Treated According to Indian Dosing Recommendation. 9th Annual International Workshop on Clinical...

TB and Diabetes in Pregnancy: Current Knowledge and Research Gaps

Post Date: 
2016-10-24
Gupta, A. TB and Diabetes in Pregnancy: Current Knowledge and Research Gaps. 47th Union World Conference on Lung Health. International Union for Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. Liverpool, England.

Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcal Bacteraemia: Is Daptomycin as Effective as Linezolid?

Post Date: 
2016-10-04
Mave, V. Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcal Bacteraemia: Is Daptomycin as Effective as Linezolid? Infectious Diseases Society of America. 2007 Annual Meeting. San Diego, CA. 2007.

Outreach Workers in the Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) Programme in India: Challenges and Opportunities

Post Date: 
2016-07-21
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Suryavanshi N , Mave V, Kadam A, Kanade S, Sivalenka S, Sampath K, Harve P, Gupta RS, Hegde A, McKenzie-White J, Gupte N, Gupta A, Bollinger RC, Shankar AV. Outreach Workers in the Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) Programme in India: Challenges and Opportunities. 21st...

A Cluster-Randomized Trial to Promote Combination HIV Prevention Using M-health-Supported CHWs in a High-Prevalence Fishing Community: Design and Baseline Characteristics of the mLAKE Trial in Rakai, Uganda

Post Date: 
2016-07-21
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Countries: 
Chang L, Mbabali I, Kong X, Hutton H, Long A, Thomas A, Bugos E, Ssekasanvu J, Kennedy C, Amico R, Nalugoda F, Reynolds S, Quinn T, Serwadda D, Wawer M, Gray R, Nakigozi G. A Cluster-Randomized Trial to Promote Combination HIV Prevention Using M-health-Supported CHWs in a High-Prevalence Fishing...

Rapid Diagnosis, Linkage and Treatment Initiation of Patients with Drug-resistant Tuberculosis in South Africa: The miLINC Solution to Improve Access to Care

Post Date: 
2016-07-20
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Countries: 
Farley JE , Seiguer S, Naicker M, McKenzie-White J, Greg C, Elmi M, Stevens W, Stewart-Isherwood L. Rapid Diagnosis, Linkage and Treatment Initiation of Patients with Drug-resistant Tuberculosis in South Africa: The miLINC Solution to Improve Access to Care. 21st International AIDS Conference...

High Risk for Loss to Follow-Up among Adolescents Living with HIV in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2016-07-19
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Nimkar S , Valvi C, Khadse S, Kadam D, Kinikar A, Marbaniang I, Rewari BB, Chandanwale A, Suryavanshi N, Patil S, Nevrekar N, Raichur P, Gupta A, Mave V. High Risk for Loss to Follow-Up among Adolescents Living with HIV in Pune, India. 21st International AIDS Conference. International AIDS Society...

Host Factors Associated with Poor Respiratory Health-related Quality of Life in Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2016-07-17
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Clinical Sites: 
Gupte A , Meshram S, Selvaraju S, Gupte N, Shivakumar SVBY, Paradkar M, Kohli R, Theruvengadam K, Suryavanshi N, Chandrasekaran P, Mave V, Swaminathan S, Salvi S, Checkley, W, Golub J, Gupta A. Host Factors Associated with Poor Respiratory Health-related Quality of Life in Pulmonary Tuberculosis...

A5300/I2003: Feasibility of Identifying, Recruiting, and Characterizing Adult MDR TB Index Cases and their Adult and Child Household Contacts on Four Continents

Post Date: 
2016-07-17
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Clinical Sites: 
Swindells S , Kim S, Gupta A, Hesseling AC, Shah S, Johnson D, Harrington M, Suryavanshi N, Sanchez J, Dawson R, Naini L, Jones L, Hughes M, Churchyard G, for ACTG/IMPAACT. A5300/I2003: Feasibility of Identifying, Recruiting, and Characterizing Adult MDR TB Index Cases and their Adult and Child...

Prevalence of and Risk Factors for Diabetes mellitus among Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients in Pune, India.

Post Date: 
2016-07-16
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Golub, J., Gupta, A. Prevalence of and Risk Factors for Diabetes mellitus among Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients in Pune, India. TB2016. International AIDS Society. Durban, South Africa. 2016.

The Association of Household Air Pollution and Tuberculosis in Women and Children in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2016-06-21
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Elf, J. The Association of Household Air Pollution and Tuberculosis in Women and Children in Pune, India. 2016 Annual Meeting. Johns Hopkins Center for Tuberculosis Research. Baltimore, MD. 2016.

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Proactively treating HIV patients at risk for tuberculosis with multi-drug TB regimens doesn't save more lives

Post Date: 
2016-03-18
Source: 
Infection Control Today
In what investigators say is a surprise finding, results of a new study appear to strongly affirm the effectiveness of prescribing the anti-tuberculosis drug isoniazid alone — in place of the standard four-drug regimen — to prevent TB and reduce death in

Common TB treatment in HIV: no added benefit?

Post Date: 
2016-03-18
Source: 
Pharmaceutical Processing Online
In a report on the REMEMBER (Reducing Early Mortality and Early Morbidity by Empiric Tuberculosis Treatment) study—a 10-nation, randomized clinical trial of adult outpatients—investigators concluded that there was no added benefit of using four drugs for TB over just using one drug, isoniazid...

4-drug tuberculosis treatment among HIV/AIDS patients does not save more lives

Post Date: 
2016-03-18
Source: 
MedIndia
There was no added benefit of using four drugs for tuberculosis over using just one drug, isoniazid, to save lives in people with advanced HIV/AIDS, revealed a report on the so-called REMEMBER (Reducing Early Mortality and Early Morbidity by Empiric Tuberculosis Treatment) study—a 10 nation,...

Multidrug TB prophylaxis not needed in advanced HIV

Post Date: 
2016-03-18
Source: 
MedPage Today
Patients with advanced HIV infection initiating anti-retroviral therapy who were treated with isoniazid alone to prevent tuberculosis had similar survival rates as patients treated with a standard four-drug anti-tuberculosis regimen in a multi-national, randomized, controlled trial.

Common treatment of TB in advanced HIV patients doesn't save more lives

Post Date: 
2016-03-17
Source: 
Medical Xpress
In a report on the so-called REMEMBER (Reducing Early Mortality and Early Morbidity by Empiric Tuberculosis Treatment) study—a 10-nation, randomized clinical trial of adult outpatients—investigators concluded that there was no added benefit of using four drugs for TB over just using one drug,...

Proactively treating HIV patients at risk for tuberculosis with multidrug TB therapy doesn’t save more lives

Post Date: 
2016-03-17
In what investigators say is a surprise finding, results of a new study appear to strongly affirm the effectiveness of prescribing the anti-tuberculosis drug isoniazid alone — in place of the standard four-drug regimen — to prevent TB and reduce death in people with advanced HIV/AIDS infections...

CCGHE at CROI 2016

Post Date: 
2016-02-29
JOHNS HOPKINS CENTER FOR CLINICAL GLOBAL HEALTH EDUCATION AT CROI 2016 FEBRUARY 22-25 2016 | BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 23 Combination HIV Prevention and HIV Incidence in a Ugandan Hotspot Fishing Community. Poster Presentation. Session: HIV Testing and Prevention. Authors: Kagaayi J,...

Now, docs to get TB leave as cases mount

Post Date: 
2016-02-24
Source: 
Pune Mirror
Too many cases of tuberculosis (TB) among medical trainees and resident doctors in the state have prompted the medical education department to sanction medical leaves exclusively for the malady. This is the first time any state has taken such a step in India. Unusual working hours; close contact...

VIDEO: Amita Gupta, MD, MHS, reviews TB prevention in patients with HIV

Post Date: 
2016-02-24
Source: 
Infectious Disease News, via Healio
In this video with Healio.com, Amita Gupta, MD, MHS, associate professor medicine and international health and deputy director of the Center for Clinical Global Health Education at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, discusses research related to the prevention of tuberculosis in patients...

LEAP Program a Resource for Investigators of New Antiretrovirals

Post Date: 
2016-02-03
February 3, 2016—Baltimore, MD—The Johns Hopkins Center for Clinical Global Health Education, the Johns Hopkins Departments of Medicine and Pharmacology and Molecular Sciences, and the University of Liverpool launched a new website for an NIH-funded drug development resource called the Long-Acting/...

Up Close: Matthew Robinson

Post Date: 
2016-02-01
Looking for Causes of Fever in India “The most common reason Indians go to the doctor is for fever. The list of potential causes for fever in India and other low and middle income countries in tropical settings is extensive.” Matt Robinson, MD, is a Clinical Fellow whose research in India aims to...

Tuberculosis test may underreport in pregnant women with HIV

Post Date: 
2016-01-28
Source: 
Infectious Disease Advisor
Pregnancy may confound tuberculosis (TB) tests results in women with HIV, according to research published in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine .

Tuberculosis scare in HIV positive pregnant women: most widely-used tuberculosis test fails to diagnose illness

Post Date: 
2016-01-28
Source: 
International Business Times
The most commonly-used tuberculosis (TB) test, TST, has failed to detect TB in HIV positive pregnant women. A research published online in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine has revealed that the TB test failed to accurately diagnose the...

Most commonly used TB test fails to accurately diagnose pregnant, HIV-positive women

Post Date: 
2016-01-25
Source: 
Infection Control Today
New research finds that the most commonly used test for tuberculosis fails to accurately diagnose TB in up to 50 percent of pregnant women who are HIV positive. The research published early online in the American Thoracic Society’s American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine is...

BJGMC Clinical Research Site Observes World AIDS Day

Post Date: 
2015-12-14
Pune, India—To mark the struggle of those living with HIV and in commemoration of those who have lost their lives, the Clinical Research Site at Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College (BJGMC CRS) participated in the National AIDS Trust’s World AIDS Day . Each year on December 1, events are...

CCGHE At The Union 2015

Post Date: 
2015-11-30
JOHNS HOPKINS CENTER FOR CLINICAL GLOBAL HEALTH EDUCATION AT THE UNION DECEMBER 2- 6 2015 | CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA Congratulations, Fogarty Fellows & Ujala Scholars! Dr. Anita Basavaraj, Ms. Jessica Elf, Dr. Sunita Girish, Dr. Nikhil Gupte, Dr. Aarti Kinikar, Dr. Rahul Lokhande, Dr. Jyoti...

Amid international growth, emocha gets grant to look at Maryland TB treatment

Post Date: 
2015-11-23
Source: 
Technical.ly Baltimore
emocha Mobile Health received a Small Business Innovation Research grant to further development of its mobile app that provides video-based healthcare observations in some cases where visits were previously required. The NIH grant, which is for about $200,000 over two years, will allow the Johns...

New cases of HIV in India could fall by 38% with early ART and better retention, finds study

Post Date: 
2015-10-23
Source: 
The BMJ
Starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) early in India could reduce new infections by 18% and AIDS mortality by 9%, a study has found. Better retention in care could reduce new cases by 38% over the next 20 years. The study used dynamic compartmental modelling to compare early ART initiation (at CD4...

CCGHE Faculty and Fogarty Scholars Meet with BJGMC Leadership

Post Date: 
2015-06-22
Baltimore, MD—Dr. Ajay S. Chandanwale, Dean, and other faculty leadership of Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College (BJGMC) in Pune, India, arrived at the Johns Hopkins Medical Campus today to meet with CCGHE faculty and Fogarty Scholars who are in Baltimore attending the Hopkins Summer...

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