Research News

Mother and baby
October 3, 2019

New England Journal of Medicine: Dr. Amita Gupta and colleagues found that the current standard of care given to HIV+ pregnant women to prevent TB should wait until 12 weeks after delivery. The study underscores the need to include pregnant women in clinical trials.

Clinical Research

Leadership
While we conduct research all over the world, the majority of our work is in India. Our Indo-JHU Clinical Research Partnership is located in Pune and is directed by Dr. Amita Gupta (Baltimore, MD), with onsite direction from Dr. Vidya Mave, Dr. Nishi Suryavanshi, and Dr. Nikhil Gupte (Pune). The Indo-JHU Partnership employs more than 200 people and in addition to our memberships in cosortia with many esteemed Indian research institutions, we have formal agreements with:

 
 

Course Evaluation of a Continuing Medical Education Program for Nurses and Midwives in Uganda

Post Date: 
2011-02-15
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This course evaluation was conducted in 2011. Hypertension presents a substantial burden on the world and Uganda is not immune to this disease. In a recent study, adults in the Rukungiri district in southwestern Uganda were shown to have a 30.5% prevalence of hypertension. (1) Hypertension needs to...

A Prospective Study Evaluating the Role of Cryptococcal Antigen Screening among HIV-infected Adults with Low CD4 Counts

Post Date: 
2011-01-01
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This prospective observational study aimed to evaluate the burden of cryptococcal disease among approximately 200 HIV-infected adults with low CD4 cell counts in Pune, India to determine whether a Cryptococcal screening strategy should be the standard of care among patients with advanced HIV...

Brief Venue Survey of HIV Risk Places and Use of Technology in the Baltimore Latino Population

Post Date: 
2010-12-14
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This study ended December 13, 2011. In the last ten years, Baltimore City has seen a doubling in the AIDS incidence rate among Latinos. This has been paralleled by a doubling of the Baltimore Latino population over the last five years. At the Baltimore City Health Department (BCHD), Latino patients...

P1073: Study of Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome (IRIS) for International Sites Initiating Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) in Infants and Children < 72 Months of Age

Post Date: 
2010-11-15
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This study was terminated April 23, 2015. This was a multi-national study conducted in India, South Africa, and Tanzania under the International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials (IMPAACT) Network and funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health. P1073 is a case controlled...

PreventionRx Study: Home-based Counseling and Testing in Uganda

Post Date: 
2010-10-21
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Countries: 
This study was terminated August 29, 2014. A ‘platform’ for evaluating combination HIV prevention & care-HIV counseling & testing is essential to optimize HIV services. In collaboration with the University of Washington and the Integrated Community Based Initiatives (ICOBI) NGO in Uganda,...

Hospitalized Pediatric Patients with Pandemic 2009 H1N1 Influenza in India (August-November 2009)

Post Date: 
2010-04-10
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This study ended in April 2013. This was a review and collection of data from the medical records of pediatric patients who were admitted to the BJMC/Sassoon General Hospitals with H1N1 influenza during August-November 2009.

P1077BF: Breastfeeding Version of the PROMISE Study (Promoting Maternal and Infant Survival Everywhere)

Post Date: 
2010-02-02
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Countries: 
This multi-country trial is being conducted in India, Malawi, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, conducted under the International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials (IMPAACT) Network and funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health.. 1077BF is a randomized...

P1077FF: Formula Feeding Version of the PROMISE Study (Promoting Maternal and Infant Survival Everywhere)

Post Date: 
2010-02-02
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Countries: 
This multi-country trial is being conducted in India, Malawi, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, under the International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials (IMPAACT) Network and funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health. 1077FF is a randomized strategy...

A5225: Phase I/II Dose-Finding Study of High-Dose Fluconazole Treatment in AIDS-Associated Cryptococcal Meningitis

Post Date: 
2009-04-22
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This trial was terminated in March 2015; it was conducted under the AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG) and funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health. This multi-country study was conducted in India, Kenyam Peru, South Africa, Thailand, Uganda, United States, and Zimbabwe. A5225/HiFLAC is a...

Impact of Malnutrition on HIV Treatment Failure in Resource-limited Settings

Post Date: 
2009-04-02
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This study, NWCS 319, was terminated August 20, 2019. Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has reduced morbidity and mortality among HIV-infected persons worldwide. However, early treatment failure (i.e. WHO stage 3 or 4 illnesses or death during the first 24 months of HAART) is more than 3...

Evaluation of the Impact of Distance Learning For Expanding Capacity for Clinical Research in India

Post Date: 
2009-02-13
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Countries: 
This study ended in March 2012. The Office of AIDS Research has initiated a comprehensive program to expand clinical research capacity in India. This program has utilized a number of platforms for providing research training, including intensive in-country workshops and conferences. These programs...

P1070: Dose-Finding and Pharmacogenetic Study of Efavirenz in HIV-Infected and HIV/TB Co-Infected Infants and Children ≥ 3 Months to < 36 Months of Age

Post Date: 
2008-12-05
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Clinical Sites: 
This study ended March 10, 2015. This multi-country trial was conducted in India, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, under the International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials (IMPAACT) Network and funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health. Efavirenz (EFV)...

The Presentation and Disease Progression of HIV Infection Among Indian Children

Post Date: 
2008-09-22
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Countries: 
This study was terminated July 24, 2010.

Immunomodulatory Properties of BCG: Implications for MTCT

Post Date: 
2008-06-01
To evaluate the immune activating properties of BCG vaccination in neonatal CD4 cells and test the hypothesis that neonatal BCG vaccination leads to activation of immune response that may increase the susceptibility to HIV infection in breast-fed infants of HIV-positive mothers.

HIV Latino Outreach Program, Baltimore City Health Department

Post Date: 
2008-01-01
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Dr. Kathleen Page founded and directs the Baltimore City Health Department’s HIV Latino Outreach Program, which provides more than 1000 HIV tests per year to Baltimore's Latino community, and provides linkages to care services for those testing positive.

Peer Community-based Assistant in REtention: Effect of Peer Health Workers on People Living with HIV Not on Antiretroviral Therapy—A Randomized Operations Research Trial

Post Date: 
2007-03-29
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Countries: 
Human resource limitations, long travel times, and a weak health care infrastructure pose significant challenges to the delivery of anti-retroviral therapy (ART) in rural settings such as the Rakai District in southwestern Uganda. HIV increases demand for health services and also impacts the health...

Calibration and Application of a Simple Sensitive/Less Sensitive Assay Applicable to Resource-Limited Countries for Determination of Recent HIV Infection and Incidence Estimates

Post Date: 
2007-03-22
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Countries: 
This study was terminated March 31, 2007. Sensitive/Less Sensitive assays (S/LS) to distinguish between recent and established HIV infections have been successfully applied to identify recently infected persons and determine HIV incidence. However, all currently used S/LS assays require laboratory...

BWI CTU: Baltimore-Washington-India Clinical Trials Unit

Post Date: 
2007-02-02
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Comprising clinical trial sites at Johns Hopkins Medicine in Baltimore, Whitman Walker Health in Washington, DC, and the BJGMC-CCGHE collaboration in Pune, India, the Baltimore-Washington-India Clinical Trials Unit (BWI-CTU) is one of only 25 international HIV/TB clinical trial sites funded by the...

Integration of HIV and Other Prevalent Relevant Infectious Disease Care into Primary Medical Care

Post Date: 
2007-01-01
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Countries: 
According to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), HIV is rapidly expanding in Latin America, and among the Latin American countries with highest HIV prevalence, four are located in Central America. Notably, AIDS is among the 10 leading causes of death in three of the six countries in...

BJGMC-JHU Fogarty HIV-TB Training Program

Post Date: 
2007-01-01
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Funded by the Fogarty International Center at the National Institutes of Health, the JHU Fogarty program has nearly 20 years of success with providing training, professional development, and mentorship to clinicians and scientists in low and middle income countries. CCGHE's latest efforts in this...

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Prevalence of HIV testing provision at community organizations serving young people in a mid-Atlantic city, 2013-2014

Post Date: 
2017-03-31
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Publication: 
Public Health Reports
Objectives: Little is known about the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing at community organizations or the organizational characteristics associated with testing. The objective of this study was to describe (1) the prevalence of HIV testing at community organizations serving...

Reducing uncertainty for acute febrile illness in resource-limited settings: the current diagnostic landscape

Post Date: 
2017-03-27
Publication: 
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
After decades of slow progress in diagnostics for acute febrile illness in resource-limited settings, a wave of converging advancements will enable clinicians in resource limited settings to reduce uncertainty for the diagnosis of acute febrile illness.

The epidemiology, pathogenesis, transmission, diagnosis, and management of multidrug-resistant, extensively drug-resistant, and incurable tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-03-24
Publication: 
The Lancet Respiratory Medicine
Global tuberculosis incidence has declined marginally over the past decade, and tuberculosis remains out of control in several parts of the world including Africa and Asia. Although tuberculosis control has been effective in some regions of the world, these gains are threatened by the increasing...

High prevalence of cryptococcal antigenaemia amongst asymptomatic advanced HIV patients in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2017-03-21
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Publication: 
Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Methods : A prospective study was conducted in a large public sector ART centre and the inpatient wards of Sassoon Hospital, Pune, India. All consenting patients> 18 years of age with CD4 count <100 cells/mm3 were screened for CrAg by latex agglutination assay. Those with positive CrAg...

Drug-resistant tuberculosis in 2017: at a crossroads

Post Date: 
2017-03-15
Publication: 
Lancet Respiratory Medicine
In The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, Dheda and colleagues present one of the most comprehensive pictures to date of the global epidemic of drug-resistant tuberculosis. This comes at a time of increasing awareness of antimicrobial resistance as a global threat, and Mycobacterium tuberculosis has had...

Chilling effect? Post-election health care use by undocumented and mixed-status families

Post Date: 
2017-03-08
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Publication: 
New England Journal of Medicine
Perspective article from Dr. Kathleen Page in the New England Journal of Medicine

Vitamin A and D deficiencies associated with incident tuberculosis in HIV-infected patients initiating antiretroviral therapy in multinational case-cohort study

Post Date: 
2017-02-06
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Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Introduction: Numerous micronutrients have immunomodulatory roles that may influence risk of tuberculosis (TB), but the association between baseline micronutrient deficiencies and incident TB after antiretroviral (ART) initiation in HIV-infected individuals is not well characterized. Methods: We...

¡Sólo se vive una vez! (you only live once): a pilot evaluation of individually tailored video modules aiming to increase HIV testing among foreign-born Latino men

Post Date: 
2017-02-01
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Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
BACKGROUND: Although Latinos living in the United States are disproportionately affected by HIV, the development, implementation, and evaluation of HIV prevention, testing, and linkage to care interventions lag behind efforts occurring in other communities. To address sociocultural barriers to...

Tuberculosis associated with HIV infection

Post Date: 
2017-01-15
Publication: 
Microbiology Spectrum
Abstract Tuberculosis (TB) has recently surpassed HIV as the primary infectious disease killer worldwide, but the two diseases continue to display lethal synergy. The burden of TB is disproportionately borne by people living with HIV, particularly where HIV and poverty coexist. The impact of these...

Qualitative insights into implementation, processes, and outcomes of a randomized trial on peer support and HIV care engagement in Rakai, Uganda

Post Date: 
2017-01-10
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Countries: 
Publication: 
BMC Infectious Diseases
BACKGROUND: People living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who have not yet initiated antiretroviral therapy (ART) can benefit from being engaged in care and utilizing preventive interventions. Community-based peer support may be an effective approach to promote these important HIV services...

The socioecology of sexual and reproductive health care use among young urban minority males

Post Date: 
2017-01-05
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Publication: 
Journal of Adolescent Health
Purpose: To explore perceptions of facilitators/barriers to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care use among an urban sample of African-American and Hispanic young men aged 15-24 years, including sexual minorities. Methods: Focus groups were conducted between April 2013 and May 2014 in one mid-...

Bedaquiline

Post Date: 
2017-01-01
Publication: 
Kucers’ the Use of Antibiotics: A Clinical Review of Antibacterial, Antifungal, and Antiviral Drugs, 7th Edition
Section II, Antibiotics: Part 12 Anti-tuberculosis drugs.

Carbapenems against Mycobacterium tuberculosis: a review of the evidence

Post Date: 
2016-11-15
Publication: 
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Carbapenems, a more recent β-lactam class, represent a unique anti-tuberculosis option, as emerging evidence demonstrates that they target the Mycobacterium tuberculosis cell wall and β-lactamase. This provides a potentially new agent against M. tuberculosis, in particular for multidrug-resistant (...

Tuberculosis burden in India's private sector

Post Date: 
2016-11-15
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Publication: 
The Lancet Infectious Disease
Reply to author's reply

Primary care providers knowledge, attitude and practices related to hepatitis C screening and treatment in the oral direct acting antiviral agents era

Post Date: 
2016-10-28
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Publication: 
Journal of Community Medicine and Health Education
Background: There are over 3 million Americans infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV). Despite recent advances in HCV treatment, a major barrier to care remains a limited number of treaters. HCV therapy provision by primary care providers (PCPs) could expand access by increasing the pool of...

Mandatory tuberculosis case notification in high tuberculosis-incidence countries: policy and practice

Post Date: 
2016-10-20
Publication: 
European Respiratory Journal
Mandatory tuberculosis (TB) notification is an important policy under the End TB Strategy, but little is known about its enforcement especially in high TB incidence countries. We undertook a literature search for selected high-incidence countries, followed by a questionnaire-based survey...

Sex-related differences in inflammatory and immune activation markers before and after combined antiretroviral therapy initiation

Post Date: 
2016-10-01
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Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Background: Women progress to death at the same rate as men despite lower plasma HIV RNA (viral load). We investigated sex-specific differences in immune activation and inflammation as a potential explanation. Methods: Inflammatory and immune activation markers [interferon γ, tumor necrosis factor...

Efficacy of six-week extended-dose nevirapine varies by infant birth weight with greatest relative efficacy in low birth weight infants

Post Date: 
2016-09-30
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Publication: 
PLOS One
Low birth weight (LBW), defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as birth weight less than 2500 g, is a significant public health issue in resource-limited settings, particularly in Sub Saharan Africa and South Asia where the estimated annual incidence is 14% and 28–31%, respectively,...

HIV-related stigma among Spanish speaking Latinos in an emerging immigrant receiving city

Post Date: 
2016-09-27
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Publication: 
Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
HIV-related stigma has been associated with a reluctance to test for HIV among Latinos . This study assessed community HIV-related stigma within an emerging Latino immigrant receiving city . We conducted a brief survey among a convenience sample of 312 Spanish - speaking Latinos in Baltimore,...

Continued importance of sexually transmitted disease clinics in the era of the Affordable Care Act

Post Date: 
2016-09-15
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Publication: 
American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Introduction: Following the 2014 expansions of Medicaid and private health insurance through the Affordable Care Act, municipal sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics-which have historically served predominantly uninsured patients-have been threatened with budget cuts nationwide. This study was...

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Novel Package of Integrated Mobile Applications Reduces Time to Treatment Initiation for Patients with MDR-TB

Post Date: 
2015-12-05
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Countries: 
Farley J, McKenzie-White J, Seiguer S, Naicker M, Peters A, Isherwood L, Olsen F, Stevens W. Novel Package of Integrated Mobile Applications Reduces Time to Treatment Initiation for Patients with MDR-TB. The 46th Union World Conference on Lung Health. Cape Town, South Africa.

Incidence and Risk Factors for TB among HIV+ Children in India

Post Date: 
2015-12-05
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Kinikar AA , DeLuca A, Gupte N, Kadam DB, Khadse S, Chandanwale A, Gupta A, Bollinger R. Incidence and Risk Factors for TB among HIV+ Children in India. The 46th Union World Conference on Lung Health. Cape Town, South Africa.

TB Outbreak among Health Care Workers and Trainees in a Tertiary-care Hospital in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2015-12-05
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Basavaraj A , Patil A, Kadam DB, Chandanwale A, Jain D, DeLuca A, Mave V, Bollinger R. TB Outbreak among Health Care Workers and Trainees in a Tertiary-care Hospital in Pune, India. 46th Union World Conference on Lung Health. Cape Town, South Africa.

Isoniazid Hair Concentrations in Children with TB

Post Date: 
2015-12-05
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Mave V, Kinikar AA, Gupte N, Nimkar S, Kagal A, Horng H, Ramachandran G, Dooley K, Gupta A. Isoniazid Hair Concentrations in Children with TB. 46th Union World Conference on Lung Health. International Union for Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. Cape Town, South Africa.

TB/HIV Treatment during Pregnancy: Does Drug Metabolism Change?

Post Date: 
2015-12-04
Dooley K, Savic R. TB/HIV Treatment during Pregnancy: Does Drug Metabolism Change? The 46th Union World Conference on Lung Health. Cape Town, South Africa.

Current Research on the Pathophysiology, Immunology, Prevention and Treatment of TB in Pregnant Women

Post Date: 
2015-12-04
Gupta A, Mathad J. Current Research on the Pathophysiology, Immunology, Prevention and Treatment of TB in Pregnant Women. The 46th Union World Conference on Lung Health. Cape Town, South Africa.

Current Research on the Pathophysiology, Immunology, Prevention and Treatment of TB in Pregnant Women

Post Date: 
2015-12-04
Gupta, A., Mathad, J. Current Research on the Pathophysiology, Immunology, Prevention and Treatment of TB in Pregnant Women. International Union for Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. 46th Union World Conference on Lung Health. Capetown, South Africa.

Impact of Rifapentine Price Reduction on Utilization for TB Treatment in the United States

Post Date: 
2015-12-04
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Countries: 
Gupta, A. Impact of Rifapentine Price Reduction on Utilization for TB Treatment in the United States. The 46th Union World Conference on Lung Health. Cape Town, South Africa.

Characteristics Associated with Mobile Phone Access among TB Patients in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2015-12-04
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Ogale YP, Elf J, Lokhande R, Mave V, Roy S, Gupta A, Golub J, Mathad J. Characteristics Associated with Mobile Phone Access among TB Patients in Pune, India. The 46th Union World Conference on Lung Health. Cape Town, South Africa.

Risk Factors for Unfavorable Treatment Outcomes in DOTs-treated Pediatric TB Patients

Post Date: 
2015-12-04
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Shelke S, Bollinger R, Chandanwale A, DeLuca A, Gupta A, Gupte N, Adhav PS, Kadam DB. Risk Factors for Unfavorable Treatment Outcomes in DOTs-treated Pediatric TB Patients. The 46th Union World Conference on Lung Health. Cape Town, South Africa.

Utility of GeneXpert for Diagnosis of Rifampicin-resistant Extra-pulmonary TB—A Retrospective Review of 70 Cases, SGH, Pune, India

Post Date: 
2015-12-04
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Girish S, Dharmashle S, Desai S, Kagal A, Bharadwaj R, Chandanwale A, Lokhande R, Kadam DB, DeLuca A, Gupte N, Jain D, Gupta A, Bollinger R, Mave V. Utility of GeneXpert for Diagnosis of Rifampicin-resistant Extra-pulmonary TB—A Retrospective Review of 70 Cases, SGH, Pune, India, The 46th Union...

Maternal and Infant TB: Advancing Our Understanding of Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention

Post Date: 
2015-12-04
Mathad J, Bekker A. Maternal and Infant TB: Advancing Our Understanding of Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention. The 46th Union World Conference on Lung Health. Cape Town, South Africa.

Applied HIV Epidemiology and Implementation Science: a multidisciplinary approach to understanding and controlling an evolving epidemic

Post Date: 
2015-11-20
Chang, L. Applied HIV Epidemiology and Implementation Science: a multidisciplinary approach to understanding and controlling an evolving epidemic. National Institutes of Health. Bethesda, MD.

Isoniazid Concentration in Hair among Children with Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2015-11-15
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Clinical Sites: 
Mave, V. Isoniazid Concentration in Hair among Children with Tuberculosis. Annual Meeting, Center for AIDS Research. Seattle, WA.

BJMC-JHU Research Program

Post Date: 
2015-10-31
Mave, V. BJMC-JHU Research Program. TreatAsia Network Meeting. Bangkok, Thailand.

Rakai Health Sciences Program: Social, Behavioral, and Biomedical Research in HIV Dynamics, Prevention, and Care

Post Date: 
2015-10-30
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Countries: 
Chang, L. Rakai Health Sciences Program: Social, Behavioral, and Biomedical Research in HIV Dynamics, Prevention, and Care. CFAR National Social and Behavioral Sciences Research Network Annual Meeting. Baltimore, MD.

mHealth

Post Date: 
2015-10-29
Chang, L. mHealth. CFAR National Social and Behavioral Sciences Research Network Annual Meeting. Baltimore, MD.

Does Quality of Delivery Care Differ Between Public and Private Facilities in Madhya Pradesh, India?: An Exit Interview Study of Routine Delivery Care Practices

Post Date: 
2015-10-20
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Countries: 
Chaturvedi C, Randive B , Sabde Y, Diwan V, Raven J, De Costa A. Does Quality of Delivery Care Differ Between Public and Private Facilities in Madhya Pradesh, India?: An Exit Interview Study of Routine Delivery Care Practices. Global Maternal Newborn Health Conference 2015. Mexico City, Mexico. 2015

Operational Challenges Undermine WHO TB Symptom Screen in Pregnant Women

Post Date: 
2015-10-11
Vaidya A , Tambe S, Bhosale R, Mave V, Elf J, Pradhan N, Nevrekar N, Patil S, Kagal A, Joshi S, Chandanwale A, Gupta A, MathadJ. Operational Challenges Undermine WHO TB Symptom Screen in Pregnant Women. ID Week 2015. San Diego, CA. San Diego, CA. 2015

Developing a Validated Tool to Assess Internal Medicine and Infectious Disease Trainees’ Ability to Obtain and Interpret TB Diagnostics

Post Date: 
2015-10-11
Chida N, Gupta A, Bollinger B, Melia M. Developing a Validated Tool to Assess Internal Medicine and Infectious Disease Trainees’ Ability to Obtain and Interpret TB Diagnostics. ID Week 2015. San Diego, CA. 2015

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