All Studies/Projects

Measuring TB Drugs in Hair as a Tool to Monitor Adherence, Exposure and Response in Patients with HIV

Post Date: 
2016-08-16
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Our study will examine whether hair levels of two key first line tuberculosis drugs will be useful markers to identify individuals at highest risk of treatment failure in active tuberculosis. Our study aims to provide a lowcost clinical tool using hair that can be noninvasively collected to monitor...

mHealth-enhanced Peer Navigation Intervention for PrEP Delivery among MSM at STD Clinics

Post Date: 
2016-08-01
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Using mixed methodology (quantitative surveys, qualitative interviews, and administrative data), this study will assess acceptability and feasibility of an mHealth-enhanced peer navigation to promote PrEP initiation, retention and adherence among men who have sex with men (MSM) in the Baltimore...

Adherence to Indian National Guidelines for Isoniazid Chemoprophylaxis among Pediatric Contacts of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Cases

Post Date: 
2016-07-06
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The primary objective of the study was to assess the implementation of the Indian Revised National Tuberculosis Programme's (RNTCP) guidelines regarding isoniazid preventive treatment (IPT) for children under 6 years of age who had been in contact with adults diagnosed with sputum positive...

TB and Pregnancy Impact of Immune Changes of HIV and Stages of Pregnancy on Tuberculosis: Nested Study on Temporal Dynamics of Gut Microbiota in HIV Infected Pregnant Women

Post Date: 
2016-07-05
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This is a nested prospective longitudinal cohort study of 35 HIV-infected and 35 HIV-noninfected pregnant women who are part of the parent study “Impact of Immune Changes of HIV and Stages of Pregnancy on Tuberculosis." The objectives are to: Determine the association of gestational age with...

Characterization of Findings on Upper Endoscopy

Post Date: 
2016-07-05
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BJMC is the primary facility for non-emergency endoscopies for a large portion of Pune's underserved population. Currently, there is limited data on the endoscopic findings in resource-limited settings, where the population receiving endoscopic evaluation may have clinically progressed findings...

A Randomized Therapeutic Interventional Comparative Study between Three Different Modalities of Paediatric Antitubercular Treatment

Post Date: 
2016-06-13
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This study was funded by the Fogarty International Center at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. This study, conducted and concluded in 2013, evaluated three different TB treatment regimens in children attending Sassoon General Hospital in Pune, India. A convenience sample size of n=100...

Optimal Algorithmic Diagnosis of Genital TB among HIV-infected and Uninfected Infertile Women

Post Date: 
2016-05-26
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This study was funded by the Fogarty International Center at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. There is a lack of a set protocol universally for diagnosis of genital TB, and for Indian hospitals, India's Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program (RNTCP) also does not give guidelines on...

Whole Genome Sequencing and Trek Sensititre Testing of Stored Isolates of Drug-resistant Tuberculosis from a Clinical Cohort at Hinduja Hospital, Mumbai

Post Date: 
2016-05-02
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Among HIV-positive TB patients presenting to Médecins San Frontières (MSF) clinics in Mumbai, 78% carried MDR-TB strains, with nearly half also found to have additional drug resistance. A previously published cohort of 202 patients cared for at these MSF clinics have enrolled in a cross-sectional...

RePORT: C-TRIUMPH: Substudy on Comparison of Available Purified-protein Derivative (PPD) Tuberculin Skin Test (TST) Antigen Solutions in Detecting Latent Tuberculosis Infection in India

Post Date: 
2016-04-21
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Given the worldwide shortage of PPD TST antigen solutions, it is important to establish the sensitivity of the commercially available SPAN diagnostic TST when compared products used in international settings. This study aims to establish whether the SPAN diagnostic product is bioequivalent to PPDs...

Barriers to Early Treatment Initiation in Childhood Tuberculosis in High Incidence Setting

Post Date: 
2016-04-21
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Funded by the Fogarty International Center and led by PI Dr. Chhaya Tukaram Valvi, the aim of this study is to evaluate the time to treatment initiation and barriers to early treatment initiation in childhood tuberculosis. TB diagnosis in children is challenging, often overlooked or missed, because...

Barriers to Implementation of Isoniazid Preventive Treatment (IPT) in Pediatric Contacts of Sputum Positive Adults with Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2016-03-24
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This study was funded by the Fogarty International Center at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. Young children infected with M.tuberculosis can rapidly progress to pulmonary and extrapulmonary disease with high rates of mortality and morbidity. Studies worldwide have demonstrated that IPT not...

The Human Virome in Health and Disease

Post Date: 
2016-02-21
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Objective 1: To use novel molecular techniques to characterize the human virome in the circulating blood of patients in clinical settings who presented to an acute care setting with an acute febrile illness and in whom a diagnosis cannot be achieved by conventional methods. Healthy controls will be...

Whole Genome Sequencing of Clinical Isolates from Patients with Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis in India 

Post Date: 
2015-11-12
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Comparative genomic analysis using whole genome sequencing (WGS) offers an opportunity to understand the specific mutations associated with drug resistance and the phenotypic behavior of TB. As treatment programs incorporate more molecular diagnostics such as Xpert MTB/RIF and line probe assays, it...

miDOT (Directly Observed Therapy)

Post Date: 
2015-11-01
Designed by Dr. Maunank Shah, the miDOT mobile health application is a video-based Directly Observed Therapy interface that uses the emocha Mobile Health platform to remotely connect patients on long-term tuberculosis therapy with clinicians who are required to witness patients taking...

Smallpox Comes Back to Life in Microbe Hunters

Post Date: 
2015-10-22
Baltimore, MD—The world may have been declared free of smallpox in 1980, but the eradication campaign was revived Tuesday in a multimedia presentation at the Johns Hopkins Medical Campus. The event featured a screening of the film Microbe Hunters: Smallpox , by the Johns Hopkins Center for Clinical...

Identifying Strategies to Optimize Prevention, Diagnosis, and Care of Tuberculosis in Health Care Workers of Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College and Sassoon General Hospital, Pune, India

Post Date: 
2015-10-01
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The BJGMC-JHU Fogarty program has identified tuberculosis in health care workers (HCW) as the program's most significant priority. Between June 2011 and December 2013, a total of 47 TB cases were identified among HCW's at the BJGMC Sassoon General Hospital. This study is being conducted by...

RePORT: C-TRIUMPH: Substudy on Residual Respiratory Impairment Following Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2015-09-13
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Many TB patients have residual respiratory impairment despite treatment. Such individuals may be at increased risk of chronic lung diseases and disability in the future. Using respiratory questionnaires and lung function tests, the Lung Health Sub-study will evaluate 400 adult TB patients enrolled...

A5300/IMPAACT2003: Study of MDR TB Cases and Their Household Contacts: Operational Feasibility to Inform PHOENIx Trial Design

Post Date: 
2015-09-01
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Dr. Amita Gupta is Protocol Co-Chair for this multinational study being conducted in Haiti, South Africa, Uganda, and in India by the Baltimore-Washington-India Clinical Trials Unit, of which CCGHE is a member. This is a cross-sectional study of adult MDR TB index cases and their identified adult...

TREAT Asia: Prevalence Survey of Risk Factors for Tuberculosis and Non-communicable Diseases in an HIV-positive Population in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2015-08-17
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The primary objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of risk factors for tuberculosis and non-communicable diseases (NCDs)--coronary artery disease and diabetes mellitus--among HIV-positive patients. The study will also assess the development of NCDs at 12, 24, 48 months after study...

RePORT: C-TRIUMPH: Substudy on Understanding of Tuberculosis Infection and Preventive Therapy among Skin-Test Positive Household Contacts of Tuberculosis Cases

Post Date: 
2015-08-13
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This study was conducted from June 2015–May 2018. It is both relevant and important to gauge awareness of IPT (Isoniazieas an option for preventing TB among those who are tuberculin skin test (TST) positive, given India’s vast TB-infected population pool that are at risk for progressing to active...

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