Presentations

Antibiotic Use and Drug-Resistant Late-Onset Infections Among Neonates Admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Units in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-08-28
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Agarkhedkar S, Armstrong D, Bharadwaj R, Cox SR, Dohe V, Gupta A, Gupte N, Johnson J, Kadam A, Kinikar A, Malwade S, Manabe Y, Mave V, Milstone A, Parikh T, Rajput U, Randive B, Robinson M , Smith R, Suryavanshi N, Vaidya U, Westercamp M. Antibiotic Use and Drug-Resistant Late-Onset Infections...

High Prevalence of Dengue among Pregnant Women in India

Post Date: 
2018-08-27
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Alexander M, Naik S, Robinson M , Sapkal G, Deshpande P, Kulkarni V, Nimkar S, Sambarey P, Kinikar A, Mave V, Suryavanshi N, Gupte N, Bollinger R, Gupta A, Bharadwaj R, Mathad J. High Prevalence of Dengue among Pregnant Women in India. 2018 International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases...

Association of Maternal Viral Load and CD4 Count with Perinatal HIV-1 Transmission Risk during Breastfeeding in the PROMISE Postpartum Component

Post Date: 
2018-07-26
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Flynn P, Taha T, Cababasay M, Butler K, Fowler MG, Mofenson L, Owor M, Fiscus S, Stranix-Chibanda L, Coutsoudis A, Gnanshanmugam D, Chakhtoura N, McCarthy K, Mukuzunga C, Makanani B, Moodley D, Nematadzira T, Kusakara B, Patil S, Vhembo T, Bobat R, Mmbaga B, Masenya M, Nyati M, Theron G, Mulenga H...

Mobile Health and Behavioral PMTCT Intervention among Community Health Workers Improves Exclusive Breastfeeding and Early Infant Diagnosis in India: A Cluster Randomized Trial

Post Date: 
2018-07-24
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Suryavanshi N, Kadam A, Hegde A, Sivalenka S, Kumar VS, McKenzie-White J, Kanade S, Gupta A, Bollinger RC, Shankar A, Gupte N, Mave V. Mobile Health and Behavioral PMTCT Intervention among Community Health Workers Improves Exclusive Breastfeeding and Early Infant Diagnosis in India: A Cluster...

Opportunities, Challenges and Implications of m-Health Oral Cancer Screening for HIV-positive Individuals in India

Post Date: 
2018-07-23
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Joshi S, Chandanwale A, Sangle S, Marbaniang I , Khaire S, Thakur R, Gupta A, Chigurupati R, Mave V. Opportunities, Challenges and Implications of m-Health Oral Cancer Screening for HIV-positive Individuals in India. AIDS 2018. Amsterdam, The Netherlands. July 23-27, 2018.

Health-related Quality of Life in the A5274 Trial of TB Therapy in Advanced HIV

Post Date: 
2018-07-22
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Clinical Sites: 
Lando R, Sun X, Miyahara S, Hosseinpour MC, Bisson GP, Kumwenda J, Gupta A, Nyirenda M, Katendey K, Torres TS, Suryavanshi N, Beulah F, Opollo V, Shah NS on behalf of the A5274 study team. Health-related Quality of Life in the A5274 Trial of TB Therapy in Advanced HIV. TB 2018, Amsterdam, The...

Role of Maternal Viral Load and CD4 Count on Perinatal HIV-1 Transmission during Breastfeeding in the PROMISE Postpartum Component

Post Date: 
2018-07-20
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Clinical Sites: 
Flynn P, Taha T, Cababasay M, Butler K, Fowler MG, Mofenson L, Owor M, Fiscus S, Stranix-Chibanda L, Coutsoudis A, Gnanshanmugam D, Chakhtoura N, McCarthy K, Mukuzunga C, Makanani B, Moodley D, Nematadzira T, Kusakara B, Patil S , Vhembo T, Bobat R, Mmbaga B, Masenya M, Nyati M, Theron G, Mulenga H...

Association between Dietary Intake and the Composition of the Vaginal Microbiota

Post Date: 
2018-06-20
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Shivakoti R , Tuddenham S, Caulfield LE, Robinson C, Rave J, Ghanem K, Brotman R. Association between dietary intake and the composition of the vaginal microbiota. Society for Epidemiologic Research 51st Annual Meeting. Baltimore, MD. June 19-22, 2018.

Association between Dietary Intake and the Composition of the Vaginal Microbiota

Post Date: 
2018-06-09
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Shivakoti R , Tuddenham S, Caulfield LE, Robinson C, Rave J, Ghanem K, Brotman R. Association between Dietary Intake and the Composition of the Vaginal Microbiota. Oral presentation at Nutrition 2018 Conference. American Society for Nutrition. Boston, MA. June 9, 2018.

Bloodstream Infections among Neonates Admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Units in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-05-05
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Johnson J , Rajput U, Valvi C, Bharadwaj R, Parikh T, Agarkhedkar S, Robinson M, Randive B, Gupte N, Smith R, Westercamp M, Mave V, Manabe Y, Milstone A, for the CDC SHEPheRD India Study Team. Bloodstream Infections among Neonates Admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Units in Pune, India. Pediatric...

Importance of Diagnosis of TB Infection in Pregnant Women in India: Findings from a Cohort Study in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-04-24
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Mathad J. Importance of Diagnosis of TB Infection in Pregnant Women in India: Findings from a Cohort Study in Pune, India. Oral Presentation. Presented at Global Health Research Initiative’s Scientific Conference, Weill Cornell Medical College, April 24, 2018.

Linezolid Experience Among MDR-TB Patients in Mumbai

Post Date: 
2018-03-16
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Tornheim J. Linezolid Experience Among MDR-TB Patients in Mumbai. 2018 Research Retreat, Johns Hopkins Department of Medicine. Baltimore, MD. 2018.

Similar Clinical Outcomes Between Formula and Breastfeeding Women In PROMISE

Post Date: 
2018-03-07
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Hoffman RM , Angelidou K, Brummel S, Saidi F, Dula DE, Mave V, Fairlie L, Theron G, Kamateeka M, Chipato T, Violari A, Chakhtoura N, Currier JS, Fowler MG, for the IMPAACT PROMISE 1077BF/FF Team. Similar Clinical Outcomes Between Formula and Breastfeeding Women In PROMISE. CROI 2018. Boston, MA...

Randomized Trial of Safety of Isoniazid Preventive Therapy During or After Pregnancy

Post Date: 
2018-03-07
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Clinical Sites: 
Gupta A, Montepiedra G, Aaron L, Theron G, McCarthy K, Onyango-Makumbi C, Chipate T, Masheto G, Shin K, Zimmer B, Sterling TR, Chakhtoura N, Jean-Philippe P, Weinberg A for the IMPAACT P1078/TB APPRISE Study Team. Randomized Trial of Safety of Isoniazid Preventive Therapy During or After Pregnancy...

GLP-1 and C-Peptide are Associated with Insulin Resistance among PLWH in India

Post Date: 
2018-03-07
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Marbaniang I, Sangle S, Kadam D, Kulkarni V, Shere D, Gupte N, Gupta A, Mave V. GLP-1 and C-Peptide are Associated with Insulin Resistance among PLWH in India. CROI 2018. Boston, MA. 2018

Inflammation in HIV-Infected Pregnant Women is Associated with Pre-term Birth

Post Date: 
2018-03-07
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Shivakoti R , Gupte N, Kumar NP, Kulkarni V, Balasubramanian U, Bhosale R, Sambarey P, Kinikar A, Bharadwaj R, Patil S, Inamdar S, Suryavanshi N, Babu S, Bollinger R, Gupta A. Inflammation in HIV-Infected Pregnant Women is Associated with Pre-term Birth. CROI 2018. Boston, MA. 2018

One Month of Rifapentine/Isoniazid to Prevent TB In People With HIV: Brief-TB/A5279

Post Date: 
2018-03-05
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Swindells S, Ramchandani R, Gupta A, Benson CA, Leon-Cruz JT, Omoz-Oarhe A, Juste MAJ, Lama JR, Valencia JA, Badal-Faesen S, Moran LE, Fletcher CV, Nuermberger E, Chaisson RE. One Month of Rifapentine/Isoniazid to Prevent TB In People With HIV: Brief-TB/A5279. CROI 2018. Boston, MA. 2018

Clinical Profile of Tuberculous Meningitis in a Tertiary Care Center in India. 5th Global Forum on TB Vaccines. New Delhi, India

Post Date: 
2018-02-21
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Clinical Sites: 
Basavaraj A. Clinical Profile of Tuberculous Meningitis in a Tertiary Care Center in India. Poster presented at 5th Global Forum on TB Vaccines. New Delhi, India. February 20-23, 2018.

Infection Free “Resistors” among Household Contacts of Culture-Confirmed Adult Pulmonary TB Cases

Post Date: 
2018-02-21
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Mave V , Chandrasekaran P, Paradkar M, Gupte A, Pradhan N, Kannan GN, Shivakumar SVBY, Kulkarni V, Dhanasekaran K, Subramanyam B, Selvaraju S, Murali L, Bharadwaj R, Gaikwad S, Meshram S, Kinikar A, Hanna LE, Swaminathan S, Gupte N, Gupta A. Infection Free “Resistors” among Household Contacts of...

TB Infection Among Household Contacts: Preventive Therapy for All?

Post Date: 
2018-02-21
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Dolla CK, Paradkar M, Gupte A, Thiruvenkadam K, Gupte N, Kulkarni A, Balasubranian U, Hanna LE, Dhanasekaran K, Bharadwaj R, Shivakumar SVBY, Gaikwad S, Meshram S, Kohli R, Lokhande R, Thomas B, Kinikar A, Swaminathan S, Mave V, Gupta A, Chandrasekaran P. TB Infection Among Household Contacts:...

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Optimizing Treatment to Improve TBM Outcomes in Children

Post Date: 
2014-05-01
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This study, known as TBM Kids, is being conducted in India and Malawi. Primary Objectives To characterize the pharmacokinetics (PK) (plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)) of rifampicin given at model-derived optimal daily doses and levofloxacin in children ages 6 months to 12 years of age with TBM...

Feasibility and Acceptability of Smartphone-Based Ecological Momentary Assessment of Alcohol Use Among African American Men Who Have Sex With Men in Baltimore

Post Date: 
2013-01-01
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This study provides evidence to support the feasibility and acceptability of using Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA ) methods for collecting data on alcohol use among African American men who have sex with men living in urban settings. These data provide the basis for future studies of EMA-...

Impact of Diabetes on TB Treatment Outcomes

Post Date: 
2013-02-01
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CCGHE, the JHU Center for TB Research and BJGMC have been awarded a $2.5 million dollar NIH grant (2013-2018) to conduct a study to evaluate treatment outcomes among Indian patients with both diabetes mellitus and active TB. This study is assessing the prevalence of impaired glucose or frank...

Editorial Commentary: Recruiting the next generation of infectious diseases physicians: how do we reignite the passion?

Post Date: 
2016-07-15
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Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Introduction: Infectious diseases (ID) is the most exciting medical subspecialty. We may be biased, but we are not wrong. It is disheartening that applications to ID fellowships continue to decrease; in 2016, 61% of fellowship programs did not fill through the National Resident Matching Program, up...

Epidemiological impact of achieving UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets for HIV care in India: a modelling study

Post Date: 
2016-07-07
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BMJ Open
Objective: Recent UNAIDS ‘90-90-90’ targets propose that to end the HIV epidemic by 2030, 90% of persons living with HIV (PLWH) worldwide should know their diagnosis, 90% of diagnosed PLWH should be on antiretroviral therapy (ART) and 90% of PLWH on ART should be virally suppressed by 2020...

Lateral flow urine lipoarabinomannan assay for detecting active tuberculosis in HIV-positive adults

Post Date: 
2016-08-16
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Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Background: Rapid detection of tuberculosis (TB) among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a global health priority. HIV-associated TB may have different clinical presentations and is challenging to diagnose. Conventional sputum tests have reduced sensitivity in HIV-positive...

Defining clinical excellence in adult infectious disease practice

Post Date: 
2016-06-16
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Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Clinical excellence should be recognized, particularly in the current climate that appropriately prioritizes relationship-centered care. In order to develop a recognition model, a definition of clinical excellence must be created and agreed upon. A paradigm recently suggested by C. Christmas...

Isoniazid hair concentrations in children with tuberculosis: a proof of concept study

Post Date: 
2016-06-01
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Publication: 
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Assessing treatment adherence and quantifying exposure to anti-tuberculosis drugs among children is challenging. We undertook a 'proof of concept' study to assess the drug concentrations of isoniazid (INH) in hair as a therapeutic drug monitoring tool. Children aged <12 years initiated on...

Management and control of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB): addressing policy needs for India

Post Date: 
2016-05-06
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Journal of Public Health Policy
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) challenges TB control efforts because of delays in diagnosis plus its long-term treatment which has toxic effects. Of TB high-incidence countries, India carries the highest burden of MDR-TB cases. We describe policy issues in India concerning MDR-TB...

High proportion of extrapulmonary tuberculosis in a low prevalence setting: a retrospective cohort study

Post Date: 
2016-04-29
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Public Health
Objectives: The proportion of extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) cases in the United States (US) has been rising due to a slower rate of decline in EPTB compared to pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). The purpose of this study was to characterise the clinical and treatment differences between EPTB and...

Empirical tuberculosis therapy versus isoniazid in adult outpatients with advanced HIV initiating antiretroviral therapy (REMEMBER): a multicountry open-label randomised controlled trial

Post Date: 
2016-03-19
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The Lancet
Background: Mortality within the first 6 months after initiating antiretroviral therapy is common in resource-limited settings and is often due to tuberculosis in patients with advanced HIV disease. Isoniazid preventive therapy is recommended in HIV-positive adults, but subclinical tuberculosis can...

Ecological momentary assessment of illicit drug use compared to biological and self-reported methods

Post Date: 
2016-03-15
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Journal of Medical Internet Research
Background: The use of mHealth methods for capturing illicit drug use and associated behaviors have become more widely used in research settings, yet there is little research as to how valid these methods are compared to known measures of capturing and quantifying drug use. Objective: We examined...

Infectious Diseases (ID) Learning Unit: How rapidly to evaluate for active tuberculosis disease in low-prevalence settings

Post Date: 
2016-03-11
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Publication: 
Open Forum Infectious Diseases
With declining tuberculosis (TB) incidence in low-prevalence settings, many clinicians are likely unaware that the approach to diagnosing active TB is evolving with newer technologies. Rapid molecular assays are commercially available, and more are likely to enter the market in the coming years...

Inflammation and change in body weight with antiretroviral therapy initiation in a multinational cohort of HIV-infected adults

Post Date: 
2016-04-01
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Publication: 
The Journal of Infectious Diseases
Background: Both wasting and obesity are associated with inflammation, but the extent to which body weight changes influence inflammation during human immunodeficiency virus infection is unknown. Methods: Among a random virologically suppressed participants of the Prospective Evaluation of...

Tuberculosis risk among medical trainees, Pune, India

Post Date: 
2016-03-22
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Publication: 
Emerging Infectious Diseases
During 2012–2013, at a public hospital in Pune, India, 26 (3.9%) cases of tuberculosis were reported among 662 medical trainees, representing an estimated incidence of 3,279 cases/100,000 person-years. Three of these infections were isoniazid-resistant, 1 was multidrug-resistant, and 1 occurred in...

Cohort for Tuberculosis Research by the Indo-US Medical Partnership (C-TRIUMPH): protocol for a multicentric prospective observational study

Post Date: 
2016-02-25
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BMJ Open
Introduction: Tuberculosis disease (TB) remains an important global health threat. An evidence-based response, tailored to local disease epidemiology in high-burden countries, is key to controlling the global TB epidemic. Reliable surrogate biomarkers that predict key active disease and latent TB...

Low Vitamin-D levels combined with PKP3-SIGIRR-TMEM16J host variants is strongly associated with tuberculosis and death in HIV-infected and -exposed infants

Post Date: 
2016-02-12
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Publication: 
PLOS One
Background: This study examined the associations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and specific host genetic variants that affect vitamin D levels or its effects on immune function, with the risk of TB or mortality in children. Methods: A case-cohort sample of 466 South African infants enrolled in P1041 trial...

Quantitative IFN-y,IL-2 response and latent tuberculosis test discordance in HIV-infected pregnant women

Post Date: 
2016-06-15
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Publication: 
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Rationale: Pregnant women with latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) are at high risk for development of TB, especially if infected with HIV. Objectives: To assess the performance of LTBI tests in pregnant and postpartum women infected with HIV, investigate the immunology behind discordance in...

Toward earlier inclusion of pregnant and postpartum women in TB drug trials: consensus statements from an International Expert Panel

Post Date: 
2016-01-04
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Tuberculosis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in women of childbearing age (15–44 years). Despite increased tuberculosis risk during pregnancy, optimal clinical treatment remains unclear: safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic data for many tuberculosis drugs are lacking, and trials...

Rapid Diagnosis, Linkage and Treatment Initiation of Patients with Drug-resistant Tuberculosis in South Africa: The miLINC Solution to Improve Access to Care

Post Date: 
2016-07-20
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Farley JE , Seiguer S, Naicker M, McKenzie-White J, Greg C, Elmi M, Stevens W, Stewart-Isherwood L. Rapid Diagnosis, Linkage and Treatment Initiation of Patients with Drug-resistant Tuberculosis in South Africa: The miLINC Solution to Improve Access to Care. 21st International AIDS Conference...

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