Presentations

Incidence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infection among Household Contacts of Adult Pulmonary Tuberculosis Cases in India

Post Date: 
2018-02-20
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Selvaraju S, Thiruvenkadam K, Paradkar M , Marinaik SB, Bharadwaj R, Rajagopalan S, Gaikwad S, Pattabiraman S, Kinikar A, Sivaramakrishnan GN, Meshram S, Hanna LE, Lokhande R, Dhanasekaran K, Gupte A, John S, Gupte N, Thomas B, Kukarni V, Ayyanu S, Kohli R, Shivakumar SVBY, Swaminathan S, Mave V,...

Linezolid Experience Among MDR-TB Patients in Mumbai

Post Date: 
2018-02-15
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Tornheim JA, Ganatra S, Deluca A, Banka R, Rodrigues C, Gupta A, Udwadia ZF. Linezolid Experience Among MDR-TB Patients in Mumbai. RePORT India Annual Meeting. New Delhi, India.

Risk Factors Associated with Unfavorable Outcomes in a Cohort of Pulmonary TB Patients

Post Date: 
2018-02-15
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Dhanasekaran K , Chandrasekaran P, Paradkar M, Marinaik SB, Gupte A, Dolla CK, Joseph B, Subramanyam B, Sivaramakrishnan GR, Thiruvengadam K, Gupte N, Rajagopal S, Pradhan N, Selvaraju S, Kulkarni V, Hannah LE, Nayakam R, Suryavanshi N, Shivakumar SVBY, Mave V, Thomas B, Bharadwaj R, Gaikwad S,...

Drug Susceptibility of Rifampin-resistant Tuberculosis using Whole Genome Sequencing to Identify Genes of Interest in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-02-15
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Tornheim JA, Madugundu AK, Pradhan N, Bharadwaj R, Mave V, Golub J, Pandey A, Gupta A. Drug Susceptibility of Rifampin-resistant Tuberculosis using Whole Genome Sequencing to Identify Genes of Interest in Pune, India. RePORT India Annual Meeting. New Delhi, India.

The Effect of HIV on the Immune Response to Myobacterium tuberculosis in Pregnant Women from Pune, India.

Post Date: 
2018-02-15
Mathad J, Alexander M, Bhosale R, Naik S, Suryavanshi N, Mave V, Deshpande P, Balasubramanian U, Kulkarni V, Kumar P, Babu S, Gupte N, Nevrekar N, Patil S, Chandanwale A, Gupta A. The Effect of HIV on the Immune Response to Myobacterium tuberculosis in Pregnant Women from Pune, India. RePORT India...

Incidence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infection among Household Contacts of Adult Pulmonary Tuberculosis Cases in India

Post Date: 
2018-02-15
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Paradkar M, Dhanasekaran K, Kinikar A, Kulkarni R, Bharadwaj R, Gaikwad S, Lokhande R, Meshram S, Dolla CK, Selvaraju S, Murali L, Thiruvengadam K, Jain D, Rajagopal S, Kulkarni V, Pradhan N, John S, Kohli R, Nayagam R, Shivakumar SVBY, Suryavanshi N, Cox S, Gupte A, Chandrasekaran P, Mave V, Gupta...

Poor Understanding of TB Infection among At-risk Tuberculin Skin-test Positive Household Contacts of Pulmonary TB Cases in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-02-15
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Dhumal G, DeLuca A, Paradkar M, Suryavanshi N, Mave V, Kohli R, Shivakumar SVBY, Kadam D, Gupta A. Poor Understanding of TB Infection among At-risk Tuberculin Skin-test Positive Household Contacts of Pulmonary TB Cases in Pune, India. RePORT India Annual Meeting. New Delhi, India.

Hyperhomocysteinemia Screening: A Missed Opportunity to Mitigate CVD Risk among Asian Indian HIV-infected Adults?

Post Date: 
2017-12-28
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Marbaniang I , Sangle S, Kulkarni V, Deshpande P, Shere D, Gupte N, Gupta A, Mave V. Hyperhomocysteinemia Screening: A Missed Opportunity to Mitigate CVD Risk among Asian Indian HIV-infected Adults? AAPI Global Health Summit. American Association of Physicians of Indian Origin. Kolkata, India.

Leveraging Collective Impact to Promote India's Development: The Role of the Indian Diaspora in the Fight Against Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-11-09
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Gupta, A. Leveraging Collective Impact to Promote India's Development: The Role of the Indian Diaspora in the Fight Against Tuberculosis. Roundtable Event. USAID, American India Foundation, Dasra, Indiaspora, Intellecap. Georgetown University, Washington, DC.

Meet the Expert: Managing Tuberculosis in Pregnant Women and Newborns

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
Gupta A. Meet the Expert: Managing Tuberculosis in Pregnant Women and Newborns. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

High Burden of Genital TB Among Women with Infertility in India - Need for an Intensified Approach

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
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Clinical Sites: 
Naik SN , Chandanwale A, Joshi S, Mave V, Dhumal G, DeLuca A, Gupta A, Bollinger R. High Burden of Genital TB Among Women with Infertility in India - Need for an Intensified Approach. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico. October 13, 2017.

A Study to Compare Efficacy of Oral High Dose Rifampicin with Standard Dose Rifampicin in Tuberculous Meningitis

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
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Clinical Sites: 
Basavaraj A , Avhad A, Kadam D. A Study to Compare Efficacy of Oral High Dose Rifampicin with Standard Dose Rifampicin in Tuberculous Meningitis. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico. October 13, 2017.

Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency among Indian Children with Tuberculosis and Age- and Sex-matched Controls

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
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Clinical Sites: 
Kinikar A , Chandanwale A, Dixit S, Jubilus J, Jain S, Bharadwaj R, Mave V, Gupte N, DeLuca A, Gupta A, Bollinger RC. Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency among Indian Children with Tuberculosis and Age- and Sex-matched Controls. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico...

Lack of TB Knowledge Among TST-Positive Household Contacts of Pulmonary Cases: A Missed Opportunity

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
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Clinical Sites: 
DeLuca A , Dhumal G, Paradkar M, Suryavanshi N, Mave V, Kohli R, Shivakumar SVBY, Gupta A. Lack of TB Knowledge Among TST-Positive Household Contacts of Pulmonary Cases: A Missed Opportunity. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

The ACTG IMPAACT PHOENIx Feasibility Study: Implications for Country Programs

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
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Gupta A. The ACTG IMPAACT PHOENIx Feasibility Study: Implications for Country Programs. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

Delays and Barriers to Early Treatment Initiation for Childhood Tuberculosis in India

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
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Valvi C , Chandanwale A, Khadse A, Kulkarni R, Kadam D, Dhumal G, Bollinger RC, Deluca A. Delays and Barriers to Early Treatment Initiation for Childhood Tuberculosis in India. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico. October 13, 2017.

Accessing MDR-TB Exposed Households: the PHOENiX MDR-TB Feasibility Study

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
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Gupta A. Accessing MDR-TB Exposed Households: the PHOENiX MDR-TB Feasibility Study. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

Biological Differences in Tuberculosis Diagnosis and Disease in Women

Post Date: 
2017-10-12
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Mathad J. Biological Differences in Tuberculosis Diagnosis and Disease in Women. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

Symposium: From Bench to Bassinet: Scientific Innovations: The Fight against Maternal-Infant TB

Post Date: 
2017-10-12
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Gupta A. Symposium: From Bench to Bassinet: Scientific Innovations: The Fight against Maternal-Infant TB. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

Barriers to Contact Screening and Isoniazid Preventive Therapy among Pediatric Contacts of Adults with Smear-positive Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-10-12
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Clinical Sites: 
Belgaumkar V , Chandanwale A, Valvi C, Khadse S, Jain D, Dhumal G, Bollinger RC, Deluca A. Barriers to Contact Screening and Isoniazid Preventive Therapy among Pediatric Contacts of Adults with Smear-positive Tuberculosis. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

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Prevalence of and Risk Factors for Diabetes mellitus among Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients in Pune, India.

Post Date: 
2016-07-16
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Golub, J., Gupta, A. Prevalence of and Risk Factors for Diabetes mellitus among Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients in Pune, India. TB2016. International AIDS Society. Durban, South Africa. 2016.

Persistently elevated C-reactive protein level in the first year of antiretroviral therapy, despite virologic suppression, is associated with HIV disease progression in resource-constrained settings

Post Date: 
2016-04-01
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Publication: 
The Journal of Infectious Diseases
A case-cohort analysis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) was performed within a multicountry randomized trial (PEARLS) to assess the prevalence of persistently elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, based on serial measurements of...

Profile of bone marrow examination in HIV/AIDS patients to detect opportunistic infections, especially tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2005-01-15
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iIndian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
Morphological evaluation of 140 bone marrow aspirations received in haematopathology laboratory with serologically established HIV infection, along with other relevant special haematological tests, was done during 1st Jan 1999 - 31st Dec 2002 at state government run tertiary care General Hospital...

An international outbreak of salmonellosis associated with raw almonds contaminated with a rare phage type of Salmonella enteriditis

Post Date: 
2005-01-15
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Publication: 
Journal of Food Protection
During the winter of 2000 to 2001, an outbreak due to Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) phage type 30 (PT30), a rare strain, was detected in Canada. The ensuing investigation involved Canadian and American public health and food regulatory agencies and an academic research laboratory. Enhanced laboratory...

Limited evolution in the HIV type 1 pol region among acute seroconverters in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2005-01-15
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AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
India has the second largest burden of HIV-1-infected persons worldwide. Access to antiretroviral drugs in India is increasing. We analyzed HIV-1 protease and reverse transcriptase sequences in 12 acute seroconverters from Pune, India, and evaluated HIV-1 evolution in these individuals over time...

Cost effectiveness of isoniazid preventive therapy for HIV-infected pregnant women in India

Post Date: 
2016-01-01
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Publication: 
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Background: India has a high burden of active tuberculosis (TB) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Pregnancy increases the risks of developing TB in HIV-infected women. Isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) reduces progression to TB, but may increase costs and hepatotoxicity. The cost-...

Determinants of default from tuberculosis treatment among patients with drug-susceptible tuberculosis in Karachi, Pakistan: a mixed methods study

Post Date: 
2015-11-12
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Publication: 
PLOS One
Purpose: Non-adherence to tuberculosis therapy can lead to drug resistance, prolonged infectiousness, and death; therefore, understanding what causes treatment default is important. Pakistan has one of the highest burdens of tuberculosis in the world, yet there have been no qualitative...

Pediatric tuberculous meningitis: model-based approach to determining optimal doses of anti-tuberculosis drugs for children

Post Date: 
2015-10-22
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Publication: 
Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Pediatric tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is a highly morbid, often fatal disease. Standard treatment includes isoniazid, rifampin, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol. Current rifampin dosing achieves low cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations, and CSF penetration of ethambutol is poor. In adult trials,...

Economic and epidemiological impact of early antiretroviral therapy initiation in India

Post Date: 
2015-10-01
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Journal of the International AIDS Society
Introduction: Recent WHO guidance advocates for early antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation at higher CD4 counts to improve survival and reduce HIV transmission. We sought to quantify how the cost-effectiveness and epidemiological impact of early ART strategies in India are affected by attrition...

Pre-cART elevation of CRP and CD4+ T-cell immune activation associated with HIV clinical progression in a multinational case-cohort study

Post Date: 
2015-10-01
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Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Background: Despite the success of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), a subset of HIV-infected patients who initiate cART develop early clinical progression to AIDS; therefore, some cART initiators are not fully benefitted by cART. Immune activation pre-cART may predict clinical progression...

RePORT International: advancing tuberculosis biomarker research through global collaboration

Post Date: 
2015-10-15
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Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Progress in tuberculosis clinical research is hampered by a lack of reliable biomarkers that predict progression from latent to active tuberculosis, and subsequent cure, relapse, or failure. Regional Prospective Observational Research for Tuberculosis (RePORT) International represents a consortium...

Mother and child both matter: reconceptualizing the prevention of mother-to-child transmission care continuum

Post Date: 
2015-09-08
Publication: 
Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
Purpose of review: To propose a prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) care continuum that defines the programmatic steps necessary to provide HIV care to the HIV-infected pregnant woman and her infant during the risk period for HIV transmission. Recent findings: There are several...

Contraceptive use and factors associated with postpartum surgical sterilization among HIV-infected women in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2015-08-21
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Journal of HIV/AIDS & Social Services
The authors desire to better understand contraceptive practices and factors associated with surgical tubal ligation (STL) among HIV-infected women. Secondary data were obtained from HIV-infected women enrolled in a National Institutes of Health–funded clinical trial assessing the efficacy of...

Effectiveness of peer support on care engagement and preventive care intervention utilization among pre-antiretroviral therapy, HIV-infected adults in Rakai, Uganda: a randomized trial

Post Date: 
2015-08-14
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Publication: 
AIDS and Behavior
442 pre-ART, HIV-infected adults were randomized to peer support consisting of structured home visits to promote clinic attendance and preventive care intervention use or standard of care. At baseline, 62 % reported previously visiting an HIV clinic, 45 % reported taking cotrimoxazole prophylaxis,...

Development of global health education at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine: a student-driven initiative

Post Date: 
2015-07-27
Publication: 
Medical Education Online
Global health is increasingly present in the formal educational curricula of medical schools across North America. In 2008, students at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (JHUSOM) perceived a lack of structured global health education in the existing curriculum and began working with the...

Failure to use and sustain male condom usage: lessons learned from a prospective study among men attending STI clinic in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2015-08-13
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Publication: 
PLOS One
Background: Sustained or consistent use of condoms by men remains a challenge. A study was carried out to identify factors associated with failure to use condoms consistently by men attending STD clinics in Pune, India. Method: Among 14137 STI clinic attendees, 8360 HIV sero-negative men were...

Efavirenz pharmacokinetics in HIV-infected persons receiving rifapentine and isoniazid for tuberculosis prevention

Post Date: 
2015-06-16
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Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Background: Concomitant use of rifamycins to treat or prevent tuberculosis can result in subtherapeutic concentrations of antiretroviral drugs. We studied the interaction of efavirenz with daily rifapentine and isoniazid in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals receiving a 4-week...

Impact of patient-selected care buddies on adherence to HIV care, disease progression and conduct of daily life among pre-antiretroviral HIV-infected patients in Rakai, Uganda: a randomized controlled trial

Post Date: 
2015-06-01
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Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Background: Data are limited on effects of household or community support persons ("care buddies") on enrollment into and adherence to pre-antiretroviral HIV care. We assessed the impact of care buddies on adherence to HIV clinic appointments, HIV progression, and conduct of daily life among pre-...

Utilizing mHealth methods to identify patterns of high risk illicit drug use

Post Date: 
2015-06-01
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Publication: 
Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Introduction: We assessed patterns of illicit drug use using mobile health (mHealth) methods and subsequent health care indicators among drug users in Baltimore, MD. Methods: Participants of the EXposure Assessment in Current Time (EXACT) study were provided a mobile device for assessment of their...

Durable suppression of HIV-1 after virologic monitoring-based antiretroviral adherence counseling in Rakai, Uganda

Post Date: 
2015-05-26
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Publication: 
PLOS One
Objectives: HIV viral load is recommended for monitoring antiretroviral treatment and identifying treatment failure. We assessed the durability of viral suppression after viral load-triggered adherence counseling among patients with HIV viremia 6 months after ART initiation. Design: Observational...

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