Presentations

The Effect of HIV on the Immune Response to Myobacterium tuberculosis in Pregnant Women from Pune, India.

Post Date: 
2018-02-15
Mathad J, Alexander M, Bhosale R, Naik S, Suryavanshi N, Mave V, Deshpande P, Balasubramanian U, Kulkarni V, Kumar P, Babu S, Gupte N, Nevrekar N, Patil S, Chandanwale A, Gupta A. The Effect of HIV on the Immune Response to Myobacterium tuberculosis in Pregnant Women from Pune, India. RePORT India...

Incidence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infection among Household Contacts of Adult Pulmonary Tuberculosis Cases in India

Post Date: 
2018-02-15
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Countries: 
Paradkar M, Dhanasekaran K, Kinikar A, Kulkarni R, Bharadwaj R, Gaikwad S, Lokhande R, Meshram S, Dolla CK, Selvaraju S, Murali L, Thiruvengadam K, Jain D, Rajagopal S, Kulkarni V, Pradhan N, John S, Kohli R, Nayagam R, Shivakumar SVBY, Suryavanshi N, Cox SR, Gupte A, Chandrasekaran P, Mave V,...

Poor Understanding of TB Infection among At-risk Tuberculin Skin-test Positive Household Contacts of Pulmonary TB Cases in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-02-15
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Countries: 
Dhumal G, DeLuca A, Paradkar M, Suryavanshi N, Mave V, Kohli R, Shivakumar SVBY, Kadam D, Gupta A. Poor Understanding of TB Infection among At-risk Tuberculin Skin-test Positive Household Contacts of Pulmonary TB Cases in Pune, India. RePORT India Annual Meeting. New Delhi, India.

Hyperhomocysteinemia Screening: A Missed Opportunity to Mitigate CVD Risk among Asian Indian HIV-infected Adults?

Post Date: 
2017-12-28
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Clinical Sites: 
Marbaniang I , Sangle S, Kulkarni V, Deshpande P, Shere D, Gupte N, Gupta A, Mave V. Hyperhomocysteinemia Screening: A Missed Opportunity to Mitigate CVD Risk among Asian Indian HIV-infected Adults? AAPI Global Health Summit. American Association of Physicians of Indian Origin. Kolkata, India.

Leveraging Collective Impact to Promote India's Development: The Role of the Indian Diaspora in the Fight Against Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-11-09
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Gupta, A. Leveraging Collective Impact to Promote India's Development: The Role of the Indian Diaspora in the Fight Against Tuberculosis. Roundtable Event. USAID, American India Foundation, Dasra, Indiaspora, Intellecap. Georgetown University, Washington, DC.

Meet the Expert: Managing Tuberculosis in Pregnant Women and Newborns

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
Gupta A. Meet the Expert: Managing Tuberculosis in Pregnant Women and Newborns. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

High Burden of Genital TB Among Women with Infertility in India - Need for an Intensified Approach

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
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Clinical Sites: 
Naik SN , Chandanwale A, Joshi S, Mave V, Dhumal G, DeLuca A, Gupta A, Bollinger R. High Burden of Genital TB Among Women with Infertility in India - Need for an Intensified Approach. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico. October 13, 2017.

A Study to Compare Efficacy of Oral High Dose Rifampicin with Standard Dose Rifampicin in Tuberculous Meningitis

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
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Clinical Sites: 
Basavaraj A , Avhad A, Kadam D. A Study to Compare Efficacy of Oral High Dose Rifampicin with Standard Dose Rifampicin in Tuberculous Meningitis. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico. October 13, 2017.

Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency among Indian Children with Tuberculosis and Age- and Sex-matched Controls

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
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Clinical Sites: 
Kinikar A , Chandanwale A, Dixit S, Jubilus J, Jain S, Bharadwaj R, Mave V, Gupte N, DeLuca A, Gupta A, Bollinger RC. Prevalence of Vitamin D Deficiency among Indian Children with Tuberculosis and Age- and Sex-matched Controls. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico...

Lack of TB Knowledge Among TST-Positive Household Contacts of Pulmonary Cases: A Missed Opportunity

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
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Clinical Sites: 
DeLuca A , Dhumal G, Paradkar M, Suryavanshi N, Mave V, Kohli R, Shivakumar SVBY, Gupta A. Lack of TB Knowledge Among TST-Positive Household Contacts of Pulmonary Cases: A Missed Opportunity. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

The ACTG IMPAACT PHOENIx Feasibility Study: Implications for Country Programs

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
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Clinical Sites: 
Gupta A. The ACTG IMPAACT PHOENIx Feasibility Study: Implications for Country Programs. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

Delays and Barriers to Early Treatment Initiation for Childhood Tuberculosis in India

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
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Clinical Sites: 
Valvi C , Chandanwale A, Khadse A, Kulkarni R, Kadam D, Dhumal G, Bollinger RC, Deluca A. Delays and Barriers to Early Treatment Initiation for Childhood Tuberculosis in India. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico. October 13, 2017.

Accessing MDR-TB Exposed Households: the PHOENiX MDR-TB Feasibility Study

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
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Clinical Sites: 
Gupta A. Accessing MDR-TB Exposed Households: the PHOENiX MDR-TB Feasibility Study. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

Barriers to Contact Screening and Isoniazid Preventive Therapy among Pediatric Contacts of Adults with Smear-positive Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-10-12
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Clinical Sites: 
Belgaumkar V , Chandanwale A, Valvi C, Khadse S, Jain D, Dhumal G, Bollinger RC, Deluca A. Barriers to Contact Screening and Isoniazid Preventive Therapy among Pediatric Contacts of Adults with Smear-positive Tuberculosis. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

Drug Susceptibility of Rifampin-resistant Tuberculosis using Whole Genome Sequencing to Identify Genes of Interest in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2017-10-12
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Clinical Sites: 
Tornheim JA , Madugundu AK, Pradhan N, Bharadwaj R, Mave V, Golub J, Pandey A, Gupta A. Drug Susceptibility of Rifampin-resistant Tuberculosis using Whole Genome Sequencing to Identify Genes of Interest in Pune, India. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

Biological Differences in Tuberculosis Diagnosis and Disease in Women

Post Date: 
2017-10-12
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Clinical Sites: 
Mathad J. Biological Differences in Tuberculosis Diagnosis and Disease in Women. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

Symposium: From Bench to Bassinet: Scientific Innovations: The Fight against Maternal-Infant TB

Post Date: 
2017-10-12
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Clinical Sites: 
Gupta A. Symposium: From Bench to Bassinet: Scientific Innovations: The Fight against Maternal-Infant TB. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

Delays and Barriers to Early Treatment Initiation in Childhood Tuberculosis in India

Post Date: 
2017-10-11
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Countries: 
Valvi C, Chandanwale A, Khadse S, Kulkarni R, Kadam D, Dhumal G , Deluca A, Bollinger RC. Delays and Barriers to Early Treatment Initiation in Childhood Tuberculosis in India. The 48th Union World Conference on Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

Lack of TB Knowledge among TST positive Household Contacts of Pulmonary Cases: A Missed Opportunity

Post Date: 
2017-10-11
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Countries: 
DeLuca, A., Dhumal, G., Paradkar, P., Suryavanshi, N., Mave, V., Kohli, K., Shivakumar, S., Gupta. A. Lack of TB Knowledge among TST positive Household Contacts of Pulmonary Cases: A Missed Opportunity. The 48th Union World Conference on Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

Linezolid Experience among MDRTB Patients in Mumbai

Post Date: 
2017-09-13
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Tornheim J, Ganatra S, Deluca A, Banka R, Rodrigues C, Gupta A, Udwadia Z. Poster Presentation. Linezolid Experience among MDRTB Patients in Mumbai. ERS International Congress. European Respiratory Society. Milan, Italy.

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Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis among women reporting extragenital exposures

Post Date: 
2015-05-15
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Publication: 
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Background: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends pharyngeal screening of Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC) and rectal screening of GC and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) in HIV-infected and at-risk men who have sex with men (MSM). There are currently no recommendations to routinely screen...

Feasibility and acceptability of smartphone-based ecological momentary assessment of alcohol use among African American men who have sex with men in Baltimore

Post Date: 
2015-06-17
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Publication: 
Journal of Medical Internet Research
Background: Alcohol use is a risk factor for the acquisition of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among African American men who havesex with men (MSM). Mobile phone-based ecological momentary assessments (EMA) could minimize bias due to retrospective recall and thus provide a better understanding...

Dengue and chikungunya co-infection associated with more severe clinical disease than mono-infection

Post Date: 
2015-04-15
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Publication: 
International Journal of Healthcare and Biomedical Research
Background: Dengue and chikungunya infections appear to be increasing in India. While Aedies aegypti is the transmitting vector for both viruses and co-infection occurs in the same communities, studies on the clinical significance of co-infection are limited. Materials and Methods: We conducted a...

Concurrent anemia and elevated CRP predicts HIV clinical treatment failure, including TB, post-antiretroviral therapy initiation

Post Date: 
2015-07-01
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Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Background: Anemia is a known risk factor for clinical failure following antiretroviral therapy (ART). Notably, anemia and inflammation are interrelated, and recent studies have associated elevated C-reactive protein (CRP), an inflammation marker, with adverse human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)...

What tuberculosis means for maternal health

Post Date: 
2015-03-04
Mrs. Kumar [not her real name] was diagnosed with TB 18 years ago, during her first pregnancy, which ended in miscarriage. She then became depressed and side effects from the TB medications caused her difficulty eating. Three years later, during her second pregnancy, she and her husband were...

Vitamin D deficiency and risk of postpartum tuberculosis among HIV-infected breastfeeding mothers in India

Post Date: 
2015-03-15
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Publication: 
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Some studies have associated low vitamin D levels with the risk of tuberculosis (TB), but its association in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected mothers in a TB-endemic region has not been well studied. We conducted a nested 1:2 case-control study among HIV-infected mothers in western India...

C-reactive protein (CRP), interferon gamma-inducible protein 10 (IP-10), and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) are associated with risk of tuberculosis after initiation of antiretroviral therapy in resource-limited settings

Post Date: 
2015-02-26
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Publication: 
PLOS One
Objective: The association between pre-antiretroviral (ART) inflammation and immune activation and risk for incident tuberculosis (TB) after ART initiation among adults is uncertain. Design: Nested case-control study (n = 332) within ACTG PEARLS trial of three ART regimens among 1571 HIV-infected,...

Capturing illicit drug use where and when it happens: an ecologic momentary assessment of the social, physical and activity environment of using versus craving illicit drugs

Post Date: 
2015-02-15
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Addiction
Aim: To understand the environmental and contextual influences of illicit cocaine and heroin use and craving using mobile health (mHealth) methods. Design: Interactive mHealth methods of ecological momentary assessment (EMA) were utilized in the Exposure Assessment in Current Time (EXACT) study to...

Prevalence and risk factors of micronutrient deficiencies pre- and post-antiretroviral therapy (ART) among a diverse multicountry cohort of HIV-infected adults

Post Date: 
2016-02-10
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Publication: 
Clinical Nutrition
Background & Aims: HIV-infected adults have increased risk of several individual micronutrient deficiencies. However, the prevalence and risk factors of concurrent and multiple micronutrient deficiencies and whether micronutrient concentrations change after antiretroviral therapy (ART)...

Activism on rifapentine pricing: removing cost barriers to improve the uptake of tuberculosis research innovations

Post Date: 
2014-12-21
Publication: 
Public Health Action
As recent advances have been made in developing tools to fight tuberculosis (TB), there is also a trend towards increasing advocacy by the civil society for TB research and access. One recent successful effort to increase access to treatment options for TB involved a collaborative effort to...

Pre-antiretroviral therapy selenium status predicts WHO stages 3, 4 or death but not virologic failure post-antiretroviral therapy

Post Date: 
2014-11-13
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Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
Nutrients
A case-cohort study, within a multi-country trial of antiretroviral therapy (ART) efficacy (Prospective Evaluation of Antiretrovirals in Resource Limited Settings (PEARLS)), was conducted to determine if pre-ART serum selenium deficiency is independently associated with human immunodeficiency virus...

Is CD4 monitoring needed among Ugandan clients achieving a virologic and immunologic response to treatment?

Post Date: 
2014-11-15
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Countries: 
Publication: 
AIDS Patient Care and STDs
It is unclear whether ongoing CD4 monitoring is needed following immunologic and virologic response to antiretroviral therapy (ART). We investigated the proportion of clients who achieved a virologic and immunologic response and then had a subsequent CD4 count <200 cells/μL despite continued...

A consortium approach to competency-based undergraduate medical education in Uganda: process, opportunities and challenges

Post Date: 
2014-05-15
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Education for Health
Background: Uganda, like the rest of Africa, is faced with serious health challenges including human immunodeficiency virus infection/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), other infectious diseases and increasing non-communicable diseases, yet it has a significant shortage of health...

High proportion of indeterminate QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube results in an inpatient population are related to host factors and pre-analytical steps

Post Date: 
2014-09-19
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Publication: 
Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Background: QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube test (QFT-GIT) can be used as an alternative to tuberculin skin testing (TST) for the targeted testing of latent tuberculosis. Due to many shortcomings with TST, QFT-GIT usage is increasing. QFT-GIT implementation in the inpatient setting remains unclear...

Source case investigation for children with TB disease in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2014-08-27
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
Tuberculosis Research and Treatment
Setting. Contact tracing is broadly encouraged for tuberculosis (TB) control. In many high-burden countries, however, little effort is made to identify contacts of newly diagnosed TB patients. This failure puts children, many of whom live in poor crowded communities, at special risk. Objectives. To...

Blood stream infections

Post Date: 
2014-07-01
Publication: 
BioMed Research International
Blood stream infection (BSI) is one of the most devastating preventable complications in Critical Care Units. It has far-reaching consequences resulting in prolonged length of hospital-stay, high costs to the individual and exchequer, and, in many instances, loss of life. Although exact rates...

Applying ethical principles to international community-based research; a case study from the Consortium to Respond Effectively to the AIDS/TB Epidemic

Post Date: 
2016-05-15
This paper describes how one set of HIV-TB prevention research studies put procedures in place to be responsive to these foundational ethical principles when interacting with communities in large population-based, global public health research.

Taking the long view on CREATE studies' finding

Post Date: 
2014-05-15
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Publication: 
The Lancet Infectious Disease
In the past 10 years, the Consortium to Respond Effectively to the AIDS TB Epidemic (CREATE) has done three large trials exploring new strategies to control HIV-related tuberculosis. Recognising that the global strategy for tuberculosis control of a decade ago (mainly directly observed short-course...

Optimisation of the Medical Education Partnership Initiative to address African health-care challenges

Post Date: 
2014-06-25
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Publication: 
The Lancet Global Health
The Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI) is an innovative and potentially transformative 5-year programme, established by the US Government in 2010, to increase the number of doctors to meet crucial human resource needs in sub-Saharan Africa.1 MEPI allows African institutions that are...

Gender-related barriers and delays in accessing tuberculosis diagnostic and treatment services - Part 2: a systematic review of qualitative studies

Post Date: 
2014-05-11
Publication: 
Tuberculosis Research and Treatment
Background: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a significant global public health problem with known gender-related (male versus female) disparities. We reviewed the qualitative evidence (written/spoken narrative) for gender-related differences limiting TB service access from symptom onset to treatment...

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