Presentations

High Prevalence of Dengue among Pregnant Women in India

Post Date: 
2018-08-27
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Alexander M, Naik S, Robinson M , Sapkal G, Deshpande P, Kulkarni V, Nimkar S, Sambarey P, Kinikar A, Mave V, Suryavanshi N, Gupte N, Bollinger R, Gupta A, Bharadwaj R, Mathad J. High Prevalence of Dengue among Pregnant Women in India. 2018 International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases...

Association of Maternal Viral Load and CD4 Count with Perinatal HIV-1 Transmission Risk during Breastfeeding in the PROMISE Postpartum Component

Post Date: 
2018-07-26
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Flynn P, Taha T, Cababasay M, Butler K, Fowler MG, Mofenson L, Owor M, Fiscus S, Stranix-Chibanda L, Coutsoudis A, Gnanshanmugam D, Chakhtoura N, McCarthy K, Mukuzunga C, Makanani B, Moodley D, Nematadzira T, Kusakara B, Patil S, Vhembo T, Bobat R, Mmbaga B, Masenya M, Nyati M, Theron G, Mulenga H...

Mobile Health and Behavioral PMTCT Intervention among Community Health Workers Improves Exclusive Breastfeeding and Early Infant Diagnosis in India: A Cluster Randomized Trial

Post Date: 
2018-07-24
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Suryavanshi N, Kadam A, Hegde A, Sivalenka S, Kumar VS, McKenzie-White J, Kanade S, Gupta A, Bollinger RC, Shankar A, Gupte N, Mave V. Mobile Health and Behavioral PMTCT Intervention among Community Health Workers Improves Exclusive Breastfeeding and Early Infant Diagnosis in India: A Cluster...

Opportunities, Challenges and Implications of m-Health Oral Cancer Screening for HIV-positive Individuals in India

Post Date: 
2018-07-23
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Joshi S, Chandanwale A, Sangle S, Marbaniang I , Khaire S, Thakur R, Gupta A, Chigurupati R, Mave V. Opportunities, Challenges and Implications of m-Health Oral Cancer Screening for HIV-positive Individuals in India. AIDS 2018. Amsterdam, The Netherlands. July 23-27, 2018.

Health-related Quality of Life in the A5274 Trial of TB Therapy in Advanced HIV

Post Date: 
2018-07-22
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Clinical Sites: 
Lando R, Sun X, Miyahara S, Hosseinpour MC, Bisson GP, Kumwenda J, Gupta A, Nyirenda M, Katendey K, Torres TS, Suryavanshi N, Beulah F, Opollo V, Shah NS on behalf of the A5274 study team. Health-related Quality of Life in the A5274 Trial of TB Therapy in Advanced HIV. TB 2018, Amsterdam, The...

Role of Maternal Viral Load and CD4 Count on Perinatal HIV-1 Transmission during Breastfeeding in the PROMISE Postpartum Component

Post Date: 
2018-07-20
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Clinical Sites: 
Flynn P, Taha T, Cababasay M, Butler K, Fowler MG, Mofenson L, Owor M, Fiscus S, Stranix-Chibanda L, Coutsoudis A, Gnanshanmugam D, Chakhtoura N, McCarthy K, Mukuzunga C, Makanani B, Moodley D, Nematadzira T, Kusakara B, Patil S , Vhembo T, Bobat R, Mmbaga B, Masenya M, Nyati M, Theron G, Mulenga H...

Association between Dietary Intake and the Composition of the Vaginal Microbiota

Post Date: 
2018-06-20
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Shivakoti R , Tuddenham S, Caulfield LE, Robinson C, Rave J, Ghanem K, Brotman R. Association between dietary intake and the composition of the vaginal microbiota. Society for Epidemiologic Research 51st Annual Meeting. Baltimore, MD. June 19-22, 2018.

Association between Dietary Intake and the Composition of the Vaginal Microbiota

Post Date: 
2018-06-09
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Shivakoti R , Tuddenham S, Caulfield LE, Robinson C, Rave J, Ghanem K, Brotman R. Association between Dietary Intake and the Composition of the Vaginal Microbiota. Oral presentation at Nutrition 2018 Conference. American Society for Nutrition. Boston, MA. June 9, 2018.

Bloodstream Infections among Neonates Admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Units in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-05-05
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Johnson J , Rajput U, Valvi C, Bharadwaj R, Parikh T, Agarkhedkar S, Robinson M, Randive B, Gupte N, Smith R, Westercamp M, Mave V, Manabe Y, Milstone A, for the CDC SHEPheRD India Study Team. Bloodstream Infections among Neonates Admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Units in Pune, India. Pediatric...

Importance of Diagnosis of TB Infection in Pregnant Women in India: Findings from a Cohort Study in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-04-24
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Mathad J. Importance of Diagnosis of TB Infection in Pregnant Women in India: Findings from a Cohort Study in Pune, India. Oral Presentation. Presented at Global Health Research Initiative’s Scientific Conference, Weill Cornell Medical College, April 24, 2018.

Linezolid Experience Among MDR-TB Patients in Mumbai

Post Date: 
2018-03-16
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Tornheim J. Linezolid Experience Among MDR-TB Patients in Mumbai. 2018 Research Retreat, Johns Hopkins Department of Medicine. Baltimore, MD. 2018.

Randomized Trial of Safety of Isoniazid Preventive Therapy During or After Pregnancy

Post Date: 
2018-03-07
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Clinical Sites: 
Gupta A, Montepiedra G, Aaron L, Theron G, McCarthy K, Onyango-Makumbi C, Chipate T, Masheto G, Shin K, Zimmer B, Sterling TR, Chakhtoura N, Jean-Philippe P, Weinberg A for the IMPAACT P1078/TB APPRISE Study Team. Randomized Trial of Safety of Isoniazid Preventive Therapy During or After Pregnancy...

GLP-1 and C-Peptide are Associated with Insulin Resistance among PLWH in India

Post Date: 
2018-03-07
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Marbaniang I, Sangle S, Kadam D, Kulkarni V, Shere D, Gupte N, Gupta A, Mave V. GLP-1 and C-Peptide are Associated with Insulin Resistance among PLWH in India. CROI 2018. Boston, MA. 2018

Inflammation in HIV-Infected Pregnant Women is Associated with Pre-term Birth

Post Date: 
2018-03-07
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Shivakoti R , Gupte N, Kumar NP, Kulkarni V, Balasubramanian U, Bhosale R, Sambarey P, Kinikar A, Bharadwaj R, Patil S, Inamdar S, Suryavanshi N, Babu S, Bollinger R, Gupta A. Inflammation in HIV-Infected Pregnant Women is Associated with Pre-term Birth. CROI 2018. Boston, MA. 2018

Similar Clinical Outcomes Between Formula and Breastfeeding Women In PROMISE

Post Date: 
2018-03-07
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Hoffman RM , Angelidou K, Brummel S, Saidi F, Dula DE, Mave V, Fairlie L, Theron G, Kamateeka M, Chipato T, Violari A, Chakhtoura N, Currier JS, Fowler MG, for the IMPAACT PROMISE 1077BF/FF Team. Similar Clinical Outcomes Between Formula and Breastfeeding Women In PROMISE. CROI 2018. Boston,...

One Month of Rifapentine/Isoniazid to Prevent TB In People With HIV: Brief-TB/A5279

Post Date: 
2018-03-05
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Swindells S, Ramchandani R, Gupta A, Benson CA, Leon-Cruz JT, Omoz-Oarhe A, Juste MAJ, Lama JR, Valencia JA, Badal-Faesen S, Moran LE, Fletcher CV, Nuermberger E, Chaisson RE. One Month of Rifapentine/Isoniazid to Prevent TB In People With HIV: Brief-TB/A5279. CROI 2018. Boston, MA. 2018

Clinical Profile of Tuberculous Meningitis in a Tertiary Care Center in India. 5th Global Forum on TB Vaccines. New Delhi, India

Post Date: 
2018-02-21
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Clinical Sites: 
Basavaraj A. Clinical Profile of Tuberculous Meningitis in a Tertiary Care Center in India. Poster presented at 5th Global Forum on TB Vaccines. New Delhi, India. February 20-23, 2018.

Infection Free “Resistors” among Household Contacts of Culture-Confirmed Adult Pulmonary TB Cases

Post Date: 
2018-02-21
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Mave V , Chandrasekaran P, Paradkar M, Gupte A, Pradhan N, Kannan GN, Shivakumar SVBY, Kulkarni V, Dhanasekaran K, Subramanyam B, Selvaraju S, Murali L, Bharadwaj R, Gaikwad S, Meshram S, Kinikar A, Hanna LE, Swaminathan S, Gupte N, Gupta A. Infection Free “Resistors” among Household Contacts of...

TB Infection Among Household Contacts: Preventive Therapy for All?

Post Date: 
2018-02-21
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Dolla CK, Paradkar M, Gupte A, Thiruvenkadam K, Gupte N, Kulkarni A, Balasubranian U, Hanna LE, Dhanasekaran K, Bharadwaj R, Shivakumar SVBY, Gaikwad S, Meshram S, Kohli R, Lokhande R, Thomas B, Kinikar A, Swaminathan S, Mave V, Gupta A, Chandrasekaran P. TB Infection Among Household Contacts:...

Incidence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infection among Household Contacts of Adult Pulmonary Tuberculosis Cases in India

Post Date: 
2018-02-20
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Selvaraju S, Thiruvenkadam K, Paradkar M , Marinaik SB, Bharadwaj R, Rajagopalan S, Gaikwad S, Pattabiraman S, Kinikar A, Sivaramakrishnan GN, Meshram S, Hanna LE, Lokhande R, Dhanasekaran K, Gupte A, John S, Gupte N, Thomas B, Kukarni V, Ayyanu S, Kohli R, Shivakumar SVBY, Swaminathan S, Mave V,...

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Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis among women reporting extragenital exposures

Post Date: 
2015-05-15
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Publication: 
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Background: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends pharyngeal screening of Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC) and rectal screening of GC and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) in HIV-infected and at-risk men who have sex with men (MSM). There are currently no recommendations to routinely...

Feasibility and acceptability of smartphone-based ecological momentary assessment of alcohol use among African American men who have sex with men in Baltimore

Post Date: 
2015-06-17
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Publication: 
Journal of Medical Internet Research
Background: Alcohol use is a risk factor for the acquisition of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among African American men who havesex with men (MSM). Mobile phone-based ecological momentary assessments (EMA) could minimize bias due to retrospective recall and thus provide a better...

Dengue and chikungunya co-infection associated with more severe clinical disease than mono-infection

Post Date: 
2015-04-15
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Publication: 
International Journal of Healthcare and Biomedical Research
Background: Dengue and chikungunya infections appear to be increasing in India. While Aedies aegypti is the transmitting vector for both viruses and co-infection occurs in the same communities, studies on the clinical significance of co-infection are limited. Materials and Methods: We conducted a...

Concurrent anemia and elevated CRP predicts HIV clinical treatment failure, including TB, post-antiretroviral therapy initiation

Post Date: 
2015-07-01
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Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Background: Anemia is a known risk factor for clinical failure following antiretroviral therapy (ART). Notably, anemia and inflammation are interrelated, and recent studies have associated elevated C-reactive protein (CRP), an inflammation marker, with adverse human immunodeficiency virus (...

What tuberculosis means for maternal health

Post Date: 
2015-03-04
Mrs. Kumar [not her real name] was diagnosed with TB 18 years ago, during her first pregnancy, which ended in miscarriage. She then became depressed and side effects from the TB medications caused her difficulty eating. Three years later, during her second pregnancy, she and her husband were...

Vitamin D deficiency and risk of postpartum tuberculosis among HIV-infected breastfeeding mothers in India

Post Date: 
2015-03-15
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Publication: 
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Some studies have associated low vitamin D levels with the risk of tuberculosis (TB), but its association in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected mothers in a TB-endemic region has not been well studied. We conducted a nested 1:2 case-control study among HIV-infected mothers in western...

C-reactive protein (CRP), interferon gamma-inducible protein 10 (IP-10), and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) are associated with risk of tuberculosis after initiation of antiretroviral therapy in resource-limited settings

Post Date: 
2015-02-26
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Publication: 
PLOS One
Objective: The association between pre-antiretroviral (ART) inflammation and immune activation and risk for incident tuberculosis (TB) after ART initiation among adults is uncertain. Design: Nested case-control study (n = 332) within ACTG PEARLS trial of...

Capturing illicit drug use where and when it happens: an ecologic momentary assessment of the social, physical and activity environment of using versus craving illicit drugs

Post Date: 
2015-02-15
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Publication: 
Addiction
Aim: To understand the environmental and contextual influences of illicit cocaine and heroin use and craving using mobile health (mHealth) methods. Design: Interactive mHealth methods of ecological momentary assessment (EMA) were utilized in the Exposure Assessment in...

Prevalence and risk factors of micronutrient deficiencies pre- and post-antiretroviral therapy (ART) among a diverse multicountry cohort of HIV-infected adults

Post Date: 
2016-02-10
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Publication: 
Clinical Nutrition
Background & Aims: HIV-infected adults have increased risk of several individual micronutrient deficiencies. However, the prevalence and risk factors of concurrent and multiple micronutrient deficiencies and whether micronutrient concentrations change after antiretroviral therapy (ART)...

Activism on rifapentine pricing: removing cost barriers to improve the uptake of tuberculosis research innovations

Post Date: 
2014-12-21
Publication: 
Public Health Action
As recent advances have been made in developing tools to fight tuberculosis (TB), there is also a trend towards increasing advocacy by the civil society for TB research and access. One recent successful effort to increase access to treatment options for TB involved a collaborative effort to...

Pre-antiretroviral therapy selenium status predicts WHO stages 3, 4 or death but not virologic failure post-antiretroviral therapy

Post Date: 
2014-11-13
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Publication: 
Nutrients
A case-cohort study, within a multi-country trial of antiretroviral therapy (ART) efficacy (Prospective Evaluation of Antiretrovirals in Resource Limited Settings (PEARLS)), was conducted to determine if pre-ART serum selenium deficiency is independently associated with human immunodeficiency...

Is CD4 monitoring needed among Ugandan clients achieving a virologic and immunologic response to treatment?

Post Date: 
2014-11-15
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Publication: 
AIDS Patient Care and STDs
It is unclear whether ongoing CD4 monitoring is needed following immunologic and virologic response to antiretroviral therapy (ART). We investigated the proportion of clients who achieved a virologic and immunologic response and then had a subsequent CD4 count <200 cells/μL despite...

A consortium approach to competency-based undergraduate medical education in Uganda: process, opportunities and challenges

Post Date: 
2014-05-15
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Publication: 
Education for Health
Background: Uganda, like the rest of Africa, is faced with serious health challenges including human immunodeficiency virus infection/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), other infectious diseases and increasing non-communicable diseases, yet it has a significant shortage of health...

High proportion of indeterminate QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube results in an inpatient population are related to host factors and pre-analytical steps

Post Date: 
2014-09-19
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Publication: 
Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Background: QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube test (QFT-GIT) can be used as an alternative to tuberculin skin testing (TST) for the targeted testing of latent tuberculosis. Due to many shortcomings with TST, QFT-GIT usage is increasing. QFT-GIT implementation in the inpatient setting remains...

Source case investigation for children with TB disease in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2014-08-27
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Publication: 
Tuberculosis Research and Treatment
Setting. Contact tracing is broadly encouraged for tuberculosis (TB) control. In many high-burden countries, however, little effort is made to identify contacts of newly diagnosed TB patients. This failure puts children, many of whom live in poor crowded communities, at special risk. ...

Blood stream infections

Post Date: 
2014-07-01
Publication: 
BioMed Research International
Blood stream infection (BSI) is one of the most devastating preventable complications in Critical Care Units. It has far-reaching consequences resulting in prolonged length of hospital-stay, high costs to the individual and exchequer, and, in many instances, loss of life. Although exact rates...

Applying ethical principles to international community-based research; a case study from the Consortium to Respond Effectively to the AIDS/TB Epidemic

Post Date: 
2016-05-15
This paper describes how one set of HIV-TB prevention research studies put procedures in place to be responsive to these foundational ethical principles when interacting with communities in large population-based, global public health research.

Taking the long view on CREATE studies' finding

Post Date: 
2014-05-15
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Publication: 
The Lancet Infectious Disease
In the past 10 years, the Consortium to Respond Effectively to the AIDS TB Epidemic (CREATE) has done three large trials exploring new strategies to control HIV-related tuberculosis. Recognising that the global strategy for tuberculosis control of a decade ago (mainly directly observed short-...

Optimisation of the Medical Education Partnership Initiative to address African health-care challenges

Post Date: 
2014-06-25
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Publication: 
The Lancet Global Health
The Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI) is an innovative and potentially transformative 5-year programme, established by the US Government in 2010, to increase the number of doctors to meet crucial human resource needs in sub-Saharan Africa.1 MEPI allows African institutions that...

Gender-related barriers and delays in accessing tuberculosis diagnostic and treatment services - Part 2: a systematic review of qualitative studies

Post Date: 
2014-05-11
Publication: 
Tuberculosis Research and Treatment
Background: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a significant global public health problem with known gender-related (male versus female) disparities. We reviewed the qualitative evidence (written/spoken narrative) for gender-related differences limiting TB service access from symptom onset to treatment...

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