Presentations

Drug Susceptibility of Rifampin-resistant Tuberculosis using Whole Genome Sequencing to Identify Genes of Interest in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2017-10-12
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Clinical Sites: 
Tornheim JA , Madugundu AK, Pradhan N, Bharadwaj R, Mave V, Golub J, Pandey A, Gupta A. Drug Susceptibility of Rifampin-resistant Tuberculosis using Whole Genome Sequencing to Identify Genes of Interest in Pune, India. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

Lack of TB Knowledge among TST positive Household Contacts of Pulmonary Cases: A Missed Opportunity

Post Date: 
2017-10-11
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DeLuca, A., Dhumal, G., Paradkar, P., Suryavanshi, N., Mave, V., Kohli, K., Shivakumar, S., Gupta. A. Lack of TB Knowledge among TST positive Household Contacts of Pulmonary Cases: A Missed Opportunity. The 48th Union World Conference on Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

Delays and Barriers to Early Treatment Initiation in Childhood Tuberculosis in India

Post Date: 
2017-10-11
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Countries: 
Valvi C, Chandanwale A, Khadse S, Kulkarni R, Kadam D, Dhumal G , Deluca A, Bollinger RC. Delays and Barriers to Early Treatment Initiation in Childhood Tuberculosis in India. The 48th Union World Conference on Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

Linezolid Experience among MDRTB Patients in Mumbai

Post Date: 
2017-09-13
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Tornheim J, Ganatra S, Deluca A, Banka R, Rodrigues C, Gupta A, Udwadia Z. Poster Presentation. Linezolid Experience among MDRTB Patients in Mumbai. ERS International Congress. European Respiratory Society. Milan, Italy.

Trends in Glycated Hemoglobin Levels and Implications for Diabetes Screening among Pulmonary Tuberculosis Cases Undergoing Treatment in India

Post Date: 
2017-09-13
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Gupte AN , Mave V, Meshram S, Lokhande R, Kadam D, Dharmshale S, Bharadwaj R, Kagal A, Pradhan N, Deshmukh S, Atre S, Sahasrabudhe T, Barthwal M, Meshram S, Kakrani A, Kulkarni V, Raskar S, Suryavanshi S, Shivakoti R, Chon S, Selvin E, Gupte N, Gupta A, Golub JE. Trends in Glycated Hemoglobin...

High Burden of Diabetes and Prediabetes among Adult Household Contacts of India

Post Date: 
2017-09-13
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Clinical Sites: 
Shivakumar SVBY , Chandrasekaran P, Kumar AJMV, Paradkar M, Dhanasekaran K, Suryavanshi N, Thomas B, Kohli R, Thiruvengadam K, Kulkarni V, Hannah LE, Sivaramakrishnan GN, Pradhan N, Dolla C, Gupte A, Ramachandran G, DeLuca A, Meshram S, Bhardawaj R, Bollinger RC, Golub J, Selvaraj K, Gupte N,...

Gene Expression Profiles of Pediatric Tuberculosis Patients and Exposed Controls from India

Post Date: 
2017-09-13
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Clinical Sites: 
Tornheim JA , Paradkar M, Madugundu A, Gupte N, Kulkarni V, Sreenivasamurthy S, Raja R, Pradhan N, Shivakumar SVBY, Valvi C, Kohli R, Chandrasekaran P, Mave V, Pandey A, Gupta A. Gene Expression Profiles of Pediatric Tuberculosis Patients and Exposed Controls from India. RePORT International...

Hepatotoxicity in HIV+ Postpartum Women Initiating Efavirenz-Containing Regimens

Post Date: 
2017-07-26
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Countries: 
Bhattacharya D , Gupta A, Tierney C, Huang S, Peters M, Chipato T, Martinson F, Dula D, George K, Chaktoura N, Klingman K, Gnanashanmugam D, Currier J, Fowler MG. Hepatotoxicity in HIV+ Postpartum Women Initiating Efavirenz-Containing Regimens. IAS 2017. International AIDS Society. Paris, France...

Hepatotoxicity in HIV+ Postpartum Women Initiating Efavirenz-Containing Regimens in PROMISE P1077

Post Date: 
2017-05-31
Amita Gupta. Hepatotoxicity in HIV+ Postpartum Women Initiating Efavirenz-Containing Regimens in PROMISE P1077. 2017 IMPAACT Annual Meeting. Washington, DC. 2017

A5300B/IMPAACT 2003B – PHOENix MDR TB: Protecting Households on Exposure to Newly Diagnosed Index Multidrug-Resistant TB Patients

Post Date: 
2017-05-30
Gupta, A. A5300B/IMPAACT 2003B – PHOENix MDR TB: Protecting Households on Exposure to Newly Diagnosed Index Multidrug-Resistant TB Patients. 2017 IMPAACT Annual Meeting. Washington, DC.

A5300/I2003/PHOENIx Trial Update

Post Date: 
2017-05-30
Gupta, A. A5300/I2003/PHOENIx Trial Update. 2017 IMPAACT Annual Meeting. Washington, DC. 2017.

IMPAACT 2001: Trial of the Pharmacokinetics, Tolerability, and Safety of Once-Weekly Rifapentine and Isoniazid in HIV-infected and HIV-1-uninfected Pregnant and Postpartum Women with Latent Tuberculosis Infection

Post Date: 
2017-05-30
Jyoti Mathad. IMPAACT 2001: Trial of the Pharmacokinetics, Tolerability, and Safety of Once-Weekly Rifapentine and Isoniazid in HIV-infected and HIV-1-uninfected Pregnant and Postpartum Women with Latent Tuberculosis Infection. 2017 IMPAACT Annual Meeting. Washington, DC. 2017.

CTRIUMPh Pediatric Biomarker Substudy

Post Date: 
2017-05-30
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Tornheim J . Paradkar M. CTRIUMPh Pediatric Biomarker Substudy. 2017 IMPAACT Annual Meeting. Washington, DC. 2017.

A5300/I2003/PHOENIx Preparatory Study of MDR TB Cases and Their Household Contacts: Operational Feasibility to Inform PHOENIx Trial

Post Date: 
2017-05-29
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Gupta, A. A5300/I2003/PHOENIx Preparatory Study of MDR TB Cases and Their Household Contacts: Operational Feasibility to Inform PHOENIx Trial. 2017 IMPAACT Annual Meeting. Washington, DC. 2017.

How Americans Benefit from Global Health Research

Post Date: 
2017-05-25
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Countries: 
Bollinger, R. How Americans Benefit from Global Health Research. The Fogarty International Center: How Americans Benefit from Global Health Research Webinar, Research!America. Washington, DC.

Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices About Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and Preventive Therapy Among Adult and Adolescent Household Contacts of MDR-TB Index Cases

Post Date: 
2017-05-22
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Clinical Sites: 
Suryavanshi N, Shah S, Murrill M , Gupta A. Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices About Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and Preventive Therapy Among Adult and Adolescent Household Contacts of MDR-TB Index Cases. American Thoracic Society 2017 International Conference. Washington, DC. 2017.

It Simply Won’t Work Here – Few Eligible for the Newly Recommended Short Course MDR-TB Regimen in a Mumbai Private Clinic

Post Date: 
2017-05-21
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Tornheim J , DeLuca A, Ganatra S, Radhika B, Gupta A, Udwadia Z. It Simply Won’t Work Here – Few Eligible for the Newly Recommended Short Course MDR-TB Regimen in a Mumbai Private Clinic. American Thoracic Society 2017 International Conference. Washington, DC. 2017.

Communicating Whole Genome Sequencing Results for Tuberculosis: What Does It Mean and Who Needs to Know?

Post Date: 
2017-04-25
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Tornheim, J. Communicating Whole Genome Sequencing Results for Tuberculosis: What Does It Mean and Who Needs to Know? Foundation for Medical Research. Mumbai, India.

What are We Trying to Say Here? Standardizing Next Generation Sequencing Reports for Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-03-30
Tornheim, J. What are We Trying to Say Here? Standardizing Next Generation Sequencing Reports for Tuberculosis. 2017 Critical Path to TB Drug Regimens Annual Workshop. Washington, DC. 2017.

Validity of Reported Measures of Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Indian Households: Mishri Preparation a Potentially Overlooked Source in Low-Income Indian Communities

Post Date: 
2017-03-10
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Clinical Sites: 
Elf JL , Kinikar AA, Khadse S, Mave V, Gupte N, Kulkarni V, Patekar S, Raichur P, Cohen J, Breysse PN, Gupta A, Golub JE. Validity of Reported Measures of Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Indian Households: Mishri Preparation a Potentially Overlooked Source in Low-Income Indian Communities. 23rd Annual...

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Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis among women reporting extragenital exposures

Post Date: 
2015-05-15
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Publication: 
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Background: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends pharyngeal screening of Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC) and rectal screening of GC and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) in HIV-infected and at-risk men who have sex with men (MSM). There are currently no recommendations to routinely screen...

Feasibility and acceptability of smartphone-based ecological momentary assessment of alcohol use among African American men who have sex with men in Baltimore

Post Date: 
2015-06-17
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Publication: 
Journal of Medical Internet Research
Background: Alcohol use is a risk factor for the acquisition of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among African American men who havesex with men (MSM). Mobile phone-based ecological momentary assessments (EMA) could minimize bias due to retrospective recall and thus provide a better understanding...

Dengue and chikungunya co-infection associated with more severe clinical disease than mono-infection

Post Date: 
2015-04-15
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Publication: 
International Journal of Healthcare and Biomedical Research
Background: Dengue and chikungunya infections appear to be increasing in India. While Aedies aegypti is the transmitting vector for both viruses and co-infection occurs in the same communities, studies on the clinical significance of co-infection are limited. Materials and Methods: We conducted a...

Concurrent anemia and elevated CRP predicts HIV clinical treatment failure, including TB, post-antiretroviral therapy initiation

Post Date: 
2015-07-01
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Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Background: Anemia is a known risk factor for clinical failure following antiretroviral therapy (ART). Notably, anemia and inflammation are interrelated, and recent studies have associated elevated C-reactive protein (CRP), an inflammation marker, with adverse human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)...

What tuberculosis means for maternal health

Post Date: 
2015-03-04
Mrs. Kumar [not her real name] was diagnosed with TB 18 years ago, during her first pregnancy, which ended in miscarriage. She then became depressed and side effects from the TB medications caused her difficulty eating. Three years later, during her second pregnancy, she and her husband were...

Vitamin D deficiency and risk of postpartum tuberculosis among HIV-infected breastfeeding mothers in India

Post Date: 
2015-03-15
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Publication: 
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Some studies have associated low vitamin D levels with the risk of tuberculosis (TB), but its association in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected mothers in a TB-endemic region has not been well studied. We conducted a nested 1:2 case-control study among HIV-infected mothers in western India...

C-reactive protein (CRP), interferon gamma-inducible protein 10 (IP-10), and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) are associated with risk of tuberculosis after initiation of antiretroviral therapy in resource-limited settings

Post Date: 
2015-02-26
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Publication: 
PLOS One
Objective: The association between pre-antiretroviral (ART) inflammation and immune activation and risk for incident tuberculosis (TB) after ART initiation among adults is uncertain. Design: Nested case-control study (n = 332) within ACTG PEARLS trial of three ART regimens among 1571 HIV-infected,...

Capturing illicit drug use where and when it happens: an ecologic momentary assessment of the social, physical and activity environment of using versus craving illicit drugs

Post Date: 
2015-02-15
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Addiction
Aim: To understand the environmental and contextual influences of illicit cocaine and heroin use and craving using mobile health (mHealth) methods. Design: Interactive mHealth methods of ecological momentary assessment (EMA) were utilized in the Exposure Assessment in Current Time (EXACT) study to...

Prevalence and risk factors of micronutrient deficiencies pre- and post-antiretroviral therapy (ART) among a diverse multicountry cohort of HIV-infected adults

Post Date: 
2016-02-10
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Publication: 
Clinical Nutrition
Background & Aims: HIV-infected adults have increased risk of several individual micronutrient deficiencies. However, the prevalence and risk factors of concurrent and multiple micronutrient deficiencies and whether micronutrient concentrations change after antiretroviral therapy (ART)...

Activism on rifapentine pricing: removing cost barriers to improve the uptake of tuberculosis research innovations

Post Date: 
2014-12-21
Publication: 
Public Health Action
As recent advances have been made in developing tools to fight tuberculosis (TB), there is also a trend towards increasing advocacy by the civil society for TB research and access. One recent successful effort to increase access to treatment options for TB involved a collaborative effort to...

Pre-antiretroviral therapy selenium status predicts WHO stages 3, 4 or death but not virologic failure post-antiretroviral therapy

Post Date: 
2014-11-13
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Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
Nutrients
A case-cohort study, within a multi-country trial of antiretroviral therapy (ART) efficacy (Prospective Evaluation of Antiretrovirals in Resource Limited Settings (PEARLS)), was conducted to determine if pre-ART serum selenium deficiency is independently associated with human immunodeficiency virus...

Is CD4 monitoring needed among Ugandan clients achieving a virologic and immunologic response to treatment?

Post Date: 
2014-11-15
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Countries: 
Publication: 
AIDS Patient Care and STDs
It is unclear whether ongoing CD4 monitoring is needed following immunologic and virologic response to antiretroviral therapy (ART). We investigated the proportion of clients who achieved a virologic and immunologic response and then had a subsequent CD4 count <200 cells/μL despite continued...

A consortium approach to competency-based undergraduate medical education in Uganda: process, opportunities and challenges

Post Date: 
2014-05-15
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Publication: 
Education for Health
Background: Uganda, like the rest of Africa, is faced with serious health challenges including human immunodeficiency virus infection/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), other infectious diseases and increasing non-communicable diseases, yet it has a significant shortage of health...

High proportion of indeterminate QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube results in an inpatient population are related to host factors and pre-analytical steps

Post Date: 
2014-09-19
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Publication: 
Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Background: QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube test (QFT-GIT) can be used as an alternative to tuberculin skin testing (TST) for the targeted testing of latent tuberculosis. Due to many shortcomings with TST, QFT-GIT usage is increasing. QFT-GIT implementation in the inpatient setting remains unclear...

Source case investigation for children with TB disease in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2014-08-27
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Countries: 
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Publication: 
Tuberculosis Research and Treatment
Setting. Contact tracing is broadly encouraged for tuberculosis (TB) control. In many high-burden countries, however, little effort is made to identify contacts of newly diagnosed TB patients. This failure puts children, many of whom live in poor crowded communities, at special risk. Objectives. To...

Blood stream infections

Post Date: 
2014-07-01
Publication: 
BioMed Research International
Blood stream infection (BSI) is one of the most devastating preventable complications in Critical Care Units. It has far-reaching consequences resulting in prolonged length of hospital-stay, high costs to the individual and exchequer, and, in many instances, loss of life. Although exact rates...

Applying ethical principles to international community-based research; a case study from the Consortium to Respond Effectively to the AIDS/TB Epidemic

Post Date: 
2016-05-15
This paper describes how one set of HIV-TB prevention research studies put procedures in place to be responsive to these foundational ethical principles when interacting with communities in large population-based, global public health research.

Taking the long view on CREATE studies' finding

Post Date: 
2014-05-15
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Publication: 
The Lancet Infectious Disease
In the past 10 years, the Consortium to Respond Effectively to the AIDS TB Epidemic (CREATE) has done three large trials exploring new strategies to control HIV-related tuberculosis. Recognising that the global strategy for tuberculosis control of a decade ago (mainly directly observed short-course...

Optimisation of the Medical Education Partnership Initiative to address African health-care challenges

Post Date: 
2014-06-25
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Countries: 
Publication: 
The Lancet Global Health
The Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI) is an innovative and potentially transformative 5-year programme, established by the US Government in 2010, to increase the number of doctors to meet crucial human resource needs in sub-Saharan Africa.1 MEPI allows African institutions that are...

Gender-related barriers and delays in accessing tuberculosis diagnostic and treatment services - Part 2: a systematic review of qualitative studies

Post Date: 
2014-05-11
Publication: 
Tuberculosis Research and Treatment
Background: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a significant global public health problem with known gender-related (male versus female) disparities. We reviewed the qualitative evidence (written/spoken narrative) for gender-related differences limiting TB service access from symptom onset to treatment...

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