Presentations

CTRIUMPh Pediatric Biomarker Substudy

Post Date: 
2017-05-30
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Tornheim J . Paradkar M. CTRIUMPh Pediatric Biomarker Substudy. 2017 IMPAACT Annual Meeting. Washington, DC. 2017.

A5300B/IMPAACT 2003B – PHOENix MDR TB: Protecting Households on Exposure to Newly Diagnosed Index Multidrug-Resistant TB Patients

Post Date: 
2017-05-30
Gupta, A. A5300B/IMPAACT 2003B – PHOENix MDR TB: Protecting Households on Exposure to Newly Diagnosed Index Multidrug-Resistant TB Patients. 2017 IMPAACT Annual Meeting. Washington, DC.

A5300/I2003/PHOENIx Preparatory Study of MDR TB Cases and Their Household Contacts: Operational Feasibility to Inform PHOENIx Trial

Post Date: 
2017-05-29
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Gupta, A. A5300/I2003/PHOENIx Preparatory Study of MDR TB Cases and Their Household Contacts: Operational Feasibility to Inform PHOENIx Trial. 2017 IMPAACT Annual Meeting. Washington, DC. 2017.

How Americans Benefit from Global Health Research

Post Date: 
2017-05-25
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Bollinger, R. How Americans Benefit from Global Health Research. The Fogarty International Center: How Americans Benefit from Global Health Research Webinar, Research!America. Washington, DC.

Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices About Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and Preventive Therapy Among Adult and Adolescent Household Contacts of MDR-TB Index Cases

Post Date: 
2017-05-22
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Suryavanshi N, Shah S, Murrill M , Gupta A. Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices About Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and Preventive Therapy Among Adult and Adolescent Household Contacts of MDR-TB Index Cases. American Thoracic Society 2017 International Conference. Washington, DC. 2017.

It Simply Won’t Work Here – Few Eligible for the Newly Recommended Short Course MDR-TB Regimen in a Mumbai Private Clinic

Post Date: 
2017-05-21
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Tornheim J , DeLuca A, Ganatra S, Radhika B, Gupta A, Udwadia Z. It Simply Won’t Work Here – Few Eligible for the Newly Recommended Short Course MDR-TB Regimen in a Mumbai Private Clinic. American Thoracic Society 2017 International Conference. Washington, DC. 2017.

Communicating Whole Genome Sequencing Results for Tuberculosis: What Does It Mean and Who Needs to Know?

Post Date: 
2017-04-25
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Tornheim, J. Communicating Whole Genome Sequencing Results for Tuberculosis: What Does It Mean and Who Needs to Know? Foundation for Medical Research. Mumbai, India.

What are We Trying to Say Here? Standardizing Next Generation Sequencing Reports for Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-03-30
Tornheim, J. What are We Trying to Say Here? Standardizing Next Generation Sequencing Reports for Tuberculosis. 2017 Critical Path to TB Drug Regimens Annual Workshop. Washington, DC. 2017.

Validity of Reported Measures of Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Indian Households: Mishri Preparation a Potentially Overlooked Source in Low-Income Indian Communities

Post Date: 
2017-03-10
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Elf JL , Kinikar AA, Khadse S, Mave V, Gupte N, Kulkarni V, Patekar S, Raichur P, Cohen J, Breysse PN, Gupta A, Golub JE. Validity of Reported Measures of Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Indian Households: Mishri Preparation a Potentially Overlooked Source in Low-Income Indian Communities. 23rd Annual...

mHealth in medicine: A Hopkins-Focused Perspective

Post Date: 
2017-02-24
Chang, L. mHealth in medicine: A Hopkins-Focused Perspective. Digital Health Day. Johns Hopkins University. Baltimore, MD.

Risk Factors for Death in Advanced HIV-Infected Adults in an Empiric TB Therapy Trial

Post Date: 
2017-02-14
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Bisson G, Ramchandani R , Miyahara S, Sun X, Bao J, Gupta A, Hosseinipour MC, Kumwenda J. Risk Factors for Death in Advanced HIV-Infected Adults in an Empiric TB Therapy Trial. CROI 2017. Seattle, Washington. 2017.

Hepatotoxicity in People with Advanced Immunosuppression taking Isoniazid Preventive Therapy and Antiretroviral Therapy

Post Date: 
2017-02-14
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Ngongondo M , Miyahara S, Hughes MD, Sun X, Gupta A, Kumwenda J, Torres TS, Bisson G, Hosseinipour MC. Hepatotoxicity in People with Advanced Immunosuppression taking Isoniazid Preventive Therapy and Antiretroviral Therapy. CROI 2017. Seattle, Washington. 2017.

Factors Associated with Pulmonary Impairment in HIV-infected South African Adults

Post Date: 
2017-02-14
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Gupte A , Wong M, Msandiwa R, Barnes G, Golub J, Chaisson R, Hoffmann C, Martinson N. Factors Associated with Pulmonary Impairment in HIV-infected South African Adults. CROI 2017. Seattle, Washington. 2017.

HIV Testing Uptake Among Household Contacts of MDR-TB Index Cases in Eight Countries

Post Date: 
2017-02-14
Opollo VS, Wu X, Lando R, Swindells S, Gupta A, Hesseling A, Dawson R, Hughes MD, Shah S. HIV Testing Uptake Among Household Contacts of MDR-TB Index Cases in Eight Countries. CROI 2017. Seattle, Washington. 2017.

Impact of INH Adherence on TB Incidence and Mortality by Week 96 in ACTG 5274 Trial 

Post Date: 
2017-02-14
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Gupta A , Sun X, Miyahara S, Matoga M, Langat D, Riviere C, Bisson C, Kumwenda J, Hosseinipour MC, for the ACTG A5274/REMEMBER Study Team. Impact of INH Adherence on TB Incidence and Mortality by Week 96 in ACTG 5274 Trial. CROI 2017. Seattle, Washington. 2017.

Inflammation Biomarkers Predict Clinical Treatment Failure in HIV-infected Adults

Post Date: 
2017-02-14
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Shivakoti R , Gupte N, Pillay S, Riviere C, Cardoso SW, Balagopal A, Semba R, Campbell T, Gupta A. Inflammation Biomarkers Predict Clinical Treatment Failure in HIV-infected Adults. CROI 2017. Seattle, Washington. 2017.

Impact of Drug Susceptibility Testing on Drug Choice in a Tuberculosis Cohort with High Rates of Drug Resistance from the Private Sector in Mumbai

Post Date: 
2017-02-03
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Tornheim JA , Ganatra S, DeLuca A, Banka R, Gupta A, Udwadia ZF. Impact of Drug Susceptibility Testing on Drug Choice in a Tuberculosis Cohort with High Rates of Drug Resistance from the Private Sector in Mumbai. 6th Annual Regional Prospective Observational Research for Tuberculosis (RePORT) India...

Alcohol Use Among Adult Pulmonary and Extra-pulmonary TB Cases in the C-TRIUMPH India Cohort

Post Date: 
2017-02-03
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John S , DeLuca A, Paradkar M, Nayagam R, Shivakumar SVBY, Gupte A, Gupte N, Thomas B, Suryavanshi N, Kolhi R, Golub J, Kulkarni V, Pradhan N, Mave V, Chandrasekaran P, Gupta A. Alcohol Use Among Adult Pulmonary and Extra-pulmonary TB Cases in the C-TRIUMPH India Cohort. 6th Annual Regional...

Impact of Immune Changes of Pregnancy and HIV Infection on Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-02-03
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Mathad J, Alexander M , Bhosale R, Naik S, Shivakoti R, Mave V, Suryavanshi N, Gupte N, Kulkarni V, Pradan N, Patil N, Gupta A. Impact of Immune Changes of Pregnancy and HIV Infection on Tuberculosis. 6th Annual Regional Prospective Observational Research for Tuberculosis (RePORT) India Joint...

Host Factors Associated with Poor Respiratory Health-Related Quality of Life in Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-02-03
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Gupte A , Meshram S, Selvaraju S, Gupte N, Shivakumar SVBY, Paradkar M, Kohli R, Theruvengadam K, Suryavanshi N, Chandrasekaran P, Mave V, Swaminathan S, Salvi S, Checkley, W, Golub J, Gupta A. Host Factors Associated with Poor Respiratory Health-Related Quality of Life in Pulmonary Tuberculosis...

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Increased gonorrhea and chlamydia testing did not increase case detection in an HIV clinical cohort 1999 - 2007

Post Date: 
2011-10-15
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Sexually Transmitted Infections
Objectives: Since 2003, U.S. organizations have recommended universal screening, rather than targeted screening, of HIV-infected persons for gonorrhea (NG) and Chlamydia (CT). Our objective was to determine whether wider testing resulting from these guidelines would produce an increase in NG/CT...

Prevention of HIV-1 infection with early antiretroviral therapy

Publication: 
New England Journal of Medicine
Background: Antiretroviral therapy that reduces viral replication could limit the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in serodiscordant couples. Methods: In nine countries, we enrolled 1763 couples in which one partner was HIV-1–positive and the other was HIV-1–negative; 54...

High rates of all-cause and gastroenteritis-related hospitalization morbidity and mortality among HIV-exposed Indian infants

Post Date: 
2011-07-15
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BMC Infectious Diseases
Background: HIV-infected and HIV-exposed, uninfected infants experience a high burden of infectious morbidity and mortality. Hospitalization is an important metric for morbidity and is associated with high mortality, yet, little is known about rates and causes of hospitalization among these...

A comparison of online versus on-site training in health research methodology: A randomized study

Post Date: 
2011-06-17
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BMC Medical Education
Background: Distance learning may be useful for building health research capacity. However, evidence that it can improve knowledge and skills in health research, particularly in resource-poor settings, is limited. We compared the impact and acceptability of teaching two distinct content areas...

Building a global health education network for clinical care and research: the benefits and challenges of distance learning tools

Post Date: 
2011-06-15
Publication: 
Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
Expanding the capacity for clinical care and health research is a global priority and a global challenge. In disenfranchised communities facing the largest burden of disease, whether they be in rural Africa or in urban US, there is a great need for more well-trained, competent and dedicated health...

The Afya Bora Consortium: an Africa-US partnership to train leaders in global health

Post Date: 
2011-06-15
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Publication: 
Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
The Afya Bora Consortium is a partnership of eight academic health institutions, four in Africa and four in the United States. The Consortium members have a history of collaboration in four African-U.S. pairs: Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda, and Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland,...

Vitamin D deficiency is common among HIV-infected breastfeeding mothers in Pune, India, but not associated with mother-to-child HIV transmission

Post Date: 
2012-10-01
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HIV Clinical Trials
A recent report from Tanzania demonstrated an increased risk of being HIV infected or of dying at birth among children born to breastfeeding mothers with low baseline vitamin D levels. We conducted a nested case-control study among HIV-infected pregnant women in western India to confirm the...

HIV testing behaviors among Latinos in Baltimore City

Post Date: 
2012-08-14
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Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
In the US, HIV disproportionately affects Latinos who often present late in the disease. Baltimore has seen a recent rapid growth in its Latino population paralleled by an increasing impact of HIV/AIDS among Latinos. From 2009 to 2010, we performed a cross-sectional survey of Latinos accessing the...

Detection of microbial translocation in HIV and SIV infection using the limulus amebocyte lysate assay is masked by serum and plasma

Post Date: 
2012-08-01
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Publication: 
PLOS One
Objective: Microbial translocation (MT) is thought to be a major contributor to the pathogenesis of HIV-related immune activation, and circulating lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Gram-negative bacteria is the principle measurement of this process. However, related research has been impeded by...

Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex enhances susceptibility of CD4 T Cells to HIV through a TLR2-mediated pathway

Post Date: 
2012-07-23
Publication: 
PLOS One
Among HIV-infected individuals, co-infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis is associated with faster progression to AIDS. We investigated the hypothesis that M. bovis BCG and M. tuberculosis (Mtb complex) could enhance susceptibility of CD4+ cells to HIV infection. Peripheral blood...

Guidelines for improving entry into and retention in care and antiretroviral adherence for persons with HIV: evidence-based recommendations from an International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care panel

Post Date: 
2012-06-05
Publication: 
Annals of Internal Medicine
Description: After HIV diagnosis, timely entry into HIV medical care and retention in that care are essential to the provision of effective antiretroviral therapy (ART). ART adherence is among the key determinants of successful HIV treatment outcome and is essential to minimize the emergence of...

Safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic interactions between single-dose TMC207 and steady-state efavirenz in healthy volunteers: AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG) Study.

Post Date: 
2012-04-15
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Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Background: Drug-drug interactions complicate management of coinfection with HIV-1 and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Bedaquiline (formerly TMC207), an investigational agent for the treatment of tuberculosis, is metabolized by cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A which may be induced by the antiretroviral...

Low tuberculosis knowledge among HIV-infected patients in a high HIV prevalence region within Southeast India

Post Date: 
2013-03-21
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Publication: 
Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
Setting: A private multispecialty hospital in Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh, India. Methods: A survey of knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions adapted from a pretested questionnaire was administered to 128 HIV-infected adults, from July to August 2008.

Predictors of mortality in hospitalized children with pandemic H1N1 influenza 2009 in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2012-04-15
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Publication: 
Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Objective: To analyse the factors associated with increased mortality among Indian Children with H1N1. Methods: Data were abstracted from available hospital records of children less than 12 y of age, who were admitted to Sassoon General Hospital in Pune, India, with...

Authors’ response to Hanrahan et al CID article

Post Date: 
2012-05-15
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Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Reply to letter

Research capacity-building program for clinicians and staff at a community-based HIV clinic in Uganda: A pre/post evaluation

Post Date: 
2012-10-01
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Publication: 
Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
Developing capacity for HIV research and clinical practice is critically needed in resource-limited countries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a research capacity building program for community-based participants in preparation and conduct of mHealth interventions. A descriptive, cross-...

Determination of a reference interval in a population

Post Date: 
2012-02-01
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Publication: 
National Medical Journal of India
The reference interval is the most widely used medical decision-making tool that separates healthy from diseased individuals. We briefly discuss the methods used to determine reference interval and its limitations.

Global health education for medical students: New learning opportunities and strategies

Post Date: 
2012-01-17
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Publication: 
Medical Teacher
Background: A new course was offered to introduce basic global health concepts to all first year Johns Hopkins medical students, that took advantage of new distance learning capacity to connect medical students in Baltimore with students and faculty in Uganda, Ethiopia, Pakistan and India...

Sexually transmitted infections and risk behaviors among transgender persons (Hijras) of Pune, India

Post Date: 
2012-01-15
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Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Background: The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to determine the prevalence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STI) in Hijras (self-identified transgenders of South Asia), study associated risk factors, and compare the prevalence with that in heterosexual men and men...

Mortality in HIV infected individuals in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2011-04-15
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Publication: 
Indian Journal of Medical Research
Background & Objectives: With the presence of HIV epidemic for more than two decades in India, rise in the number of HIV related deaths is expected. Data on mortality in HIV infected individuals from prospective studies are scanty in India. We report here data on mortality in a...

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