Presentations

Stop AIDS-keep the promise

Post Date: 
2005-12-15
Publication: 
Indian Journal of Medical Research
Summary not available online

Feasibility of voluntary counseling and testing services for HIV among pregnant women presenting in labor in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2005-08-01
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Publication: 
international Journal of STD & AIDS
Factors affecting the eligibility and acceptability of voluntary counselling and rapid HIV testing (VCT) were examined among pregnant womenpresenting in labour in Pune, India. Of the 6702 total women appearing at the delivery room from April 2001 to March 2002, 4638 (69%) were admitted for...

Necrotizing enterocolitis associated with Clostridium perfringens type A in previously healthy North-American adults

Post Date: 
2005-07-15
Publication: 
Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Background: Necrotizing enteritis associated with Clostridium perfringens type C ("pigbel") is a well-known syndrome in severely protein-deprived populations in the Pacific. It is exceedingly rare in the developed world. C perfringens type A is a common cause of acute gastroenteritis and, in a...

Antimicrobial-resistant Shigella sonnei: Limited antimicrobial treatment options for children and challenges of interpreting in vitro azithromycin susceptibility

Post Date: 
2005-06-15
Publication: 
Journal of Pediatric Infectious Diseases
Background: Antimicrobial-resistant Shigella sonnei is a growing problem in the United States and poses treatment challenges particularly among children. Azithromycin is recommended as an alternative oral agent for shigellosis. Methods: All isolates of Shigella...

IJMR Special Issue on HIV/AIDS: Editorial overview

Post Date: 
2005-04-15
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Publication: 
Indian Journal of Medical Research
No summary available online

High-risk behaviour in young men attending sexually transmitted disease clinics in Pune, India.

Post Date: 
2005-04-15
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Publication: 
AIDS Care
The present study reports sexual risk factors associated with HIV infection among men attending two sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinicsin Pune, India and compares these behaviours between young and older men. Between April 1998 and May 2000, 1872 STD patients were screened for HIV...

Making the choice: the translation of global HIV and infant feeding policy to local practice among mothers in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2005-04-15
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Publication: 
The Journal of Nutrition
In 2003, India had over 5.1 million infected individuals living with HIV/AIDS. The percentage of all HIV cases attributed to perinatal transmission has been increasing steadily from 0.33% of total cases in 1999 to 2.80% in 2004. Recent statistics indicate that over 130,000 infants have been...

Sex-based differences in T lymphocyte responses in HIV-1-seropositive individuals

Post Date: 
2005-03-15
Publication: 
Journal of Infectious Diseases
Sex-based differences in the levels of human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) RNA in plasma could be associated with differences in the strength of HIV-1-specific CD8(+) T cell responses. CD8(+) effector responses in 18 men and 15 women were measured 0-2 years (time A) and 5-7 years (time B)...

Correlates of HIV vaccine trial participation: an Indian perspective

Post Date: 
2005-02-03
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Publication: 
Vaccine
Successful conduct of HIV vaccine trials in a population of great cultural diversity like India could be a challenge. Concerns, knowledge gaps and willingness to participate in future HIV vaccine trials were studied among 349 patients attending three sexually transmitted infections clinics...

An international outbreak of salmonellosis associated with raw almonds contaminated with a rare phage type of Salmonella enteriditis.

Post Date: 
2005-01-15
Publication: 
Journal of Food Protection
During the winter of 2000 to 2001, an outbreak due to Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) phage type 30 (PT30), a rare strain, was detected in Canada. The ensuing investigation involved Canadian and American public health and food regulatory agencies and an academic research laboratory. Enhanced...

Profile of bone marrow examination in HIV/AIDS patients to detect opportunistic infections, especially tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2005-01-15
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Publication: 
Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology
Morphological evaluation of 140 bone marrow aspirations received in haematopathology laboratory with serologically established HIV infection, along with other relevant special haematological tests, was done during 1st Jan 1999 - 31st Dec 2002 at state government run tertiary care General...

Bacterial Antimicrobial Resistance Patterns in Pune, India: Substudy on Community Health-Seeking Behavior Among Patients Admitted with Acute Febrile Illness

Post Date: 
2015-05-28
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Objectives: To describe the patterns of health-care seeking behavior and prior outpatient care among patients admitted with acute febrile illness to Sassoon Hospital To determine the effects of outpatient behaviors and prior treatments on the antimicrobial resistance patterns of stool colonizing...

Soluble CD14: An independent biomarker for risk of HIV mother-to-child transmission in setting of pre- and post-exposure antiretroviral prophylaxis

Post Date: 
2015-10-06
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Publication: 
The Journal of Infectious Diseases
Elevated soluble CD14 (sCD14) concentrations, a marker of monocyte activation, predicts adverse outcomes in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected adults. To examine the association of sCD14 concentrations with the risk of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV, we nested a case-...

Sex-related differences in inflammatory and immune activation markers before and after combined antiretroviral therapy initiation

Post Date: 
2016-10-01
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Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Background: Women progress to death at the same rate as men despite lower plasma HIV RNA (viral load). We investigated sex-specific differences in immune activation and inflammation as a potential explanation. Methods: Inflammatory and immune activation markers [...

Efficacy of six-week extended-dose nevirapine varies by infant birth weight with greatest relative efficacy in low birth weight infants

Post Date: 
2016-09-30
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Publication: 
PLOS One
Low birth weight (LBW), defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as birth weight less than 2500 g, is a significant public health issue in resource-limited settings, particularly in Sub Saharan Africa and South Asia where the estimated annual incidence is 14% and 28–31%, respectively,...

Mandatory tuberculosis case notification in high tuberculosis-incidence countries: policy and practice

Post Date: 
2016-10-20
Publication: 
European Respiratory Journal
Mandatory tuberculosis (TB) notification is an important policy under the End TB Strategy, but little is known about its enforcement especially in high TB incidence countries. We undertook a literature search for selected high-incidence countries, followed by a questionnaire-based survey...

RePORT: C-TRIUMPH: Substudy on Understanding of Tuberculosis Infection and Preventive Therapy among Skin-Test Positive Household Contacts of Tuberculosis Cases

Post Date: 
2015-08-13
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This study was conducted from June 2015–May 2018. It is both relevant and important to gauge awareness of IPT (Isoniazieas an option for preventing TB among those who are tuberculin skin test (TST) positive, given India’s vast TB-infected population pool that are at risk for progressing to active...

Establishing an Observational Cohort Database for Patient Care and Research at the Hinduja Hospital Chest Clinic

Post Date: 
2016-08-30
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India has the largest burden of global tuberculosis (TB), accounting for one quarter of the total number of cases reported. Together with South Africa, India sees one-third of the total number of deaths from TB. Drug-resistant strains of the disease are also on the rise, with India having one of...

TB and Pregnancy Impact of Immune Changes of HIV and Stages of Pregnancy on Tuberculosis: Nested Study on Temporal Dynamics of Gut Microbiota in HIV Infected Pregnant Women

Post Date: 
2016-07-05
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This is a nested prospective longitudinal cohort study of 35 HIV-infected and 35 HIV-noninfected pregnant women who are part of the parent study “Impact of Immune Changes of HIV and Stages of Pregnancy on Tuberculosis." The objectives are to: Determine the association of gestational age with...

A Randomized Therapeutic Interventional Comparative Study between Three Different Modalities of Paediatric Antitubercular Treatment

Post Date: 
2016-06-13
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This study was terminated July 6, 2019. It was funded by the Fogarty International Center at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. This study evaluated three different TB treatment regimens in children attending Sassoon General Hospital in Pune, India. A convenience sample size of n=100 children...

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