Publications

Advancing Patient-Centered Care in Tuberculosis Management: A Mixed-Methods Appraisal of Video Directly Observed Therapy

Post Date: 
2019-06-25
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Open Forum Infectious Diseases
OFID : Study compared directly-observed therapy with video-based observed therapy using the emocha mobile health platform

Users beware! Biological variation in complete blood counts over short time intervals

Post Date: 
2019-05-29
Publication: 
BMJ Evidence Based Medicine
New publication in BMJ Evidence Based Medicine looks at CBC count variations in blood drawn over a short time period

Assessment of lung function in successfully treated tuberculosis reveals high burden of ventilatory defects and COPD

Post Date: 
2019-05-23
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PLoS One
New in PLoS One: We found a high burden of lung function defects and COPD in tuberculosis cases who successfully completed treatment, suggesting a need for lung function screening as part of patient management.

High prevalence of insulin resistance and occurrence prior to hyperinsulinemia threshold among people living with HIV in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2019-05-21
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Diabetes Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews
BACKGROUND Diabetes prevalence in HIV is not well characterized for India, despite the high burden of both individual diseases. Epidemiology of insulin resistance (IR): a precursor to diabetes, and its associated risk factors are also poorly understood in Asian Indian people living with HIV (PLHIV...

Sub-therapeutic rifampicin concentration is associated with unfavourable tuberculosis treatment outcomes

Post Date: 
2019-05-10
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
Rifampicin concentrations were sub-therapeutic in most Indian patients taking a thrice-weekly TB regimen

Venezuela's Public Health Crisis: A Regional Emergency

Post Date: 
2019-04-11
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Lancet
The Lancet: The economic crisis in Venezuela has eroded the country's health-care infrastructure and threatened public health.

Venezuela’s Humanitarian Emergency

Post Date: 
2019-04-11
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Report from Human Rights Watch
In January 2019, hundreds of thousands of Venezuelans took to the streets, following an appeal by National Assembly president Juan Guaidó, who asked the Venezuelan people to mobilize in support of restoring constitutional order in the country.

The burden of diabetes in India

Post Date: 
2019-04-01
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The Lancet Global Health
The India State-Level Disease Burden Initiative Diabetes Collaborators (December, 2018)1 provide a comprehensive overview of the diabetes burden in India. The authors point out some limitations in estimates due to inadequacies in the data. Nevertheless, on the basis of my field experience in India...

A population pharmacokinetic analysis shows that arylacetamide deacetylase (AADAC) gene polymorphism and HIV infection affect the exposure of rifapentine

Post Date: 
2019-03-29
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Antimicrobial Agents Chemotherapy
New analysis published in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy!

Feasibility of identifying household contacts of rifampin- and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis cases at high risk of progression to tuberculosis disease

Post Date: 
2019-03-28
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
We assessed multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) cases and their household contacts (HHCs) to inform the development of an interventional clinical trial.

Willingness to take multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) preventive therapy among Adult and adolescent household contacts of MDR-TB index cases: an international multi-site cross-sectional study

Post Date: 
2019-03-28
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
Abstract BACKGROUND: Household contacts (HHCs) of individuals with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) are at high risk of infection and subsequent disease. There is limited evidence on the willingness of MDR-TB HHCs to take MDR-TB preventive therapy (TPT) to decrease their risk of TB disease...

Maternal health outcomes among HIV-infected breastfeeding women with high CD4 counts: results of a treatment strategy trial

Post Date: 
2019-03-20
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HIV Clinical Trials
BACKGROUND: IMPAACT PROMISE 1077BF/FF was a randomized study of antiretroviral therapy (ART) strategies for pregnant and postpartum women with high CD4+ T-cell counts. We describe postpartum outcomes for women in the study who were randomized to continue or discontinue ART after delivery. METHODS:...

Building the framework for standardized clinical laboratory reporting of next generation sequencing data for resistance-associated mutations in Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex

Post Date: 
2019-03-18
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Abstract Tuberculosis is the primary infectious disease killer worldwide, with a growing threat from multidrug- resistant cases. Unfortunately, classic growth-based phenotypic drug susceptibility testing (DST) remains difficult, costly and time-consuming, while current rapid molecular testing...

Evaluation of an adapted Project Connect community based intervention among professionals serving young minority men

Post Date: 
2019-03-15
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Sexually Transmitted Diseases
BACKGROUND: To address sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs of young minority urban males, we developed and evaluated Project Connect Baltimore (Connect), which was adapted from a program with demonstrated effectiveness among young females. The objectives were to determine (1) the feasibility...

One month of rifapentine plus isoniazid to prevent HIV-related tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2019-03-14
Publication: 
New England Journal of Medicine
Exciting findings from A5279: One month of Rifapentine with isonaizid is as effective as a 9-month course of isoniazid alone!

Elevated highly sensitive C-reactive protein and d-dimer levels are associated with food insecurity among people living with HIV in Pune, India.

Post Date: 
2019-03-04
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Public Health Nutrition
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and determinants of food insecurity among people living with HIV (PLWH) in Pune, India and its association with biomarkers known to confer increased risks of morbidity and mortality in this population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis assessing food...

Prevalence, predictors, and successful treatment outcomes of Xpert MTB/RIF-identified rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis in post-conflict Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2012-2017: A retrospective province-wide cohort study

Post Date: 
2019-02-13
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Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
BACKGROUND: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) jeopardizes global TB control. The prevalence and predictors of Rifampicin-resistant (RR) TB, a proxy for MDR-TB, and the treatment outcomes with standard and shortened regimens have not been assessed in post-conflict regions, such as the South...

Female global health leadership: Data-driven approaches to close the gender gap

Post Date: 
2019-02-09
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The Lancet
Lancet article investigates gender-based challenges of female health trainees and professionals and identifies interventions

Few eligible for the newly recommended short course MDR-TB regimen at a large Mumbai private clinic

Post Date: 
2019-01-28
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BMC Infectious Diseases
BACKGROUND: India has the world's highest tuberculosis burden, and Mumbai is particularly affected by multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). WHO recommends short, intensive treatment ("Short Course") for previously untreated pulmonary MDR-TB patients but does not require universal drug...

Preventable losses: Infant mortality increases in Venezuela

Post Date: 
2019-01-24
Publication: 
Lancet Global Health
The health-care system collapse underway in Venezuela is a cause of utmost concern for its people and, increasingly, for the wider region. Declines in provision of basic services, such as childhood immunisation, malaria control, water, sanitation, and nutritional support, have led to increasing...

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