Publications

Evaluation of an adapted Project Connect community based intervention among professionals serving young minority men

Post Date: 
2019-03-15
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Sexually Transmitted Diseases
BACKGROUND: To address sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs of young minority urban males, we developed and evaluated Project Connect Baltimore (Connect), which was adapted from a program with demonstrated effectiveness among young females. The objectives were to determine (1) the feasibility...

Understanding quality of care and satisfaction with sexual and reproductive healthcare among young men

Post Date: 
2019-02-19
Publication: 
Journal of Healthcare Quality
OBJECTIVE: Sexual and reproductive healthcare (SRHC) guidelines recommend the delivery of quality preventive SRHC to males beginning in adolescence. A quality of care (QOC) framework was used to examine factors associated with young male's perceptions of QOC and satisfaction with care, which can...

Three years post-Affordable Care Act sexually transmitted disease clinics remain critical among vulnerable populations

Post Date: 
2019-02-19
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the study is to examine whether demand for publicly funded sexually transmitted disease clinics changed after Affordable Care Act implementation. METHODS: The percentages of total incident sexually transmitted infections in Baltimore City that occurred at publicly...

Three years post-Affordable Care Act sexually transmitted disease clinics remain critical among vulnerable populations

Post Date: 
2019-02-19
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the study is to examine whether demand for publicly funded sexually transmitted disease clinics changed after Affordable Care Act implementation. METHODS: The percentages of total incident sexually transmitted infections in Baltimore City that occurred at publicly...

Prevalence, predictors, and successful treatment outcomes of Xpert MTB/RIF-identified rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis in post-conflict Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2012-2017: A retrospective province-wide cohort study

Post Date: 
2019-02-13
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
BACKGROUND: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) jeopardizes global TB control. The prevalence and predictors of Rifampicin-resistant (RR) TB, a proxy for MDR-TB, and the treatment outcomes with standard and shortened regimens have not been assessed in post-conflict regions, such as the South...

Female global health leadership: Data-driven approaches to close the gender gap

Post Date: 
2019-02-09
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The Lancet
Lancet article investigates gender-based challenges of female health trainees and professionals and identifies interventions

Symptom screening for active tuberculosis in pregnant women living with HIV

Post Date: 
2019-01-28
Publication: 
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Diagnostic test accuracy). The objectives are as follows: To assess the accuracy of the four-symptom screen (cough, fever, night sweats, or weight loss) for identifying active TB in pregnant PLHIV who are screened in an outpatient or community setting. To...

Few eligible for the newly recommended short course MDR-TB regimen at a large Mumbai private clinic

Post Date: 
2019-01-28
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BMC Infectious Diseases
BACKGROUND: India has the world's highest tuberculosis burden, and Mumbai is particularly affected by multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). WHO recommends short, intensive treatment ("Short Course") for previously untreated pulmonary MDR-TB patients but does not require universal drug...

Preventable losses: Infant mortality increases in Venezuela

Post Date: 
2019-01-24
Publication: 
Lancet Global Health
The health-care system collapse underway in Venezuela is a cause of utmost concern for its people and, increasingly, for the wider region. Declines in provision of basic services, such as childhood immunisation, malaria control, water, sanitation, and nutritional support, have led to increasing...

HIV testing uptake among the household contacts of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis index cases in eight countries

Post Date: 
2019-01-07
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International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease : The Indo-JHU Clinical Research Parentership participated in this multinational study to determine if it's feasible to provide HIV testing for household contacts of MDR-TB cases.

Is there a connection between gestational diabetes, human immunodeficiency virus infection, and tuberculosis?

Post Date: 
2019-01-01
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International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
IJTLD article reviews the epidemiology and immunology of gestational diabetes and finds there's a lot we don't know about interactions between diabetes, pregnancy, and tuberculosis in both HIV+/- women

Atypical mycobacterial infections following plastic surgery procedures abroad: a multidisciplinary algorithm for diagnosis and treatment

Post Date: 
2018-12-28
Abstract: Medical tourism has become increasingly popular in recent years. The most commonly sought procedures are cosmetic. The recent rise in medical tourism has been mirrored by an increase in the incidence of M. abscessus infections, atypical mycobacteria ubiquitous in aquatic environments...

Impact of providing preexposure prophylaxis for human immunodeficiency virus at clinics for sexually transmitted infections in Baltimore City: An agent-based model

Post Date: 
2018-12-15
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Sexually Transmitted Diseases
BACKGROUND: Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) greatly reduces the risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) acquisition, but its optimal delivery strategy remains uncertain. Clinics for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can provide an efficient venue for PrEP delivery. METHODS: To quantify the...

Multiplex-PCR to detect pAmpC β-lactamases among Enterobacteriaceae at a tertiary care laboratory in Mumbai, India

Post Date: 
2018-12-13
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Microbiology
Drug-resistance due to AmpC β-lactamases represents a growing problem worldwide. In this study, a previously collected sample of 108 cefoxitin-resistant clinical isolates was assessed for AmpC β-lactamase production through routine phenotypic testing and double-disc cefoxitin/cloxcallin (DD-CC),...

Immigration legal services as a structural HIV intervention for Latinx sexual and gender minorities

Post Date: 
2018-11-21
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Lack of legal immigration status is associated with poor HIV-related outcomes for immigrant Latinx sexual and gender minorities (LSGM). LSGM often meet eligibility criteria for legal immigration relief. A Medical-Legal Partnership (MLP) may thus be strategic to improve their health. We know little...

The role of perceived friend depression and perceived stigma on self-reported depression among individuals who use drugs

Post Date: 
2018-11-15
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Journal of Community Psychology
Depression and substance use are highly comorbid, and stigmatized, mental health conditions influenced by social network factors. The objective of this study was to explore the role of perceived depression and perceived mental health stigma among friends on self-reported depression over time...

Missed opportunities to address pregnancy prevention with young men in primary care

Post Date: 
2018-11-15
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Clinical Pediatrics
Young men (aged 15-24 years) have pregnancy prevention needs, yet little is known about whether they perceive they learn about pregnancy prevention in primary care. A sample of 190 young men seen in primary care in one city from April 2014 to September 2016 were assessed on perceived learning about...

The mortality burden of multidrug-resistant pathogens in India: a retrospective observational study

Post Date: 
2018-11-08
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
We conducted a retrospective, ten hospital study of the relationship between multidrug-resistant pathogens and mortality in India. This is one of the largest studies undertaken in an LMIC to measure the burden of antibiotic resistance.

The global landscape of tuberculosis therapeutics

Post Date: 
2018-11-07
Publication: 
Annual Review of Medicine
Abstract Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the oldest infections afflicting humans yet remains the number one infectious disease killer worldwide. Despite decades of experience treating this disease, TB regimens require months of multidrug therapy, even for latent infections. There have been important...

Economic and epidemiologic impact of guidelines for early ART initiation irrespective of CD4 count in Spain

Post Date: 
2018-11-05
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PLoS One
INTRODUCTION: Emerging data suggest that early antiretroviral therapy (ART) could reduce serious AIDS and non-AIDS events and deaths but could also increase costs. In January 2016, the Spanish guidelines were updated to recommend ART at any CD4 count. However, the epidemiologic and economic impacts...

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