Publications

Vitamin A and D deficiencies associated with incident tuberculosis in HIV-infected patients initiating antiretroviral therapy in multinational case-cohort study

Post Date: 
2017-02-06
Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Introduction: Numerous micronutrients have immunomodulatory roles that may influence risk of tuberculosis (TB), but the association between baseline micronutrient deficiencies and incident TB after antiretroviral (ART) initiation in HIV-infected individuals is not well characterized. Methods: We...

¡Sólo se vive una vez! (you only live once): a pilot evaluation of individually tailored video modules aiming to increase HIV testing among foreign-born Latino men

Post Date: 
2017-02-01
Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Country: 
BACKGROUND: Although Latinos living in the United States are disproportionately affected by HIV, the development, implementation, and evaluation of HIV prevention, testing, and linkage to care interventions lag behind efforts occurring in other communities. To address sociocultural barriers to...

Tuberculosis associated with HIV infection.

Post Date: 
2017-01-15
Publication: 
Microbiology Spectrum
Abstract Tuberculosis (TB) has recently surpassed HIV as the primary infectious disease killer worldwide, but the two diseases continue to display lethal synergy. The burden of TB is disproportionately borne by people living with HIV, particularly where HIV and poverty coexist. The impact of these...

Qualitative insights into implementation, processes, and outcomes of a randomized trial on peer support and HIV care engagement in Rakai, Uganda

Post Date: 
2017-01-10
Publication: 
BMC Infectious Diseases
Country: 
BACKGROUND: People living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who have not yet initiated antiretroviral therapy (ART) can benefit from being engaged in care and utilizing preventive interventions. Community-based peer support may be an effective approach to promote these important HIV services...

The socioecology of sexual and reproductive health care use among young urban minority males

Post Date: 
2017-01-05
Publication: 
Journal of Adolescent Health
Country: 
Purpose: To explore perceptions of facilitators/barriers to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care use among an urban sample of African-American and Hispanic young men aged 15-24 years, including sexual minorities. Methods: Focus groups were conducted between April 2013 and May 2014 in one mid-...

The ripple effect: why promoting female leadership in global health matters

Post Date: 
2016-12-21
Publication: 
Public Health Action
Leadership positions in global health are greatly skewed toward men; the imbalance is more pronounced in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The under-representation of women in leadership is a threat to gender equality, and also impacts the improvement of women's health outcomes globally. In...

Carbapenems against Mycobacterium tuberculosis: a review of the evidence

Post Date: 
2016-11-15
Publication: 
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Carbapenems, a more recent β-lactam class, represent a unique anti-tuberculosis option, as emerging evidence demonstrates that they target the Mycobacterium tuberculosis cell wall and β-lactamase. This provides a potentially new agent against M. tuberculosis, in particular for multidrug-resistant (...

Tuberculosis burden in India's private sector

Post Date: 
2016-11-15
Publication: 
The Lancet Infectious Disease
Country: 
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Primary care providers knowledge, attitude and practices related to hepatitis C screening and treatment in the oral direct acting antiviral agents era

Post Date: 
2016-10-28
Publication: 
Journal of Community Medicine and Health Education
Country: 
Background: There are over 3 million Americans infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV). Despite recent advances in HCV treatment, a major barrier to care remains a limited number of treaters. HCV therapy provision by primary care providers (PCPs) could expand access by increasing the pool of HCV...

Mandatory tuberculosis case notification in high tuberculosis-incidence countries: policy and practice

Post Date: 
2016-10-20
Publication: 
European Respiratory Journal
Mandatory tuberculosis (TB) notification is an important policy under the End TB Strategy, but little is known about its enforcement especially in high TB incidence countries. We undertook a literature search for selected high-incidence countries, followed by a questionnaire-based survey among key...

Sex-related differences in inflammatory and immune activation markers before and after combined antiretroviral therapy initiation

Post Date: 
2016-10-01
Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Background: Women progress to death at the same rate as men despite lower plasma HIV RNA (viral load). We investigated sex-specific differences in immune activation and inflammation as a potential explanation. Methods: Inflammatory and immune activation markers [interferon γ, tumor necrosis factor...

Efficacy of six-week extended-dose nevirapine varies by infant birth weight with greatest relative efficacy in low birth weight infants

Post Date: 
2016-09-30
Publication: 
PLOS One
Country: 
Low birth weight (LBW), defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as birth weight less than 2500 g, is a significant public health issue in resource-limited settings, particularly in Sub Saharan Africa and South Asia where the estimated annual incidence is 14% and 28–31%, respectively, and the...

HIV-related stigma among Spanish speaking Latinos in an emerging immigrant receiving city

Post Date: 
2016-09-27
Publication: 
Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Country: 
HIV-related stigma has been associated with a reluctance to test for HIV among Latinos . This study assessed community HIV-related stigma within an emerging Latino immigrant receiving city . We conducted a brief survey among a convenience sample of 312 Spanish - speaking Latinos in Baltimore,...

Continued importance of sexually transmitted disease clinics in the era of the Affordable Care Act

Post Date: 
2016-09-15
Publication: 
American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Country: 
Introduction: Following the 2014 expansions of Medicaid and private health insurance through the Affordable Care Act, municipal sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics-which have historically served predominantly uninsured patients-have been threatened with budget cuts nationwide. This study was...

Lateral flow urine lipoarabinomannan assay for detecting active tuberculosis in HIV-positive adults

Post Date: 
2016-08-16
Publication: 
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Country: 
Background: Rapid detection of tuberculosis (TB) among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a global health priority. HIV-associated TB may have different clinical presentations and is challenging to diagnose. Conventional sputum tests have reduced sensitivity in HIV-positive...

Heterogeneity of the HIV epidemic in agrarian, trading, and fishing communities in Rakai, Uganda: an observational epidemiological study

Post Date: 
2016-08-15
Publication: 
The Lancet HIV
Country: 
Background : Understanding the extent to which HIV burden differs across communities and the drivers of local disparities is crucial for an effective and targeted HIV response. We assessed community-level variations in HIV prevalence, risk factors, and treatment and prevention service uptake in...

Community-based interventions to improve and sustain antiretroviral therapy adherence, retention in HIV care and clinical outcomes in low- and middle-income countries for achieving the UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets

Post Date: 
2016-07-30
Publication: 
Current HIV/AIDS Reports
Country: 
Little is known about the effect of community versus health facility-based interventions to improve and sustain antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, virologic suppression, and retention in care among HIV-infected individuals in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). We systematically searched...

Continued elevation of interleukin-18 and interferon-γ after initiation of antiretroviral therapy and clinical failure in a diverse multicountry human immunodeficiency virus cohort

Post Date: 
2016-07-27
Publication: 
Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Country: 
Background: We assessed immune activation after antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation to understand clinical failure in diverse settings. Methods: We performed a case-control study in ACTG Prospective Evaluation of Antiretrovirals in Resource-Limited Settings (PEARLS). Cases were defined as...

Editorial Commentary: Recruiting the next generation of infectious diseases physicians: how do we reignite the passion?

Post Date: 
2016-07-15
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Country: 
Introduction: Infectious diseases (ID) is the most exciting medical subspecialty. We may be biased, but we are not wrong. It is disheartening that applications to ID fellowships continue to decrease; in 2016, 61% of fellowship programs did not fill through the National Resident Matching Program, up...

Association of medical male circumcision and antiretroviral therapy scale-up with community HIV incidence in Rakai, Uganda

Post Date: 
2016-07-12
Publication: 
JAMA
Country: 
IMPORTANCE: Medical male circumcision (MMC) and antiretroviral therapy (ART) are proven HIV prevention interventions, but there are limited data on the population-level effect of scale-up of these interventions in sub-Saharan Africa. Such evaluation is important for planning and resource allocation...

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