Publications

Impact of maternal HIV co-infection on the vertical transmission of Hepatitis C virus: a meta-analysis.

Post Date: 
2007-04-15
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Background: Observational studies suggest that maternal human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfection is associated with increased odds of vertical HCV transmission. We performed a meta-analysis to summarize current evidence. Methods: We systematically searched for relevant...

Knowledge, attitudes and practices of antiretroviral therapy among adults attending private and public clinics in India

Post Date: 
2007-02-15
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Publication: 
AIDS Patient Care and STDs
India has approximately 5.2 million persons infected with HIV. Although antiretroviral therapy (ART) is being widely introduced in public clinics, many HIV-infected persons still seek care via the private sector. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2004 at six public and private sites to...

The traveling farm wife

Post Date: 
2007-01-15
Publication: 
American Journal of Medicine
In late summer, a 77-year-old woman was hospitalized after 9 days of chills, low-grade fever, fatigue, and generalized weakness. She did not have abdominal pain, coughing, diarrhea, dyspnea, jaundice, nausea, rashes, sore throat, vomiting, or weight loss. Her medical history was significant for...

Same-sex behavior and high rates of HIV among men attending sexually transmitted infection clinics in Pune, India (1993-2002)

Post Date: 
2006-12-01
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Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Objectives: To determine HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevalence, trends, and risk behaviors of men who have sex with men (MSM) and compare these with those of non-MSM attending STI clinics in Pune, India over a 10-year period. Methods: From 1993 through 2002, men attending 3 STI...

Community preparedness for HIV vaccine trials in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Post Date: 
2006-11-30
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Publication: 
Culture, Health, and Sexuality
This paper reports on an assessment of community preparedness for HIV vaccine trials in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Formative research was conducted in the capital city of Kinshasa during the period October 2003 to March 2004 to answer questions pertinent to planning trials of a preventive...

Improved adherence and less toxicity with rifampin vs isoniazid for treatment of latent tuberculosis: a retrospective study

Post Date: 
2006-09-25
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Publication: 
Archives of Internal Medicine
Background: Treatment of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is an important aspect of tuberculosis control in the United States, but the effectiveness of this strategy is compromised by poor adherence to the recommended 9-month isoniazid regimen. In this study, we compared treatment completion...

Baseline duty hours recorded with time-cards: a pre-regulation study of internal medicine residents

Post Date: 
2006-07-15
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Publication: 
Medical Education
Objective: The acquisition of data on resident duty hours has been largely dependent on self-report surveys collected in the surgical literature. We sought to implement and describe a simple method for monitoring internal medicine resident duty hours by using time-cards. Design: In 2002, internal...

Evaluation of serologic screening for identification of chronic Salmonella typhi carriers in Vietnam

Post Date: 
2006-07-10
Publication: 
International Journal of Infectious Diseases
Objectives: To determine the utility of screening anti-Vi antibodies to detect chronic Salmonella Typhi carriers in an endemic community. Methods: We conducted a community-based serologic survey for anti-Vi antibodies to identify chronic Salmonella Typhi carriers in a typhoid endemic region in...

High rates of syphilis among STI patients are contributing to the spread of HIV-1 in India

Post Date: 
2006-04-15
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Publication: 
Sexually Transmitted Infections
Background: Recent syphilis outbreaks have raised concern regarding the potential enhancement of HIV transmission. The incidence of syphilis and its association with HIV‐1 infection rates among a cohort of sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinic attendees was investigated. Methods: 2732 HIV‐1...

Low HIV-1 incidence among married serodiscordant couples in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2006-03-15
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Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Unlike commercial sex workers and patients attending sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinics, married couples are not typically targeted for HIV risk reduction programs in India. Thus, married partners of HIV-infected persons are at particularly high risk for HIV infection. Between September...

The expanding realm of heterologous immunity: friend or foe?

Post Date: 
2006-02-15
Publication: 
Cellular Microbiology
Antecedent or current infections can alter the immunopathologic outcome of a subsequent unrelated infection. Immunomodulation by co-infecting pathogens has been referred to as 'heterologous immunity' and has been postulated to play a role in host susceptibility to disease, tolerance to organ...

Screening for HIV dementia in an HIV, clade C-infected population in India

Post Date: 
2006-02-12
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Publication: 
Journal of Neurovirology
Although human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) clade C virus infects the largest populations worldwide, to date there are no prospective studies reported thus far to determine the incidence or prevalence of HIV dementia in this population. HIV clade C virus is a CCR5-tropic virus and thus...

Rate of hospitalization and inpatient care costs for HIV-1 infected in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2006-02-01
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Publication: 
National Medical Journal of India
Background: The transition of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection to acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) has begun in India, and an increase in AIDS-related hospitalizations and deaths is an anticipated challenge. We estimated the rates of hospitalization and inpatient care costs...

High HIV prevalence among a high-risk subgroup of women attending sexually transmitted infection clinics in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2006-01-01
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Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Objectives: To investigate changes over a decade in prevalence and correlates of HIV among high-risk women attending sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinics in Pune, India, who deny a history of commercial sex work (CSW). Methods: From 1993 to 2002, 2376 women attending 3 STI clinics in Pune...

Correlates and trend of HIV prevalence among female sex workers attending sexually transmitted disease clinics in Pune, India (1993-2002)

Post Date: 
2006-01-01
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Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
In India, substantial efforts have been made to increase awareness about HIV/AIDS among female sex workers (FSWs). We assessed the impact of awareness regarding safe sex in a cohort of FSWs by studying trends in HIV prevalence, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and risk behaviors measured from...

Mycobacterial-induced potentiation of type 1 immune responses and protection against malaria is host-specific

Post Date: 
2005-12-15
Publication: 
Infection and Immunity
Malaria and tuberculosis are endemic in many regions of the world, and coinfection with the two pathogens is common. In this study, we examined the effects of long- and short-term infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis on the course of a lethal form of murine malaria in resistant (C57BL/6) and...

Stop AIDS-keep the promise

Post Date: 
2005-12-15
Publication: 
Indian Journal of Medical Research
Summary not available online

Adult botulism type F in the United States, 1981-2002

Post Date: 
2005-12-13
Publication: 
Neurology
Background: Clostridium botulinum neurotoxin types A, B, and E cause most cases of the paralytic disease botulism. Little is known about the epidemiology, clinical features, or microbiology of botulism type F. Methods: Cases of adult type F botulism were identified by review of data collected by...

Feasibility of voluntary counseling and testing services for HIV among pregnant women presenting in labor in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2005-08-01
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Clinical Sites: 
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Publication: 
international Journal of STD & AIDS
Factors affecting the eligibility and acceptability of voluntary counselling and rapid HIV testing (VCT) were examined among pregnant womenpresenting in labour in Pune, India. Of the 6702 total women appearing at the delivery room from April 2001 to March 2002, 4638 (69%) were admitted for normal...

Antifungal interventions for the primary prevention of cryptococcal disease in adults with HIV

Post Date: 
2005-07-20
Publication: 
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) leads to progressive destruction and weakening of the body's immune system. Patients with advanced HIV disease are vulnerable to various diseases, called opportunistic infections (OIs), which most people with normal immune systems are protected...

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