Publications

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Endotypes in Low- and Middle-Income Country Settings: Precision Medicine for All

Post Date: 
2020-07-15
Publication: 
Am J Respir Crit Care Med
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a heterogeneous disease marked by largely irreversible airflow obstruction due to small airway obstruction and emphysema that results from complex gene–environment interactions over the lifespan of an individual. Although the clinical definition of...

Drug resistant TB spine in a two year old child: A case report

Post Date: 
2020-07-14
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Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Spinal tuberculosis (TB) is a disease of high morbidity that is associated with deformity and neurological sequelae, especially in growing children. Children diagnosed with spinal TB need to be monitored closely for clinical improvements. Previous history of antituberculous therapy (ATT), poor...

Mullen Scales of Early Learning Adaptation for Assessment of Indian Children and Application to Tuberculous Meningitis

Post Date: 
2020-07-03
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Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
Introduction: Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) results in significant morbidity and mortality among children worldwide. Associated neurocognitive complications are common but not well characterized. The Mullen Scales of Early Learning (MSEL), a well-established measure for assessment of...

A mobile health-facilitated behavioral intervention for community health workers improves exclusive breastfeeding and early infant HIV diagnosis in India: A cluster randomized trial

Post Date: 
2020-07-02
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Journal of the International AIDS Society
When community health workers used a mobile health intervention with HIV+ women to deliver care, there was a higher uptake of exclusive breastfeeding at two months and early infant HIV diagnosis at six weeks

Trends and gender differences in access to HIV care with scale up of national HIV treatment guidelines in India

Post Date: 
2020-06-24
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Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
Test and treat is the current global standard, yet sex differences persist in access to HIV care. We assessed the differences in presentation and antiretroviral therapy (ART) uptake by sex and ART-eligibility period among ART-naive adults registered at a public ART center in India. Four ART...

SARS-CoV-2 Positivity Rate for Latinos in the Baltimore-Washington, DC Region

Post Date: 
2020-06-18
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JAMA
This study characterizes the trends in rates of SARS-CoV-2 positive test results among individuals in the Baltimore-Washington, DC area by self-reported race/ethnicity.

Acceptability and Feasibility of a Behavioral and Mobile Health Intervention (COMBIND) Shown to Increase Uptake of Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) Care in India

Post Date: 
2020-05-23
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BMC Public Health
A cluster-randomized trial recently demonstrated that an integrated behavioral and mobile technology intervention improved uptake of key components of a Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) Option B+ program, among HIV- infected pregnant/breastfeeding women in India.

High Burden of Bloodstream Infections Associated with Antimicrobial Resistance and Mortality in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2020-05-17
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Background: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a growing threat to newborns in low and middle income countries (LMIC). Methods: We performed a prospective cohort study in three tertiary Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) in Pune, India, to describe the epidemiology of neonatal bloodstream...

Intensified short symptom screening program for Dengue infection during pregnancy, India

Post Date: 
2020-04-15
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Emerging Infectious Diseases
Mosquitoborne diseases (e.g., malaria, dengue, and chikungunya) are endemic to India and pose diagnostic challenges during pregnancy. We evaluated an intensified short symptom screening program in India to diagnose dengue during pregnancy. During October 2017-January 2018, we screened pregnant...

Once-weekly Rifapentine and Isoniazid for Tuberculosis Prevention in Patients With HIV Taking Dolutegravir-Based Antiretroviral Therapy: A Phase 1/2 Trial

Post Date: 
2020-03-30
Publication: 
Lancet HIV
Short-course preventive therapy with 12 doses of once-weekly rifapentine (900 mg) plus isoniazid (900 mg) could greatly improve tuberculosis control, especially in areas with high co-endemicity with HIV.

Undocumented U.S. Immigrants and Covid-19

Post Date: 
2020-03-27
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New England Journal of Medicine
NEJM: Kathleen Page and colleagues outline COVID-19 hardships faced by undocumented immigrants and strategies needed to ensure they have access to care.

Venezuela’s health care crisis now poses a global threat

Post Date: 
2020-03-26
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Foreign Policy
Foreign Policy: Dr. Kathleen Page argues that Venezuela's weak healthcare infrastructure leaves its people defenseless and presents a serious threat to global health, and she advocates for the global community to act now.

Randomized trial of online, interactive decision-support versus guidelines for HIV treatment selection by trainees

Post Date: 
2020-03-24
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
CID: Trainees using HIV-ASSIST were significantly more likely to choose appropriate ART regimens compared to those using guidelines alone.

TB prevention strategies and unanswered questions for pregnant and postpartum women living with HIV: the need for improved evidence

Post Date: 
2020-03-23
Publication: 
Journal of the International AIDS Society
World TB Day viewpoint on the need for more data about TB treatment for pregnant and postpartum women in J Int AIDS Soc by Drs. Jyoti Mathad and Amita Gupta.

HIV, Pregnancy, and Isoniazid Preventive Therapy. Reply

Post Date: 
2020-03-18
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The New England Journal of Medicine
Gupta et al. (Oct. 3 issue)1 report a higher incidence of adverse pregnancy outcomes among women with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection who were exposed to isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) during the second and third trimesters than among those not exposed to IPT during pregnancy. From...

Quantifying HIV transmission flow between high-prevalence hotspots and surrounding communities: a population-based study in Rakai, Uganda

Post Date: 
2020-03-17
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The Lancet HIV
BACKGROUND: International and global organisations advocate targeting interventions to areas of high HIV prevalence (ie, hotspots). To better understand the potential benefits of geo-targeted control, we assessed the extent to which HIV hotspots along Lake Victoria sustain transmission in...

Hepatotoxicity and Liver-Related Mortality in Women of Child-Bearing Potential Living With HIV and High CD4 Counts Initiating Efavirenz-Containing Regimens

Post Date: 
2020-03-11
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Background: Severe hepatotoxicity in people with HIV receiving efavirenz (EFV) has been reported. We assessed the incidence and risk factors of hepatotoxicity in women of child-bearing age initiating EFV-containing regimens. Methods: In the PROMISE trial, ART-naïve pregnant women with HIV and CD4...

Tuberculosis in children, adolescents, and women

Post Date: 
2020-02-27
Publication: 
Lancet Respiratory Medicine
In this Lancet Respiratory Medicine commentary, Dr. Amita Gupta and colleagues note that TB prevalence among children, adolescents, and women isn't well documented. This poses big challenges for the goal of TB elimination.

Whole genome enrichment approach for rapid detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and drug resistance-associated mutations from direct sputum sequencing

Post Date: 
2020-02-20
Publication: 
Tuberculosis
Tuberculosis is the leading cause of death among infectious diseases worldwide. Detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), using routine culture-based methods is time consuming resulting in delayed diagnosis and poor treatment outcomes. Currently available molecular tests provide faster...

Migration, hotspots, and dispersal of HIV infection in Rakai, Uganda

Post Date: 
2020-02-20
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Nature Communications
Abstract HIV prevalence varies markedly throughout Africa, and it is often presumed areas of higher HIV prevalence (i.e., hotspots) serve as sources of infection to neighboring areas of lower prevalence. However, the small-scale geography of migration networks and movement of HIV-...

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