Publications

The global neurological burden of tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2018-05-18
Publication: 
Seminars in Neurology
Central nervous system (CNS) involvement of tuberculosis (TB) is the most severe manifestation of TB and accounts for approximately 5 to 10% of all extrapulmonary TB (EPTB) cases and approximately 1% of all TB cases. TB meningitis (TBM) is the most common form of CNS TB, though other forms occur,...

Group mentorship model to enhance the efficiency and productivity of PhD research training in Sub-Saharan Africa

Post Date: 
2018-05-04
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Annals of Global Health
Annals of Global Health : Systems capacity building approach to PhD training allowed strong outputs at lower cost and with relatively few additional mentors to train independent scientists able to conduct original research and mentor others.

Addressing knowledge gaps and prevention for tuberculosis-infected Indian adults: a vital part of elimination

Post Date: 
2018-05-02
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
BMC Infectious Diseases
BMC Infectious Diseases : Our survey among TB patients' household contacts with evidence of recent exposure found that knowledge is poor and families are confused about disease transmission.

Hepatotoxicity during isoniazid preventive therapy and antiretroviral therapy in people living with HIV with severe immunosuppression: a secondary analysis of a multi-country open-label randomized controlled clinical trial

Post Date: 
2018-05-01
Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
BACKGROUND: Hepatotoxicity associated with isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) and antiretroviral therapy (ART) has not been well studied in severely immunosuppressed people with HIV. Our objective was to determine risk factors for hepatotoxicity in severely immunosuppressed individuals taking IPT...

MDR-TB in children: back to the basics

Post Date: 
2018-05-01
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
IJTLD: Summary of the Pediatric Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis Clinical Trials Landscape Meeting: a primer of current directions.

Advancing patient-centered care in tuberculosis management: A mixed-methods appraisal of video directly observed therapy

Post Date: 
2018-04-26
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Open Forum Infectious Diseases
BACKGROUND: Directly observed therapy (DOT) remains an integral component of treatment support and adherence monitoring in tuberculosis care. In-person DOT is resource intensive and often burdensome for patients. Video DOT (vDOT) has been proposed as an alternative to increase treatment flexibility...

Shorter treatment for minimal tuberculosis (TB) in children (SHINE): a study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

Post Date: 
2018-04-19
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
Trials
Trials: Evidence for TB treatment in kids is largely based on adult studies. The SHINE study aims to fix this

Migration and risk of HIV acquisition in Rakai, Uganda: a population-based cohort study

Post Date: 
2018-04-15
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Lancet HIV
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, migrants typically have higher HIV prevalence than non-migrants; however, whether HIV acquisition typically precedes or follows migration is unknown. We aimed to investigate the risk of HIV after migration in Rakai District, Uganda. METHODS: In a prospective...

Re: How serious are global health leaders about gender equality?

Post Date: 
2018-04-06
Publication: 
British Medical Journal
Letter to the Editor: At the 2017 Consortium of Universities for Global Health (CUGH) in Washington, D.C., a panel of female global health leaders (AG, MB, IK, JM, YM) discussed the barriers to female leadership and put forward actionable advice on how to address them.

Prevention of HIV-1 transmission through breastfeeding:efficacy of safety of maternal antiretroviral therapy versus infant nevirapine prophylaxis for duration of breastfeeding in HIV-1-infected women with high CD4 cell count (IMPAACT PROMISE)

Post Date: 
2018-04-01
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
BACKGROUND: No randomized trial has directly compared the efficacy of prolonged infant antiretroviral prophylaxis versus maternal antiretroviral therapy (mART) for prevention of mother-to-child transmission throughout the breastfeeding period. SETTING: Fourteen sites in Sub-Saharan Africa and India...

HIV viral suppression and geospatial patterns of HIV antiretroviral therapy treatment facility use in Rakai, Uganda

Post Date: 
2018-03-27
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
AIDS
OBJECTIVE: To assess geospatial patterns of HIV antiretroviral therapy (ART) treatment facility use and whether they were impacted by viral load suppression. METHODS: We extracted data on the location and type of care services utilized by HIV-positive persons accessing ART between February 2015 and...

Screening and diagnosis of gestational diabetes in India: A systematic review and meta analysis

Post Date: 
2018-03-26
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Acta Diabetologica
Review article on prevalence and screening and diagnostic methods for gestational diabetes in India.

Vector-borne disease is a common cause of hospitalized febrile illness in India

Post Date: 
2018-03-26
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Diagnostic strategies adapted for season and age may reduce diagnostic uncertainty and identify causative organisms in treatable, fatal causes of AFI.

Pyrosequencing to resolve discrepant Xpert MTB/RIF and Mycobacterial Growth Indicator Tube 960

Post Date: 
2018-03-26
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
Lung India
Lung India: Indo-JHU researchers find that pyrosequencing can clear up discrepancies about drug resistance in TB.

Intestinal barrier dysfunction and microbial translocation in HIV-infected pregnant women is associated with preterm birth

Post Date: 
2018-03-24
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Our results show select immune markers can identify women at higher risk for PTB in HIV-1-infected populations and suggest modulating gut barrier integrity and microbial translocation may affect PTB.

Mobile phone incentives for childhood immunizations in rural India

Post Date: 
2018-03-19
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Pediatrics
In Pediatrics: Incentives and technology can improve immunization coverage in young children in resource-poor settings.

How feasible is pharmaceutical regulation in India?

Post Date: 
2018-01-29
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
The Lancet Global Health
Lancet Global Health: Dr. Sachin Atre outlines factors that complicate pharmaceutical regulation in India, which is a component of WHO's Global Antimicrobial Resistance Action Plan.

The validity of self-reported antiretroviral use in persons living with HIV: a population-based study

Post Date: 
2018-01-28
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
AIDS
OBJECTIVE: To assess the validity of self-reported antiretroviral therapy use (ART) using population-based cohort data. METHODS: Self-reported ART use and nonuse was compared with a validated laboratory assay in 557 HIV-positive participants in the Rakai Community Cohort Study surveyed between...

¡Vive!: Designing an intervention to improve timely HIV diagnosis among Latino immigrant men

Post Date: 
2018-01-23
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Progress in Community Health Partnerships
Background: Latinos, particularly immigrant men, are more likely to present late to care for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Objectives: This manuscript describes the development of ¡Sólo Se Vive Una Vez! (¡Vive!) (You Only Live Once), a multilevel (individual and community)...

Gender-based violence screening methods preferred by women visiting a public hospital in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-01-22
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
BMC Womens Health
BMC Womens Health : In our study, 23% of women reported experiencing gender based violence, and 90% reported they had never been asked about it in the healthcare setting.

Pages