Publications

Vector-borne disease is a common cause of hospitalized febrile illness in India

Post Date: 
2018-03-26
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American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Diagnostic strategies adapted for season and age may reduce diagnostic uncertainty and identify causative organisms in treatable, fatal causes of AFI.

Pyrosequencing to resolve discrepant Xpert MTB/RIF and Mycobacterial Growth Indicator Tube 960

Post Date: 
2018-03-26
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Lung India
Lung India: Indo-JHU researchers find that pyrosequencing can clear up discrepancies about drug resistance in TB.

Screening and diagnosis of gestational diabetes in India: A systematic review and meta analysis

Post Date: 
2018-03-26
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Acta Diabetologica
Review article on prevalence and screening and diagnostic methods for gestational diabetes in India.

Intestinal barrier dysfunction and microbial translocation in HIV-infected pregnant women is associated with preterm birth

Post Date: 
2018-03-24
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
Our results show select immune markers can identify women at higher risk for PTB in HIV-1-infected populations and suggest modulating gut barrier integrity and microbial translocation may affect PTB.

Mobile phone incentives for childhood immunizations in rural India

Post Date: 
2018-03-19
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Pediatrics
In Pediatrics: Incentives and technology can improve immunization coverage in young children in resource-poor settings.

How feasible is pharmaceutical regulation in India?

Post Date: 
2018-01-29
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The Lancet Global Health
Lancet Global Health: Dr. Sachin Atre outlines factors that complicate pharmaceutical regulation in India, which is a component of WHO's Global Antimicrobial Resistance Action Plan.

The validity of self-reported antiretroviral use in persons living with HIV: a population-based study

Post Date: 
2018-01-28
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AIDS
OBJECTIVE: To assess the validity of self-reported antiretroviral therapy use (ART) using population-based cohort data. METHODS: Self-reported ART use and nonuse was compared with a validated laboratory assay in 557 HIV-positive participants in the Rakai...

¡Vive!: Designing an intervention to improve timely HIV diagnosis among Latino immigrant men

Post Date: 
2018-01-23
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Progress in Community Health Partnerships
Background: Latinos, particularly immigrant men, are more likely to present late to care for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Objectives: This manuscript describes the development of ¡Sólo Se Vive Una Vez! (¡Vive!) (You Only Live Once), a multilevel (...

Gender-based violence screening methods preferred by women visiting a public hospital in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-01-22
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BMC Womens Health
BMC Womens Health : In our study, 23% of women reported experiencing gender based violence, and 90% reported they had never been asked about it in the healthcare setting.

Secondhand smoke exposure and validity of self-report in low-income women and children in India

Post Date: 
2018-01-10
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Pediatrics
Pediatrics: Dr. Jessica Elf and colleagues evaluated the validity of standard self-reported measures for secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure among women and children in urban India.

What will it take to reduce HIV incidence in the United States: A mathematical modeling analysis

Post Date: 
2018-01-06
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Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Modeling and simulations suggest that cutting HIV incidence in half by 2025 will require 95% of people living with HIV to be engaged in care.

How reliable and valid are the self-reports on sexual behavior among HIV discordant couples from Pune, India?

Post Date: 
2018-01-01
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Psychology, Health, and Medicine
Reliability of self-reported sexual and safe sex behavior among heterosexual HIV discordant couples was assessed by matching individual responses of couples to a common set of questions and validated by matching with pregnancy and seroconversion during study period. Demographic, clinical and...

Suboptimal antituberculosis drug concentrations and outcomes in small and HIV‐coinfected children in India: Recommendations for dose modifications

Post Date: 
2017-12-16
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Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
This work aimed to evaluate the once-daily antituberculosis treatment as recommended by the new Indian pediatric guidelines. Isoniazid, rifampin, and pyrazinamide concentration-time profiles and treatment outcome were obtained from 161 Indian children with drug-sensitive tuberculosis...

Isoniazid concentrations in hair and plasma area-under-the-curve exposure among children with tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-12-07
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PLOS One
PLOS One: Mave and colleagues compared TB drug exposure in plasma and hair samples among a small cohort of children.

The use of clinical decision support in reducing diagnosis of and treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria

Post Date: 
2017-12-06
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Journal of Hospital Medicine
Clinical decision support embedded within the electronic health record is a potential antibiotic stewardship strategy for hospitalized patients.

Identifying models of HIV care and treatment service delivery in Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia using cluster analysis and Delphi survey

Post Date: 
2017-12-06
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BMC Health Services Research
BACKGROUND: Organization of HIV care and treatment services, including clinic staffing and services, may shape clinical and financial outcomes, yet there has been little attempt to describe different models of HIV care in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Information about the relative benefits...

Suboptimal anti-tuberculosis drug concentrations and outcomes in small and HIV coinfected children in India: recommendations for dose modifications

Post Date: 
2017-12-01
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Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
This work aimed to evaluate the once-daily anti-tuberculosis treatment as recommended by the new Indian pediatric guidelines. Isoniazid, rifampin and pyrazinamide concentration-time profiles and treatment outcome were obtained from 161 Indian children with drug-sensitive tuberculosis...

Prevalence of dysglycemia and clinical presentation of pulmonary tuberculosis in Western India

Post Date: 
2017-12-01
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International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Objectives: To estimate the prevalence and risk factors of pre-diabetes mellitus (DM) and DM, and its associations with the clinical presentation of tuberculosis (TB). Design: Screening for DM was conducted among adults (age  18 years) with confirmed TB between December 2013 and...

HIV prevention efforts and incidence in HIV in Uganda

Post Date: 
2017-11-30
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New England Journal of Medicine
In a large study in Uganda, Dr. Larry Chang and colleagues found that combination HIV prevention has population level implications, reducing new infections by 42%.

People with tuberculosis falling through the cracks

Post Date: 
2017-11-01
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National Medical Journal of India
India accounts for approximately one-quarter of the estimated global burden of TB and MDR-TB. [4] Achieving the 2015 WHO End TB Strategy[5] and the latest Government of India target of TB elimination by 2025[6] will require substantial efforts and funding to continue to improve TB care in India...

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