Publications

Patterns of TB drug-resistance in a tertiary care facility in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2013-07-18
Publication: 
Clinical Microbiology
Country: 
Introduction:Globally, the emergence of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDRTB) (defined as resistance to isoniazid (INH) and rifampicin (RIF) and extensively drug resistant (XDR-TB) (defined as resistance to INH, RIF, any fluoroquinolone and to at least one of the three injectable second line...

India's conditional cash transfer programme (the JSY) to promote institutional birth: Is there an association between institutional birth proportion and maternal mortality?

Post Date: 
2013-06-27
Publication: 
PLoS One
Country: 
Abstract Background: India accounts for 19% of global maternal deaths, three-quarters of which come from nine states. In 2005, India launched a conditional cash transfer (CCT) programme, Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY), to reduce maternal mortality ratio (MMR) through promotion of institutional births...

Effective coverage of institutional deliveries under the Janani Suraksha Yojana programme in high maternal mortality provinces of India: analysis of data from an annual health survey

Post Date: 
2013-06-17
Publication: 
The Lancet
Country: 
Abstract Background Three-quarters of India's maternal deaths come from nine (of 35) provinces. In 2005, the government launched a conditional cash transfer programme, Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY), to reduce maternal mortality through promotion of institutional deliveries (ID). Despite steep rises...

Assessment of Gutka ban in Maharashtra: findings from focus group discussion

Post Date: 
2013-06-11
Publication: 
International Journal of Head & Neck Surgery
Country: 
According to Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) India 2009-2010, around 8.3% (13.4% among male and 2.5% amongfemale) of people in Maharashtra are gutka users. Gutkaconsumption not only causes oral cancer, but has also beenlinked with development of oral submucous fibrosis, aprecancerous lesion...

Cost-utility of lateral-flow urine lipoarabinomannan for tuberculosis diagnosis in HIV-infected African adults

Post Date: 
2013-04-15
Publication: 
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Setting : In-patient hospitals in South Africa and Uganda. Objective : To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of a lateral-flow urine lipoarabinomannan (LAM) test when added to existing strategies for tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis in human immunodeficiency virus infected adults (CD4(+) T-cell counts...

Screening for pulmonary tuberculosis in HIV-infected individuals: AIDS Clinical Trials Group Protocol A5253

Post Date: 
2013-04-15
Publication: 
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Background: Improved tuberculosis (TB) screening is urgently needed for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients. Methods: An observational, multi-country, cross-sectional study of HIV-infected patients to compare a standardized diagnostic evaluation (SDE) for TB with standard of care (...

H_pe for mHealth: More "y" or "o" on the horizon?

Post Date: 
2013-04-13
Publication: 
International Journal of Medical Informatics
Objective: Efforts in the domain of mobile health, or mHealth, have been criticized for the unfettered proliferation of pilots and a lack of a rigorous evidence base to support these strategies. In this letter, we present the response of a group of researchers in the mHealth community to the recent...

Changes in HIV-1 subtypes B and C genital tract RNA in women and men after initiation of antiretroviral therapy

Post Date: 
2013-03-26
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Background: Combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) reduces genital tract human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) load and reduces the risk of sexual transmission, but little is known about the efficacy of cART for decreasing genital tract viral load (GTVL) and differences in sex or HIV-1...

Low tuberculosis knowledge among HIV-infected patients in a high HIV prevalence region within Southeast India

Post Date: 
2013-03-21
Publication: 
Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
Country: 
Setting: A private multispecialty hospital in Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh, India. Methods: A survey of knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions adapted from a pretested questionnaire was administered to 128 HIV-infected adults, from July to August 2008.

Correlates of lower comprehension of informed consent among participants enrolled in a cohort study in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2013-03-15
Publication: 
International Health
Country: 
Background: Optimum comprehension of informed consent by research participants is essential yet challenging. This study explored correlates of lower comprehension of informed consent among 1334 participants of a cohort study aimed at estimating HIV incidence in Pune, India. Methods: As part of the...

Availability of treatment for eclampsia in public health institutions in Maharashtra, India

Post Date: 
2013-03-15
Publication: 
Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Country: 
Abstract Severe pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are common causes of maternal deaths worldwide and more so in developing countries. Magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) is now the most-recommended drug of choice to treat these conditions. Despite favourable policies for the use of MgSO4 treatment in India,...

Combination implementation for HIV prevention: moving from evidence to population-level impact

Post Date: 
2013-01-15
Publication: 
The Lancet Infectious Disease
The promise of combination HIV prevention-the application of multiple HIV prevention interventions to maximise population-level effects-has never been greater. However, to succeed in achieving significant reductions in HIV incidence, an additional concept needs to be considered: combination...

Assessing the evolving definition of underrepresented minority and its application in academic medicine

Post Date: 
2013-01-15
Publication: 
Academic Medicine
Country: 
Purpose: To assess how U.S. academic health centers (AHCs) define the term underrepresented minority (URM) and apply it to their diversity programs, following the 2003 revision of the Association of American Medical Colleges' (AAMC's) definition of URM. Method: In 2010, the authors developed and...

Nutritional status and childhood growth among Korku and Warli tribes of Maharashtra: anthropometric perspective

Post Date: 
2013-01-01
Publication: 
Explorations in Medical Anthropology
Country: 
Nutritional status and childhood growth among Korku and Warli tribes of Maharashtra: anthropometric perspective.

Contracting in specialists for emergency obstetric care—does it work in rural India?

Post Date: 
2012-12-31
Publication: 
BMC Health Services Research
Country: 
Abstract Background: Contracting in private sector is promoted in developing countries facing human resources shortages as a challenge to reduce maternal mortality. This study explored provision, practice, performance, barriers to execution and views about contracting in specialists for emergency...

QuantiFERON-TB gold in-tube implementation for latent tuberculosis diagnosis in a public health clinic: a cost-effectiveness analysis

Post Date: 
2012-12-19
Publication: 
BMC Infectious Diseases
Country: 
Background : The tuberculin skin test (TST) has limitations for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) diagnosis in low-prevalence settings. Previously, all TST-positive individuals referred from the community to Baltimore City Health Department (BCHD) were offered LTBI treatment, after active TB was...

Tuberculosis in pregnant and postpartum women: Epidemiology, management, and research gaps

Post Date: 
2012-12-15
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Tuberculosis is most common during a woman's reproductive years and is a major cause of maternal-child mortality. National guidelines for screening and management vary widely owing to insufficient data. In this article, we review the available data on (1) the global burden of tuberculosis in women...

Household-based HIV counseling and testing as a platform for referral to HIV care and medical male circumcision in Uganda: a pilot evaluation

Post Date: 
2012-12-13
Publication: 
PLOS One
Country: 
Background: Combination HIV prevention initiatives incorporate evidence-based, biomedical and behavioral interventions appropriate and acceptable to specific populations, aiming to significantly reduce population-level HIV incidence. Knowledge of HIV serostatus is key to linkages to HIV care and...

Growth patterns among HIV-exposed infants receiving nevirapine prophylaxis in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2012-10-31
Publication: 
BMC Infectious Diseases
Country: 
Background: India has among the highest rates of infant malnutrition. Few studies investigating the growth patterns of HIV-exposed infants in India or the impact of timing of HIV infection on growth in settings such as India exist. Methods: We used data from the Six Week Extended Nevirapine (SWEN)...

A novel educational strategy targeting health care workers in underserved communities in Central America to integrate HIV into primary medical care

Post Date: 
2012-10-24
Publication: 
PLOS
Background: Current educational strategies to integrate HIV care into primary medical care in Central America have traditionally targeted managers or higher-level officials, rather than local health care workers (HCWs). We developed a complementary online and on-site interactive training program to...

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