Study/Projects by Year (2016)

LaMocha: A Mobile Technology to Promote HIV Testing among Immigrant Latino Men

Post Date: 
2016-12-15
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Countries: 
Foreign-born Latino males have a high risk of late HIV diagnosis and presentation to care, which can lead to poor clinical outcomes and ongoing HIV transmission in the community. We propose to evaluate if tailored videos delivered through a tablet by a Latino Health Worker and regular SMS text...

TREAT Asia: Prevalence and Risk Factors for Oral Cancer among HIV-Infected Adults

Post Date: 
2016-12-13
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
The study is designed as a cross-sectional, single time point study for opportunistic oral cancer screening of HIV-infected and non- HIV adults 21 years or older in an urban hospital. All participants will undergo screening for oral cancer and oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMD) by...

Cost-effectiveness of Xpert MTB/RIF for Diagnosing Pulmonary Tuberculosis in HIV-positive Patients

Post Date: 
2016-12-01
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Countries: 
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This is a prospective cross-sectional study which will be conducted at BJGMC in Pune, India. The aim of this study is to see whether Xpert MTB/RIF is useful for early detection of pulmonary tuberculosis, and therefore cost-effective, as compared with sputum microscopy and the gold standard tests...

The Evaluation of Clinical Profile and Mortality of Children Admitted with Tuberculosis in Pediatric Intensive-Care Unit at Sassoon General Hospitals, Pune

Post Date: 
2016-10-27
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Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the most common causes of infection-related death globally. TB was declared global public health emergency in 1993 by World HealthOrganization (WHO). Mortality due to TB is increasing due to emergence of multidrug resistant (MDR) strains and HIV-TB co-infection,...

ART Study 1: Database: Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS and Associated Comorbidities in a Public Antiretroviral Treatment (ART) Clinic at BJGMC in Pune

Post Date: 
2016-09-19
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Countries: 
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Since 2004, the National AIDS Control Program of India has been rolling out free antiretroviral therapy. Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College (BJGMC), located in Pune, India, is now the largest HIV clinic in India, with over 26,000 adult and pediatric patients registered since 2005. We...

Johns Hopkins University (JHU) HIV/AIDS management course in India

Post Date: 
2016-09-16
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Countries: 
The Johns Hopkins University (JHU) HIV/AIDS Management Course in India is a CCGHE distance education initiative that aims to deliver a comprehensive continuing education program on adult HIV/AIDS clinical care. Lectures from leading experts are delivered online in a format that is accessible to...

RePORT: C-TRIUMPH: Substudy on Transcriptomic and Metabolomic Analysis of Microbiologically Confirmed Pediatric Tuberculosis Patients and Uninfected Household Contacts

Post Date: 
2016-09-01
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Countries: 
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The objectives for this study are to: Assess the RNAseq, microRNA, and metabolic signature differences between confirmed pediatric TB patients and age- and sex-matched controls who are all household contacts of known cases but have remained TST and IGRA negative. Determine which of the published...

Establishing an Observational Cohort Database for Patient Care and Research at the Hinduja Hospital Chest Clinic

Post Date: 
2016-08-30
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
India has the largest burden of global tuberculosis (TB), accounting for one quarter of the total number of cases reported. Together with South Africa, India sees one-third of the total number of deaths from TB. Drug-resistant strains of the disease are also on the rise, with India having one of...

Measuring TB Drugs in Hair as a Tool to Monitor Adherence, Exposure and Response in Patients with HIV

Post Date: 
2016-08-16
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Countries: 
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Our study will examine whether hair levels of two key first line tuberculosis drugs will be useful markers to identify individuals at highest risk of treatment failure in active tuberculosis. Our study aims to provide a lowcost clinical tool using hair that can be noninvasively collected to monitor...

mHealth-enhanced Peer Navigation Intervention for PrEP Delivery among MSM at STD Clinics

Post Date: 
2016-08-01
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Countries: 
Using mixed methodology (quantitative surveys, qualitative interviews, and administrative data), this study will assess acceptability and feasibility of an mHealth-enhanced peer navigation to promote PrEP initiation, retention and adherence among men who have sex with men (MSM) in the Baltimore...

Adherence to Indian National Guidelines for Isoniazid Chemoprophylaxis among Pediatric Contacts of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Cases

Post Date: 
2016-07-06
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
The primary objective of the study was to assess the implementation of the Indian Revised National Tuberculosis Programme's (RNTCP) guidelines regarding isoniazid preventive treatment (IPT) for children under 6 years of age who had been in contact with adults diagnosed with sputum positive...

TB and Pregnancy Impact of Immune Changes of HIV and Stages of Pregnancy on Tuberculosis: Nested Study on Temporal Dynamics of Gut Microbiota in HIV Infected Pregnant Women

Post Date: 
2016-07-05
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
This is a nested prospective longitudinal cohort study of 35 HIV-infected and 35 HIV-noninfected pregnant women who are part of the parent study “Impact of Immune Changes of HIV and Stages of Pregnancy on Tuberculosis." The objectives are to: Determine the association of gestational age with...

Characterization of Findings on Upper Endoscopy

Post Date: 
2016-07-05
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
BJMC is the primary facility for non-emergency endoscopies for a large portion of Pune's underserved population. Currently, there is limited data on the endoscopic findings in resource-limited settings, where the population receiving endoscopic evaluation may have clinically progressed findings...

A Randomized Therapeutic Interventional Comparative Study between Three Different Modalities of Paediatric Antitubercular Treatment

Post Date: 
2016-06-13
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Countries: 
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This study was funded by the Fogarty International Center at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. This study, conducted and concluded in 2013, evaluated three different TB treatment regimens in children attending Sassoon General Hospital in Pune, India. A convenience sample size of n=100...

Optimal Algorithmic Diagnosis of Genital TB among HIV-infected and Uninfected Infertile Women

Post Date: 
2016-05-26
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
This study was funded by the Fogarty International Center at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. There is a lack of a set protocol universally for diagnosis of genital TB, and for Indian hospitals, India's Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program (RNTCP) also does not give guidelines on...

Whole Genome Sequencing and Trek Sensititre Testing of Stored Isolates of Drug-resistant Tuberculosis from a Clinical Cohort at Hinduja Hospital, Mumbai

Post Date: 
2016-05-02
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Among HIV-positive TB patients presenting to Médecins San Frontières (MSF) clinics in Mumbai, 78% carried MDR-TB strains, with nearly half also found to have additional drug resistance. A previously published cohort of 202 patients cared for at these MSF clinics have enrolled in a cross-sectional...

Barriers to Early Treatment Initiation in Childhood Tuberculosis in High Incidence Setting

Post Date: 
2016-04-21
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Funded by the Fogarty International Center and led by PI Dr. Chhaya Tukaram Valvi, the aim of this study is to evaluate the time to treatment initiation and barriers to early treatment initiation in childhood tuberculosis. TB diagnosis in children is challenging, often overlooked or missed, because...

RePORT: C-TRIUMPH: Substudy on Comparison of Available Purified-protein Derivative (PPD) Tuberculin Skin Test (TST) Antigen Solutions in Detecting Latent Tuberculosis Infection in India

Post Date: 
2016-04-21
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Countries: 
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Given the worldwide shortage of PPD TST antigen solutions, it is important to establish the sensitivity of the commercially available SPAN diagnostic TST when compared products used in international settings. This study aims to establish whether the SPAN diagnostic product is bioequivalent to PPDs...

Barriers to Implementation of Isoniazid Preventive Treatment (IPT) in Pediatric Contacts of Sputum Positive Adults with Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2016-03-24
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
This study was funded by the Fogarty International Center at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. Young children infected with M.tuberculosis can rapidly progress to pulmonary and extrapulmonary disease with high rates of mortality and morbidity. Studies worldwide have demonstrated that IPT not...

The Human Virome in Health and Disease

Post Date: 
2016-02-21
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Objective 1: To use novel molecular techniques to characterize the human virome in the circulating blood of patients in clinical settings who presented to an acute care setting with an acute febrile illness and in whom a diagnosis cannot be achieved by conventional methods. Healthy controls will be...