Publications by Year (2006)

Same-sex behavior and high rates of HIV among men attending sexually transmitted infection clinics in Pune, India (1993-2002)

Post Date: 
2006-12-01
Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Country: 
Objectives: To determine HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevalence, trends, and risk behaviors of men who have sex with men (MSM) and compare these with those of non-MSM attending STI clinics in Pune, India over a 10-year period. Methods: From 1993 through 2002, men attending 3 STI...

Community preparedness for HIV vaccine trials in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Post Date: 
2006-11-30
Publication: 
Culture, Health, and Sexuality
This paper reports on an assessment of community preparedness for HIV vaccine trials in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Formative research was conducted in the capital city of Kinshasa during the period October 2003 to March 2004 to answer questions pertinent to planning trials of a preventive...

Improved adherence and less toxicity with rifampin vs isoniazid for treatment of latent tuberculosis: a retrospective study

Post Date: 
2006-09-25
Publication: 
Archives of Internal Medicine
Country: 
Background: Treatment of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is an important aspect of tuberculosis control in the United States, but the effectiveness of this strategy is compromised by poor adherence to the recommended 9-month isoniazid regimen. In this study, we compared treatment completion...

Baseline duty hours recorded with time-cards: a pre-regulation study of internal medicine residents

Post Date: 
2006-07-15
Publication: 
Medical Education
Country: 
Objective: The acquisition of data on resident duty hours has been largely dependent on self-report surveys collected in the surgical literature. We sought to implement and describe a simple method for monitoring internal medicine resident duty hours by using time-cards. Design: In 2002, internal...

Evaluation of serologic screening for identification of chronic Salmonella typhi carriers in Vietnam

Post Date: 
2006-07-10
Publication: 
International Journal of Infectious Diseases
Objectives: To determine the utility of screening anti-Vi antibodies to detect chronic Salmonella Typhi carriers in an endemic community. Methods: We conducted a community-based serologic survey for anti-Vi antibodies to identify chronic Salmonella Typhi carriers in a typhoid endemic region in...

High rates of syphilis among STI patients are contributing to the spread of HIV-1 in India

Post Date: 
2006-04-15
Publication: 
Sexually Transmitted Infections
Country: 
Background: Recent syphilis outbreaks have raised concern regarding the potential enhancement of HIV transmission. The incidence of syphilis and its association with HIV‐1 infection rates among a cohort of sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinic attendees was investigated. Methods: 2732 HIV‐1...

Low HIV-1 incidence among married serodiscordant couples in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2006-03-15
Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Country: 
Unlike commercial sex workers and patients attending sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinics, married couples are not typically targeted for HIV risk reduction programs in India. Thus, married partners of HIV-infected persons are at particularly high risk for HIV infection. Between September...

The expanding realm of heterologous immunity: friend or foe?

Post Date: 
2006-02-15
Publication: 
Cellular Microbiology
Antecedent or current infections can alter the immunopathologic outcome of a subsequent unrelated infection. Immunomodulation by co-infecting pathogens has been referred to as 'heterologous immunity' and has been postulated to play a role in host susceptibility to disease, tolerance to organ...

Screening for HIV dementia in an HIV, clade C-infected population in India

Post Date: 
2006-02-12
Publication: 
Journal of Neurovirology
Country: 
Although human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) clade C virus infects the largest populations worldwide, to date there are no prospective studies reported thus far to determine the incidence or prevalence of HIV dementia in this population. HIV clade C virus is a CCR5-tropic virus and thus...

Rate of hospitalization and inpatient care costs for HIV-1 infected in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2006-02-01
Publication: 
National Medical Journal of India
Country: 
Background: The transition of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection to acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) has begun in India, and an increase in AIDS-related hospitalizations and deaths is an anticipated challenge. We estimated the rates of hospitalization and inpatient care costs...

High HIV prevalence among a high-risk subgroup of women attending sexually transmitted infection clinics in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2006-01-01
Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Country: 
Objectives: To investigate changes over a decade in prevalence and correlates of HIV among high-risk women attending sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinics in Pune, India, who deny a history of commercial sex work (CSW). Methods: From 1993 to 2002, 2376 women attending 3 STI clinics in Pune...

Correlates and trend of HIV prevalence among female sex workers attending sexually transmitted disease clinics in Pune, India (1993-2002)

Post Date: 
2006-01-01
Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Country: 
In India, substantial efforts have been made to increase awareness about HIV/AIDS among female sex workers (FSWs). We assessed the impact of awareness regarding safe sex in a cohort of FSWs by studying trends in HIV prevalence, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and risk behaviors measured from...