Publications by Year (2020)

Tocilizumab for the Treatment of COVID-19 Among Hospitalized Patients: A Matched Retrospective Cohort Analysis

Post Date: 
2020-12-28
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Background: There is currently no single treatment that mitigates all harms caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection. Tocilizumab, an interleukin-6 antagonist, may have a role as an adjunctive immune-modulating therapy. Methods: This was an observational retrospective...

Association of Vegetable and Animal Flesh Intake with Inflammation in Pregnant Women from India

Post Date: 
2020-12-08
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Countries: 
Publication: 
MDPI
In pregnant women, studies are lacking on the relationship of vegetable and animal flesh (poultry, red meat and seafood) intake with inflammation...

Nevirapine pharmacokinetics in HIV-infected persons receiving rifapentine and isoniazid for TB prevention

Post Date: 
2020-11-26
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Publication: 
The Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Background: The use of rifamycin antibiotics for TB prevention carries a risk of detrimental drug-drug interactions with concomitantly used ART. Objectives: To evaluate the interaction of the antiretroviral drug nevirapine in combination with 4 weeks of daily rifapentine and isoniazid for TB...

Integration of metabolomics and transcriptomics reveals novel biomarkers in the blood for tuberculosis diagnosis in children

Post Date: 
2020-11-11
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Publication: 
Scientific Reports
Pediatric tuberculosis (TB) remains a major global health problem. Improved pediatric diagnostics using readily available biosources are urgently needed. We used liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry to analyze plasma metabolite profiles of Indian children with active TB (n = 16) and age- and sex...

Xpert MTB/RIF Ultra for the Diagnosis of Tuberculous Meningitis: A Small Step Forward

Post Date: 
2020-11-05
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Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
The delayed diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis (TBM) leads to poor outcomes, yet the current diagnostic methods for identifying Mycobacterium tuberculosis in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are inadequate. The first comparative study of the new GeneXpert MTB/RIF Ultra (Xpert Ultra) for TBM diagnosis...

Using a composite maternal-infant outcome measure in tuberculosis prevention studies among pregnant women

Post Date: 
2020-11-04
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Background: Tuberculosis (TB) preventive therapy (TPT) among pregnant women reduces the risk of TB in mothers and infants, but the timing of initiation should consider potential adverse effects. We propose an analytical approach to evaluate the risk-benefit of interventions. Methods: A novel...

Assessment of persistent depression among TB patients

Post Date: 
2020-11-01
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Countries: 
Publication: 
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
(No abstract available)

The burden of anxiety among people living with HIV during the COVID-19 pandemic in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2020-10-23
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Countries: 
Publication: 
BMC Public Health
Introduction: Globally, India has the third largest population of people living with HIV (PLHIV) and the second highest number of COVID-19 cases. Anxiety is associated with antiretroviral therapy (ART) nonadherence. It is crucial to understand the burden of anxiety and its sources among Asian...

Individual and Composite Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes in a Randomized Trial on Isoniazid Preventative Therapy Among Women Living With HIV

Post Date: 
2020-09-30
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Background: IMPAACT P1078, a randomized non-inferiority study designed to compare safety of starting isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) in women with HIV during pregnancy or after delivery, showed that IPT during pregnancy increased the risk of composite adverse pregnancy outcomes, but not...

The Impact of Hypertension and Use of Calcium Channel Blockers on Tuberculosis Treatment Outcomes

Post Date: 
2020-09-24
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Background: Hypertension induces systemic inflammation, but its impact on the outcome of infectious diseases like tuberculosis (TB) is unknown. Calcium channel blockers (CCB) improve TB treatment outcomes in pre-clinical models, but their effect in patients with TB remain unclear. Methods: This...

Patient Trajectories Among Persons Hospitalized for COVID-19: A Cohort Study

Post Date: 
2020-09-22
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Annals of Internals Medicine
Risk factors for progression of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) to severe disease or death are underexplored in U.S. cohorts.

Mental health and quality of life among healthcare professionals during the COVID-19 pandemic in India

Post Date: 
2020-09-11
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Brain and Behavior
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has placed healthcare professionals (HCP) in stressful circumstances with increased patient loads and a high risk of exposure. We sought to assess the mental health and quality of life (QoL) of Indian HCPs, the fourth highest-burden country for COVID-19. Method:...

Pharmacokinetics and drug-drug interactions of isoniazid and efavirenz in pregnant women living with HIV in high TB incidence settings: importance of genotyping

Post Date: 
2020-09-09
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
World Health Organization guidelines recommend that individuals living with HIV receive ≥6 months of isoniazid preventive therapy, including pregnant women.

The effect of TB treatment on health-related quality of life for people with advanced HIV

Post Date: 
2020-09-01
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Countries: 
Publication: 
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
BACKGROUND: Study A5274 was an open-label trial of people with HIV (PLHIV) with CD4 cell count <50 cells/µL who were randomized to empirical TB treatment vs. isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) in addition to antiretroviral therapy (ART). We evaluated health-related quality of life (HRQoL) by...

An Evaluation of Baseline Kidney Function in the REPRIEVE Trial of Pitavastatin in Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Post Date: 
2020-08-01
Publication: 
The Journal of Infectious Diseases
Background Chronic kidney disease is a common comorbid condition among persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (PWH). We characterized baseline kidney function in the REPRIEVE (Randomized Trial to Prevent Vascular Events in HIV) trial cohort. Methods REPRIEVE enrolled PWH with low to...

Tuberculosis preventive treatment should be considered for all household contacts of pulmonary tuberculosis patients in India

Post Date: 
2020-07-29
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Publication: 
PLoS One
PLoS One: Dr. Mandar Paradkar and colleagues conducted a CTRIUMPH study that supports TB preventive therapy for all household contacts of pulmonary TB patients in India

Impact of the Fogarty Training Program on Trainee and Institutional Research Capacity Building at a Government Medical College in India

Post Date: 
2020-07-28
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Publication: 
Annals of Global Health
Gauri Dumal and colleagues assess the impact of the 5-year HIV-TB research training program on building individual research capacity at BJGMC.

Effects of Pregnancy and Isoniazid Preventive Therapy on M. tuberculosis Interferon Gamma Response Assays in Women with HIV

Post Date: 
2020-07-28
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
944 women with HIV participating in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study comparing 28 weeks of IPT antepartum versus postpartum, were tested by QuantiFERON-gold-in-tube (QGIT) antepartum and by QGIT and tuberculin skin test (TST) at delivery and postpartum.

Clinical features associated with linezolid resistance among multidrug resistant tuberculosis patients at a tertiary care hospital in Mumbai, India

Post Date: 
2020-07-24
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Journal of Clinical Tuberculosis and other Mycobacterial Diseases
Background: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is an increasing problem worldwide, and 24% occurs in India. Linezolid is associated with improved MDR-TB treatment outcomes but causes significant side-effects and drug susceptibility testing (DST) is rarely available. This study assessed...

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