Study/Projects by Year (2018)

Prevalence of Tuberculosis in Severely Malnourished Indian Children

Post Date: 
2018-12-18
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PIs are Robert Bollinger, MD, MPH; Dr. Muralidhar Tambe, BJGMC Severely malnourished children are vulnerable population for communicable and non-communicable disease. Diagnosis of TB among children especially malnourished children is a challenge. The TB diagnostic symptoms of weight loss, loss of...

Characterization of Genomics and Metabolomics among Individuals Highly-Exposed, but Resistant to MTB Infection

Post Date: 
2018-12-13
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Countries: 
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A new study has been launched in India and South Africa to identify functional relationships between genomics and metabolomics and to characterize fundamental biological systems underlying resistance to Mtb infection.

Host RNA Expression for Diagnosis and Monitoring of Pediatric TB in Africa and India

Post Date: 
2018-12-13
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We are leveraging the RePORT platform by including a cohort of Indian children together with South African children in a large validation study to study on changes in gene expression profiles during treatment for TB

C-TRIUMPH: Immune Responses and Effect of Disulfiram on MTB Infected PBMCs as a Potential Host Directed Therapy

Post Date: 
2018-11-26
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Dr. Mandar Paradkar is lead investigator for this study that is assessing the immune responses of adult pulmonary TB patients enrolled in the CTRIUMPh study, using PBMC samples of those with harmful use of alcohol assessed by AUDIT scores ≥ 8 compared to non-alcoholics (AUDIT < 8). Aim 1: To...

Characterization of TB-specific T Cell Responses in Highly-exposed, but Uninfected Health Care Workers in India

Post Date: 
2018-10-25
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Countries: 
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PIs are Robert Bollinger, MD, MPH; Jyothi Rengarajan, MD, Emory University Primary Research Question Do health care workers who remain TST negative, despite high-exposure to TB, demonstrate evidence of TB-specific T cell immunity? Secondary Research Question Does an absent, transient or sustained...

Vaginal Microbiota in HIV Infected and Uninfected Pregnant Women (Stand Alone)

Post Date: 
2018-10-16
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Countries: 
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Amita Gupta, MD, MHS, and Shilpa Naik, MD, are PIs for this study; Rupak Shivakoti, PhD, MSPH, is Co-Investigator The makeup of vaginal microbiota is dynamic and may play a role in the birth outcomes of pregnant women. While HIV and pregnancy both uniquely impact vaginal microbiota, the impact of...

C-TRIUMPH: Validating a Novel Functional Correlate of Immune Protection of Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2018-10-03
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This is a longitudinal assessment of PBMC samples of progressors and non-progressors among adult household contacts of active TB patients. The purpose of the study is to probe the functional diversity of T cell responses to several of the antigens encoded by Mtb simultaneously in subjects covering...

Health Professions Education and Training for Strengthening the Health System and Services in Uganda

Post Date: 
2018-09-19
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Countries: 
Led by Sarah Kiguli at the Makerere University College of Health Sciences, the goal of this effort is to improve service delivery of the Ugandan health system through strengthened health professional interdisciplinary education and research training to produce graduates with competencies to address...

Assessing the Impact of Psychosocial Involvement in Health Care Workers with and without Active Tuberculosis at the Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College, Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-09-13
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This study is sposored by the Fogarty International Center at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. The overall goal is to understand the psychosocial involvement in health care workers with and without active tuberculosis. The specific aims of this study are: To understand the psychosocial...

TREAT Asia: Assessment of Depression and Anxiety among HIV-infected Adolescents in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-07-22
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PURPOSE The purpose of this study is to estimate the prevalence of depression and anxiety among adolescents living with HIV in India and their determinants. DESIGN Cross-sectional, single time point, conveniently sampled study conducted among adolescents (10-19 years) attending the ART clinic,...

Assessing Psychological Distress among Tuberculosis Patients and Their Household Members

Post Date: 
2018-07-17
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By assessing psychological distress, Indo-JHU researchers hope to better understand the correlation between depression and TB severity.

Evaluating the Source of Neonatal Bloodstream Infections due to Classically Hospital Acquired Pathogens in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-07-12
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This study is part of CDC's Safe healthcare, Epidemiology, and Prevention Research Development (SHEPheRD) Domain 7: International HAI and Other Adverse Healthcare Event Prevention. The PIs for this study are Dr. Julia Johnson of Johns Hopkins and Dr. Shilpa Naik of BJGMC. CoPIs are Dr. Aarti...

Assessing the Feasibility and Acceptability of a Computer-based Avatar-delivered Alcohol Reduction Intervention

Post Date: 
2018-07-05
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Study is assessing whether computer-delivered alcohol screening and intervention helps overcome barriers to treatment in India.

Molecular Signatures of Tuberculosis-Diabetes Interaction: Metabolomics Study

Post Date: 
2018-06-15
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Clinical Sites: 
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is an acquired host factor that increases the risk for and severity of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). A report published in 2007 estimated that, in India, DM accounted for 14.8% (range 7.1% to 23.8%) of PTB and 20.2% (8.3% to 41.9%) of smear-positive PTB. Emerging data...

Molecular Signatures of Tuberculosis-Diabetes Interaction: Transcriptomics Study

Post Date: 
2018-06-15
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Type 2 diabetes is an acquired host factor that increases the risk for and severity of pulmonary tuberculosis. A report published in 2007 estimated that, in India, diabetes accounted for 14.8% (range 7.1% to 23.8%) of pulmonary tuberculosis and 20.2% (8.3% to 41.9%) of smear-positive cases...

Gut Microbiota of HIV Infected Pregnant Women

Post Date: 
2018-06-14
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Birth Outcomes in HIV Both antiretroviral-therapy (ART)-naïve and ART-experienced HIV-infected pregnant women have higher incidences of pre-term birth (PTB) compared to HIV-uninfected women. For example, the global prevalence of PTB is around 8%, while the rates in in HIV-infected populations are...

Assessing Tuberculosis Transmission Dynamics, Drug Resistance and Recurrence Using Whole Genome Sequencing in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-06-12
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Countries: 
Indo-JHU researchers are using combined geospatial and genotyping methods to describe TB transmission dynamics in a hyperlocal region of Pune City in Western India.

Optimal Approach for TB Screening among HIV Infected Indian Children

Post Date: 
2018-06-11
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
This study was funded by the Fogarty International Center at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. Determining TB status (ie, uninfected, latent, and active TB disease) is more difficult among children, particularly HIV-infected children. Diagnosis of TB disease is more difficult among HIV...

Long-Acting/Extended Release Antiretroviral Resource Program (LEAP)

Post Date: 
2018-05-30
The Long-Acting/Extended Release Antiretroviral Resource Program (LEAP) is an effort to advance the development of long-lasting therapies for illnesses that require taking medications long-term. Life-long or long-term adherence to daily treatment regimens is challenging for patients who have...

Evaluation of Video-Based Directly Observed Therapy for Tuberculosis in India

Post Date: 
2018-05-14
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Countries: 
This study was designed to evaluate Directly Observed Therapy conducted through miDOT, a secure mobile health interface, with traditional in-person Directly Observed Therapy.

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