Publications by Year (2011)

Impact of maternal human immunodeficiency virus infection on pregnancy and birth outcomes in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2011-12-15
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Publication: 
AIDS Care
Little is known about birth outcomes for HIV-infected women in India. We examine maternal and neonatal birth outcomes in HIV-infected women within the context of enhanced pre-natal care associated with a randomized clinical trial conducted in Pune, India. Birth outcomes of 212 HIV-infected pregnant...

Peer Health Workers and AIDS Care in Rakai, Uganda: A mixed methods operations research evaluation of a cluster-randomized trial

Post Date: 
2011-12-15
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Countries: 
Publication: 
AIDS Patient Care and STDs
Settings with limited health care workers are challenging environments for delivery of antiretroviral therapy. One strategy to address this human resource crisis is to task shift through training selected patients as peer health workers (PHWs) to provide care to other individuals receiving...

HIV transmitted drug resistance in adult and pediatric populations in Panama

Post Date: 
2011-12-15
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Publication: 
Revista Panamerica de Salud Publica--Pan American Journal of Public Health
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of transmitted drug-resistant HIV among adults in Panama by using a modified World Health Organization Threshold Survey (WHO-TS) and to investigate rates of initial resistance among HIV-positive infants in Panama. Methods: At the Gorgas Memorial Institute,...

Nutrition and disease progression pre-highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and post-HAART: Can good nutrition delay time to HAART and affect response to HAART

Post Date: 
2011-12-15
Publication: 
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Several studies have investigated a variety of nutritional supplementation interventions in adults with HIV. In this narrative review, we summarize the evidence from 31 clinical trials that explore clinical benefits of macronutrient and micronutrient supplementation in this population while...

Early mortality in adults initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC): a systematic review and meta-analysis

Post Date: 
2011-12-15
Publication: 
PLOS One
Background: We systematically reviewed observational studies of early mortality post-antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) in Asia, Africa, and Central and South America, as defined by the World Bank, to summarize what is known. Methods and Findings:...

Impact of a mHealth intervention for peer health workers on AIDS Care in rural Uganda: a mixed methods evaluation of a cluster-randomized trial

Post Date: 
2011-11-15
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Countries: 
Publication: 
AIDS and Behavior
Mobile phone access in low and middle-income countries is rapidly expanding and offers an opportunity to leverage limited human resources for health. We conducted a mixed methods evaluation of a cluster-randomized trial exploratory substudy on the impact of a mHealth (mobile phone) support...

Symptom screening among HIV-infected pregnant women is acceptable and has high negative predictive value for active tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2011-11-15
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Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Symptom screening is a recommended component of intensified case-finding (ICF) for pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) among HIV-infected individuals. Symptomatic individuals are further investigated to either exclude or diagnose pulmonary TB, thus reducing the number of individuals requiring costly...

Longitudinal analysis of QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube in children with adult household tuberculosis contact in South Africa: A prospective cohort study

Post Date: 
2011-10-31
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Publication: 
PLoS One
Background : QuantiFERON-TB Gold In Tube (QFT-GIT) is a tool for detecting M. tuberculosis infection. However, interpretation and utility of serial QFT-GIT testing of pediatric tuberculosis (TB) contacts is not well understood. We compared TB prevalence between baseline and 6 months follow-up using...

Faculty diversity programs in U.S. medical schools and characteristics associated with higher faculty diversity.

Post Date: 
2011-10-15
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Publication: 
Academic Medicine
Purpose: To describe diversity programs for racial and ethnic minority faculty in U.S. medical schools and identify characteristics associated with higher faculty diversity. Method: The authors conducted a cross-sectional survey study of leaders of diversity programs at 106 U.S. MD-granting medical...

Increased gonorrhea and chlamydia testing did not increase case detection in an HIV clinical cohort 1999 - 2007

Post Date: 
2011-10-15
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Sexually Transmitted Infections
Objectives: Since 2003, U.S. organizations have recommended universal screening, rather than targeted screening, of HIV-infected persons for gonorrhea (NG) and Chlamydia (CT). Our objective was to determine whether wider testing resulting from these guidelines would produce an increase in NG/CT...

Prevention of HIV-1 infection with early antiretroviral therapy

Publication: 
New England Journal of Medicine
Background: Antiretroviral therapy that reduces viral replication could limit the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in serodiscordant couples. Methods: In nine countries, we enrolled 1763 couples in which one partner was HIV-1–positive and the other was HIV-1–negative; 54...

High rates of all-cause and gastroenteritis-related hospitalization morbidity and mortality among HIV-exposed Indian infants

Post Date: 
2011-07-15
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Publication: 
BMC Infectious Diseases
Background: HIV-infected and HIV-exposed, uninfected infants experience a high burden of infectious morbidity and mortality. Hospitalization is an important metric for morbidity and is associated with high mortality, yet, little is known about rates and causes of hospitalization among these infants...

A comparison of online versus on-site training in health research methodology: A randomized study

Post Date: 
2011-06-17
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Publication: 
BMC Medical Education
Background: Distance learning may be useful for building health research capacity. However, evidence that it can improve knowledge and skills in health research, particularly in resource-poor settings, is limited. We compared the impact and acceptability of teaching two distinct content areas,...

Building a global health education network for clinical care and research: the benefits and challenges of distance learning tools

Post Date: 
2011-06-15
Publication: 
Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
Expanding the capacity for clinical care and health research is a global priority and a global challenge. In disenfranchised communities facing the largest burden of disease, whether they be in rural Africa or in urban US, there is a great need for more well-trained, competent and dedicated health...

The Afya Bora Consortium: an Africa-US partnership to train leaders in global health

Post Date: 
2011-06-15
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Publication: 
Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
The Afya Bora Consortium is a partnership of eight academic health institutions, four in Africa and four in the United States. The Consortium members have a history of collaboration in four African-U.S. pairs: Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda, and Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland,...

Early childhood growth among Mahadev Koli tribes of Maharashtra

Post Date: 
2011-06-01
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Voice of Intellectual Man
The present study aims “to study the growth status of the children of age group 0 to 5 years of Mahadev koli”. This cross-sectional study focuses on growth of children of age group 0 to 5 years in Ambegaon Taluka, Pune district, Maharashtra. Using De-facto population, 110 Mahadev Koli- 51 girls and...

Cost-effectiveness of new WHO recommendations for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in a resource-limited setting

Post Date: 
2011-05-15
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Countries: 
Publication: 
AIDS
Objective : Nigeria has high rates of mother-to-child HIV transmission. We sought to determine whether new WHO recommendations for long-course antiretroviral therapy (ART) prophylaxis are cost-effective for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV compared to short-course...

QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in children with household tuberculosis contact

Post Date: 
2011-05-05
Publication: 
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Setting : Improved strategies are needed for detecting Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in children in TB-endemic settings. Objective : To determine the prevalence of M. tuberculosis infection by tuberculin skin testing (TST) and by the QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT) test in children...

Mortality in HIV infected individuals in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2011-04-15
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Indian Journal of Medical Research
Background & Objectives: With the presence of HIV epidemic for more than two decades in India, rise in the number of HIV related deaths is expected. Data on mortality in HIV infected individuals from prospective studies are scanty in India. We report here data on mortality in a systematically...

Mixed methods evaluation of an international internet-based continuing medical education course for pediatric HIV providers in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2011-04-09
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Education for Health
Context: Studies of HIV care in Pune, a high-HIV-prevalence city in India, have shown that a significant proportion of practitioners were not adhering to national guidelines due to inadequate awareness and understanding. Objectives: This study examined the effectiveness of a pilot Internet-based...

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