Publications by Year (2019)

HIV-ASSIST

Post Date: 
2019-07-16
Publication: 
HIVSpecialist
Dr. Maunank Shah and colleagues chronicle the development of HIV-ASSIST, an online clinical decision support tool to help guide clinicians in selecting the best option for patient-centered antiretroviral therapy.

Long-acting or extended-release antiretroviral products for HIV treatment and prevention in infants, children, adolescents, and pregnant and breastfeeding women: knowledge gaps and research priorities

Post Date: 
2019-07-15
Publication: 
Lancet HIV
Lancet HIV : This paper summarizes findings of the Long acting/Extended Release Antiretroviral Resource Program workshop, and offers recommendations for developing ARV products for HIV treatment and prevention in infants, children, adolescents, and pregnant and breastfeeding women

High risk for latent tuberculosis infection among medical residents and nursing students in India

Post Date: 
2019-07-08
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Publication: 
PLoS One
PLoS ONE: Self-reported TB exposure is underreported, and uptake of LTBI prevention therapy remains low

Advancing the development of new tuberculosis treatment regimens: The essential role of translational and clinical pharmacology and microbiology

Post Date: 
2019-07-05
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Publication: 
PLOS
Application of clinical pharmacology best practices is essential to the efficient and rational development of drugs. In general, knowledge gained about exposure–response relationships in preclinical models aids drug and dose selection in human studies, and biomarkers and pharmacokinetic (PK) data...

Advancing Patient-Centered Care in Tuberculosis Management: A Mixed-Methods Appraisal of Video Directly Observed Therapy

Post Date: 
2019-06-25
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Publication: 
Open Forum Infectious Diseases
OFID : Study compared directly-observed therapy with video-based observed therapy using the emocha mobile health platform

Users beware! Biological variation in complete blood counts over short time intervals

Post Date: 
2019-05-29
Publication: 
BMJ Evidence Based Medicine
New publication in BMJ Evidence Based Medicine looks at CBC count variations in blood drawn over a short time period

Assessment of lung function in successfully treated tuberculosis reveals high burden of ventilatory defects and COPD

Post Date: 
2019-05-23
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Publication: 
PLoS One
New in PLoS One: We found a high burden of lung function defects and COPD in tuberculosis cases who successfully completed treatment, suggesting a need for lung function screening as part of patient management.

High prevalence of insulin resistance and occurrence prior to hyperinsulinemia threshold among people living with HIV in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2019-05-21
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Countries: 
Publication: 
Diabetes Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews
BACKGROUND Diabetes prevalence in HIV is not well characterized for India, despite the high burden of both individual diseases. Epidemiology of insulin resistance (IR): a precursor to diabetes, and its associated risk factors are also poorly understood in Asian Indian people living with HIV (PLHIV...

Sub-therapeutic rifampicin concentration is associated with unfavourable tuberculosis treatment outcomes

Post Date: 
2019-05-10
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Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Rifampicin concentrations were sub-therapeutic in most Indian patients taking a thrice-weekly TB regimen

Venezuela’s Humanitarian Emergency

Post Date: 
2019-04-11
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Publication: 
Report from Human Rights Watch
In January 2019, hundreds of thousands of Venezuelans took to the streets, following an appeal by National Assembly president Juan Guaidó, who asked the Venezuelan people to mobilize in support of restoring constitutional order in the country.

Venezuela's Public Health Crisis: A Regional Emergency

Post Date: 
2019-04-11
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Publication: 
Lancet
The Lancet: The economic crisis in Venezuela has eroded the country's health-care infrastructure and threatened public health.

The burden of diabetes in India

Post Date: 
2019-04-01
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Publication: 
The Lancet Global Health
The India State-Level Disease Burden Initiative Diabetes Collaborators (December, 2018)1 provide a comprehensive overview of the diabetes burden in India. The authors point out some limitations in estimates due to inadequacies in the data. Nevertheless, on the basis of my field experience in India...

Willingness to take multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) preventive therapy among Adult and adolescent household contacts of MDR-TB index cases: an international multi-site cross-sectional study

Post Date: 
2019-03-28
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Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Abstract BACKGROUND: Household contacts (HHCs) of individuals with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) are at high risk of infection and subsequent disease. There is limited evidence on the willingness of MDR-TB HHCs to take MDR-TB preventive therapy (TPT) to decrease their risk of TB disease...

Feasibility of identifying household contacts of rifampin- and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis cases at high risk of progression to tuberculosis disease

Post Date: 
2019-03-28
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Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
We assessed multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) cases and their household contacts (HHCs) to inform the development of an interventional clinical trial.

Maternal health outcomes among HIV-infected breastfeeding women with high CD4 counts: results of a treatment strategy trial

Post Date: 
2019-03-20
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Publication: 
HIV Clinical Trials
BACKGROUND: IMPAACT PROMISE 1077BF/FF was a randomized study of antiretroviral therapy (ART) strategies for pregnant and postpartum women with high CD4+ T-cell counts. We describe postpartum outcomes for women in the study who were randomized to continue or discontinue ART after delivery. METHODS:...

Building the framework for standardized clinical laboratory reporting of next generation sequencing data for resistance-associated mutations in Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex

Post Date: 
2019-03-18
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Abstract Tuberculosis is the primary infectious disease killer worldwide, with a growing threat from multidrug- resistant cases. Unfortunately, classic growth-based phenotypic drug susceptibility testing (DST) remains difficult, costly and time-consuming, while current rapid molecular testing...

Evaluation of an adapted Project Connect community based intervention among professionals serving young minority men

Post Date: 
2019-03-15
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Publication: 
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
BACKGROUND: To address sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs of young minority urban males, we developed and evaluated Project Connect Baltimore (Connect), which was adapted from a program with demonstrated effectiveness among young females. The objectives were to determine (1) the feasibility...

One month of rifapentine plus isoniazid to prevent HIV-related tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2019-03-14
Publication: 
New England Journal of Medicine
Exciting findings from A5279: One month of Rifapentine with isonaizid is as effective as a 9-month course of isoniazid alone!

Elevated highly sensitive C-reactive protein and d-dimer levels are associated with food insecurity among people living with HIV in Pune, India.

Post Date: 
2019-03-04
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Publication: 
Public Health Nutrition
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and determinants of food insecurity among people living with HIV (PLWH) in Pune, India and its association with biomarkers known to confer increased risks of morbidity and mortality in this population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis assessing food...

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