Study/Projects - Pediatrics

Prevalence of Tuberculosis in Severely Malnourished Indian Children

Post Date: 
2018-12-18
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This study is funded and conducted under the U.S. National Institutes of Health, Fogarty International Center. PIs are Robert Bollinger, MD, MPH; Dr. Muralidhar Tambe, BJGMC Severely malnourished children are vulnerable population for communicable and non-communicable disease. Diagnosis of TB among...

Host RNA Expression for Diagnosis and Monitoring of Pediatric TB in Africa and India

Post Date: 
2018-12-13
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We are leveraging the RePORT platform by including a cohort of Indian children together with South African children in a large validation study to study on changes in gene expression profiles during treatment for TB

Evaluating the Source of Neonatal Bloodstream Infections due to Classically Hospital Acquired Pathogens in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-07-12
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This study is part of CDC's Safe Healthcare, Epidemiology, and Prevention Research Development (SHEPheRD) Program under Domain 7: International HAI and Other Adverse Healthcare Event Prevention. The PIs for this study are Dr. Julia Johnson of Johns Hopkins and Dr. Shilpa Naik of BJGMC. CoPIs are Dr...

Optimal Approach for TB Screening among HIV Infected Indian Children

Post Date: 
2018-06-11
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This study was funded by the Fogarty International Center at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. Determining TB status (ie, uninfected, latent, and active TB disease) is more difficult among children, particularly HIV-infected children. Diagnosis of TB disease is more difficult among HIV...

P2005: A Phase I/II Open-Label, Single-Arm Study to Evaluate the Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Tolerability of Delamanid in Combination with OBR for MDR-TB in HIV-Infected and Uninfected Children with MDR-TB

Post Date: 
2018-06-07
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New study will characterize the pharmacokinetics of delamanid using a model-based approach, and evaluate safety and tolerability of over 24 weeks of study treatment in HIV infected and uninfected children.

Implementing the Comprehensive Unit-based Safety Program to Reduce Healthcare-Associated Sepsis in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-04-19
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This study is part of CDC's Safe Healthcare, Epidemiology, and Prevention Research Development (SHEPheRD) Program under Domain 7: International HAI and Other Adverse Healthcare Event Prevention. Dr. Aaron Milstone is the PI, and Dr. Amita Gupta and Yuka Manabe are Co-PIs. The Study Investigator is...

Investigating Maternal Antibodies to Modify Infant Tuberculosis Acquisition

Post Date: 
2017-08-29
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New study in Pune, India, aims to identify the profile of TB antibodies between mothers and infants, and to see if the presence of antibodies lowers risk of infant infection.

Optimizing Treatment to Improve TBM Outcomes in Children: Substudy on Clinical Profile and CSF Biorepository of the Pediatric Suspected Meningitis Cases

Post Date: 
2017-07-18
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This sub-study is being led by PIs Dr. Kelly Dooley and Dr. Chhaya Valvi. Meningoencephalitis is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Several viruses, bacteria, and fungal pathogens including Neisseria meningitidis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Herpes...

TREAT Asia Pediatric HIV Observational Database

Post Date: 
2017-02-09
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Studies conducted under the TREAT Asia Network and funded by amfAR. TREAT Asia Pediatric HIV Observational Database (TApHOD) is a collaborative observational cohort study of infants, children, and adolescents living with HIV. TApHOD study participants are enrolled and followed at selected TREAT...

Shorter Treatment for Minimal TB in Children (SHINE)

Post Date: 
2017-01-17
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This is a multicountry study being conducted in India, South Africa, Uganda, and Zambia. The principal objective is to determine whether the standard 6 month regimen (8 weeks HRZ(E) followed by 16 weeks HR) can be reduced with similar efficacy, to 4 months (8 weeks HRZ(E) followed by 8 weeks HR),...

Healthcare-Associated Sepsis in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2017-01-17
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This study is part of CDC's Safe Healthcare, Epidemiology, and Prevention Research Development (SHEPheRD) Program under Domain 7: International HAI and Other Adverse Healthcare Event Prevention. Johns Hopkins neonatologist Dr. Julia Johnson is lead investigator for a systematic study of the...

Transcriptomic and Metabolomic Analysis of Microbiologically Confirmed Pediatric Tuberculosis Patients and Uninfected Household Contacts

Post Date: 
2016-09-01
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This study is using stored samples from the Cohort for Tuberculosis Research by the Indo-US Medical Partnership (C-TRIUMPH), under the Regional Prospective Observational Research for Tuberculosis (RePORT) Network, an international TB consortium. The objectives for this study are to: Assess the...

Adherence to Indian National Guidelines for Isoniazid Chemoprophylaxis among Pediatric Contacts of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Cases

Post Date: 
2016-07-06
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The primary objective of the study was to assess the implementation of the Indian Revised National Tuberculosis Programme's (RNTCP) guidelines regarding isoniazid preventive treatment (IPT) for children under 6 years of age who had been in contact with adults diagnosed with sputum positive...

A Randomized Therapeutic Interventional Comparative Study between Three Different Modalities of Paediatric Antitubercular Treatment

Post Date: 
2016-06-13
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This study was funded by the Fogarty International Center at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. This study, conducted and concluded in 2013, evaluated three different TB treatment regimens in children attending Sassoon General Hospital in Pune, India. A convenience sample size of n=100...

Barriers to Early Treatment Initiation in Childhood Tuberculosis in High Incidence Setting

Post Date: 
2016-04-21
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Funded by the Fogarty International Center and led by PI Dr. Chhaya Tukaram Valvi, the aim of this study is to evaluate the time to treatment initiation and barriers to early treatment initiation in childhood tuberculosis. TB diagnosis in children is challenging, often overlooked or missed, because...

Barriers to Implementation of Isoniazid Preventive Treatment (IPT) in Pediatric Contacts of Sputum Positive Adults with Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2016-03-24
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This study was funded by the Fogarty International Center at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. Young children infected with M.tuberculosis can rapidly progress to pulmonary and extrapulmonary disease with high rates of mortality and morbidity. Studies worldwide have demonstrated that IPT not...

Salud al Dia

Post Date: 
2014-11-01
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This initiative is intended to address healthcare disparities among Latino children in Baltimore by increasing engagement of limited English proficiency (LEP) Latino parents in primary healthcare. Specifically, we are looking at whether using in-person and technology-based support interventions...

TBM Kids Substudy: Assessment of Neurocognitive Functions in Children with Tuberculosis Meningitis and Healthy Control Children Using the Mullen Scale of Early Learning Attending a Tertiary Care Public Hospital in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2014-09-01
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Objectives: The aim of the present study is to examine the neurological deficit in TBM kids and for that we need to assess, feasibility of the MSEL in our set up an Indian population of healthy children and children with meningitis in particular TB meningitis(TBM). The primary objective of the...

Optimizing Treatment to Improve TBM Outcomes in Children

Post Date: 
2014-05-01
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This study, known as TBM Kids, is being conducted in India and Malawi. Primary Objectives To characterize the pharmacokinetics (PK) (plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)) of rifampicin given at model-derived optimal daily doses and levofloxacin in children ages 6 months to 12 years of age with TBM...

Assessing the Association of Indoor Air Pollution with Tuberculosis in Adult Women and Children under 5 Years of Age

Post Date: 
2013-09-15
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This study is conducted the Cohort for Tuberculosis Research by the Indo-US Medical Partnership (C-TRIUMPH) under the Regional Prospective Observational Research for Tuberculosis (RePORT) Network, an international TB consortium. Addressing social and environmental risk factors contributing to TB...

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