Study/Projects - Tuberculosis

Assessing Psychological Distress among Tuberculosis Patients and Their Household Members

Post Date: 
2018-07-17
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By assessing psychological distress, Indo-JHU researchers hope to better understand the correlation between depression and TB severity.

Assessing the Feasibility and Acceptability of a Computer-based Avatar-delivered Alcohol Reduction Intervention

Post Date: 
2018-07-05
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Stigma, underreporting of misuse, lack of treatment resources, and costs are barriers to alcohol treatment in India. Computer-delivered screening and intervention could help overcome many of these issues.

Molecular Signatures of Tuberculosis-Diabetes Interaction: Metabolomics Study

Post Date: 
2018-06-15
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Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is an acquired host factor that increases the risk for and severity of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). A report published in 2007 estimated that, in India, DM accounted for 14.8% (range 7.1% to 23.8%) of PTB and 20.2% (8.3% to 41.9%) of smear-positive PTB. Emerging data...

Molecular Signatures of Tuberculosis-Diabetes Interaction: Transcriptomics Study

Post Date: 
2018-06-15
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Type 2 diabetes is an acquired host factor that increases the risk for and severity of pulmonary tuberculosis. A report published in 2007 estimated that, in India, diabetes accounted for 14.8% (range 7.1% to 23.8%) of pulmonary tuberculosis and 20.2% (8.3% to 41.9%) of smear-positive cases...

Assessing Tuberculosis Transmission Dynamics, Drug Resistance and Recurrence Using Whole Genome Sequencing in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-06-12
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Indo-JHU researchers are using combined geospatial and genotyping methods to describe TB transmission dynamics in a hyperlocal region of Pune City in Western India.

Optimal Approach for TB Screening among HIV Infected Indian Children

Post Date: 
2018-06-11
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Determining TB status (ie, uninfected, latent, and active TB disease) is more difficult among children, particularly HIV-infected children. Diagnosis of TB disease is more difficult among HIV infected children because the signs and symptoms of the disease—such as weight loss, cough, and mild fever—...

Evaluation of Video-Based Directly Observed Therapy for Tuberculosis in India

Post Date: 
2018-05-14
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This study was designed to evaluate Directly Observed Therapy conducted through miDOT, a secure mobile health interface, with traditional in-person Directly Observed Therapy.

Predictors of Resistance Emergence Evaluation in Multidrug Resistant-Tuberculosis Patients on Treatment (PREEMPT Pilot Study)

Post Date: 
2018-03-20
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Indo-JHU Clinical Resarch Partnership is participating with Brazilian colleagues in a 3-year effort led by Boston University to identify what contributes to TB drug resistance.

A Multicenter Phase II/II Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo Controlled Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of VPM1002 in the Prevention of Tuberculosis (TB) Recurrence in Pulmonary TB Patients After Successful TB Treatment in India

Post Date: 
2018-01-23
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Dr. Vidya Mave is leading this clinical trial evaluating the safety and efficacy of a new recombinant BCG vaccine.

Assessing the Impact of the Fogarty HIV-TB Training Program at the Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College, Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-01-19
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Johns Hopkins University was funded in 2013 to establish a new post-doctoral training program in HIV-TB epidemiology, clinical and laboratory research, for junior faculty of the Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College (BJGMC) in Pune, India, called the BJGMC-JHU Fogarty HIV-TB Training...

Perceptions of HCWs on Barriers and Opportunities to Airborne Infection Control Guideline Implementation

Post Date: 
2017-12-07
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Led by Dr. Nishi Suryavanshi, this qualitative, cross-sectional study is assessing healthcare worker (HCW) perceptions about barriers and facilitators to the uptake of airborne infection control (AIC) guidelines. Further, the study is assessing the potential barriers and opportunities to develop...

The Role of GeneXpert in Bacterial Diagnosis of Spinal Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-10-26
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India has the maximum burden of tuberculosis (TB) in the world. In 2014, there were an estimated 9.6 million incident cases of TB (range, 9.1 million–10.0 million) globally, equivalent to 133 cases per 100000 population. Most of the estimated number of cases in 2014 occurred in Asia (58%) and the...

Impact of Diabetes on TB Treatment Outcomes: Nested Study: Lipid Mediators of Inflammation in TB and TB-Diabetes

Post Date: 
2017-10-02
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Studies have shown that individuals with Tuberculosis (TB) and diabetes (TB-DM) have a distinct immune profile compared to individuals with TB alone. Individuals with TB-DM have higher inflammation, a higher bacillary load, increased Th1 immune responses and a defective neutrophil and macrophage...

RePORT: C-TRIUMPH: Nested Study on Targeting Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Persisters by Enhancing Stringent Response-specific Cellular Immunity

Post Date: 
2017-09-11
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C-TRIUMPH nested study begins to see if stringent response antigen is enhanced while treating drug-susceptible TB using the first-line anti-TB regimen.

TB and Pregnancy Impact of Immune Changes of HIV and Stages of Pregnancy on Tuberculosis: Nested Study on Investigating Maternal Antibodies to Modify Infant Tuberculosis Acquisition

Post Date: 
2017-08-29
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New study in Pune, India, aims to identify the profile of TB antibodies between mothers and infants, and to see if the presence of antibodies lowers risk of infant infection.

The Role of Innate Immunity in the Acquisition of Sterile Protection against TB Infection

Post Date: 
2017-08-25
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Tuberculosis (TB) is a major global health problem. Vaccines are the most powerful instruments for limiting the morbidity and mortality of infectious diseases, so the development of highly protective TB vaccines is one of the highest priorities in public health. Bacille de Calmette et Guérin (BCG...

Validation of Transcriptional Signature to Predict Active TB Disease among Advanced HIV Patients

Post Date: 
2017-08-15
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There have been tremendous advances in the diagnosis of patients with tuberculosis (TB) based on nucleic acid amplification of bacteria in the sputum. The GenXpert MTB/RIF provides results in 2 hours. However, in HIV-infected sputum smear is often negative for AFB and the sensitivity of GenXpert...

RePORT: C-TRIUMPH: Nested Study on Association of Lipid Mediators of Inflammation with TB Treatment Outcomes

Post Date: 
2017-08-03
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Recent studies have shown the significant role that host lipids play in modulating immunity and disease outcomes. Prostaglandins and leukotrienes are lipids that have a pro-inflammatory role in the fight against infectious agents while Specialized Pro-resolving lipid Mediators (SPMs) including...

Optimizing Treatment to Improve TBM Outcomes in Children: Substudy on Clinical Profile and CSF Biorepository of the Pediatric Suspected Meningitis Cases

Post Date: 
2017-07-18
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This sub-study is being led by PIs Dr. Kelly Dooley and Dr. Chhaya Valvi. Meningoencephalitis is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Several viruses, bacteria, and fungal pathogens including Neisseria meningitidis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Herpes...

A5349: Rifapentine-containing Treatment Shortening Regimens for Pulmonary Tuberculosis: A Randomized, Open-label, Controlled Phase 3 Clinical Trial

Post Date: 
2017-06-05
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This is an international, multicenter, randomized, controlled, open-label, 3-arm, phase 3 non-inferiority trial. Primary Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of a rifapentine-containing regimen to determine whether the single substitution of rifapentine for rifampin makes it possible to reduce to...

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