Study/Projects - Tuberculosis

Inflammasome Genetics and Tuberculosis Treatment Outcomes

Post Date: 
2019-11-07
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Dr. Amita Gupta is a Co-PI on this study. STUDY DESIGN We will conduct a retrospective case-cohort study nested within the CTRIUMPH and EDOTS cohorts to address our study objectives. This will enable us to measure the association of polymorphisms with multiple clinical outcomes simultaneously and...

Evaluation of a Urinary Biomarker Assay for Diagnosis and Test of Cure for Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2019-09-09
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Dr. Jeff Tornheim is PI of this study. METHODS This study will make use of biorepository samples from the Cohort for TB Research by the Indo-US Medical Partnership (CTRIUMPh). CTRIUMPh, funded by the US NIH and Indian Department of Biotechnology, is an academic collaboration between Johns Hopkins...

A5300B/I2003B: Protecting Households On Exposure to Newly Diagnosed Index Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis Patients (PHOENIx)

Post Date: 
2019-08-19
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Dr. Amita Gupta is Protocol Co-chair for this multinational clinical trial. BACKGROUND The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that there were 480,000 incident cases of MDR-TB globally in 2015. MDR-TB has been shown to be almost twice as common in TB patients living with HIV compared with TB...

A5300B/I2003B: Protecting Households On Exposure to Newly Diagnosed Index Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis Patients (PHOENIx)

Post Date: 
2019-08-19
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Dr. Amita Gupta is Protocol Co-chair for this multinational clinical trial. BACKGROUND The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that there were 480,000 incident cases of MDR-TB globally in 2015. MDR-TB has been shown to be almost twice as common in TB patients living with HIV compared with TB...

Management of Multidrug-resistant Tuberculosis among ART Programs in Low- and Middle-income Countries within the Global IeDEA Network

Post Date: 
2019-07-22
Purpose The purpose of the IeDEA MDR-TB survey is to study the clinical management of HIV patients co-infected with MDR-TB or XDR-TB from the perspective of healthcare workers in ART programs participating in the IeDEA global cohort consortium. Specifically, we aim: to describe diagnostic, referral...

Immune Correlates of LTBI in HIV-exposed Infants

Post Date: 
2019-04-29
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About 2 billion people worldwide harbor asymptomatic latent TB infection (LTBI), activation of which results in progression to TB disease. In areas of high tuberculosis (TB) prevalence, infants and young children have a 3-fold higher risk of progression and death from TB at age < 5 years...

Prevalence of Tuberculosis in Severely Malnourished Indian Children

Post Date: 
2018-12-18
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This study is funded and conducted under the U.S. National Institutes of Health, Fogarty International Center. PIs are Robert Bollinger, MD, MPH; Dr. Muralidhar Tambe, BJGMC Severely malnourished children are vulnerable population for communicable and non-communicable disease. Diagnosis of TB among...

Characterization of Genomics and Metabolomics among Individuals Highly-Exposed, but Resistant to MTB Infection

Post Date: 
2018-12-13
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New study launched in India & South Africa to identify functional relationships between genomics & metabolomics, & to characterize fundamental biological systems underlying resistance to Mtb infection.

Host RNA Expression for Diagnosis and Monitoring of Pediatric TB in Africa and India

Post Date: 
2018-12-13
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We are leveraging the RePORT platform by including a cohort of Indian children together with South African children in a large validation study to study on changes in gene expression profiles during treatment for TB

Immune Responses and Effect of Disulfiram on MTB Infected PBMCs as a Potential Host Directed Therapy

Post Date: 
2018-11-26
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Dr. Mandar Paradkar is lead investigator for this study that is assessing the immune responses of adult pulmonary TB patients enrolled in the CTRIUMPh study, using PBMC samples of those with harmful use of alcohol assessed by AUDIT scores ≥ 8 compared to non-alcoholics (AUDIT < 8). Aim 1: To...

Characterization of TB-specific T Cell Responses in Highly-exposed, but Uninfected Health Care Workers in India

Post Date: 
2018-10-25
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This study is funded and conducted under the U.S. National Institutes of Health, Fogarty International Center. PIs are Robert Bollinger, MD, MPH; Jyothi Rengarajan, MD, Emory University. Primary Research Question Do health care workers who remain TST negative, despite high-exposure to TB,...

Validating a Novel Functional Correlate of Immune Protection of Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2018-10-03
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This C-TRIUMPH study is a longitudinal assessment of PBMC samples of progressors and non-progressors among adult household contacts of active TB patients. The purpose of the study is to probe the functional diversity of T cell responses to several of the antigens encoded by Mtb simultaneously in...

Assessing the Impact of Psychosocial Involvement in Health Care Workers with and without Active Tuberculosis at the Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College, Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-09-13
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This study is funded and conducted under the U.S. National Institutes of Health, Fogarty International Center. The overall goal is to understand the psychosocial involvement in health care workers with and without active tuberculosis. The specific aims of this study are: To understand the...

Evaluation of National Video Directly Observed Therapy Implementation

Post Date: 
2018-08-05
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emocha Mobile Health, Inc., and Johns Hopkins investigators have developed a user-friendly, HIPAA compliant application for asynchronous video directly observed therapy (DOT) miDOT. The miDOT platform consists of a patient-facing mobile application where patients can record videos of themselves...

Assessing Psychological Distress among Tuberculosis Patients and Their Household Members

Post Date: 
2018-07-17
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By assessing psychological distress, Indo-JHU researchers hope to better understand the correlation between depression and TB severity.

Assessing the Feasibility and Acceptability of a Computer-based Avatar-delivered Alcohol Reduction Intervention

Post Date: 
2018-07-05
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Study is assessing whether computer-delivered alcohol screening and intervention helps overcome barriers to treatment in India.

Molecular Signatures of Tuberculosis-Diabetes Interaction: Metabolomics Study

Post Date: 
2018-06-15
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This study is using stored samples from the Cohort for Tuberculosis Research by the Indo-US Medical Partnership (C-TRIUMPH), under the Regional Prospective Observational Research for Tuberculosis (RePORT) Network, an international TB consortium. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is an acquired host...

Molecular Signatures of Tuberculosis-Diabetes Interaction: Transcriptomics Study

Post Date: 
2018-06-15
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This study is using stored samples from the Cohort for Tuberculosis Research by the Indo-US Medical Partnership (C-TRIUMPH), under the Regional Prospective Observational Research for Tuberculosis (RePORT) Network, an international TB consortium. Type 2 diabetes is an acquired host factor that...

Assessing Tuberculosis Transmission Dynamics, Drug Resistance and Recurrence Using Whole Genome Sequencing in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-06-12
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Indo-JHU researchers are using combined geospatial and genotyping methods to describe TB transmission dynamics in a hyperlocal region of Pune City in Western India.

Optimal Approach for TB Screening among HIV Infected Indian Children

Post Date: 
2018-06-11
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This study was terminated May 20, 2019. It was funded by the Fogarty International Center at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. Determining TB status (ie, uninfected, latent, and active TB disease) is more difficult among children, particularly HIV-infected children. Diagnosis of TB disease is...

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