Publications - Tuberculosis

Applying a risk-benefit analysis to outcomes in tuberculosis clinical trials

Post Date: 
2020-02-03
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
CID: Analyzing efficacy and safety separately in clinical trials could yield misleading study conclusions if there's an increase in efficacy and a decrease in safety

Assessment of the Xpert assay among new pulmonary tuberculosis suspects with and without diabetes mellitus

Post Date: 
2020-01-01
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International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
IJTLD: Deshmukh and colleagues: High sensitivity and specificity of Xpert underscores need for rapid scale up for early detection of TB in settings with a high dual burden of TB and DM

Transcriptomic profiles of confirmed pediatric tuberculosis patients and household contacts identifies active tuberculosis, infection, and treatment response among Indian children

Post Date: 
2019-12-04
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Journal of Infectious Diseases: Gene expression profiles among Indian children with confirmed TB were distinct from those of adults, highlighting the importance of including distinct populations in differential gene expression models

A parsimonious host inflammatory biomarker signature predicts incident TB and mortality in advanced HIV

Post Date: 
2019-11-25
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
BACKGROUND: People with advanced HIV (CD4<50) remain at high risk of TB or death despite the initiation of antiretroviral therapy. We aimed to identify immunological profiles that were most predictive of incident TB disease and death. METHODS: The REMEMBER randomized clinical trial enrolled 850...

Lipid mediators of inflammation and resolution in individuals with tuberculosis and tuberculosis-diabetes

Post Date: 
2019-11-11
Publication: 
Prostaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators
Individuals with concurrent tuberculosis (TB) and Type 2 diabetes (DM) have a higher risk of adverse outcomes. To better understand potential immunological differences, we utilized a comprehensive panel to characterize pro-inflammatory and pro-resolving (i.e., mediators involved in the resolution...

MAL adaptor (TIRAP) S180L polymorphism and severity of disease among tuberculosis patients

Post Date: 
2019-10-31
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Infection, Genetics, and Evolution
Infection, Genetics, and Evolution : We investigated the association of TIRAP variants with severity of TB disease and IP-10 production in humans, which may be useful in predicting poor clinical outcome

Incidence of tuberculosis in HIV-infected adults on first- and second-line antiretroviral therapy in India

Post Date: 
2019-10-29
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BMC Infectious Diseases
In this study among people living with HIV, Akshay Gupte and colleagues found that the risk of acquiring tuberculosis was higher in those receiving first-line antiretrovial therapy versus those receiving second-line medications.

Lateral flow urine lipoarabinomannan assay for detecting active tuberculosis in people living with HIV

Post Date: 
2019-10-21
Publication: 
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Why is improving the diagnosis of tuberculosis important? Tuberculosis causes more deaths in people living with HIV than any other disease. The lateral flow urine lipoarabinomannan assay (LF-LAM, Alere Determine™ TB LAM Ag assay) is a World Health Organization-recommended rapid test to assist in detection of active tuberculosis in HIV-positive people with severe HIV disease. Rapid and early tuberculosis diagnosis may allow for prompt treatment and alleviate severe illness and death. An incorrect tuberculosis diagnosis may result in anxiety and unnecessary treatment.

Isoniazid preventive therapy in HIV-infected pregnant and postpartum women

Post Date: 
2019-10-03
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New England Journal of Medicine
New England Journal of Medicine: Dr. Amita Gupta and colleagues found that the current standard of care given to HIV+ pregnant women to prevent TB should wait until 12 weeks after delivery. The study underscores the need to include pregnant women in clinical trials.

Delays and barriers to early treatment initiation for childhood tuberculosis in India

Post Date: 
2019-10-01
Publication: 
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
BACKGROUND: India accounts for 27% of global childhood tuberculosis (TB) burden. Understanding barriers to early diagnosis and treatment in children may improve care and outcomes. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed among 89 children initiated on anti-TB treatment from a public hospital...

Challenges in conducting trials for pediatric tuberculosis meningitis: lessons learned in the field

Post Date: 
2019-10-01
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International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease: Researchers describe the challenges associated with conducting the first randomized clinical trial of antimicrobial agents in pediatric tuberculosis meningitis.

Delamanid central nervous system pharmacokinetics in tuberculous meningitis in rabbits and humans

Post Date: 
2019-09-23
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Publication: 
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Central nervous system tuberculosis (TB) is devastating and affects vulnerable populations. Multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) tuberculous meningitis (TBM) specifically are nearly uniformly fatal, with little information being available to guide the treatment of these...

Re: A Shorter Regimen for Rifampin-Resistant Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2019-09-12
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New England Journal of Medicine
Dr. Jeff Tornheim and colleagues respond to an NEJM article about shorter course TB treatment.

Evaluation of miLINC to shorten time to treatment for rifampicin-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2019-09-01
Publication: 
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
A suite of mobile health applications shows promise for linking more drug-resisitant TB patients to care and in less time.

Use of smartphone-based video Directly Observed Therapy (vDOT) in tuberculosis care: Single-arm, prospective feasibility study

Post Date: 
2019-08-30
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Journal of Medical Internet Research
Video-based monitoring is increasingly used as an efficient and low cost alternative to in-person observation and monitoring of TB patients. It showed promise in the high TB setting of India, too.

Inclusion of key populations in clinical trials of new antituberculosis treatments: Current barriers and recommendations for pregnant and lactating women, children, and HIV-infected persons

Post Date: 
2019-08-15
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PLOS Medicine
PLOS Medicine: Dr. Amita Gupta and colleagues discuss the scientific and ethical basis for including pregnant and lactation women, children, and HIV+ patients in tuberculosis therapeutic clinical trials.

A tuberculosis-free world: is it a delusion?

Post Date: 
2019-08-12
Publication: 
The Lancet
The Lancet: Dr. Sachin Atre's correspondence questions progress and global commitment toward TB elimination.

Smoking, alcohol use disorder and tuberculosis treatment outcomes: A dual co-morbidity burden that cannot be ignored

Post Date: 
2019-07-31
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PLoS One
BACKGROUND: More than 20% of tuberculosis (TB) disease worldwide may be attributable to smoking and alcohol abuse. India is the second largest consumer of tobacco products, a major consumer of alcohol particularly among males, and has the highest burden of TB globally. The impact of increasing...

Infection free "resisters" among household contacts of adult pulmonary tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2019-07-18
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PLoS One
Despite substantial exposure to infectious pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) cases, some household contacts (HHC) never acquire latent TB infection (LTBI). Characterizing these "resisters" can inform who to study immunologically for the development of TB vaccines. We enrolled HHCs of culture-confirmed...

High risk for latent tuberculosis infection among medical residents and nursing students in India

Post Date: 
2019-07-08
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PLoS One
PLoS ONE: Self-reported TB exposure is underreported, and uptake of LTBI prevention therapy remains low

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