Publications - Tuberculosis

High risk for latent tuberculosis infection among medical residents and nursing students in India

Post Date: 
2019-07-08
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PLoS One
PLoS ONE: Self-reported TB exposure is underreported, and uptake of LTBI prevention therapy remains low

Advancing the development of new tuberculosis treatment regimens: The essential role of translational and clinical pharmacology and microbiology

Post Date: 
2019-07-05
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PLOS
Application of clinical pharmacology best practices is essential to the efficient and rational development of drugs. In general, knowledge gained about exposure–response relationships in preclinical models aids drug and dose selection in human studies, and biomarkers and pharmacokinetic (PK) data...

Advancing Patient-Centered Care in Tuberculosis Management: A Mixed-Methods Appraisal of Video Directly Observed Therapy

Post Date: 
2019-06-25
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Open Forum Infectious Diseases
OFID : Study compared directly-observed therapy with video-based observed therapy using the emocha mobile health platform

Assessment of lung function in successfully treated tuberculosis reveals high burden of ventilatory defects and COPD

Post Date: 
2019-05-23
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PLoS One
New in PLoS One: We found a high burden of lung function defects and COPD in tuberculosis cases who successfully completed treatment, suggesting a need for lung function screening as part of patient management.

Sub-therapeutic rifampicin concentration is associated with unfavourable tuberculosis treatment outcomes

Post Date: 
2019-05-10
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
Rifampicin concentrations were sub-therapeutic in most Indian patients taking a thrice-weekly TB regimen

Feasibility of identifying household contacts of rifampin- and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis cases at high risk of progression to tuberculosis disease

Post Date: 
2019-03-28
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
We assessed multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) cases and their household contacts (HHCs) to inform the development of an interventional clinical trial.

Building the framework for standardized clinical laboratory reporting of next generation sequencing data for resistance-associated mutations in Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex

Post Date: 
2019-03-18
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Abstract Tuberculosis is the primary infectious disease killer worldwide, with a growing threat from multidrug- resistant cases. Unfortunately, classic growth-based phenotypic drug susceptibility testing (DST) remains difficult, costly and time-consuming, while current rapid molecular testing...

One month of rifapentine plus isoniazid to prevent HIV-related tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2019-03-14
Publication: 
New England Journal of Medicine
Exciting findings from A5279: One month of Rifapentine with isonaizid is as effective as a 9-month course of isoniazid alone!

Prevalence, predictors, and successful treatment outcomes of Xpert MTB/RIF-identified rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis in post-conflict Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2012-2017: A retrospective province-wide cohort study

Post Date: 
2019-02-13
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
BACKGROUND: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) jeopardizes global TB control. The prevalence and predictors of Rifampicin-resistant (RR) TB, a proxy for MDR-TB, and the treatment outcomes with standard and shortened regimens have not been assessed in post-conflict regions, such as the South...

Few eligible for the newly recommended short course MDR-TB regimen at a large Mumbai private clinic

Post Date: 
2019-01-28
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BMC Infectious Diseases
BACKGROUND: India has the world's highest tuberculosis burden, and Mumbai is particularly affected by multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). WHO recommends short, intensive treatment ("Short Course") for previously untreated pulmonary MDR-TB patients but does not require universal drug...

Symptom screening for active tuberculosis in pregnant women living with HIV

Post Date: 
2019-01-24
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Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Diagnostic test accuracy). The objectives are as follows: To assess the accuracy of the four-symptom screen (cough, fever, night sweats, or weight loss) for identifying active TB in pregnant PLHIV who are screened in an outpatient or community setting. To...

HIV testing uptake among the household contacts of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis index cases in eight countries

Post Date: 
2019-01-07
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International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease : The Indo-JHU Clinical Research Parentership participated in this multinational study to determine if it's feasible to provide HIV testing for household contacts of MDR-TB cases.

Is there a connection between gestational diabetes, human immunodeficiency virus infection, and tuberculosis?

Post Date: 
2019-01-01
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International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
IJTLD article reviews the epidemiology and immunology of gestational diabetes and finds there's a lot we don't know about interactions between diabetes, pregnancy, and tuberculosis in both HIV+/- women

Building capacity for advances in tuberculosis research: Proceedings of the third RePORT International Meeting. Tuberculosis (Edinb)

Post Date: 
2018-12-15
Publication: 
Tuberculosis (Edinb)
Abstract RePORT International is a global network of research sites in India, Brazil, Indonesia, South Africa, China, and the Philippines dedicated to collaborative tuberculosis research in the context of HIV. A standardized research protocol (the Common Protocol) guides the enrollment of...

The global landscape of tuberculosis therapeutics

Post Date: 
2018-11-07
Publication: 
Annual Review of Medicine
Abstract Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the oldest infections afflicting humans yet remains the number one infectious disease killer worldwide. Despite decades of experience treating this disease, TB regimens require months of multidrug therapy, even for latent infections. There have been important...

Barriers to screening and isoniazid preventive therapy for child contacts of tuberculosis patients

Post Date: 
2018-10-01
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International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Universal, timely TB screening and IPT for exposed children are urgently needed to reduce pediatric TB in India

Inflammation and micronutrient biomarkers predict clinical HIV treatment failure and incident active TB in HIV-infected adults: a case-control study

Post Date: 
2018-09-24
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BMC Medicine
Factors identified through exploratory factor analysis were associated with adverse outcomes in HIV-infected individuals.

Report of the Technical Consultation on Advances in Clinical Trial Design for Development of New TB Treatments

Post Date: 
2018-09-17
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WHO Task Force on Introduction of New TB Drugs and Treatment Regimens
Dr. Amita Gupta was a member of this TB technical consultation, convened in March 2018 in Switzerland.

Ovarian mass - tuberculosis or malignancy? Need for early intensified evaluation

Post Date: 
2018-09-14
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EXCLI Journal
Letter to the Editor Dear Editor, We read with interest the case report by Chien et al. on Peritoneal Tuberculosis (TB) mimicking ovarian cancer (Chien et al., 2016[1]). We want to congratulate the authors on this case report. We encountered a similar case in our clinical setting in western India...

The association of household fine particulate matter and kerosene with tuberculosis in women and children in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-09-07
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Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Use of kerosene cooking fuel is positively associated with TB in women and children in our analysis using reported sources of exposure.

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