Publications - Tuberculosis

HIV Testing Uptake Among the Household Contacts of Multidrug-resistant Tuberculosis Index Cases in Eight Countries

Post Date: 
2019-01-07
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International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease : The Indo-JHU Clinical Research Parentership participated in this multinational study to determine if it's feasible to provide HIV testing for household contacts of MDR-TB cases.

The global landscape of tuberculosis therapeutics

Post Date: 
2018-11-07
Publication: 
Annual Review of Medicine
Abstract Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the oldest infections afflicting humans yet remains the number one infectious disease killer worldwide. Despite decades of experience treating this disease, TB regimens require months of multidrug therapy, even for latent infections. There have been important...

Barriers to screening and isoniazid preventive therapy for child contacts of tuberculosis patients

Post Date: 
2018-10-01
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International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Universal, timely TB screening and IPT for exposed children are urgently needed to reduce pediatric TB in India

Inflammation and micronutrient biomarkers predict clinical HIV treatment failure and incident active TB in HIV-infected adults: a case-control study

Post Date: 
2018-09-24
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BMC Medicine
Factors identified through exploratory factor analysis were associated with adverse outcomes in HIV-infected individuals.

Report of the Technical Consultation on Advances in Clinical Trial Design for Development of New TB Treatments

Post Date: 
2018-09-17
Publication: 
WHO Task Force on Introduction of New TB Drugs and Treatment Regimens
Dr. Amita Gupta was a member of this TB technical consultation, convened in March 2018 in Switzerland.

Ovarian mass - tuberculosis or malignancy? Need for early intensified evaluation

Post Date: 
2018-09-14
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EXCLI Journal
Letter to the Editor Dear Editor, We read with interest the case report by Chien et al. on Peritoneal Tuberculosis (TB) mimicking ovarian cancer (Chien et al., 2016[1]). We want to congratulate the authors on this case report. We encountered a similar case in our clinical setting in western India...

The association of household fine particulate matter and kerosene with tuberculosis in women and children in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-09-07
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Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Use of kerosene cooking fuel is positively associated with TB in women and children in our analysis using reported sources of exposure.

Resource utilization for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis household contact investigations (A5300/I2003)

Post Date: 
2018-09-01
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International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Current guidelines recommend evaluation of the household contacts of individuals with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis; however, implementation of this policy is challenging.

Failure in TB control: why should the rapid diagnostic test bear the blame?

Post Date: 
2018-09-01
Publication: 
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Dr. Sachit Atre's correspondence published in the International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease.

The effect of diabetes mellitus on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of tuberculosis treatment

Post Date: 
2018-08-20
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Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
DM and higher HbA1c increased the risk of not achieving therapeutic targets for pyrazinamide, but higher pyrazinamide concentrations were asociated with worse microbiologic and clinical outcomes

Challenges of TB and co-treatment: updates and insights

Post Date: 
2018-08-04
Publication: 
Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the past few years, tuberculosis (TB) has overtaken HIV as the infectious disease with the highest global mortality. Successful management of this syndemic will require improved diagnostic tests, shorter preventive therapies, and more effective treatments, particularly in...

Tuberculin skin test and QuantiFERON-Gold In Tube assay for diagnosis of latent TB infection among household contacts of pulmonary TB patients in high TB burden setting

Post Date: 
2018-08-01
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PLoS One
World Health Organization (WHO) recommends systematic screening of high-risk populations, including household contacts (HHCs) of adult pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) patients, as a key strategy for elimination of TB. QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT) assay and tuberculin skin test (TST) are two commonly used tools for the detection of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) but may yield differential results, affecting eligibility for TB preventive therapy.

Trends in HbA1c levels and implications for diabetes screening in tuberculosis cases undergoing treatment in India

Post Date: 
2018-07-01
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International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
SETTING: The optimal timing of screening for diabetes mellitus (DM) among tuberculosis (TB) cases is unclear due to the possibility of stress hyperglycemia. DESIGN: We evaluated adult (18 years) pulmonary TB cases at treatment initiation as well as at 3 months, 6 months and 12 months. DM was...

Internal medicine residents' knowledge and practice of pulmonary tuberculosis diagnosis

Post Date: 
2018-06-27
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Open Forum Infectious Diseases
BACKGROUND: Internal medicine physicians are often the first providers to encounter patients with a new diagnosis of tuberculosis. Given the public health risks of missed tuberculosis cases, assessing internal medicine residents' ability to diagnose tuberculosis is important. METHODS: Internal...

Diabetes and pre-diabetes among household contacts of tuberculosis patients in India: is it time to screen them all?

Post Date: 
2018-05-22
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The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Authors find that screening contacts of TB patients for pre-DM/DM and linking them to care may mitigate the risk of developing tuberculosis and improve management of diabetes.

The global neurological burden of tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2018-05-18
Publication: 
Seminars in Neurology
Central nervous system (CNS) involvement of tuberculosis (TB) is the most severe manifestation of TB and accounts for approximately 5 to 10% of all extrapulmonary TB (EPTB) cases and approximately 1% of all TB cases. TB meningitis (TBM) is the most common form of CNS TB, though other forms occur,...

Addressing knowledge gaps and prevention for tuberculosis-infected Indian adults: a vital part of elimination

Post Date: 
2018-05-02
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BMC Infectious Diseases
BMC Infectious Diseases : Our survey among TB patients' household contacts with evidence of recent exposure found that knowledge is poor and families are confused about disease transmission.

Hepatotoxicity during isoniazid preventive therapy and antiretroviral therapy in people living with HIV with severe immunosuppression: a secondary analysis of a multi-country open-label randomized controlled clinical trial

Post Date: 
2018-05-01
Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
BACKGROUND: Hepatotoxicity associated with isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) and antiretroviral therapy (ART) has not been well studied in severely immunosuppressed people with HIV. Our objective was to determine risk factors for hepatotoxicity in severely immunosuppressed individuals taking IPT...

Advancing patient-centered care in tuberculosis management: A mixed-methods appraisal of Video Directly Observed Therapy

Post Date: 
2018-04-26
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Open Forum Infectious Diseases
OFID : Video DOT is an acceptable option for measurement of TB treatment adherence & may allow more treatment doses to be observed

Shorter treatment for minimal tuberculosis (TB) in children (SHINE): a study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

Post Date: 
2018-04-19
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Trials
Trials: Evidence for TB treatment in kids is largely based on adult studies. The SHINE study aims to fix this

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