Publications - India

Diabetes and pre-diabetes among household contacts of tuberculosis patients in India: is it time to screen them all?

Post Date: 
2018-05-22
Publication: 
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Country: 
Authors find that screening contacts of TB patients for pre-DM/DM and linking them to care may mitigate the risk of developing tuberculosis and improve management of diabetes.

Addressing knowledge gaps and prevention for tuberculosis-infected Indian adults: a vital part of elimination

Post Date: 
2018-05-02
Publication: 
BMC Infectious Diseases
Country: 
BMC Infectious Diseases : Our survey among TB patients' household contacts with evidence of recent exposure found that knowledge is poor and families are confused about disease transmission.

Shorter treatment for minimal tuberculosis (TB) in children (SHINE): a study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

Post Date: 
2018-04-19
Publication: 
Trials
Country: 
Trials: Evidence for TB treatment in kids is largely based on adult studies. The SHINE study aims to fix this

Pyrosequencing to resolve discrepant Xpert MTB/RIF and Mycobacterial Growth Indicator Tube 960

Post Date: 
2018-03-26
Publication: 
Lung India
Country: 
Lung India: Indo-JHU researchers find that pyrosequencing can clear up discrepancies about drug resistance in TB.

Screening and diagnosis of gestational diabetes in India: A systematic review and meta analysis

Post Date: 
2018-03-26
Publication: 
Acta Diabetologica
Country: 
Review article on prevalence and screening and diagnostic methods for gestational diabetes in India.

Loss to follow‐up and mortality among HIV‐infected adolescents receiving antiretroviral therapy in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-03-24
Publication: 
HIV Medicine
Country: 
Over 6 years, one-third of HIV+ adolescents in this study discontinued medical treatment, indicating a critical need for retention counselling and closer clinical monitoring.

Intestinal barrier dysfunction and microbial translocation in HIV-infected pregnant women is associated with preterm birth

Post Date: 
2018-03-24
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Country: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases: Select immune markers can identify women at higher risk for pre-term birth in HIV-1-infected populations; modulating gut barrier integrity and microbial translocation may have an effect.

Mobile phone incentives for childhood immunizations in rural India

Post Date: 
2018-03-19
Publication: 
Pediatrics
Country: 
In Pediatrics: Incentives and technology can improve immunization coverage in young children in resource-poor settings.

How feasible is pharmaceutical regulation in India?

Post Date: 
2018-01-29
Publication: 
The Lancet Global Health
Country: 
Lancet Global Health: Dr. Sachin Atre outlines factors that complicate pharmaceutical regulation in India, which is a component of WHO's Global Antimicrobial Resistance Action Plan.

Gender-based violence screening methods preferred by women visiting a public hospital in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-01-22
Publication: 
BMC Womens Health
Country: 
BMC Womens Health : In our study, 23% of women reported experiencing gender based violence, and 90% reported they had never been asked about it in the healthcare setting.

Secondhand smoke exposure and validity of self-report in low-income women and children in India

Post Date: 
2018-01-10
Publication: 
Pediatrics
Country: 
Pediatrics: Dr. Jessica Elf and colleagues evaluated the validity of standard self-reported measures for secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure among women and children in urban India.

Isoniazid concentrations in hair and plasma area-under-the-curve exposure among children with tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-12-07
Publication: 
PLOS One
Country: 
PLOS One: Mave and colleagues compared TB drug exposure in plasma and hair samples among a small cohort of children.

Antibiotic utilization and the role of suspected and diagnosed mosquito borne illness among adults and children with acute febrile illness in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2017-12-04
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Country: 
Mosquito-borne disease identification is associated with reduced empiric antibiotic use and faster antibiotic discontinuation.

Suboptimal anti-tuberculosis drug concentrations and outcomes in small and HIV coinfected children in India: recommendations for dose modifications

Post Date: 
2017-12-01
Publication: 
Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Country: 
This work aimed to evaluate the once-daily anti-tuberculosis treatment as recommended by the new Indian pediatric guidelines. Isoniazid, rifampin and pyrazinamide concentration-time profiles and treatment outcome were obtained from 161 Indian children with drug-sensitive tuberculosis undergoing...

Prevalence of dysglycemia and clinical presentation of pulmonary tuberculosis in Western India

Post Date: 
2017-12-01
Publication: 
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Country: 
Objectives: To estimate the prevalence and risk factors of pre-diabetes mellitus (DM) and DM, and its associations with the clinical presentation of tuberculosis (TB). Design: Screening for DM was conducted among adults (age  18 years) with confirmed TB between December 2013 and January 2017. We...

Risk factors for early mortality on antiretroviral therapy in advanced HIV-infected adults

Post Date: 
2017-10-23
Publication: 
AIDS
Country: 
Background: Many HIV-infected individuals present with advanced HIV disease. These patients are at high risk of death after antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation, but risk factors for death in these patients are unclear. Methods: We used data from a multisite randomized trial comparing empiric vs...

Cardiovascular risk in an HIV-infected population in India

Post Date: 
2017-07-03
Publication: 
Heart Asia
Country: 
Findings: HIV+ Indian patients who had cardiovascular disease at a younger age appear to be at imminent risk for morbidity.

A qualitative study exploring factors influencing clinical decision-making for influenza-like illness in Solapur city, Maharashtra, India

Post Date: 
2017-07-03
Publication: 
Anthropology and Medicine
Country: 
Abstract The co-existence of different types of medical systems (medical pluralism) is a typical feature of India's healthcare system. For conditions such as influenza-like illness (ILI), where non-specific disease signs/symptoms exist, clinical reasoning in the context of medical pluralism becomes...

Constituent variation in smokeless tobacco purchased in Mumbai, India

Post Date: 
2017-07-01
Publication: 
Tobacco Regulatory Science
Country: 
Objectives: Worldwide, smokeless tobacco products vary greatly in their formulations and chemical composition. Understanding of toxic and carcinogenic constituent variations in such products can provide valuable insights for the development of effective tobacco control policies. In this study, we...

Household food insecurity is associated with low interferon-gamma levels in pregnant Indian women

Post Date: 
2017-07-01
Publication: 
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Country: 
Objective: To determine the association between household food insecurity and interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) levels in pregnancy. Design: Pregnant women in India were administered the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) questionnaire and underwent an IFN-γ release assay. Logistic regression...

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