Publications - Other

Evaluation of an adapted Project Connect community based intervention among professionals serving young minority men

Post Date: 
2019-03-15
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Sexually Transmitted Diseases
BACKGROUND: To address sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs of young minority urban males, we developed and evaluated Project Connect Baltimore (Connect), which was adapted from a program with demonstrated effectiveness among young females. The objectives were to determine (1) the feasibility...

Prevalence, predictors, and successful treatment outcomes of Xpert MTB/RIF-identified rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis in post-conflict Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2012-2017: A retrospective province-wide cohort study

Post Date: 
2019-02-13
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Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
BACKGROUND: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) jeopardizes global TB control. The prevalence and predictors of Rifampicin-resistant (RR) TB, a proxy for MDR-TB, and the treatment outcomes with standard and shortened regimens have not been assessed in post-conflict regions, such as the South...

Female global health leadership: Data-driven approaches to close the gender gap

Post Date: 
2019-02-09
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The Lancet
Lancet article investigates gender-based challenges of female health trainees and professionals and identifies interventions

Preventable losses: Infant mortality increases in Venezuela

Post Date: 
2019-01-24
Publication: 
Lancet Global Health
The health-care system collapse underway in Venezuela is a cause of utmost concern for its people and, increasingly, for the wider region. Declines in provision of basic services, such as childhood immunisation, malaria control, water, sanitation, and nutritional support, have led to increasing...

Atypical mycobacterial infections following plastic surgery procedures abroad: a multidisciplinary algorithm for diagnosis and treatment

Post Date: 
2018-12-28
Abstract: Medical tourism has become increasingly popular in recent years. The most commonly sought procedures are cosmetic. The recent rise in medical tourism has been mirrored by an increase in the incidence of M. abscessus infections, atypical mycobacteria ubiquitous in aquatic environments...

Impact of providing preexposure prophylaxis for human immunodeficiency virus at clinics for sexually transmitted infections in Baltimore City: An agent-based model

Post Date: 
2018-12-15
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Sexually Transmitted Diseases
BACKGROUND: Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) greatly reduces the risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) acquisition, but its optimal delivery strategy remains uncertain. Clinics for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can provide an efficient venue for PrEP delivery. METHODS: To quantify the...

Understanding quality of care and satisfaction with sexual and reproductive healthcare among young men

Post Date: 
2018-11-30
Publication: 
Journal of Healthcare Quality
OBJECTIVE: Sexual and reproductive healthcare (SRHC) guidelines recommend the delivery of quality preventive SRHC to males beginning in adolescence. A quality of care (QOC) framework was used to examine factors associated with young male's perceptions of QOC and satisfaction with care, which can...

Missed opportunities to address pregnancy prevention with young men in primary care

Post Date: 
2018-11-15
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Clinical Pediatrics
Young men (aged 15-24 years) have pregnancy prevention needs, yet little is known about whether they perceive they learn about pregnancy prevention in primary care. A sample of 190 young men seen in primary care in one city from April 2014 to September 2016 were assessed on perceived learning about...

Centro SOL: A community-academic partnership to care for undocumented immigrants in an emerging Latino area

Post Date: 
2018-10-30
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Academic Medicine
PROBLEM: From 2000 to 2014, the Latino population in Baltimore city, an emerging Latino settlement area, has experienced rapid growth. Many of these individuals are undocumented and not eligible for coverage. Academic medical centers often lead the way in addressing the health needs of undocumented...

Dengue vaccines: implications for dengue control

Post Date: 
2018-10-15
Publication: 
Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Dengue, the most common arbovirus, is an increasingly significant cause of morbidity worldwide. After decades of research, an approved tetravalent dengue vaccine is finally available. Models constructed using recently available vaccine efficacy data allow for a data-driven...

Syndemic factors and resiliency among Latina immigrant indirect sex workers in an emergent immigrant city

Post Date: 
2018-08-23
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Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Female sex workers (FSW) constitute a highly vulnerable population challenged by numerous co-existing, or syndemic, risk factors. FSW also display resilience to these, and some evidence suggests that resilience may be associated with protective factors that improve health outcomes. We conducted in-...

The global neurological burden of tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2018-05-18
Publication: 
Seminars in Neurology
Central nervous system (CNS) involvement of tuberculosis (TB) is the most severe manifestation of TB and accounts for approximately 5 to 10% of all extrapulmonary TB (EPTB) cases and approximately 1% of all TB cases. TB meningitis (TBM) is the most common form of CNS TB, though other forms occur,...

Global, regional, and national under-5 mortality, adult mortality, age-specific mortality, and life expectancy, 1970-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016

Post Date: 
2017-09-16
Publication: 
The Lancet
Abstract Background: Detailed assessments of mortality patterns, particularly age-specific mortality, represent a crucial input that enables health systems to target interventions to specific populations. Understanding how all-cause mortality has changed with respect to development status can...

Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 328 diseases and injuries for 195 countries, 1990-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016

Post Date: 
2017-09-16
Publication: 
The Lancet
Abstract Background: As mortality rates decline, life expectancy increases, and populations age, non-fatal outcomes of diseases and injuries are becoming a larger component of the global burden of disease. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 (GBD 2016) provides a...

Measuring progress and projecting attainment on the basis of past trends of the health-related Sustainable Development Goals in 188 countries: an analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016

Post Date: 
2017-09-12
Publication: 
The Lancet
Abstract Background: The UN's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are grounded in the global ambition of "leaving no one behind". Understanding today's gains and gaps for the health-related SDGs is essential for decision makers as they aim to improve the health of populations. As part of the...

Healthcare Access and Quality Index based on mortality from causes amenable to personal health care in 195 countries and territories, 1990-2015: a novel analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015

Post Date: 
2017-07-15
Publication: 
The Lancet
Abstract Background: National levels of personal health-care access and quality can be approximated by measuring mortality rates from causes that should not be fatal in the presence of effective medical care (ie, amenable mortality). Previous analyses of mortality amenable to health care only...

Cardiovascular risk in an HIV-infected population in India

Post Date: 
2017-07-03
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Heart Asia
Findings: HIV+ Indian patients who had cardiovascular disease at a younger age appear to be at imminent risk for morbidity.

A qualitative study exploring factors influencing clinical decision-making for influenza-like illness in Solapur city, Maharashtra, India

Post Date: 
2017-07-03
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Anthropology and Medicine
Abstract The co-existence of different types of medical systems (medical pluralism) is a typical feature of India's healthcare system. For conditions such as influenza-like illness (ILI), where non-specific disease signs/symptoms exist, clinical reasoning in the context of medical pluralism becomes...

Presence of human hepegivirus-1 in a cohort of people who inject drugs

Post Date: 
2017-06-07
Publication: 
Annals of Internal Medicine
Findings on the sensitivity of next-generation metagenomic sequencing for discovery of new viral infections.

Cost-effectiveness of CRAG-LFA screening for cryptococcal meningitis among people living with HIV in Uganda

Post Date: 
2017-03-23
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BMC Infectious Diseases
Background : Cryptococcal meningitis (CM) constitutes a significant source of mortality in resource-limited regions. Cryptococcal antigen (CRAG) can be detected in the blood before onset of meningitis. We sought to determine the cost-effectiveness of implementing CRAG screening using the recently...

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