Jyoti Mathad, MD, MSc

Role: 
Faculty
Assistant Professor, Weill Cornell Medical College

Dr. Mathad is an Assistant Professor of Medicine and Obstetrics & Gynecology in the the Center for Global Health at Weill Cornell Medical College. She is also a faculty member at the Johns Hopkins Center for Clinical Global Health Education.

Her primary research interests include the immune changes of pregnancy and how they affect the development of tuberculosis (TB) in TB-endemic countries, such as India. Since 2010, she has been conducting research in Pune, India, on the performance of immune-based latent TB diagnostics in pregnant women with and without HIV. She is now leading the PRACHITi study there, which is investigating the impact of pregnancy and HIV on the immune response to M. tuberculosis. Her K23 award focuses on identifying behavioral and immunologic risk factors that predict which women are at highest risk of developing active TB postpartum.  She is an investigator in the International Maternal, Pediatric, and Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials network (IMPAACT), and she is also the principal investigator on a study of the immune changes of pregnancy and TB in Port-au-Prince, Haiti.

Dr. Mathad completed her undergraduate studies in biology at Cornell University and received her medical degree from Albany Medical College. She completed her internal medicine residency at the University of Maryland, where she was chief resident. She returned to New York to complete her fellowship in infectious diseases at Weill Cornell, where she also completed her masters in clinical epidemiology.

Vaginal Microbiota in HIV Infected and Uninfected Pregnant Women (Stand Alone)

Post Date: 
2018-10-16
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Amita Gupta, MD, MHS, and Shilpa Naik, MD, are PIs for this study; Rupak Shivakoti, PhD, MSPH, is Co-Investigator The makeup of vaginal microbiota is dynamic and may play a role in the birth outcomes of pregnant women. While HIV and pregnancy both uniquely impact vaginal microbiota, the impact of...

Gut Microbiota of HIV Infected Pregnant Women

Post Date: 
2018-06-14
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Birth Outcomes in HIV Both antiretroviral-therapy (ART)-naïve and ART-experienced HIV-infected pregnant women have higher incidences of pre-term birth (PTB) compared to HIV-uninfected women. For example, the global prevalence of PTB is around 8%, while the rates in in HIV-infected populations are...

Zika Surveillance among Antenatal Clinic Outpatients in BJ Government Medical College and Sassoon General Hospitals, Pune, India

Post Date: 
2017-08-31
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
CCGHE is keeping an eye on Zika among pregnant women, which is transmitted by mosquitoes & can cause devastating birth defects.

Investigating Maternal Antibodies to Modify Infant Tuberculosis Acquisition

Post Date: 
2017-08-29
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
New study in Pune, India, aims to identify the profile of TB antibodies between mothers and infants, and to see if the presence of antibodies lowers risk of infant infection.

Vaginal Microbiota in HIV Infected Pregnant Women

Post Date: 
2017-07-14
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
This study is conducted under CCGHE’s PRACHITI (PRegnancy And CHanges In TuberculosIs) effort, supported by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. Led by Dr. Rupak Shivakoti, this is a nested cross-sectional...

Inflammation in HIV-infected Pregnant Women: Relationship with Diet, Gut Microbiome and Preterm Birth

Post Date: 
2014-10-28
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
This study was terminated May 7, 2018. P regnancy is a state of relative immunosuppression in order to protect the fetus from being rejected. It has also been shown that the Th-1 helper cell response, which is normally necessary for overcoming TB infection, is suppressed in pregnancy. Thus,...

Predictive Value of TB-symptom Screen in HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected Pregnant Women in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2014-10-28
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
This study is terminated. This is a cross sectional observational study will be conducted at BJGMC to establish what the predictive value of the WHO TB symptom screen is in pregnant women in India. We hypothesize that the WHO TB symptom screen will have a higher positive predictive value (PPV) in...

Diagnosis of Tuberculosis Infection and Th1 Immune Response in Pregnant Women in India

Post Date: 
2014-09-01
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
This study was terminated April 16, 2018. Tuberculosis (TB) disease is a major cause of mortality among Indian women of reproductive age; approximately 20-50% of women in India are latently infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). Due to immune changes of pregnancy, women are particularly at...

Impact of Immune Changes of HIV and Stages of Pregnancy on Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2014-09-01
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
This is the Parent Study for CCGHE’s PRACHITI (PRegnancy And CHanges In TuberculosIs) effort. It's supported by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. Purpose: TB is a leading cause of maternal mortality,...

P1078: A Phase IV Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial to Evaluate the Safety of Immediate (Antepartum-Initiated) Versus Deferred (Postpartum-Initiated) Isoniazid Preventive Therapy Among HIV-Infected Women in High TB Incidence Settings

Post Date: 
2014-04-01
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
This is a clinical trial conducted under the International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials (IMPAACT) Network and funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health. Dr. Amita Gupta is Protocol Chair for this multinational clinical trial being conducted in Botswana, Haiti, South...

Epidemiological Assessment of Pediatric Tuberculosis in Pune, India, through Contact Tracing

Post Date: 
2013-06-10
   |   
Countries: 
This study ended in June 2016. Approximately 1 million new cases of Tuberculosis occur among children each year around the world, with a large number of these cases occurring among indigent populations without access to adequate healthcare facilities (World Health Organization). Due to their high...

Impact of Malnutrition on HIV Treatment Failure in Resource-limited Settings

Post Date: 
2010-01-01
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has reduced morbidity and mortality among HIV-infected persons worldwide. However, early treatment failure (i.e. WHO stage 3 or 4 illnesses or death during the first 24 months of HAART) is more than 3-fold higher in resource limited settings (RLS) than...

BWI CTU: Baltimore-Washington-India Clinical Trials Unit

Post Date: 
2007-02-02
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Comprising clinical trial sites at Johns Hopkins Medicine in Baltimore, Whitman Walker Health in Washington, DC, and the BJGMC-CCGHE collaboration in Pune, India, the Baltimore-Washington-India Clinical Trials Unit (BWI-CTU) is one of only 25 international HIV/TB clinical trial sites funded by the...

Female global health leadership: Data-driven approaches to close the gender gap

Post Date: 
2019-02-09
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
The Lancet
Lancet article investigates gender-based challenges of female health trainees and professionals and identifies interventions

Symptom screening for active tuberculosis in pregnant women living with HIV

Post Date: 
2019-01-24
Publication: 
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Diagnostic test accuracy). The objectives are as follows: To assess the accuracy of the four-symptom screen (cough, fever, night sweats, or weight loss) for identifying active TB in pregnant PLHIV who are screened in an outpatient or community setting. To...

Is there a connection between gestational diabetes, human immunodeficiency virus infection, and tuberculosis?

Post Date: 
2019-01-01
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
IJTLD article reviews the epidemiology and immunology of gestational diabetes and finds there's a lot we don't know about interactions between diabetes, pregnancy, and tuberculosis in both HIV+/- women

Internal medicine residents' knowledge and practice of pulmonary tuberculosis diagnosis

Post Date: 
2018-06-27
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Open Forum Infectious Diseases
BACKGROUND: Internal medicine physicians are often the first providers to encounter patients with a new diagnosis of tuberculosis. Given the public health risks of missed tuberculosis cases, assessing internal medicine residents' ability to diagnose tuberculosis is important. METHODS: Internal...

Developing an assessment framework for essential internal medicine subspecialty topics

Post Date: 
2018-06-15
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Our assessment framework revealed knowledge and practice gaps in tuberculosis diagnosis among internal medicine residents.

Screening and diagnosis of gestational diabetes in India: A systematic review and meta analysis

Post Date: 
2018-03-26
   |   
Countries: 
Publication: 
Acta Diabetologica
Review article on prevalence and screening and diagnostic methods for gestational diabetes in India.

Household food insecurity is associated with low interferon-gamma levels in pregnant Indian women

Post Date: 
2017-07-01
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Objective: To determine the association between household food insecurity and interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) levels in pregnancy. Design: Pregnant women in India were administered the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) questionnaire and underwent an IFN-γ release assay. Logistic regression...

Pulmonary infections in pregnancy

Post Date: 
2017-06-01
Publication: 
Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Clinical review from Drs. Amita Gupta & Jyoti Mathad on improving tuberculosis treatment outcomes for pregnant women.

The ripple effect: why promoting female leadership in global health matters

Post Date: 
2016-12-21
Publication: 
Public Health Action
Leadership positions in global health are greatly skewed toward men; the imbalance is more pronounced in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The under-representation of women in leadership is a threat to gender equality, and also impacts the improvement of women's health outcomes...

Sex-related differences in inflammatory and immune activation markers before and after combined antiretroviral therapy initiation

Post Date: 
2016-10-01
   |   
Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Background: Women progress to death at the same rate as men despite lower plasma HIV RNA (viral load). We investigated sex-specific differences in immune activation and inflammation as a potential explanation. Methods: Inflammatory and immune activation markers [interferon γ, tumor necrosis factor...

Quantitative IFN-y,IL-2 response and latent tuberculosis test discordance in HIV-infected pregnant women

Post Date: 
2016-06-15
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Rationale: Pregnant women with latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) are at high risk for development of TB, especially if infected with HIV. Objectives: To assess the performance of LTBI tests in pregnant and postpartum women infected with HIV, investigate the immunology behind discordance in...

Toward earlier inclusion of pregnant and postpartum women in TB drug trials: consensus statements from an International Expert Panel

Post Date: 
2016-01-04
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Tuberculosis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in women of childbearing age (15–44 years). Despite increased tuberculosis risk during pregnancy, optimal clinical treatment remains unclear: safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic data for many tuberculosis drugs are lacking, and trials...

What tuberculosis means for maternal health

Post Date: 
2015-03-04
Mrs. Kumar [not her real name] was diagnosed with TB 18 years ago, during her first pregnancy, which ended in miscarriage. She then became depressed and side effects from the TB medications caused her difficulty eating. Three years later, during her second pregnancy, she and her husband were...

Source case investigation for children with TB disease in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2014-08-27
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
Tuberculosis Research and Treatment
Setting. Contact tracing is broadly encouraged for tuberculosis (TB) control. In many high-burden countries, however, little effort is made to identify contacts of newly diagnosed TB patients. This failure puts children, many of whom live in poor crowded communities, at special risk. Objectives. To...

Pregnancy differentially impacts performance of latent tuberculosis diagnostics in a high-burden setting

Post Date: 
2014-03-21
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
PLOS One
Background: Targeted screening for latent TB infection (LTBI) in vulnerable populations is a recommended TB control strategy. Pregnant women are at high risk for developing TB and likely to access healthcare, making pregnancy an important screening opportunity in developing countries. The...

Maternal pneumococcal capsular IgG antibodies and transplacental transfer are lower in South Asian HIV-infected mother-infant pairs

Post Date: 
2014-03-14
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Publication: 
Vaccine
Background: Our understanding of the mother-to-child transfer of serotype-specific pneumococcal antibodies is limited in non-immunized, HIV-positive women. Methods: We compared geometric mean antibody concentrations (GMCs), geometric mean transplacental cord:maternal ratios (GMRs) and proportions...

Tuberculosis in pregnant and postpartum women: Epidemiology, management, and research gaps

Post Date: 
2012-12-15
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Tuberculosis is most common during a woman's reproductive years and is a major cause of maternal-child mortality. National guidelines for screening and management vary widely owing to insufficient data. In this article, we review the available data on (1) the global burden of tuberculosis in women...

The prevalence of perinatal depression and associated birth outcomes in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2019-02-11
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Grossman TB , Mathad JS, Suryavanshi N, Alexander M, Mave V, Bhosale R, Gupta A. The prevalence of perinatal depression and associated birth outcomes in Pune, India. Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine 39th Annual Pregnancy Meeting. Las Vegas, NV. February 11-16, 2019.

Challenges in TB Diagnosis in Pregnant Women in India: Findings from a Cohort Study in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-10-25
Alexander M, Bhosale R, Gupte N, Deshpande P, Kulkarni V, Chandanwale A, Gupta A, Mathad J. Challenges in TB Diagnosis in Pregnant Women in India: Findings from a Cohort Study in Pune, India. Session: LTBI Screening: Challenges and Opportunities. 49th Annual Union World Conference on Lung Health...

Mobile Phone Access and Comfort: Implications for HIV and Tuberculosis Care in India and South Africa

Post Date: 
2018-10-04
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Cox SN , Elf J, Lokhande R, Ogale YP, DiAndreth L, Dupuis E, Milovanovic M, Mpongose N, Martinson N, Mave V, Suryavanshi N, Gupta A, Golub JE, Mathad JS. Mobile Phone Access and Comfort: Implications for HIV and Tuberculosis Care in India and South Africa. I DSA. IDWeek 2018. San Francisco, CA,...

Perinatal Depression among HIV and TB Infected and Uninfected Women in an Urban Slum in India: Prevalence and Associated Birth Outcomes

Post Date: 
2018-10-04
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Grossman TB , Bhosale R, Alexander M, Suryavanshi N, Mave V, Jain D, Patil NU, Gupta A, Mathad JS. Perinatal depression among HIV and TB infected and uninfected women in an urban slum in India: prevalence and associated birth outcomes. IDSA. ID Week 2018. San Francisco, CA. October 3-7, 2018.

High Prevalence of Dengue among Pregnant Women in India

Post Date: 
2018-08-27
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Alexander M, Naik S, Robinson M , Sapkal G, Deshpande P, Kulkarni V, Nimkar S, Sambarey P, Kinikar A, Mave V, Suryavanshi N, Gupte N, Bollinger R, Gupta A, Bharadwaj R, Mathad J. High Prevalence of Dengue among Pregnant Women in India. 2018 International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases...

Importance of Diagnosis of TB Infection in Pregnant Women in India: Findings from a Cohort Study in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2018-04-24
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Mathad J. Importance of Diagnosis of TB Infection in Pregnant Women in India: Findings from a Cohort Study in Pune, India. Oral Presentation. Presented at Global Health Research Initiative’s Scientific Conference, Weill Cornell Medical College, April 24, 2018.

The Effect of HIV on the Immune Response to Myobacterium tuberculosis in Pregnant Women from Pune, India.

Post Date: 
2018-02-15
Mathad J, Alexander M, Bhosale R, Naik S, Suryavanshi N, Mave V, Deshpande P, Balasubramanian U, Kulkarni V, Kumar P, Babu S, Gupte N, Nevrekar N, Patil S, Chandanwale A, Gupta A. The Effect of HIV on the Immune Response to Myobacterium tuberculosis in Pregnant Women from Pune, India. RePORT India...

Biological Differences in Tuberculosis Diagnosis and Disease in Women

Post Date: 
2017-10-12
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Mathad J. Biological Differences in Tuberculosis Diagnosis and Disease in Women. 48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health. Guadalajara, Mexico.

IMPAACT 2001: Trial of the Pharmacokinetics, Tolerability, and Safety of Once-Weekly Rifapentine and Isoniazid in HIV-infected and HIV-1-uninfected Pregnant and Postpartum Women with Latent Tuberculosis Infection

Post Date: 
2017-05-30
Jyoti Mathad. IMPAACT 2001: Trial of the Pharmacokinetics, Tolerability, and Safety of Once-Weekly Rifapentine and Isoniazid in HIV-infected and HIV-1-uninfected Pregnant and Postpartum Women with Latent Tuberculosis Infection. 2017 IMPAACT Annual Meeting. Washington, DC. 2017.

Impact of Immune Changes of Pregnancy and HIV Infection on Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-02-03
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Mathad J, Alexander M , Bhosale R, Naik S, Shivakoti R, Mave V, Suryavanshi N, Gupte N, Kulkarni V, Pradan N, Patil N, Gupta A. Impact of Immune Changes of Pregnancy and HIV Infection on Tuberculosis. 6th Annual Regional Prospective Observational Research for Tuberculosis (RePORT) India Joint...

Characteristics Associated with Mobile Phone Access among Tuberculosis Patents in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2016-12-04
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Ogale YP , Elf JL, Lokhande R, Mave V, Roy S, Gupta A, Golub J, Mathad J. Characteristics Associated with Mobile Phone Access among Tuberculosis Patents in Pune, India. 46th Union World Conference on Lung Health. International Union for Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. Cape Town, South Africa.

Pharmacokinetic Aspects of 3HP in Special Populations

Post Date: 
2016-10-29
Mathad J. Pharmacokinetic Aspects of 3HP in Special Populations. 47th Union World Conference on Lung Health. International Union for Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. Liverpool, England.

IMPAACT P1078: Background, Design and Baseline Data

Post Date: 
2016-10-29
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Mathad J on behalf of Gupta A and P1078 Study Team. IMPAACT P1078: Background, Design and Baseline Data, 47th Union World Conference on Lung Health. International Union for Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. Liverpool, England.

Pregnancy Intensifies the IFN-gamma Suppression of HIV in TB-infected Indian Women

Post Date: 
2016-02-24
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Mathad J, Bhosale R, Balasubramanian U, Deshpande P, Kanade S, Mave V, Gupta A. Pregnancy Intensifies the IFN-gamma Suppression of HIV in TB-infected Indian Women. Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections 2016. Boston, MA. 2016.

Characteristics Associated with Mobile Phone Access among TB Patients in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2015-12-04
   |   
Countries: 
   |   
Clinical Sites: 
Ogale YP, Elf J, Lokhande R, Mave V, Roy S, Gupta A, Golub J, Mathad J. Characteristics Associated with Mobile Phone Access among TB Patients in Pune, India. The 46th Union World Conference on Lung Health. Cape Town, South Africa.

Maternal and Infant TB: Advancing Our Understanding of Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention

Post Date: 
2015-12-04
Mathad J, Bekker A. Maternal and Infant TB: Advancing Our Understanding of Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention. The 46th Union World Conference on Lung Health. Cape Town, South Africa.

Current Research on the Pathophysiology, Immunology, Prevention and Treatment of TB in Pregnant Women

Post Date: 
2015-12-04
Gupta A, Mathad J. Current Research on the Pathophysiology, Immunology, Prevention and Treatment of TB in Pregnant Women. The 46th Union World Conference on Lung Health. Cape Town, South Africa.

Current Research on the Pathophysiology, Immunology, Prevention and Treatment of TB in Pregnant Women

Post Date: 
2015-12-04
Gupta, A., Mathad, J. Current Research on the Pathophysiology, Immunology, Prevention and Treatment of TB in Pregnant Women. International Union for Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. 46th Union World Conference on Lung Health. Capetown, South Africa.

Operational Challenges Undermine WHO TB Symptom Screen in Pregnant Women

Post Date: 
2015-10-11
Vaidya A , Tambe S, Bhosale R, Mave V, Elf J, Pradhan N, Nevrekar N, Patil S, Kagal A, Joshi S, Chandanwale A, Gupta A, MathadJ. Operational Challenges Undermine WHO TB Symptom Screen in Pregnant Women. ID Week 2015. San Diego, CA. San Diego, CA. 2015

Puja Chebrolu

Global Health Research Fellow
Puja Chebrolu
Dr. Chebrolu is an Internal Medicine physician and a Cornell Global Health Research Fellow. She is working with Dr Jyoti Mathad and Dr Mallika Alexander at BJGMC primarily to study gestational diabetes within the PRACHITI cohort. She will be working with BJMC over the next 3 years and plans to study diabetes in other study populations as well.

We Are Weill Cornell Medicine: Dr. Jyoti Mathad

Post Date: 
2018-05-18
Dr. Jyoti Mathad
Video by Weill Cornell Medicine features Jyoti Mathad and her work with the Indo-JHU Clinical Research Partnership.

How can we encourage female leaders in global health?

Post Date: 
2017-08-09
Source: 
Global Health Matters
Fogarty Director Dr. Roger Glass asks why so few women are leading global health centers at med schools or filling other leadership roles.

Amita Gupta and colleagues discuss female leadership in academic global health

Post Date: 
2017-05-04
Drs. Gupta, Manabe, Mathad discuss need for more women in global health leadership at CUGH's annual meeting.

Tuberculosis test may underreport in pregnant women with HIV

Post Date: 
2016-01-28
Source: 
Infectious Disease Advisor
Pregnancy may confound tuberculosis (TB) tests results in women with HIV, according to research published in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine .

Tuberculosis scare in HIV positive pregnant women: most widely-used tuberculosis test fails to diagnose illness

Post Date: 
2016-01-28
Source: 
International Business Times
The most commonly-used tuberculosis (TB) test, TST, has failed to detect TB in HIV positive pregnant women. A research published online in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine has revealed that the TB test failed to accurately diagnose the...

Awards and honors across Weill Cornell – Week of March 25-April 3

Post Date: 
2015-04-03
Source: 
Weill Cornell Newsroom
Dr. Jyoti Mathad, an instructor in medicine, was named an Ujala Foundation Scholar by the Center for Clinical Global Health Education at Johns Hopkins Medicine. Dr. Mathad is one of eight scholars who will work to improve healthcare in India, with a particular focus on fighting tuberculosis. The...