Maternal and child health

Topic Activities

Zika Surveillance among Antenatal Clinic Outpatients in BJ Government Medical College and Sassoon General Hospitals, Pune, India

Post Date: 
2017-08-31
Country: 
CCGHE is keeping an eye on Zika among pregnant women, which is transmitted by mosquitoes & can cause devastating birth defects.

TB and Pregnancy Impact of Immune Changes of HIV and Stages of Pregnancy on Tuberculosis: Nested Study on Investigating Maternal Antibodies to Modify Infant Tuberculosis Acquisition

Post Date: 
2017-08-29
Country: 
New study in Pune, India, aims to identify the profile of TB antibodies between mothers and infants, and to see if the presence of antibodies lowers risk of infant infection.

Maternal Inflammation, Diet and Gut Microbiome in HIV: Impact on Infant Outcomes

Post Date: 
2016-07-01
Country: 
The primary objective of this study is to determine the feasibility and operational logistics of collecting stool for microbiome analysis, detailed nutritional assessment using a food-frequency questionnaire for dietary intake and serum for inflammatory markers in order to determine factors that...

Acute Febrile Illness and Antimicrobial Resistance Patterns in Pune, India: Substudy on Community Health-Seeking Behavior Among Patients Admitted with Acute Febrile Illness

Post Date: 
2015-05-28
Objectives: To describe the patterns of health-care seeking behavior and prior outpatient care among patients admitted with acute febrile illness to Sassoon Hospital To determine the effects of outpatient behaviors and prior treatments on the antimicrobial resistance patterns of stool colonizing...

Barriers for Intervention to Prevent Occupationally Acquired Tuberculosis in Healthcare Workers

Post Date: 
2015-05-21
Country: 
Observational study to assess the current status of implementation of interventions for preventing occupationally acquired TB in HCW. Identify the barriers to implementing these interventions

P1078: A Phase IV Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial to Evaluate the Safety of Immediate (Antepartum-Initiated) Versus Deferred (Postpartum-Initiated) Isoniazid Preventive Therapy Among HIV-Infected Women in High TB Incidence Settings

Post Date: 
2014-04-01
Country: 
Dr. Amita Gupta is Protocol Chair for this multinational clinical trial being conducted in Botswana, Haiti, South Africa, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, and Zimbabwe, and in India by the Baltimore-Washington-India Clinical Trials Unit, of which CCGHE is a member. Background Tuberculosis (TB) is the...

RePORT: C-TRIUMPH: Substudy on Assessing the Association of Indoor Air Pollution with Tuberculosis in Adult Women and Children under 5 Years of Age

Post Date: 
2013-09-15
Country: 
Addressing social and environmental risk factors contributing to TB disease is becoming increasingly important for national TB programs. We are leveraging the pediatric participants in 1,100 homes participating in the C-TRIUMPH study, enhancing data collection regarding household and individual...

Community Home Based India Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV

Post Date: 
2013-09-02
Country: 
CCGHE is assessing whether equipping Community Health Workers with mobile health technology and involving them in technology training and personal empowerment seminars can help prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV. CHWs who care for HIV + pregnant and nursing women are using the emocha...

Immunomodulatory Properties of BCG: Implications for MTCT

Post Date: 
2008-06-01
To evaluate the immune activating properties of BCG vaccination in neonatal CD4 cells and test the hypothesis that neonatal BCG vaccination leads to activation of immune response that may increase the susceptibility to HIV infection in breast-fed infants of HIV-positive mothers.

BWI CTU: Baltimore-Washington-India Clinical Trials Unit

Post Date: 
2007-02-02
Comprising clinical trial sites at Johns Hopkins Medicine in Baltimore, Whitman Walker Health in Washington, DC, and the BJGMC-CCGHE collaboration in Pune, India, the Baltimore-Washington-India Clinical Trials Unit (BWI-CTU) is one of only 25 international HIV/TB clinical trial sites funded by the...

BJGMC-JHU Fogarty HIV-TB Training Program

Post Date: 
2007-01-01
Country: 
Funded by the Fogarty International Center at the National Institutes of Health, the JHU Fogarty program has nearly 20 years of success with providing training, professional development, and mentorship to clinicians and scientists in low and middle income countries. CCGHE's latest efforts in this...

Integration of HIV and Other Prevalent Relevant Infectious Disease Care into Primary Medical Care

Post Date: 
2007-01-01
Country: 
According to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), HIV is rapidly expanding in Latin America, and among the Latin American countries with highest HIV prevalence, four are located in Central America. Notably, AIDS is among the 10 leading causes of death in three of the six countries in...

Mother-to-Child Transmission (MTCT) of HIV: India SWEN Study

Post Date: 
2002-06-07
Country: 
Primary and secondary analyses of the India SWEN study, an NIH-funded phase III randomized controlled trial of an extended nevirapine prophylaxis regimen among 783 HIV-infected pregnant women and their breastfed infants in Pune, India.

Maternal syphilis: An independent risk factor for mother to infant human immunodeficiency virus transmission

Post Date: 
2017-06-15
Publication: 
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Country: 
Abstract Syphilis is associated with increased human immunodeficiency virus acquisition and sexual transmission; we examined impact on human immunodeficiency virus mother-to-child transmission among mother-infant pairs enrolled in the India Six-Week Extended-Dose Nevirapine study. Maternal syphilis...

Efficacy of six-week extended-dose nevirapine varies by infant birth weight with greatest relative efficacy in low birth weight infants

Post Date: 
2016-09-30
Publication: 
PLOS One
Country: 
Low birth weight (LBW), defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as birth weight less than 2500 g, is a significant public health issue in resource-limited settings, particularly in Sub Saharan Africa and South Asia where the estimated annual incidence is 14% and 28–31%, respectively, and the...

Low Vitamin-D levels combined with PKP3-SIGIRR-TMEM16J host variants is strongly associated with tuberculosis and death in HIV-infected and -exposed infants

Post Date: 
2016-02-12
Publication: 
PLOS One
Country: 
Background: This study examined the associations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and specific host genetic variants that affect vitamin D levels or its effects on immune function, with the risk of TB or mortality in children. Methods: A case-cohort sample of 466 South African infants enrolled in P1041 trial...

TLR2-modulating lipoproteins of the mycobacterium tuberculosis complex enhance the HIV infectivity of CD4+ T cells

Post Date: 
2016-01-25
Publication: 
PLoS One
Country: 
Abstract Co-infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis accelerates progression from HIV to AIDS. Our previous studies showed that M. tuberculosis complex, unlike M. smegmatis, enhances TLR2-dependent susceptibility of CD4+ T cells to HIV. The M. tuberculosis complex produces multiple TLR2-...

Toward earlier inclusion of pregnant and postpartum women in TB drug trials: consensus statements from an International Expert Panel

Post Date: 
2016-01-04
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Tuberculosis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in women of childbearing age (15–44 years). Despite increased tuberculosis risk during pregnancy, optimal clinical treatment remains unclear: safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic data for many tuberculosis drugs are lacking, and trials...

Soluble CD14: An independent biomarker for risk of HIV mother-to-child transmission in setting of pre- and post-exposure antiretroviral prophylaxis

Post Date: 
2015-10-06
Publication: 
The Journal of Infectious Diseases
Elevated soluble CD14 (sCD14) concentrations, a marker of monocyte activation, predicts adverse outcomes in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected adults. To examine the association of sCD14 concentrations with the risk of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV, we nested a case-control...

Mother and child both matter: reconceptualizing the prevention of mother-to-child transmission care continuum

Post Date: 
2015-09-08
Publication: 
Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
Purpose of review: To propose a prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) care continuum that defines the programmatic steps necessary to provide HIV care to the HIV-infected pregnant woman and her infant during the risk period for HIV transmission. Recent findings: There are several...

Vitamin D deficiency and risk of postpartum tuberculosis among HIV-infected breastfeeding mothers in India

Post Date: 
2015-03-15
Publication: 
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Country: 
Some studies have associated low vitamin D levels with the risk of tuberculosis (TB), but its association in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected mothers in a TB-endemic region has not been well studied. We conducted a nested 1:2 case-control study among HIV-infected mothers in western India...

What tuberculosis means for maternal health

Post Date: 
2015-03-04
Mrs. Kumar [not her real name] was diagnosed with TB 18 years ago, during her first pregnancy, which ended in miscarriage. She then became depressed and side effects from the TB medications caused her difficulty eating. Three years later, during her second pregnancy, she and her husband were...

Impact of maternal hepatitis B virus coinfection on mother-to-child transmission of HIV

Post Date: 
2014-07-15
Publication: 
HIV Medicine
Country: 
Objectives: Despite high hepatitis B virus (HBV) endemicity in various resource-limited settings (RLSs), the impact of maternal HIV/HBV coinfection on infant health outcomes has not been defined. We aimed to assess the prevalence of HBV coinfection among HIV-infected pregnant women and its impact...

Maternal pneumococcal capsular IgG antibodies and transplacental transfer are lower in South Asian HIV-infected mother-infant pairs

Post Date: 
2014-03-14
Publication: 
Vaccine
Country: 
Background: Our understanding of the mother-to-child transfer of serotype-specific pneumococcal antibodies is limited in non-immunized, HIV-positive women. Methods: We compared geometric mean antibody concentrations (GMCs), geometric mean transplacental cord:maternal ratios (GMRs) and proportions...

Growth patterns among HIV-exposed infants receiving nevirapine prophylaxis in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2012-10-31
Publication: 
BMC Infectious Diseases
Country: 
Background: India has among the highest rates of infant malnutrition. Few studies investigating the growth patterns of HIV-exposed infants in India or the impact of timing of HIV infection on growth in settings such as India exist. Methods: We used data from the Six Week Extended Nevirapine (SWEN)...

Pooled individual data analysis of five randomized trials of infant nevirapine prophylaxis to prevent breast-milk HIV-1 transmission

Post Date: 
2012-10-19
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Background: In resource-limited settings, mothers infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) face a difficult choice: breastfeed their infants but risk transmitting HIV-1 or not breastfeed their infants and risk the infants dying of other infectious diseases or malnutrition. Recent...

Vitamin D deficiency is common among HIV-infected breastfeeding mothers in Pune, India, but not associated with mother-to-child HIV transmission

Post Date: 
2012-10-01
Publication: 
HIV Clinical Trials
Country: 
A recent report from Tanzania demonstrated an increased risk of being HIV infected or of dying at birth among children born to breastfeeding mothers with low baseline vitamin D levels. We conducted a nested case-control study among HIV-infected pregnant women in western India to confirm the...

HIV transmitted drug resistance in adult and pediatric populations in Panama

Post Date: 
2011-12-15
Publication: 
Revista Panamerica de Salud Publica--Pan American Journal of Public Health
Country: 
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of transmitted drug-resistant HIV among adults in Panama by using a modified World Health Organization Threshold Survey (WHO-TS) and to investigate rates of initial resistance among HIV-positive infants in Panama. Methods: At the Gorgas Memorial Institute,...

Impact of maternal human immunodeficiency virus infection on pregnancy and birth outcomes in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2011-12-15
Publication: 
AIDS Care
Country: 
Little is known about birth outcomes for HIV-infected women in India. We examine maternal and neonatal birth outcomes in HIV-infected women within the context of enhanced pre-natal care associated with a randomized clinical trial conducted in Pune, India. Birth outcomes of 212 HIV-infected pregnant...

Symptom screening among HIV-infected pregnant women is acceptable and has high negative predictive value for active tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2011-11-15
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Country: 
Symptom screening is a recommended component of intensified case-finding (ICF) for pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) among HIV-infected individuals. Symptomatic individuals are further investigated to either exclude or diagnose pulmonary TB, thus reducing the number of individuals requiring costly...

High rates of all-cause and gastroenteritis-related hospitalization morbidity and mortality among HIV-exposed Indian infants

Post Date: 
2011-07-15
Publication: 
BMC Infectious Diseases
Country: 
Background: HIV-infected and HIV-exposed, uninfected infants experience a high burden of infectious morbidity and mortality. Hospitalization is an important metric for morbidity and is associated with high mortality, yet, little is known about rates and causes of hospitalization among these infants...

Early childhood growth among Mahadev Koli tribes of Maharashtra

Post Date: 
2011-06-01
Publication: 
Voice of Intellectual Man
Country: 
The present study aims “to study the growth status of the children of age group 0 to 5 years of Mahadev koli”. This cross-sectional study focuses on growth of children of age group 0 to 5 years in Ambegaon Taluka, Pune district, Maharashtra. Using De-facto population, 110 Mahadev Koli- 51 girls and...

Cost-effectiveness of new WHO recommendations for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in a resource-limited setting

Post Date: 
2011-05-15
Publication: 
AIDS
Country: 
Objective : Nigeria has high rates of mother-to-child HIV transmission. We sought to determine whether new WHO recommendations for long-course antiretroviral therapy (ART) prophylaxis are cost-effective for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV compared to short-course...

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Meet the Expert: Managing Tuberculosis in Pregnant Women and Newborns

Post Date: 
2017-10-13
Presentation Location: 
Guadalajara, Mexico
Event & Convener: 
48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health
Meet the Expert Session. Gupta A.

Biological Differences in Tuberculosis Diagnosis and Disease in Women

Post Date: 
2017-10-12
Presentation Location: 
Guadalajara, Mexico
Event & Convener: 
48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health
Symposium Presentation. Mathad J

Symposium: From Bench to Bassinet: Scientific Innovations: The Fight against Maternal-Infant TB

Post Date: 
2017-10-12
Presentation Location: 
Guadalajara, Mexico
Event & Convener: 
48th Annual Union World Conference of Lung Health
Symposium Chair: Gupta A

Hepatotoxicity in HIV+ Postpartum Women Initiating Efavirenz-Containing Regimens

Post Date: 
2017-07-26
Presentation Location: 
Paris, France
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
IAS 2017. International AIDS Society
Poster Presentation. Bhattacharya D , Gupta A, Tierney C, Huang S, Peters M, Chipato T, Martinson F, Dula D, George K, Chaktoura N, Klingman K, Gnanashanmugam D, Currier J, Fowler MG.

Hepatotoxicity in HIV+ Postpartum Women Initiating Efavirenz-Containing Regimens in PROMISE P1077

Post Date: 
2017-05-31
Presentation Location: 
Washington, DC
Event & Convener: 
2017 IMPAACT Annual Meeting
Invited presenter. IMPAACT Plenary Session 2.

IMPAACT 2001: Trial of the Pharmacokinetics, Tolerability, and Safety of Once-Weekly Rifapentine and Isoniazid in HIV-infected and HIV-1-uninfected Pregnant and Postpartum Women with Latent Tuberculosis Infection

Post Date: 
2017-05-30
Presentation Location: 
Washington, DC
Event & Convener: 
2017 IMPAACT Annual Meeting
Invited presenter. Tuberculosis Scientific Committee.

Pharmacokinetic Aspects of 3HP in Special Populations

Post Date: 
2016-10-29
Presentation Location: 
Liverpool, England
Event & Convener: 
47th Union World Conference on Lung Health. International Union for Tuberculosis and Lung Disease.
Presentation. Mathad J.

IMPAACT P1078: Background, Design and Baseline Data

Post Date: 
2016-10-29
Presentation Location: 
Liverpool, England
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
47th Union World Conference on Lung Health. International Union for Tuberculosis and Lung Disease.
Presentation. Mathad J on behalf of Gupta A and P1078 Study Team TB APPRISE: Phase IV Randomized Double-blind Placebo-controlled Trial to Evaluate the Safety of Immediate (Antepartum-initiated) vs. Deferred (Postpartum-initiated) Isoniazid Preventive Therapy among HIV-infected Women in High TB...

A Case-control Study of Household Air Pollution and Tuberculosis in Women and Children in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2016-10-26
Presentation Location: 
Liverpool, England
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
46th Union World Conference on Lung Health. International Union for Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Oral Presentation. Elf JL , Kinikar A, Khadse S, Mave V, Gupte N, Kulkarni V, Patekar S, Raichur P, Breysse PN, Gupta A, Golub JE.

Outreach Workers in the Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) Programme in India: Challenges and Opportunities

Post Date: 
2016-07-21
Presentation Location: 
Durban, South Africa
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
21st Annual International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2016)
Abstract Presentation. Suryavanshi N , Mave V, Kadam A, Kanade S, Sivalenka S, Sampath K, Harve P, Gupta RS, Hegde A, McKenzie-White J, Gupte N, Gupta A, Bollinger RC, Shankar AV.

Inflammation in HIV-infected Pregnant Women: Relationship with Diet, Gut Microbiome, and Preterm Birth

Post Date: 
2016-06-10
Presentation Location: 
Baltimore, MD
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
JHU Center for AIDS Research Annual Meeting
Presentation

Maternal and Infant TB: Advancing Our Understanding of Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention

Post Date: 
2015-12-04
Presentation Location: 
Cape Town, South Africa
Event & Convener: 
The 46th Union World Conference on Lung Health
Symposium: Maternal and Infant TB: Advancing Our Understanding of Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention. Session Coordinators: Mathad J, Bekker A.

TB/HIV Treatment during Pregnancy: Does Drug Metabolism Change?

Post Date: 
2015-12-04
Presentation Location: 
Cape Town, South Africa
Event & Convener: 
The 46th Union World Conference on Lung Health
Symposium. Maternal and Infant TB: Advancing Our Understanding of Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention. Dooley K, Savic R.

Current Research on the Pathophysiology, Immunology, Prevention and Treatment of TB in Pregnant Women

Post Date: 
2015-12-04
Presentation Location: 
Cape Town, South Africa
Event & Convener: 
The 46th Union World Conference on Lung Health
Symposium. Maternal and Infant TB: Advancing Our Understanding of Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention. Moderators: Gupta A, Mathad J.

Tuberculosis in Pregnant Women and Infants

Post Date: 
2015-08-26
Presentation Location: 
Atlanta, GA
Event & Convener: 
International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases
Presentation

Tuberculosis in Peripartum Women and Infants

Post Date: 
2015-08-26
Presentation Location: 
Atlanta, GA
Event & Convener: 
International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases
Presentation

Tuberculosis in Pregnant Women and Infants

Post Date: 
2015-08-25
Presentation Location: 
Atlanta, GA
Event & Convener: 
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Presentation

Charting a Course in Interdisciplinary Research by Building Bridges with a Clinical Trial of Mother-infant HIV Transmission

Post Date: 
2015-06-12
Presentation Location: 
Baltimore, MD
Event & Convener: 
Johns Hopkins Center for AIDS Research
Presentation

The Association of Exposure to Air Pollution from Biomass Fuels, Kerosene, and Secondhand Tobacco Smoke with TB in Adult Women and Children in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2015-05-01
Presentation Location: 
Denver, CO
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
American Thoracic Society International Conference
Poster Session: Latent TB Infection: Diagnosis and Treatment. Oral Presentation. Elf JL , Kinikar A, Khadse S, Mave V, Gupte N, Kulkarni V, Patekar S, Raichur P, Breysse P, Gupta A, Golub J.

Cost-effectiveness of Isonaizid Preventive Therapy for HIV-Infected Pregnant Women in India

Post Date: 
2015-02-24
Presentation Location: 
Seattle, WA
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections 2015
Poster Presentation. Kapoor S, Chida N, Gupta A, Shah M

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IMPAACT Primary Therapy Scientific Committee

Post Date: 
2007-01-01
Bob Bollinger, Member, 2007-2010

IMPAACT Performance Evaluation Resource Committee

Post Date: 
2007-01-01
Bob Bollinger, Member, 2007–2011.

IMPAACT Protocol Development and Monitoring Committee

Post Date: 
2007-01-01
Bob Bollinger, Member, 2007–2008.

Study Monitoring Committee, HPTN 046

Post Date: 
2007-01-01
Bob Bollinger, Member, 2007–2010. DAIDS, NIH HPTN Network Laboratory, HPTN 046, “HIV Prevention Trials Network Laboratory Phase III Trial to Determine the Efficacy and Safety of an Extended Regimen of Nevirapine in Infants Born to HIV Infected Women to Prevent Vertical HIV Transmission during...

Study Monitoring Committee, HPTN 057, Phase III Trial

Post Date: 
2007-01-01
Bob Bollinger, Member, 2007–2010. DAIDS, NIH HPTN Network Laboratory, HPTN 046, “HIV Prevention Trials Network Laboratory Phase III Trial to Determine the Efficacy and Safety of an Extended Regimen of Nevirapine in Infants Born to HIV Infected Women to Prevent Vertical HIV Transmission during...

Study Monitoring Committee, HPTN 057, Phase I Trial

Post Date: 
2007-01-01
Bob Bollinger, Member, 2007. HPTN 057, “HIV Prevention Trials Network Laboratory A Phase I Open Label Trial of the Safety and Pharmacokinetics of Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate in HIV-1 Infected Pregnant Women and their Infants”

Clinical Management Committee, HPTN 052

Post Date: 
2007-01-01
Bob Bollinger, Member, 2007–2010. HIV Prevention Trials Network Study HPTN 052, “A Randomized Trial to Evaluate the Effectiveness of ART plus HIV Primary Care versus HIV Primary Care Alone to Prevent the Sexual Transmission of HIV-1 in Serodiscordant Couples