Study/Projects - India

The Role of GeneXpert in Bacterial Diagnosis of Spinal Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2017-10-26
Country: 
India has the maximum burden of tuberculosis (TB) in the world. In 2014, there were an estimated 9.6 million incident cases of TB (range, 9.1 million–10.0 million) globally, equivalent to 133 cases per 100000 population. Most of the estimated number of cases in 2014 occurred in Asia (58%) and the...

RePORT: C-TRIUMPH: Nested Study on Targeting Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Persisters by Enhancing Stringent Response-specific Cellular Immunity

Post Date: 
2017-09-11
Country: 
C-TRIUMPH nested study begins to see if stringent response antigen is enhanced while treating drug-susceptible TB using the first-line anti-TB regimen.

Zika Surveillance among Antenatal Clinic Outpatients in BJ Government Medical College and Sassoon General Hospitals, Pune, India

Post Date: 
2017-08-31
Country: 
CCGHE is keeping an eye on Zika among pregnant women, which is transmitted by mosquitoes & can cause devastating birth defects.

TB and Pregnancy Impact of Immune Changes of HIV and Stages of Pregnancy on Tuberculosis: Nested Study on Investigating Maternal Antibodies to Modify Infant Tuberculosis Acquisition

Post Date: 
2017-08-29
Country: 
New study in Pune, India, aims to identify the profile of TB antibodies between mothers and infants, and to see if the presence of antibodies lowers risk of infant infection.

The Role of Innate Immunity in the Acquisition of Sterile Protection against TB Infection

Post Date: 
2017-08-25
Country: 
Tuberculosis (TB) is a major global health problem. Vaccines are the most powerful instruments for limiting the morbidity and mortality of infectious diseases, so the development of highly protective TB vaccines is one of the highest priorities in public health. Bacille de Calmette et Guérin (BCG...

Validation of Transcriptional Signature to Predict Active TB Disease among Advanced HIV Patients

Post Date: 
2017-08-15
Country: 
There have been tremendous advances in the diagnosis of patients with tuberculosis (TB) based on nucleic acid amplification of bacteria in the sputum. The GenXpert MTB/RIF provides results in 2 hours. However, in HIV-infected sputum smear is often negative for AFB and the sensitivity of GenXpert...

Antimicrobial Use and Diagnosis among Hospitalized Febrile Patients in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2017-08-07
Country: 
Antimicrobial resistance, a leading threat to human health, is enabled by unnecessary antibiotic use. Strategies to reduce unnecessary antibiotic use in India, the world’s largest antibiotic consumer, are urgently needed. Although most patients hospitalized in India with acute febrile illness...

RePORT: C-TRIUMPH: Nested Study on Association of Lipid Mediators of Inflammation with TB Treatment Outcomes

Post Date: 
2017-08-03
Country: 
Purpose: Recent studies have shown the significant role that host lipids play in modulating immunity and disease outcomes. Prostaglandins and leukotrienes are lipids that have a pro-inflammatory role in the fight against infectious agents while Specialized Pro-resolving lipid Mediators (SPMs)...

Vaginal Microbiota in HIV Infected Pregnant Women

Post Date: 
2017-07-14
Country: 
Led by Dr. Rupak Shivakoti, this is a nested cross-sectional study of 30 HIV-infected and 60 non-HIV infected pregnant women. Pregnant women that are part of the parent study (“Impact of Immune Changes of HIV and Stages of Pregnancy on Tuberculosis” referred to as PRACHITI study from here on) will...

Understanding Quality of Life during and Loss to Follow-up from Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis Treatment in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2017-05-15
Country: 
This study will examine a) risk factors for loss to follow-up from DR-TB treatment, b) actively trace DR-TB patients lost to follow-up from treatment and c) establish a prospective observational cohort of MDR-TB, XDR-TB and DS-TB patients as well as healthy controls nested within ongoing RNTCP...

MDR-TB Free: Monitoring Adverse Effects, Utilizing Resources Optimally, Knowing Resistance Patterns, and Treatment Strategy

Post Date: 
2017-03-24
Country: 
Purpose: To establish an observational cohort of MDR-TB cases and household contacts with accompanying biorepository at PD Hinduja National Hospital and Medical Research Centre Primary Objectives: Cohort A: To document participant outcomes including early treatment response, MDR-TB treatment-...

RePORT: C-TRIUMPH: Biomarkers for Tuberculosis Diagnosis and Treatment Response

Post Date: 
2017-03-24
Country: 
Aims: To develop non-sputum, blood-based tools for TB diagnosis and treatment, we urgently need biomarkers that identify active TB (ATB) cases and accurately distinguish them from latent TB infection (LTBI). Such biomarkers, when validated in diverse populations, can be developed into improved...

Impact of HIV and Diabetes Mellitus on TB Drug Resistance and Recurrence

Post Date: 
2017-03-02
Country: 
Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of mortality globally. With increasing burden of HIV and diabetes mellitus (DM), there is a critical need to understand the microbial response and ensuing disease dynamics of TB in the HIV-infected and diabetic host to optimally control TB globally. Among...

Multicenter Study of the Accuracy of the BD MAX MDR-TB Assay for Detection of M. tuberculosis Complex and Mutations Associated with Resistance to Rifampin or Isoniazid

Post Date: 
2017-03-01
Country: 
In a multi-country study, we are assessing the accuracy of the BD MAX rapid MDR-TB assay to detect rifampin and isoniazid resistance.

TREAT Asia: Pediatric HIV Observational Database

Post Date: 
2017-02-09
Country: 
TREAT Asia Pediatric HIV Observational Database (TApHOD) is a collaborative observational cohort study of infants, children, and adolescents living with HIV. TApHOD study participants are enrolled and followed at selected TREAT Asia Network clinical sites in the Asia-Pacific region. Participating...

Shorter Treatment for Minimal TB in Children (SHINE)

Post Date: 
2017-01-17
Country: 
This is a multicountry study being conducted in India, South Africa, Uganda, and Zambia. The principal objective is to determine whether the standard 6 month regimen (8 weeks HRZ(E) followed by 16 weeks HR) can be reduced with similar efficacy, to 4 months (8 weeks HRZ(E) followed by 8 weeks HR),...

Healthcare-Associated Sepsis in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2017-01-17
Country: 
Johns Hopkins neonatologist Dr. Julia Johnson is lead investigator for a systematic study of the epidemiology of neonatal sepsis in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in tertiary care facilities in India. This study is providing important baseline data to serve as the basis for future interventional...

Acute Febrile Illness and Antimicrobial Resistance Patterns in Pune, India: Substudy on the Introduction of Triage to a Triage Naïve Emergency Department in Pune, India, and the Effects on Patient Flow

Post Date: 
2017-01-01
Country: 
Despite state-of-the-art inpatient facilities, Sassoon General Hospital (SGH) in Pune, India, does not currently have a method of triaging the large volume of patients they care for on a daily basis. Based on prior studies in low to middle income countries with underdeveloped emergency medical...

TREAT Asia: Prevalence and Risk Factors for Oral Cancer among HIV-Infected Adults

Post Date: 
2016-12-13
Country: 
The study is designed as a cross-sectional, single time point study for opportunistic oral cancer screening of HIV-infected and non- HIV adults 21 years or older in an urban hospital. All participants will undergo screening for oral cancer and oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMD) by visual...

Cost-effectiveness of Xpert MTB/RIF for Diagnosing Pulmonary Tuberculosis in HIV-positive Patients

Post Date: 
2016-12-01
Country: 
This is a prospective cross-sectional study which will be conducted at BJGMC in Pune, India. The aim of this study is to see whether Xpert MTB/RIF is useful for early detection of pulmonary tuberculosis, and therefore cost-effective, as compared with sputum microscopy and the gold standard tests...

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