Community-based health

Topic Activities

Community Health Workers, mHealth, and Combination HIV Prevention in a Hotspot: A Randomized Trial (mLAKE)

Post Date: 
2015-04-01
Country: 
Led by Dr. Larry Chang, the mLAKE study in Uganda is examining whether community health workers equipped with cellphones and the emocha Mobile Health platform are able to successfully promote HIV treatment and prevention services in households in a fishing community in East Africa with a very high...

Salud al Dia

Post Date: 
2014-11-01
Country: 
This initiative is intended to address healthcare disparities among Latino children in Baltimore by increasing engagement of limited English proficiency (LEP) Latino parents in primary healthcare. Specifically, we are looking at whether using in-person and technology-based support interventions...

miLINC: MDR-TB South Africa - Patient Linkage to and Retention in Care

Post Date: 
2014-10-06
Country: 
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) remains the leading cause of death among persons living with human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) in southern Africa. Drug-resistant TB remains a growing threat to public health despite advances made in diagnosis and...

PreventionRx Study: Home-based Counseling and Testing in Uganda

Post Date: 
2014-08-27
Country: 
A ‘platform’ for evaluating combination HIV prevention & care-HIV counseling & testing is essential to optimize HIV services. In collaboration with the University of Washington and the Integrated Community Based Initiatives (ICOBI) NGO in Uganda, CCGHE has adapted the emocha ® platform to...

Community Home Based India Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV

Post Date: 
2013-09-02
Country: 
CCGHE is assessing whether equipping Community Health Workers with mobile health technology and involving them in technology training and personal empowerment seminars can help prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV. CHWs who care for HIV + pregnant and nursing women are using the emocha...

Feasibility and Acceptability of Smartphone-Based Ecological Momentary Assessment of Alcohol Use Among African American Men Who Have Sex With Men in Baltimore

Post Date: 
2013-01-01
Country: 
This study provides evidence to support the feasibility and acceptability of using Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA ) methods for collecting data on alcohol use among African American men who have sex with men living in urban settings. These data provide the basis for future studies of EMA-...

Analysis of Data Collected from the Evaluation of Community-Based Education, Research and Service (COBERS)

Post Date: 
2012-06-12
Country: 
Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MakCHS), the Medical Schools at Gulu University (GU), Mbarara University of Science and Technology (MUST), Kampala International University (KIU) and Busitema University (BU) came together with Johns Hopkins University (JHU) in 2010 to form Medical...

DOmestic Violence Enhanced Home Visitation and Smart Phones (DOVE)

Post Date: 
2012-01-01
Country: 
The major challenge of early prenatal nurse home visitation programs is to accurately identify abused women. The DOVE study aims to improve maternal health and increase the use of a safety plan and community resources by using an emocha ® application to assist home visitors in effectively and...

HIV Latino Outreach Program, Baltimore City Health Department

Post Date: 
2008-01-01
Country: 
Dr. Kathleen Page founded and directs the Baltimore City Health Department’s HIV Latino Outreach Program, which provides more than 1000 HIV tests per year to Baltimore's Latino community, and provides linkages to care services for those testing positive.

Peer Community-based Assistant in REtention: Effect of Peer Health Workers on People Living with HIV Not on Antiretroviral Therapy—A Randomized Operations Research Trial

Post Date: 
2007-03-29
Country: 
Human resource limitations, long travel times, and a weak health care infrastructure pose significant challenges to the delivery of anti-retroviral therapy (ART) in rural settings such as the Rakai District in southwestern Uganda. HIV increases demand for health services and also impacts the health...

BWI CTU: Baltimore-Washington-India Clinical Trials Unit

Post Date: 
2007-02-02
Comprising clinical trial sites at Johns Hopkins Medicine in Baltimore, Whitman Walker Health in Washington, DC, and the BJGMC-CCGHE collaboration in Pune, India, the Baltimore-Washington-India Clinical Trials Unit (BWI-CTU) is one of only 25 international HIV/TB clinical trial sites funded by the...

BJGMC-JHU Fogarty HIV-TB Training Program

Post Date: 
2007-01-01
Country: 
Funded by the Fogarty International Center at the National Institutes of Health, the JHU Fogarty program has nearly 20 years of success with providing training, professional development, and mentorship to clinicians and scientists in low and middle income countries. CCGHE's latest efforts in this...

Prevalence of HIV testing provision at community organizations serving young people in a mid-Atlantic city, 2013-2014

Post Date: 
2017-03-31
Publication: 
Public Health Reports
Country: 
Objectives: Little is known about the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing at community organizations or the organizational characteristics associated with testing. The objective of this study was to describe (1) the prevalence of HIV testing at community organizations serving...

Qualitative insights into implementation, processes, and outcomes of a randomized trial on peer support and HIV care engagement in Rakai, Uganda

Post Date: 
2017-01-10
Publication: 
BMC Infectious Diseases
Country: 
BACKGROUND: People living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who have not yet initiated antiretroviral therapy (ART) can benefit from being engaged in care and utilizing preventive interventions. Community-based peer support may be an effective approach to promote these important HIV services...

Primary care providers knowledge, attitude and practices related to hepatitis C screening and treatment in the oral direct acting antiviral agents era

Post Date: 
2016-10-28
Publication: 
Journal of Community Medicine and Health Education
Country: 
Background: There are over 3 million Americans infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV). Despite recent advances in HCV treatment, a major barrier to care remains a limited number of treaters. HCV therapy provision by primary care providers (PCPs) could expand access by increasing the pool of HCV...

Continued importance of sexually transmitted disease clinics in the era of the Affordable Care Act

Post Date: 
2016-09-15
Publication: 
American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Country: 
Introduction: Following the 2014 expansions of Medicaid and private health insurance through the Affordable Care Act, municipal sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics-which have historically served predominantly uninsured patients-have been threatened with budget cuts nationwide. This study was...

Public health clinic-based hepatitis C testing and linkage to care in Baltimore

Post Date: 
2016-05-15
Publication: 
Journal of Viral Hepatitis
Country: 
Testing and linkage to care are important determinants of hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment effectiveness. Public health clinics serve populations at high risk of HCV. We investigated their potential to serve as sites for HCV testing, initiation of and linkage to HCV care. Cross-sectional study of...

Senior center-based hepatitis C screening in Baltimore

Post Date: 
2016-01-06
Publication: 
Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Country: 
Abstract Despite significant advancements in hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatments, the majority of individuals infected with HCV remain undiagnosed. We report on senior citizen center-based HCV testing in Baltimore, which revealed a 9.4% prevalence of infection. Our data suggest that community-based...

Effectiveness of peer support on care engagement and preventive care intervention utilization among pre-antiretroviral therapy, HIV-infected adults in Rakai, Uganda: a randomized trial

Post Date: 
2015-08-14
Publication: 
AIDS and Behavior
Country: 
442 pre-ART, HIV-infected adults were randomized to peer support consisting of structured home visits to promote clinic attendance and preventive care intervention use or standard of care. At baseline, 62 % reported previously visiting an HIV clinic, 45 % reported taking cotrimoxazole prophylaxis,...

Impact of patient-selected care buddies on adherence to HIV care, disease progression and conduct of daily life among pre-antiretroviral HIV-infected patients in Rakai, Uganda: a randomized controlled trial

Post Date: 
2015-06-01
Publication: 
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Country: 
Background: Data are limited on effects of household or community support persons ("care buddies") on enrollment into and adherence to pre-antiretroviral HIV care. We assessed the impact of care buddies on adherence to HIV clinic appointments, HIV progression, and conduct of daily life among pre-...

Field evaluation of PIMA point-of-care CD4 testing in Rakai, Uganda

Post Date: 
2014-03-10
Publication: 
PLOS One
Country: 
Objective: To assess the accuracy of PIMA Point-of-Care (POC) CD4 testing in rural Rakai, Uganda. Methods: 903 HIV positive persons attending field clinics provided a venous blood sample assessed on site using PIMA analyzers per manufacturer's specifications. The venous samples were then run on...

The role of viral introductions in sustaining community-based HIV epidemics in rural Uganda: evidence from spatial clustering, phylogenics, and egocentric transmission models

Post Date: 
2014-03-04
Publication: 
PLOS One
Country: 
Background: It is often assumed that local sexual networks play a dominant role in HIV spread in sub-Saharan Africa. The aim of this study was to determine the extent to which continued HIV transmission in rural communities—home to two-thirds of the African population—is driven by intra-community...

Leveraging information technology to address the health workforce gap

Post Date: 
2013-11-01
Publication: 
Bulletin of the World Health Organization
According to some estimates, the world needs more than 4 million additional physicians, nurses, pharmacists, laboratory technicians, midwives, community health workers (CHWs) and other front-line health workers. However, there is also a shortage of faculty that can provide high-quality training and...

HIV/AIDS education in traditional Indian systems of medicine: faculty perspectives

Post Date: 
2013-10-24
Publication: 
Journal of Traditional Medicine and and Clinical Naturopathy
Country: 
In India, HIV-infected individuals face numerous challenges in their search for treatments. Currently, western allopathic medicine (hereinafter ‘biomedicine’) offers antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV/AIDS and associated co-morbidities that have prolonged survival and improved quality of life...

Intensified case-finding of latent tuberculosis infection among the Baltimore City Hispanic population

Post Date: 
2013-08-15
Publication: 
Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Country: 
Foreign-born immigrants are at high risk for latent TB infection (LTBI). In conjunction with the Baltimore City Health Department (BCHD), student volunteers conducted intensified LTBI case-finding (ICF) using tuberculin skin testing (TST) in the Hispanic community from 2006-2010. We sought to...

A qualitative study of barriers to enrollment into free HIV care: perspectives of never-in-care HIV-positive patients and providers in Rakai, Uganda

Post Date: 
2013-07-23
Publication: 
BioMed Research International
Country: 
Background: Early entry into HIV care is low in Sub-Saharan Africa. In Rakai, about a third (31.5%) of HIV-positive clients who knew their serostatus did not enroll into free care services. This qualitative study explored barriers to entry into care from HIV-positive clients who had never enrolled...

A novel educational strategy targeting health care workers in underserved communities in Central America to integrate HIV into primary medical care

Post Date: 
2012-10-24
Publication: 
PLOS
Background: Current educational strategies to integrate HIV care into primary medical care in Central America have traditionally targeted managers or higher-level officials, rather than local health care workers (HCWs). We developed a complementary online and on-site interactive training program to...

Research capacity-building program for clinicians and staff at a community-based HIV clinic in Uganda: A pre/post evaluation

Post Date: 
2012-10-01
Publication: 
Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
Country: 
Developing capacity for HIV research and clinical practice is critically needed in resource-limited countries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a research capacity building program for community-based participants in preparation and conduct of mHealth interventions. A descriptive, cross-...

Cost analyses of peer health worker and mHealth support interventions for improving AIDS care in Rakai, Uganda

Post Date: 
2012-09-12
Publication: 
AIDS Care
Country: 
A cost analysis study calculates resources needed to deliver an intervention and can provide useful information on affordability for service providers and policy-makers. We conducted cost analyses of both a peer health worker (PHW) and a mHealth (mobile phone) support intervention. Excluding...

Information and communication technology and community-based health sciences training in Uganda: perceptions and experiences of educators and students

Post Date: 
2012-01-15
Publication: 
Informatics for Health and Social Care
Country: 
Chang LW, Mwanika A, Kaye D, Muhwezi WW, Nabirye RC, Mbalinda S, Okullo I, Kennedy CE, Groves S, Sisson SD, Burnham G, Bollinger RC. Information and communication technology and community-based health sciences training in Uganda: perceptions and experiences of educators and students. Inform Health...

Perceptions and valuation of a community-based education and services (COBES) program in Uganda

Post Date: 
2012-01-15
Publication: 
Medical Teacher
Country: 
Information and communication technology (ICT) has been advocated as a powerful tool for improving health education in low-resource settings. However, few evaluations have been performed of ICT perceptions and user experiences in low-resource settings. During late 2009, an internet-based survey on...

Peer Health Workers and AIDS Care in Rakai, Uganda: A mixed methods operations research evaluation of a cluster-randomized trial

Post Date: 
2011-12-15
Publication: 
AIDS Patient Care and STDs
Country: 
Settings with limited health care workers are challenging environments for delivery of antiretroviral therapy. One strategy to address this human resource crisis is to task shift through training selected patients as peer health workers (PHWs) to provide care to other individuals receiving...

Pages

A Cluster-Randomized Trial to Promote Combination HIV Prevention Using M-health-Supported CHWs in a High-Prevalence Fishing Community: Design and Baseline Characteristics of the mLAKE Trial in Rakai, Uganda

Post Date: 
2016-07-21
Presentation Location: 
Durban, South Africa
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
21st International AIDS Conference. International AIDS Society.
Abstract Presentation. Chang L, Mbabali I, Kong X, Hutton H, Long A, Thomas A, Bugos E, Ssekasanvu J, Kennedy C, Amico R, Nalugoda F, Reynolds S, Quinn T, Serwadda D, Wawer M, Gray R, Nakigozi G.

Rapid Diagnosis, Linkage and Treatment Initiation of Patients with Drug-resistant Tuberculosis in South Africa: The miLINC Solution to Improve Access to Care

Post Date: 
2016-07-20
Presentation Location: 
Durban, South Africa
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
21st International AIDS Conference. International AIDS Society.
Poster Presentation. Farley JE , Seiguer S, Naicker M, McKenzie-White J, Greg C, Elmi M, Stevens W, Stewart-Isherwood L

Combination HIV Prevention and HIV Incidence in a Ugandan Hotspot Fishing Community

Post Date: 
2016-02-23
Presentation Location: 
Boston, MA
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections 2016
Poster Presentation. Session: HIV Testing and Prevention. Kagaayi J, Grabowski MK, Nakigozi G, Kigozi G, Nalugoda F, Ssekubugu R, Gray RH, Serwadda D, Wawer MJ, Chang L.

Migration, HIV Infection, and Combination HIV Prevention Access in Rakai, Uganda

Post Date: 
2016-02-23
Presentation Location: 
Boston, MA
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections 2016
Poster Presentation. Session: Populations at Risk. Grabowski MK, Lessler J, Bazaale JM, Chang L, Nabukalu D, Wawer M, Nalugoda F, Ssekubugu R, Nakigozi G, Gray RH.

Teaching Learners to Communicate Effectively with Limited English Proficiency Patients

Post Date: 
2015-04-30
Presentation Location: 
Baltimore, MD
Event & Convener: 
Institute for Excellence in Education. Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Workshop participant

Grand Rounds

Post Date: 
2015-03-31
Presentation Location: 
Baltimore, MD
Event & Convener: 
Center for Child and Community Health Research. Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Bayview Medical Center
Presentation

Intro to mHealth

Post Date: 
2014-12-17
Presentation Location: 
Baltimore, MD
Event & Convener: 
JHU-GmI Seminar. Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
Presentation

GETHealth Summit to Bridge Health Workforce Gap in Developing Countries

Post Date: 
2014-11-10
Presentation Location: 
Dublin, Ireland
Event & Convener: 
GETHealth Summit
Opening Ceremony Speaker

Integrating Engineering and Technology in to Prevention

Post Date: 
2014-05-07
Presentation Location: 
Baltimore, MD
Event & Convener: 
Centers for Intervention and Services Research Meeting
Panel participation

Centro SOL: Salud and Opportunity for Latinos (and Beyond) A Case Study of How Passion and Diversity Drove Change at JHU

Post Date: 
2014-03-31
Presentation Location: 
Baltimore, MD
Event & Convener: 
Dr. James EK Hildreth Lecture: Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
Lecture

Recognizing the Need for HIV Prevention and Care in Emerging Latino Communities

Post Date: 
2013-10-09
Presentation Location: 
Baltimore, MD
Country: 
Event & Convener: 
Center for AIDS Research. Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Presentation

E-Learning Technologies and Social Networking Technologies to Support Healthcare Education and Delivery in Low Resource Settings

Post Date: 
2013-04-09
Presentation Location: 
Baltimore, MD
Event & Convener: 
HU MedBiquitous Conference 2013. Philip Dodds Memorial Lecture. Johns Hopkins University
Lecture

Peer Navigators: Conscripting an Army of HIV-Positive Individuals to Supplement the Health Workforce

Post Date: 
2012-06-04
Presentation Location: 
Miami, FL
Event & Convener: 
7th International Conference on HIV Treatment and Prevention Adherence
Presentation

mHealth in the Field

Post Date: 
2012-02-01
Presentation Location: 
Baltimore, MD
Event & Convener: 
Anna Baetjer Society for Public Health Practice. JBGrant Global Health Society
Presentation

Community-based HIV Care

Post Date: 
2008-09-09
Presentation Location: 
Cambridge, MA
Event & Convener: 
HIV Online Provider Education (H.O.P.E.) Conference. Harvard University Center for AIDS Research
Presentation