Amita Gupta, MD, MHS

Role: 
Director
Professor of Medicine and Public Health
Amita Gupta, MD, MHS

Dr. Gupta is Deputy Director of the Johns Hopkins (JH) Center for Clinical Global Health Education (CCGHE), and Professor of Infectious Diseases at the JH School of Medicine, with a joint appointment in International Health at the JH Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Board certified by the American Board of Internal Medicine in infectious diseases, Dr. Gupta specializes in international public health, clinical research, and education in infectious diseases, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis (TB), and antimicrobial resistant infections. Since 2003, her work has been focused primarily on India, where she leads several Indo-JHU research collaborations. She serves in leadership positions as Co-Chair of the Faculty Steering Committee of the Johns Hopkins India Institute, Center Director for the Johns Hopkins Precision Medicine Center for Excellence for COVID-19, the US chair for the Indo-US Vaccine Action Program sponsored RePORT India TB research consortium, which is funded by the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the government of India, Department of Biotechnology. She also serves on the global RePORT International Executive Committee, a multilateral global consortia for TB research. She is Co-principal Investigator of the NIH-funded Baltimore-Washington-India HIV and Infectious Diseases Clinical Trials Unit (BWI-CTU), and she is an active clinical investigator in multi-country trials conducted by the AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG) and the International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Trials Network (IMPAACT), and has served as protocol chair for high impact studies that have resulted in publications in The New England Journal of Medicine and The Lancet. She is Co-chair of the NIH and AmFAR funded IeDea HIV/TB Working Group and Scientific Committee co-Chair for IMPAACT TB. 

She has been awarded research grants from the NIH, CDC, UNITAID, and several philanthropic foundations to investigate infectious diseases of importance to India and beyond. Learn about CCGHE India Research Partnerships In 2019, Dr. Gupta was appointed by the US Health and Human Services Secretary for a 4-year term to the NIAID Council, the chief advisory committee for National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases at the U.S. National Institutes of Health. In 2020, she was invited to the Governing Board of the Indo-U.S. Science & Technology Forum

Dr. Gupta is an author of more than 200 peer-reviewed research publications and 7 book chapters on prevention and treatment of HIV, TB, and other infectious diseases, primarily in low- and middle-income settings. She has also mentored more than 35 junior scientists in India and the US to run research studies and submit their own scientific findings to peer-reviewed publications.

Dr. Gupta received an undergraduate degree from MIT, a Doctor of Medicine from Harvard Medical School, and a Master of Health Sciences in clinical investigation from JH Bloomberg School of Public Health. She completed her internal medicine training at San Francisco General Hospital-University of California, San Francisco, followed by a post-doctoral fellowships with the Epidemic Intelligence Service at the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases) and at the JHU School of Medicine (Infectious Diseases).

Publications on PubMed

Research Program Building and Leadership

  • 2007-present: Chair, IMPAACT P1078, A Randomized Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Safety of Immediate (antepartum-initiated) Versus Deferred Reduction in TB Incidence and Mortality Among HIV-Infected Women and Their Infants in High TB Incidence Settings
  • 2008-present: Protocol Vice-Chair of ACTG 5274, Reducing Early Mortality Among Patients with Advanced HIV Disease: A Randomized Strategy Trial Comparing the Safety and Efficacy of an Individualized Patient TB Treatment Approach to a Public Health Pre-emptive TB Treatment Approach in Resource-Limited Settings (REMEMBER)
  • 2008-2012: Co-investigator ACTG 5267, A Phase I, Safety, Tolerability, and Pharmacokinetic Interaction Study of Single-Dose TMC207 and Efavirenz in Health Volunteers
  •  2008-2012: Co-investigator ACTG 5253 Sensitivity and Specificity of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Screening and Diagnostics in HIV-Infected Individuals
  • 2009-present: Protocol Vice Chair ACTG 5279, Phase III Clinical Trial of Short-Course Rifapentine/Isoniazid for the Prevention of Active Tuberculosis in HIV-Infected Adults with Latent Tuberculosis Infection
  • 2010: Invited by NIAID, NIH to be a part of a NIH delegation to assess scope of TB research in India. Accompanied the Deputy Director of the Division of AIDS, the Associate Director of International Health Programs, NIAID and other NIH delegates on site visits to 15 Indian institutions throughout the country
  • 2011-2012: Selected to participate in the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine’s Office in Science and Medicine (OWISM) Leadership Program for Women Faculty
  • 2012-present: Member, ACTG TB Transformative Science Group
  • 2014-present: IMPAACT TB Scientific Committee Vice-Chair
  • 2014-present: Co-investigator IMPAACT 2001 Protocol Team, PK and Safety of INH and Rifapentine in Pregnancy
  • 2014-2016: US Co-chair, NIH-India Government, Regional Prospective Observational Research in Tuberculosis (RePORT)
  • 2014-present: Co-chair PHOENIX ACTG A5300/IMPAACT 2003 feasibility study and MDR TB contact prophylaxis trial
  • 2016-present: US Chair, TB Research Consortium, RePORT India
  • 2016-present: Member, Executive Committee, RePORT International
  • 2017: Selected to participate in the Johns Hopkins Leadership Development Program (LDP)
  • 2015-present: Member, Union Interest Group in Maternal-Infant TB working group
  • 2018: Participant, Technical Consultation on Advances in Clinical Trial Design for Development of New TB Treatments, WHO Report generation
  • 2018-present: co Chair, IeDEA TB working group
  • 2019-present: NIAID Council
  • 2020-present: Governing Board Member, Indo-US Science and Technology Forum (IUSTTF)
  • 2020-present: Co-Chair, Faculty Steering Committee, Johns Hopkins India Institute
  • 2020-present: Center Director, Johns Hopkins Precision Medicine Center for Excellence for COVID-19

 

Tuberculosis (TB) Aftermath

Post Date: 
2020-06-05
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Drs. Vidya Mave and Jonathan Golub are co-PIs for this study. TB Aftermath seeks to provide evidence for an effective and scalable strategy targeting HHs of treated TB cases, a high priority of the NTEP. Purpose To compare the effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and feasibility of two Active Case...

Mental Health Outcomes among Health Care Professionals Involved in the Treatment and Care of COVID 19 Patients in India

Post Date: 
2020-06-01
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Drs. Nikhil Gupta and Nishi Suryavanshi are leading this survey project. This study is investigating the immediate impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health outcomes and overall quality of life and what are the factors associated with it among Indian Health care workers. Among health care...

Hybrid Trial for Alcohol Reduction among People with TB and HIV in India

Post Date: 
2020-02-12
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The highest incidence of tuberculosis disease (TB) in the world is in India, accounting for 27% of all new cases globally, with approximately 86,000 among persons with HIV (PWH). Unhealthy alcohol use triples the risk of TB in the general population, increasing susceptibility to primary infection...

Pregnancy Associated Immune Responses to Tuberculosis and HIV in India and South Africa (PARTHISA)

Post Date: 
2020-01-14
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Dr. Jyoti Mathad is Co-PI of this study. Purpose: Tuberculosis (TB) is a leading cause of maternal mortality, especially among HIV-infected women. Women are most likely to develop active TB during and immediately after pregnancy. The immunologic conditions responsible for this phenomenon are not...

Increasing Market and Public Health Outcomes Through Scaling Up Affordable Access Models of Short Course Preventive Therapy for TB (IMPAACT4TB)

Post Date: 
2019-12-17
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Primary Objective: This study is being conducted in Brazil, Cambodia, China, Ethiopia, Ghana, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe. The overall goal is to reduce TB incidence among (1) people living with HIV who are on antiretroviral therapy, and...

Markers of Lung Impairment in HIV-TB Coinfected Indian Adults

Post Date: 
2019-12-11
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Objectives/Aims We will compare the degree of lung impairment between HIV-TB co-infected adults (HIV-TB group) and TB cases without HIV co-infection (TB group) who successfully complete TB therapy. We hypothesize that the HIV-TB group will have a greater degree of lung impairment compared to the TB...

T Cell Biomarkers and T-regulatory Responses to Pediatric TB

Post Date: 
2019-11-21
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The goals of this study are to: Validate host T cell biomarkers for diagnosis of pediatric TB Investigate the phenotype and functions of T-regulatory cells in pediatric TB We will use cryopreserved PBMC samples from CTRIUMPH cohorts: Pediatric unconfirmed TB, confirmed TB, latest Tb, and no TB...

Inflammasome Genetics and Tuberculosis Treatment Outcomes

Post Date: 
2019-11-07
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Dr. Amita Gupta is a Co-PI on this study. STUDY DESIGN We will conduct a retrospective case-cohort study nested within the CTRIUMPH and EDOTS cohorts to address our study objectives. This will enable us to measure the association of polymorphisms with multiple clinical outcomes simultaneously and...

Evaluation of a Urinary Biomarker Assay for Diagnosis and Test of Cure for Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2019-09-09
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Dr. Jeff Tornheim is PI of this study. METHODS This study will make use of biorepository samples from the Cohort for TB Research by the Indo-US Medical Partnership (CTRIUMPh). CTRIUMPh, funded by the US NIH and Indian Department of Biotechnology, is an academic collaboration between Johns Hopkins...

A5300B/I2003B: Protecting Households On Exposure to Newly Diagnosed Index Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis Patients (PHOENIx)

Post Date: 
2019-08-19
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Dr. Amita Gupta is Protocol Co-chair for this multinational clinical trial. BACKGROUND The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that there were 480,000 incident cases of MDR-TB globally in 2015. MDR-TB has been shown to be almost twice as common in TB patients living with HIV compared with TB...

A5300B/I2003B: Protecting Households On Exposure to Newly Diagnosed Index Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis Patients (PHOENIx)

Post Date: 
2019-08-19
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Dr. Amita Gupta is Protocol Co-chair for this multinational clinical trial. BACKGROUND The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that there were 480,000 incident cases of MDR-TB globally in 2015. MDR-TB has been shown to be almost twice as common in TB patients living with HIV compared with TB...

Management of Multidrug-resistant Tuberculosis among ART Programs in Low- and Middle-income Countries within the Global IeDEA Network

Post Date: 
2019-07-22
Purpose The purpose of the IeDEA MDR-TB survey is to study the clinical management of HIV patients co-infected with MDR-TB or XDR-TB from the perspective of healthcare workers in ART programs participating in the IeDEA global cohort consortium. Specifically, we aim: to describe diagnostic, referral...

Visual Field Loss in HIV-Positive Patients of Non-Infectious HIV Retinopathy

Post Date: 
2019-06-02
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New study will assess HIV+ patients and determine the prevalence of visual field loss due to noninfectious HIV retinopathy

Immune Correlates of LTBI in HIV-exposed Infants

Post Date: 
2019-04-29
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About 2 billion people worldwide harbor asymptomatic latent TB infection (LTBI), activation of which results in progression to TB disease. In areas of high tuberculosis (TB) prevalence, infants and young children have a 3-fold higher risk of progression and death from TB at age < 5 years...

Prevalence of Tuberculosis in Severely Malnourished Indian Children

Post Date: 
2018-12-18
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This study is funded and conducted under the U.S. National Institutes of Health, Fogarty International Center. PIs are Robert Bollinger, MD, MPH; Dr. Muralidhar Tambe, BJGMC Severely malnourished children are vulnerable population for communicable and non-communicable disease. Diagnosis of TB among...

Characterization of Genomics and Metabolomics among Individuals Highly-Exposed, but Resistant to MTB Infection

Post Date: 
2018-12-13
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New study launched in India & South Africa to identify functional relationships between genomics & metabolomics, & to characterize fundamental biological systems underlying resistance to Mtb infection.

Host RNA Expression for Diagnosis and Monitoring of Pediatric TB in Africa and India

Post Date: 
2018-12-13
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We are leveraging the RePORT platform by including a cohort of Indian children together with South African children in a large validation study to study on changes in gene expression profiles during treatment for TB

Immune Responses and Effect of Disulfiram on MTB Infected PBMCs as a Potential Host Directed Therapy

Post Date: 
2018-11-26
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Dr. Mandar Paradkar is lead investigator for this study that is assessing the immune responses of adult pulmonary TB patients enrolled in the CTRIUMPh study, using PBMC samples of those with harmful use of alcohol assessed by AUDIT scores ≥ 8 compared to non-alcoholics (AUDIT < 8). Aim 1: To...

Characterization of TB-specific T Cell Responses in Highly-exposed, but Uninfected Health Care Workers in India

Post Date: 
2018-10-25
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This study is funded and conducted under the U.S. National Institutes of Health, Fogarty International Center. PIs are Robert Bollinger, MD, MPH; Jyothi Rengarajan, MD, Emory University. Primary Research Question Do health care workers who remain TST negative, despite high-exposure to TB,...

Vaginal Microbiota in HIV Infected and Uninfected Pregnant Women (Stand Alone)

Post Date: 
2018-10-16
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Amita Gupta, MD, MHS, and Shilpa Naik, MD, are PIs for this study; Rupak Shivakoti, PhD, MSPH, is Co-Investigator The makeup of vaginal microbiota is dynamic and may play a role in the birth outcomes of pregnant women. While HIV and pregnancy both uniquely impact vaginal microbiota, the impact of...

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Pilot Project to Assess the Potential Cost-Benefit of a Bronchoscopy Program for the Diagnosis of TB in Uganda

Post Date: 
2021-07-13
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We conducted training and program implementation at a tertiary care hospital in Kampala, Uganda, in October of 2019. Project funding was obtained from the CHEST Foundation and the Association of Interventional Pulmonology Program Directors. In addition, some equipment ( Table 1 ) was donated by...

Utility of the interferon-gamma release assay for latent tuberculosis infection screening among indian health-care workers

Post Date: 
2021-07-13
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Publication: 
Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Background: The utility of interferon-gamma release assays (IGRAs) for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) screening among health-care workers (HCWs) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) remains unclear. Methods: This was a prospective cohort study among HCW trainees undergoing annual LTBI...

Comparison of Time to Clinical Improvement With vs Without Remdesivir Treatment in Hospitalized Patients With COVID-19

Post Date: 
2021-03-24
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JAMA Network Open
Just Published in JAMA Network Open: In this retrospective analysis, remdesivir was associated with faster clinical improvement of COVID-19 in a cohort of predominantly non-White patients

Unhealthy alcohol use independently associated with unfavorable TB treatment outcomes among Indian men

Post Date: 
2021-03-10
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International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
This study by Samyra Cox and colleagues highlights the need for integrating effective alcohol interventions into TB care.

Development of Severe COVID-19 Adaptive Risk Predictor (SCARP), a Calculator to Predict Severe Disease or Death in Hospitalized Patients With COVID-19

Post Date: 
2021-03-02
Publication: 
Annals of Internal Medicine
Dr. Matt Robinson and colleagues developed a real-time tool that can predict severe disease or death among COVID patients

Systemic Inflammation in Pregnant Women With Latent Tuberculosis Infection

Post Date: 
2021-01-27
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Frontiers in Immunology
Background: Recent studies in adults have characterized differences in systemic inflammation between adults with and without latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI+ vs. LTBI-). Potential differences in systemic inflammation by LTBI status has not been assess in pregnant women. Methods: We conducted a...

Higher interleukin-6 levels and changes in transforming growth factor-β are associated with lung impairment in pulmonary tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2021-01-18
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ERJ Open Resource
Higher levels of IL-6 and slow-to-resolve TGF-β are associated with lung impairment in treated tuberculosis. These results have important implications for clinical trials of immunomodulatory therapies to prevent tuberculosis-associated lung disease. http://openres.ersjournals.com/lookup/doi/...

Pharmacogenetic interactions of rifapentine plus isoniazid with efavirenz or nevirapine

Post Date: 
2021-01-15
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Pharmacogenetics and Genomics
Objectives: The effect of rifapentine plus isoniazid on efavirenz pharmacokinetics was characterized in AIDS Clinical Trials Group protocol A5279 (NCT01404312). The present analyses characterize pharmacogenetic interactions between these drugs, and with nevirapine. Methods: A subset of HIV-positive...

Detection of genital tuberculosis among women with infertility using best clinical practices in India: An implementation study

Post Date: 
2021-01-15
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Publication: 
Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
Background Diagnosis of genital tuberculosis (TB) as a cause of infertility still remains a diagnostic dilemma for clinicians, as no standard guidelines exist. The recently proposed best practices for genital TB diagnosis have not been evaluated yet in India. Objectives To implement best practices...

Higher IL-6 Levels and Changes in TGF-β are Associated with Lung Impairment in Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Post Date: 
2021-01-08
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Publication: 
ERJ
Pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) is associated with granuloma formation, necrosis and cavitation in lung tissue. Lung injury in PTB can persist despite microbiological cure and is associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) independent of smoking exposure[1]. Furthermore, pulmonary...

Validation of NINA-DISH food frequency questionnaire with multiple 24-hour dietary recalls among pregnant women in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2021-01-06
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Publication: 
The British Journal of Nutrition
Adequate dietary intake is critical to prevent adverse pregnancy outcomes. India has a high burden of maternal and child morbidity and mortality, but there is a lack of adequate tools to assess dietary intake. We validate a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), New-Interactive Nutrition Assistant-...

Measuring TB drug levels in the hair in adults and children to monitor drug exposure and outcomes

Post Date: 
2021-01-01
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International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
INTRODUCTION: Testing for anti-TB drugs in small hair samples may serve as a non-invasive tool to measure cumulative drug exposure and/or adherence, as these determine treatment success. We aimed to assess how well hair assays of TB drugs predict TB treatment outcomes.METHODS: A small thatch of...

Association of Vegetable and Animal Flesh Intake with Inflammation in Pregnant Women from India

Post Date: 
2020-12-08
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MDPI
In pregnant women, studies are lacking on the relationship of vegetable and animal flesh (poultry, red meat and seafood) intake with inflammation...

Nevirapine pharmacokinetics in HIV-infected persons receiving rifapentine and isoniazid for TB prevention

Post Date: 
2020-11-26
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Publication: 
The Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Background: The use of rifamycin antibiotics for TB prevention carries a risk of detrimental drug-drug interactions with concomitantly used ART. Objectives: To evaluate the interaction of the antiretroviral drug nevirapine in combination with 4 weeks of daily rifapentine and isoniazid for TB...

Xpert MTB/RIF Ultra for the Diagnosis of Tuberculous Meningitis: A Small Step Forward

Post Date: 
2020-11-05
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
The delayed diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis (TBM) leads to poor outcomes, yet the current diagnostic methods for identifying Mycobacterium tuberculosis in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are inadequate. The first comparative study of the new GeneXpert MTB/RIF Ultra (Xpert Ultra) for TBM diagnosis...

Using a composite maternal-infant outcome measure in tuberculosis prevention studies among pregnant women

Post Date: 
2020-11-04
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
Background: Tuberculosis (TB) preventive therapy (TPT) among pregnant women reduces the risk of TB in mothers and infants, but the timing of initiation should consider potential adverse effects. We propose an analytical approach to evaluate the risk-benefit of interventions. Methods: A novel...

Assessment of persistent depression among TB patients

Post Date: 
2020-11-01
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Publication: 
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
(No abstract available)

The burden of anxiety among people living with HIV during the COVID-19 pandemic in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2020-10-22
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BMC Public Health
Introduction: Globally, India has the third largest population of people living with HIV (PLHIV) and the second highest number of COVID-19 cases. Anxiety is associated with antiretroviral therapy (ART) nonadherence. It is crucial to understand the burden of anxiety and its sources among Asian...

Open Letter by Epidemic Intelligence Service Officers Past and Present - in Support of CDC

Post Date: 
2020-10-13
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Epimonitor
No abstract available

Individual and Composite Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes in a Randomized Trial on Isoniazid Preventative Therapy Among Women Living With HIV

Post Date: 
2020-09-30
Publication: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Background: IMPAACT P1078, a randomized non-inferiority study designed to compare safety of starting isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) in women with HIV during pregnancy or after delivery, showed that IPT during pregnancy increased the risk of composite adverse pregnancy outcomes, but not...

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Reservoirs of transmission of resistant Gram-negative pathogens responsible for neonatal sepsis among hospitalized neonates in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2020-10-21
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Johnson J, Robinson ML, Naik S, Patil S, Kulkarni R, Kinikar A, Dohe V, Mudshinkar S, Kagal A, Smith RM, Westercamp M, Randive B, Kadam A, Kulkarni V, Mave V, Gupta A, Milstone AM, Manabe YC, for the CDC SHEPheRD India Study Team. Reservoirs of transmission of resistant Gram-negative pathogens...

Self-clearance of Mtb infection: needs and consequences

Post Date: 
2020-10-20
Gupta A. Self-clearance of Mtb infection: needs and consequences. Symposium Moderator. 51st Union World Conference on Lung Health. Virtual Conference. October 20-24, 2020.

Polyfunctional T-cells and IL-2 production decrease in pregnant women with latent TB

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2020-10-20
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Mathad J, Bhosale R, Barreto-Duarte B, Alexander M, Kulkarni V, Nathella PK, Andrade B, Gupta A. Polyfunctional T-cells and IL-2 production decrease in pregnant women with latent TB. TB Science 2020. Virtual. October 20, 2020.

Blood-based biomarkers of tuberculosis in children integrating metabolomic and transcriptomic data

Post Date: 
2020-10-20
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Tornheim JA, Paradkar M, Fukutani KF, Kinikar A, Mave V, Andrade BB, Gupta A, Karakousis PC. Blood-based biomarkers of tuberculosis in children integrating metabolomic and transcriptomic data. TB Science 2020. Virtual. October 20, 2020.

Screening for Tuberculosis (TB) in pregnant and non-pregnant women of reproductive age: Findings from an observational study in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2020-10-20
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Alexander M, Bhosale R, Naik S, Kulkarni V, Mave V, Suryavanshi N, Gupte N, Gupta A, Mathad J. Screening for Tuberculosis (TB) in pregnant and non-pregnant women of reproductive age: Findings from an observational study in Pune, India. Poster Presentation. 51st Union World Conference on Lung Health...

An RNA signature for TB risk in pregnant women: A prospective cohort study from India

Post Date: 
2020-10-20
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Mathad J, Bhosale R, Barreto-Duarte B, Alexander M, Kulkarni V, Nathella PK, Andrade B, Gupta A. Polyfunctional T-cells and IL-2 production decrease in pregnant women with latent TB. TB Science 2020. Virtual. October 20, 2020.

Systemic inflammation in pregnant women with and without latent tuberculosis infection

Post Date: 
2020-10-20
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Naik S, Alexander M, Kumar P, Kulkarni V, Yadana S, Bhosale R, Babu S, Gupta A, Mathad J and Shivakoti R. Systemic inflammation in pregnant women with and without latent tuberculosis infection. Poster Presentation. 51st Union World Conference on Lung Health. Virtual Conference. October 20-24, 2020.

Risk Factors for Hepatotoxicity in HIV-infected Women Receiving Isoniazid preventive Therapy in Pregnancy and Postpartum

Post Date: 
2020-07-08
Gupta A, Aaron L, Theron G, McCarthy K, Bradford S, Chipato T,

Prevalence and Incidence of Tuberculosis Infection and Disease Among Household Contacts Exposed to Rifampin-resistant/Multidrug resistant Tuberculosis (RR/MDR-TB)

Post Date: 
2020-07-08
Gupta A, Wu X, Kim S, Naini L, Hughes M, Dawson R, Gaikwad S, Sanchez J, Mendoza A, Smith B, Shah S, Hesseling A, Churchyard G, Swindells S for the ACTG/IMPAACT PHOENIx feasibility study team. Prevalence and Incidence of Tuberculosis Infection and Disease Among Household Contacts Exposed to...

Predictors of tuberculosis infection in MDR-TB household contacts ≥15 years old.

Post Date: 
2020-03-11
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Kim S , Gupta A, Wu X, Hughes M, Dawson R, Mave V, Kumarasamy, Smith B, Rustomgee R, Shah NS, Hesseling A, Swindells S, Churchyard G for the ACTG/IMPAACT A5300/I2003 PHOENIx Feasibility Study Team. Predictors of tuberculosis infection in MDR-TB household contacts ≥15 years old. Presented at: CROI...

Rifapentine pharmacokinetics and safety in pregnant women with and without HIV on 3HP

Post Date: 
2020-03-11
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Mathad JS , Savic RM, Britto P, Wiesner L, Townley E, Chakhtoura N, Bradford S, Patil S, Vhembo T, Lespinasse D, Langat D, Werarak P, Kamthunzi P, Gupta A, Dooley KE. Rifapentine pharmacokinetics and safety in pregnant women with and without HIV on 3HP. Presented at: CROI 2020. Boston, MA; March 8-...

Factors associated with gestational diabetes in HIV+ and HIV- women in Pune, India

Post Date: 
2020-03-09
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Chebrolu P , Alexander M, Bhosale R, Naik S, Patil N, Gupta A, Mathad J. Factors associated with gestational diabetes in HIV+ and HIV- women in Pune, India. Presented at: CROI 2020. Boston, Massachusetts. March 8-11, 2020.

Geographic and Individual Risk Factors for TB or Death in the Brief-TB Trial (A5279)

Post Date: 
2020-03-09
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Riviere C , Juste MAJ, Ramchandani R, Gupta A, Benson CA, Masheto G, Supparatpinyo K, Mohapi L, da Silva Escada RO, Mngqibisa R, Kanyama C, Langat D, Swindells S, Chaisson RE, for the A5279/BRIEF TB Study Team. Geographic and Individual Risk Factors for TB or Death in the Brief-TB Trial (A5279)...

Adjusted analysis of effect of IPT on adverse pregnancy outcomes in women with HIV

Post Date: 
2020-03-09
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Clinical Sites: 
Theron G , Chakhtoura N, Montepiedra G, Aaron L, Jean-Phillipe P, Weinberg A, McCarthy K, Nematadzira T, Masheto G, Chipato T, Onyango-Makumbi C, Gupta A, the IMPAACTP1078 Team. Adjusted analysis of effect of IPT on adverse pregnancy outcomes in women with HIV. Presented at: CROI 2020. Boston,...

Tuberculosis preventive therapy should be considered for all household contacts of pulmonary TB patients in India

Post Date: 
2020-02-07
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Paradkar M, Chandrasekara P, Jain D, Shivakumar SVBY, Thiruvengadan K, Gupte AN, Thomas B, Kinikar A, Sekar K, Bharadwaj R, Dolla CK, Gaikwad S, Elilarasi S, Lokhande R, Reddy D, Murali L, Kulkarni V, Pradhan N, Hanna LE, Pattabiraman S, Kohli R, Nayagam R, Suryavanshi N, Shrinivasa BM, Cox SR,...

Increased moxifloxacin dosing among MDR-TB patients with low-level resistance to moxifloxacin did not improve treatment outcomes in a tertiary care centre in Mumbai, India

Post Date: 
2019-11-02
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Tornheim JA , Gajjar I, Shivakumar SVBY, Gupte AN, Kishore G, Karane M, Rodrigues C, Gupta A, Udwadia ZF. Increased moxifloxacin dosing among MDR-TB patients with low-level resistance to moxifloxacin did not improve treatment outcomes in a tertiary care centre in Mumbai, India. 50th Union World...

Does treatment of infertile women with probable genital tuberculosis improve fertility outcome?

Post Date: 
2019-11-01
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Naik SN , Chandanwale A, Kadam D, Sambarey PW, Dhumal G, DeLuca A, Jain D, Gupta A, Bollinger R, Mave V. Does treatment of infertile women with probable genital tuberculosis improve fertility outcome? Poster presentation. 50th Union World Conference on Lung Health. Hyderabad, India. October 30-...

Performance of QuantiFERON-TB Gold in Tube (QFT-GIT) and QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus (QFT-Plus) for detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in pregnant women in India

Post Date: 
2019-11-01
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Kulkarni V , Bhosale R, Jain D, Deshpande P, Naik N, Alexander M, Patil N, Gupte N, Gupta A, Mathad J. Performance of QuantiFERON-TB Gold in Tube (QFT-GIT) and QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus (QFT-Plus) for detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in pregnant women in India. Poster presentation...

Six-week culture conversion predicts tuberculosis treatment outcomes

Post Date: 
2019-11-01
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Countries: 
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Clinical Sites: 
Pradhan N , Kagal A, Gupte N, Gaikwad S, Barthwa M, Gupta A, Golub JE, Mave V. Six-week culture conversion predicts tuberculosis treatment outcomes. Poster presentation. 50th Union World Conference on Lung Health. Hyderabad, India. October 30-November 2, 2019.

Association of latent TB infection in pregnancy with perinatal health outcomes in an Indian cohort

Post Date: 
2019-11-01
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Clinical Sites: 
Graham H , Bhosale R, Alexander M, Kinikar A, Khwaja S, Patil N, Mathad J, Shivakoti S, Gupta A. Association of latent TB infection in pregnancy with perinatal health outcomes in an Indian cohort. Poster presentation. 50th Union World Conference on Lung Health. Hyderabad, India. October 30-November...

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Jeff Tornheim, MD, MPH

Infectious Disease Fellow
Baltimore, Maryland
Jeff Tornheim, MD, MPH, is a clinical fellow in the Division of Infectious Disease here at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. After completing undergraduate studies in International Development and Economics at Brandeis University he moved to East Africa where he engaged in health system strengthening for returning refugees to South Sudan and worked with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on the epidemiology of pneumonia and diarrhea in Western Kenya. He completed a joint MD/MPH at Mount Sinai School of Medicine, with his thesis evaluating the impact of water...

Matt Robinson, MD

Research Fellow
Baltimore, Maryland
Matthew Robinson, MD, is a research fellow in the Division of Infectious Diseases at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. His research focuses on the diagnosis of acute febrile illness and its implication on antimicrobial stewardship and resistance in tropical low- and middle-income countries. Matt is working with Dr. Gupta, Dr. Mave, and Dr. Cosgrove to assess the etiology of febrile illness in patients presenting to a hospital in Pune, India and to determine how diagnosis impacts antibiotic use. He is also working on a CDC-funded project to evaluate the source of antimicrobial...

Aarti Avinash Kinikar, MD: Pediatrics

BJGMC-JHU Fogarty HIV-TB Program Trainee
Pune, India
Education : MBBS (1984); DCH (1988); MD-Paediatrics (1988), DNB-Paediatrics (2003); MRCP-UK (1995). Medical Education- Grant Medical College – Mumbai University, India.

Akshay Gupte, PhD, MBBS, MSPH

Junior Investigator
Akshay Gupte
Akshay Gupte is a junior investigator trained in medicine, clinical research, and global health. His research interests include exploring approaches to host directed adjuvant therapies in tuberculosis (TB) and studying the impact of TB and HIV on lung health of populations. Dr. Gupte leads an Indo-US collaborative study exploring the impact of TB disease; alone and in combination with smoking, air pollution, HIV and diabetes mellitus; on respiratory impairment and risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in India. He is also a co-investigator on the CTRIUMPH study—a multi-center cohort...

Amit Kale, MS: Orthopedics

BJGMC-JHU Fogarty HIV-TB Program Trainee
Pune, India
I am working as associate professor in orthopedics. Currently, I am conducting various drug trials for rheumatoid arthritis.

Sonya Krishnan, MD

Clinical Fellow
Baltimore, Maryland
Sonya Krishnan, MD
Sonya Krishnan, MD, is a clinical fellow in the Division of Infectious Diseases at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. She has joined Dr. Amita Gupta’s lab and will be studying host biomarkers of HIV/TB and TB outcomes with particular interest in understanding inflammation pathways, their impacts and potential therapies. During the 2020-2021 academic year she will also be pursing additional training via the Bloomberg School of Public Health’s Graduate Training Program In Clinical Investigation. Dr. Krishnan grew up in Minnesota and completed her undergraduate studies at Carleton...

Anita Basavaraj, MD: Gastroenterology

BJGMC-JHU Fogarty HIV-TB Program Trainee
Pune, India
Dr Anita Basavaraj has done her MBBS from Nagpur University with Honors in Surgery (1987). Thereafter she did her MD in Medicine (1990) and her Diplomat of National Board (D.N.B.) in 1992.She has done her post graduate Diploma in geriatric Medicine (P.G.D.G.M.) winning the university Gold Medal by virtue of standing first in the country (2012), which is a distant education venture run by Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU).

Geeta Shrikar Pardeshi, MD: Preventive and Social Medicine

BJGMC-JHU Fogarty HIV-TB Program Trainee
Pune, India
I have led research projects related to Reproductive and Child Health, Sanitation and Infectious diseases. As part of the BJGMC JHU Fogarty training program in HIV-TB, I have research interest in TB epidemiology. I am interested in studying the association of co-morbidities with clinical presentation and treatment outcomes in tuberculosis.

Sunita Girish, PhD: Medical Biochemistry

BJGMC-JHU Fogarty HIV-TB Program Trainee
Pune, India
Education : Ph.D, Pune University, 2005 (Medical Biochemistry) title “Antioxidant Status in Leprosy.” Overview : How to improve health systems to combat various infectious diseases like Leprosy, Tuberculosis and HIV in developing countries, is a research and policy issue that affects many aspects of public health. My research interests include further to understand molecular level changes in cystic fibrosis which is under diagnosed .My interests also involve innovations in molecular techniques dealing with infectious diseases, help governments in developing countries to improve and modify...

Akshay Gupte, PhD, MBBS, MSPH, PhD

Instructor of Medicine
Akshay Gupte
Dr. Gupte is Instructor of Medicine at CCGHE. His research focuses on the intersection of infectious and chronic lung diseases in low- and middle-income countries. Dr. Gupte leads several Indo-US collaborative studies to describe the epidemiology and pathogenesis of lung impairment in TB/HIV/diabetes, measure its impact on poor clinical outcomes, and identify therapeutic and programmatic interventions to improve post-TB lung health and longevity. He is an active member of several multi-national TB/HIV research consortia such as the TB Transformative Science Working Group of the ACTG, the TB...

Sangita Shelke, MD: Preventive and Social Medicine; Diplomas in Nutrition, Hospital Administration, Psychological counseling

BJGMC-JHU Fogarty HIV-TB Program Trainee
Pune, India
Indeed TB is a social disease with so many social problems especially the women suffering from TB/HIV undergoes a pathetic life situation. Women are silent suffers, of both HIV and TB in male dominated society of India. My ultimate desire is if I can make a difference in the lives of these silent suffers.

Jessica Elf, MPH, PhD

Assistant Professor, Colorado State University
Dr. Jessica Elf is an Assistant Professor of Epidemiology in the Department of Environmental and Radiological Health Sciences at Colorado State University. Dr. Elf’s research focuses on the epidemiology and health impacts of air pollution and tobacco use, with an emphasis on the HIV and tuberculosis (TB) co-epidemic. Her work aims to describe the overlap of air pollution and tobacco with these epidemics and the subsequent impact on TB and HIV health outcomes. In addition to risk characterization, her work focuses on subsequent mitigation strategies and interventions that are effective,...

Dr. Smita Deshpande: Microbiology

BJGMC-JHU Fogarty HIV-TB Program Trainee
My research interests have been: Rapid diagnostic methods for Acute pyogenic meningitis, Diagnosis of enteric fever , Role of Methicillin resistance Staph aureus in infections, Molecular diagnosis of Leptospirosis, Rapid diagnosis of MDR-TB by REMA ( Resasurine Micro titre Plate Assay)and by Line Probe Assay.

Jeff Tornheim, MD, MPH

Assistant Professor
Jeff Tornheim, MD, MPH
Jeff Tornheim, MD, MPH, is Assistant Professor in the Division of Infectious Diseases here at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. His research explores the application of new diagnostic technologies to improved health outcomes in the treatment of drug resistant tuberculosis among both adult and pediatric patients in India. Dr. Tornheim recently completed his infectious diseases fellowship at Johns Hopkins, during which he worked with Drs. Amita Gupta, Vidya Mave, Bob Bollinger of Johns Hopkins, and with Dr. Zarir Udwadia at the Hinduja Hospital in Mumbai. His interest in clinical...

Dr. Chhaya Valvi: Pediatrics

BJGMC-JHU Fogarty HIV-TB Program Trainee
Pune, India
Dr. Chhaya Valvi has completed her undergraduate and postgraduate medical education from the premier institute of Seth G.S. Medical College, Mumbai, India. She was awarded the prestigious Dr. Palekar prize as she ranked first among the candidates for M.D. exam.

Matt Robinson, MD

Assistant Professor
Baltimore, Maryland
Dr. Matt Robinson
Matthew Robinson, MD, is Assistant Professor in the Division of Infectious Diseases at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, and he serves on the Advisory Team for the and serves on the Advisory Team for the Johns Hopkins Precision Medicine Center of Excellence for COVID-19. His research focuses on the diagnosis of acute febrile illness and its implication on antimicrobial stewardship and resistance in tropical low- and middle-income countries. Dr. Robinson is assessing the etiology of febrile illness in patients presenting to a hospital in Pune, India and determining how diagnosis...

Dr. Vasudha Belgaumkar: Dermatology

BJGMC-JHU Fogarty HIV-TB Program Trainee
Pune, India
Dr.Vasudha has completed her undergraduate medical education from S.B.H. Government Medical College, Dhule,Maharashtra .A meritorious student throughout, she topped her first and final year University examinations. She is presently working as Associate Professor of Dermatology at B.J. Government Medical College, Pune. Having completed her post-graduation in Dermatology, Venereology (including HIV) and Leprology from this premier institute, she has acquired clinical skills as well as an affinity for research.

Matthew Murrill

Baltimore, Maryland
Matthew Murrill is an MD-PhD student in the Department of Epidemiology at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. In 2016, he was named an IDSA Education and Research Foundation Medical Scholar. After completing undergraduate studies in chemistry at Maryville College, he moved to Kolkata, India, as a Fulbright-Nehru fellow to research the sources and health effects of groundwater arsenic contamination in Eastern India with the School of Environmental Studies - Jadavpur University. He then worked for Calcutta Kids, a non-governmental organization, to establish a childhood diarrhea...

Rahul Lokhande, MD: Pulmonary Medicine

BJGMC-JHU Fogarty HIV-TB Program Trainee
Pune, India
He is Unit In charge at B J Government Medical college and Sassoon Hospital Pune . He has special Interest in Bronchoscopy and Respiratory Intensive Care Unit of Sassoon Hospital.

Nicky Mehtani, MD

Pune, India
Dr. Mehtani is a second year internal medicine resident at Johns Hopkins Hospital. After studying Global Health Technologies as an undergraduate at Rice University, she pursued a medical degree at Johns Hopkins, where she also earned her MPH at the Bloomberg School of Public Health. As an MPH and medical student, she worked with Dr. Kathleen Page in 2015-2016, analyzing Baltimore City STI surveillance data to help understand the initial effects of the Affordable Care Act on the demand for publicly-funded STD Clinics, and she continued to work on a three-year follow-up study of this issue as a...

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Global Coronavirus Pandemic

Post Date: 
2021-07-16
Source: 
The World Tonight. Black News Channel
Dr. Amita Gupta
The World Tonight, Black News Channe l: Dr. Amita Gupta discusses the challenges associated with COVID vaccination in low and middle income countries.

Johns Hopkins Students and Faculty Members Confront India’s COVID-19 Crisis

Post Date: 
2021-07-08
Source: 
Johns Hopkins Medicine
Dr. Amita Gupta
Dr. Amita Gupta: “If India is not safe, the world’s not safe. COVID anywhere affects us everywhere, and so we can’t lay down the guard.”

Proceedings of IMPAACT Annual Meeting 2021 Now Online

Post Date: 
2021-06-30
Source: 
impaactannualmeetings.org
IMPAACT
View video presentations from this year’s annual meeting, highlighting the latest updates and exciting science in the field.

Ask The Doctor

Post Date: 
2021-06-22
Source: 
Twitter
Dr. Amita Gupta
Vikram Chandra, Founder, Editorji Technologies interviews Dr Amita Gupta, Dr Vincent Rajkumar, and Dr Aju Mathew.

7 Lessons We’ve Learned From This Pandemic to Remember for the Next One

Post Date: 
2021-06-22
Source: 
Self
Dr. Amita Gupta
Dr. Amita Gupta: "We aren’t going to be able to treat our way out of disease. We need to prevent more infections from happening."

Why India’s COVID-19 data is vastly undercounted

Post Date: 
2021-06-22
Source: 
Gruntstuff
Dr. Amita Gupta
Dr. Amita Gupta: “We care from a humanitarian perspective, a public well being perspective and a well being safety perspective.”

A Blueprint for Preventing Another Pandemic

Post Date: 
2021-06-22
Source: 
Time
Dr. Amita Gupta
TIME polled 73 experts on how to mitigate the next health crisis. The responses offer a plan to build a more prepared world.

Global crisis in the making

Post Date: 
2021-06-10
Source: 
Daily News
Dr. Amita Gupta
As countries around the world airlift oxygen, vaccines and medical supplies to India, they are also closing their borders to the world’s second most populous country.

India COVID-19 Outbreak Could 'Spread Around The World,' Expert Warns

Post Date: 
2021-05-13
Source: 
International Business Times
Dr. Amita Gupta
"There was essentially a lot of relaxation of rules," Dr. Amita Gupta, an infectious disease specialist at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Indian Students in US Anxious About COVID-19 Back Home

Post Date: 
2021-05-13
Source: 
VOA NEWS
Dr. Amita Gupta
Dr. Amita Gupta: "COVID has significantly reduced that number and importantly impacted their educational experience and quality of life.

Johns Hopkins University Helping India Fight Covid Surge

Post Date: 
2021-05-13
Source: 
CBS Baltimore
Dr. Amita Gupta
Dr. Amita Gupta: “The ramifications of what’s happening now is going to have far-reaching consequences beyond this year.

Hialeah pastor helps sister church half way around the world facing crisis from COVID-19

Post Date: 
2021-05-13
Source: 
Local10.com
Dr. Amita Gupta
“We know with disruptions in supply chain and access to essential services in the setting of a lockdown that food insecurity is a reality and...”

John Hopkins expert Dr Amita Gupta on India’s covid-19 challenge & future preparedness options

Post Date: 
2021-05-12
Source: 
Financial Express
Dr. Amita Gupta
Dr. Amita Gupta speaks on the lessons one could learn from the different waves of the Covid-19 infection.

India's COVID-19 Disaster May Be Turning Into an Even Bigger Global Crisis

Post Date: 
2021-05-12
Source: 
Time
Dr. Amita Gupta
Daily confirmed cases in the Himalayan nation increased thirtyfold from April 11 to May 11, when 9,300 infections were recorded.

Dr. Amita Gupta on COVID-19 Response in India and US

Post Date: 
2021-05-04
Source: 
Black News Channel
Dr. Amita Gupta
The Black News Channel : Dr. Amita Gupta discusses the COVID response in India and the U.S.

How the US can help the COVID crisis in India

Post Date: 
2021-05-04
Source: 
The Hill
Dr. Amita Gupta
The Hill: Dr. Amita Gupta and colleagues outline 9 steps that the Biden Administration should take to help India respond to COVID-19.

Listening from an U.S. expert: Careful evaluation of the power of Indian COVID variant

Post Date: 
2021-05-04
Source: 
Phoenix TV (Hong Kong)
Dr. Amita Gupta
Broadcast in Mandarin; Dr. Amita Gupta's interview is in English

The Dire COVID-19 Crisis in India

Post Date: 
2021-04-29
Source: 
Public Health on Call: Johns Hopkins Podcast Series
Public Health On Call Podcast logo
Public Health on Call: Johns Hopkins Podcast Series. Dr. Amita is interviewed by Dr. Joshua Sharfstein about India's COVID crisis in this podcast series.

India's crushing COVID caseload the result of a 'perfect storm' of factors, experts say

Post Date: 
2021-04-28
Source: 
USA Today
Dr. Amita Gupta
USA Today: Dr. Amita Gupta discusses the dire COVID-19 crisis in India

As COVID Crisis Unfolds in India, Johns Hopkins Rushes to Help

Post Date: 
2021-04-28
Source: 
Johns Hopkins Hub
Filling oxygen tanks in India
JH Hub: The university is working urgently with partners on the ground to offer support and expertise to India, with efforts organized and led by the newly created Johns Hopkins India Institute

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